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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 27, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta IB _ 1H6 IETHBRIDGE HERAID Friday, 27, 1970 WINNERS SMILE Frank Slezina of Southolm Ranch Coaldale, is shown with his champion and reserve champ- Ion Aberdeen Angus beef carcasses at Toronto Royal Winter Fair. The- champion carcass sold for per pound and the reserve for 70 cents per pound. overall agricultural outlook Is brighter in Canada this fall than it has been for more than a year. This is the major point running through papers prepared for the annual Canadian Agicultural Outlook conference held recently in Ottawa. Some points dealt with include: Wheat acreage With domestic consumption and over- seas shipments of wheat estimated to be about 700 million bushels, Canada is still left with a surplus of about 650 million bushels. This carryover indicates there will be no call for a wheat acreage increase In 1971, and planting should ba to line with the 1970 figure of 20 million acres. The market lor feed grains This is likely to remain strong, despite reports that the United States corn blight was not as serious as first Indicated Canada can look forward to record export of feed grains, during 1971-72 and domestic consumption should increase reflecting tha farm feeding trend which has been in evidence over the past year. Demand for oilseeds Now strong, as importing countries endeavor to rebuild depleted stocks. Prices may moderate as supply comes closer to demand and competition increases. Rapeseed oil should become more competitive as Canada switches to varieties free of erucic acid. Tho dairy surplus Decreasing, and adjustments con- tinue leading to improved efficiency in the industry. Poultry business Remains in a baffling period, and trends are nearly impossible to establish with the provincial blocking of poultry trade. Prices should remain fairly steady In Alberta, although a gradual decline in the price structure can be expected early in 1971. This low may last as long as eight months. Potato production On the increase In Alberta, but export gales of processed potatoes are falling off as customers build their own facilities. The province .will not very likely find .use for an acreage increase over the 1970 figure of acres, and the population increase during 1971 should take care of improved yields due to more efficient operations. Beef consumption and beef production On the increase, but rising feed and live animal costs are putting pressure on profit margins. Hog production Continues to increase rapidly, and prices remain low. An abundance of cheap feed earlier hi the year resulted in poor feeding practices in many in- stances, but this is expected to straighten out as more infor- mation is fed to tho public and feed prices rise. Brooks man named beekeeper of year One of the province's largest fconey producers, Jeff Philpott of Brooks, was recently named beekeeper of the year by the Alberta Beekeepers Associa- tion. When Mr. Philpott took over his late father's business, known as Philpott Honey Pro- ducers, he had 600 hives. Today he operates hives in 70 lo- cations throughout the eastern irrigation district. Each bee yard averages 40 to 50 hives. Mr. Philpott says that volume is the main factor in a viable boney operation today because It allows for efficiencies in han- dling the crop. All the hives are handled by pallets and fork lifts. Philpott Honey Producers was started in 1928 by Mr. PIul- pott's father and uncle who had between 30 and 40 hives which yielded an average of 200 pounds of honey each. Although tho average yield is lower to- day, the firm has produced up to half a million pounds of hon- ey in a good year. Tho main reason that we have survived years of low boney returns and difficult marketing conditions, says Mr. Philpott, is that Philpott Honey Producers is a family enter- prise. Mr. Philpott's wife is the bookkeeper for the firm and his two sons represent the third generation in the business. Mr. Philpott has also started a small packing plant for his own product and to pack hon- ey for other beekeepers. It will not be pasteurized because the family believes that pasteuriz- ing honey removes some of the basic food nutrients. Pure hon- ey, they say, will not support bacteria. Only water in the honey can affoct its purity. Neither the Philpotts nor the other eight commercial honey producers in the irrigation dis- trict over-winter their bees. Mr. Philpott imports two- pound packages of bees from California every spring. The two main problems of the beekeeper, Mr. Philpott says, are the weather and the market. At the moment the Ca- nadian market for honey has Improved, and the international market situation is also looking brighter. LARGEST TURTLES Of tho 13 kinds of turtles in Canada, the marine species are ttia largest, tETHBfllDGE RESEARCH STATION Cost benefit concept DH. W. O. IIAUFE Parasitologist Protection of domestic ani- mals from pests and parasitic disease has been based tradi- tionally on humanitarian stan- dards of preserving health, sanitation, and comfort in aesthetically acceptable en- vironment. Veterinary concepts in this Instance are basically similar to conventional standards for medical practice. Production of livestock, how- ever, is also a business opera- tion. Modern management practices, especially in large operations, place increasing emphasis on economic returns from an investment and are less concerned, with the farm operation as a way of life. The aim in such a business venture is to achieve the greatest unit of animal product with the [east unit of investment in terms of capital and operating costs. An important factor in this concept of livestock raising, as in all form? of economic pro- duction, is the time required to turn over the original in- vestment and to place the jroduet on the market. Projects at the Lethbridge Research Station are showing iat parasite control is a major actor in the economic produc- ion of cattle. One of the find- ngs so far is that infestations, >arasitic disease, and debilities rom infections do not in- fluence economic returns in the same way for all parasites nor n all stages of association be- ween parasites and their losts. The main losses Induced by )iting flies appear to be re- ated to psychological effects on grazing .behavior. Obliga- ory ectoparasites, on the oth- er hand, exert a sustained tress on physiological sys- ems, such as blood supply in ousy cattle, and gradually lebUitate the host with no di- rect relation to level of nutri- ion. Loss of production may vary also with stage of maturity in the domestic animal or wit! stage in the life cycle of thi parasite. Loss from biting in the production of grazing beef cattle is a good exampli of the relation between pes control and production pefim for an operation. Immature cattle protected on pasture by regular sprays of an effectivi pesticide such as DDT grow a rates more than 20 per cen greater than those in compr able animals unprotected from daily attack by horn flies. The maximum return from hom-fl; control in this case is at the end of tho horn-fly sea son in early September. Cattle have the capacity to compensate with highei growth rates after fly attacl decreases and they will re- cover nearly half of the los weight if abundant pasture is still available through S'eptem ber and October. Therefore production losses from horn-fly infestations will be highest in grazing cattle for "operations that are geared to the Augusl and September markets. Fires up in October Damage across Canada dur- ing the forest fire season end- ing Oct. 31 was more than 40 per cent higher than in 1969. There were acres ol forest swept by fires from April to October 1370 compared with acres damaged by fires during the same period last year. The seasonal average over the past decade was fires over acres. Losses during the month of October were very low, only acres having been burned by 174 fires. The ten-year av- erage for October has been 219 ires affecting acres. There were 620 forest fires dur- ing September involving acres. Calendar of farm events November 30 Claresholm Farm Accounting Workshop (Inventories December 1 Lethbridge Irrigation Projections Assoc. Annual Meeting. December 1 Cardston-Magrath Southern Alta Regional Sheep Production and Management Tour December 4 Claresholm Farm Income Tax Strategies December 7 Cardston Water Well and water Systems School December 7 Medicine Hat Annual Meeting Alta Grazing Assoc. December 8 11 Edmonton Uniform Annual Heeling December 7 -11 Picture Butle Welding Clinic December 8 Pinchcr Creek Water Well and Water Systems School December 9 Fort Macleod Water Well and water Systems School December 10 Wrentham Water Well and Water Systems School December 11 Claresbolm Estate Planning lor Mr. and Mrs. December 1C Claresholm Alberta's Marketing and Pro- motion Ucal and World Wido (H. ,7. Hargravo) Official performance test station opened at Hi way 52 Feeders By STEVE BAREHAM Herald Farm Writer Chinook Performance Test- ing Station Ltd., located 20 miles south of Lethbridge, is in operation. In a series of stories run some time ago in a national magazine, one of the most im- portant institutions of the fic- tional people was the "Alfred Lord Tennyson Literary and Pickle Society if you don't belong, you ain't social." Currently it seems if a cat- tleman isn't using performance tested bulls, lie not only ain't social, he's foolish. Roger Holt, manager of the station at Hivyay 52 Feeders, agrees with this statement, and is in the business because he believes it is both "profitable and worthwhile." "Most commercial cattlemen are coming around to the bene- fits of performance testing, and now the story seems to be: Put- bulls on test, feed them a ra- tion that will make them gain adequately and then hold a sale when the test is over. "This enables a buyer to pick high-gaining bulls on between herd comparisons. He not only can pick the highest-gaining bull out of a breeder's group, but the best gainer from among a number of breeders. As a sales promotion techni- que, this type of testing is be- coming increasingly popular." The Chinook Performance Testing station is the largest of four official test sites in the province, with a capacity for bulls. The' others are lo- cated at Innisfail, the Wes Aim Ranch at Claresholm and at Edmonton. There are presently 420 bull calves on a 140-day test, belonging to 36 different parties. All the calves were born between Feb. 20, 1970 and May 1, 1970. Thsre is practically every breed of beef animal known in the test, and under the regula- tions of official performance stations, any bull is.eligible as long as it is typical of the breed, or has identifiable an- cestry. When the calves first arrive, they are put on a 28 day warm- up period which allows them to become accustomed to the new feed and surroundings. After this period, tha calves should bo in an even starting position and the real test be- gins. Tlw calves are fed a control- led growth ration high in pro- tein, consisting of oat supple- ment, alfalfa hay and pellets, beet pulp and mineral vita- mins. This mixture according to Mr. Holt, builds muscle and bone structure not faity finish. At the end of the test, the calves are weighed twice, and their gains computed. The calves will be graded ac- cording to the increasingly popular index system. Under this type of grading, the index is a comparison to the average. All the calves which finish above the 110 per cent index figure will be sold at a public auction scheduled for some- time in April. Mr. Holt esti- mates about 50 per cent of tha calves on test now will meet the index requirements. Mr. Holt expresses optimism in the operation, saying tho in the operation, saying that people appear extremely inter- ested. "Today there are not many people who will argue about the value of a gam tested bull in a commercial herd." IHH3R1D6E 1370 4-H AWARD WINNERS Debbie Thiessen, seated far left, of the Milk River 4-H best record book, Donno Ross, Warner, grand champion calf banner, Bev Hraiyc, leih- bridge-Coaldale, reserve grand champion calf, Connis Hazuda, second placft rate of gain. Doug Paskal, back row standing, far left of Turin, champion pen of five, Doug Sugimoto, Lethbridge-Coaldale, highest rate of gain for a pen of fivs and Ron Minion, Warner, highest efficiency award. The trophies were presented at annual Kiwanis 4-H beef awards luncheon held Tuesday in Lethbridge. Thirteen south- ern Alberta 4-H clubs participated in the competition. Come ride the new from Snow Cruiser. Snow Cruiser high performance models RK321 and RK361 are not recommended for the timid. Because both models are very fast Power comes from a twin cylinder, dual carb 399 cc high performance eng.ne on the 32 horsepower model, and a more powerful 436 cc. twin cylinder, dual carb engine on the 36 horsepower model Both engines