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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 27, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta SNOW Forecast high Saturday near zero. VOL. LXIII No. 293 LETHBR1DGE, ALBERTA, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 1970 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS 32 PAGES Sun setting on British empire By STEPHEN SCOTT UNITED NATIONS (CP) Britain outlined ihis week just how much the sun has set on its once far- flung empire.. Since the UN was born 23 years ago between SO and 40 colonies have gained independence. They have a total population of 750 million. Not counting Hong Kong and Rhodesia, Britain now has 16 "residual" territories, with a total population of less than one million and an average population of each. These territories can have independence whenever they ask for it. The picture was given by Michael Hamilton, British delegate on the General Assembly's decolonization committee. "It is well known to the committee that more than 99 per cent of the mighty task of decolonization facing my country has been Hamilton said. "Less than one per cent remains.'" Each has problem He said each one of the 16 territories remaining has a special problem, mainly size and lack of re- sources, that make the possibility of independence dif- ficult. But Britain has one "golden rule that our main iguide to action must be the wishes of the people themselves. "It follows that we shall not delay indepedence for those territories which seek it. Neither shall we force independence upon those territories which do not seek it." Britain over the years has. been under heavy pressure in the 127-counlry deconolization committee, many of whose members are from former colonies, to grant independence to its remaining territories. The British government has frequently said that some of the colonies do not want independence, but, despite that, the pressure continues. Hamilton was not precise, saying only that between 30 and 40 former colonies have gained Independence. His figures did not include Rhodesia, which Britain still considers a colony but whose white-minority gov- ernment lias declared independence. Nor do they in- clude Hong Kong which eventually will return to China. Fiji most recent He mentioned that Fiji is the most recent territory to achieve indepdence. That reduces the number of per- sons in residual territories by half. "It is not difficult to call for independence for .Hamilton said. "But to implement it is less easy. "Individual small territories demand individual solutions." Some territories might choose independence but others may "realize that a mace and some rules of procedure are themselves insufficient guarantee of or- derly and lasting independence. "They may well be hesitant to venture out alone in a difficult world and who can blame List territories He specifically mentioned these territories: "The Bahamas, in the Caribbean, population 000. It has a wide measure of self-government under an 18-month-old constitution and leaves defence and externals affairs in the hands of the British. The constitution represents "virtually the last stage" before Bahamians precede to full self-govern- ment or independence. Solomon Island's, in the Pacific, population Control of the island's affairs progressively are being taken over by elected officials. The Seychelles, ill the Indian Ocean, population Neither of the two parties that contested an election to the government bodies two weeks ago cam- paigned for independence and the winning party was specifically opposed to it. Gilbert and Ellice Islands, in the Pacific, popula- tion A new constitution giving increased powers to elected officials will come into effect nest year after an election. British Virgin Islands, in the Caribbean, population They got a new constitution in 1967. Cayman Islands, in the Caribbean, population A new constitution is being considered. MonlsciTat, small Caribbean island, population .000. Its chief minister said recently: "This island can- not sustain meaningful independence and its govern- ment and people do not therefore seek it." Hamilton said that Monserrat's altitude is repre- sentative of the altitude many territories. WASHINGTON (AP) FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover dis- closed today an East coast an- archist group has plotted to blow up underground electrical lines in Washington and kidnap a high United States govern- ment official, possibly a White House staff member. "If successful, the plotters would demand an end to United States bombing operations in Southeast Asia and the release of all political prisoners as ran- Hoover told a Senate ap- propriations subcommittee. He said the group is known as the "East Coast Conspiracy to Save Lives" and has described itself as being composed of Roman Catholic priests and nuns, teachers and former stu- dents "who have manifested op- position to the war in Vietnam by acts of violence against gov- ernment agencies and private corporations engaged in work relating to U.S. participation in the Vietnam conflict." Hoover also said increasing ties between Arab terrorists and the Black Panthers "raise the ominous possibility that mili- tants may seek to ape Arab tac- tics, including airplane hijack- ings, to gain release of jailed Panther members" such as Bobby Seale. Hoover said the Panthers have "substantial connections with hostile foreign elements, notably the Communist regime in North Korea and Arab terror- ists in Algeria." SUBSIDIZED BY ARABS He added Arab guerrillas are reported heavily subsidizing the Panthers and testified a new "international office" tha Black Panther party was opened in Algiers in September under the leadership of Eldridge Cleaver, whom he described as a Black Panther fugitive. Hoover said the "incipient plot" of the so-called East Coast Conspiracy to Save Lives had recently come to light and an intensive investigation now is being conducted by FBI agents. "The principal leaders of this he said, "are Philip and Daniel Berrigan, Catholic priests who are currently incar- cerated in the Federal Correc- tional Institution at Danbury, Conn., for their participation in the destruction of Selective Service records in Baltimore, Md., in 1968." Government subsidizes shipbuilders OTTAWA (CP) Industry Ministtr Jean-Luc Pepin an- nounced today a new program of government aid to shipbuild- ers aimed at giving them a biger share of the billion-a- year international market. The government subsidies are intended to attract up to million in foreign oders o Cana- dian shipbuilders Aid will be granted to ship- builders for up to 17 per cent construction costs of ships for export up to deadweight tons. Above 40.000 deadwlight tons, support will amount to 14 per cent of audited costs. Premier Robarts plans to quit EXETER, Out. (CP) A cabinet source said Thursday Premier John Robarts will offi- cially announce his retirement shortly after returning from a trip to Quebec Sunday, Dec. G. The source, who asked not to be identified, said the first can- didate in the field to succeed Mr. Robarts would be Educa- tion Minister William Davis, 42. He said Mr. Davis will have the immediate support of Treas- urer Charles MacNaughton. Mr. MacNaughton, 'attending a diner held in his honor at the nearby C e n t r a 1 i a industrial centre, declined comment. He would say only that any re- marks from him would be "un- fortunate. Mr. Robarts, 53, remained as non-committal as he has bncri since rumors of his retirement spread two weeks ago. He has been Conservative premier for nine years. Old-age pension boosted to AIRPORT SCUFFLE A Manila security official, lower left, scuffles with man tries to attack Pope Paul VI of Manilla airport Friday morning. A Roman Catholic pre- late, in white at right centre foreground, also struggles with the man and loses his cap in the effort. Pontiff is at upper right centre, facing camera with light cap. To the far right of the Pope is South Korean prelate Stephen Cardinal Kim, who is looking down at sleeve of white cassock where blood is smeared OTTAWA (CP) The govern- ment will increase the basic old-age pension by to a month beginning Jan. 1, 1971, and the maximum supplement to it, it was announced today. Welfare Minister John Munro gave notice of the increases on the Commons order paper. The maximum supplement in- crease will be effective April 1, 1971. The amount of the increase was not immediately disclosed. The supplement now amounts to a maximum a month and is paid to pensioners who have little or no income except the old age pension. TO REMOVE RESTRICTION The present supplement now is limited to pensioners born on or before Dec. The bill which the government will introduce proposes to re- move this birthrate restriction, thus allouing payment of the supplement to any pensioner. The bill will also provide for annual increases of tiie maxi- mum supplement beginning April 1, 1972. In 1968, there were old age pensioners and of these received: the supplement. The cost of the old age pen- sion that year was million End the supplement million. Tlie government notice tabled mentioned only a change in the base rate to from Federal budget next Thursday OTTAWA (CP) Finance Minister Edgar Benson an- nounced today that he will present a budget next Thursday night, Dec. 3. The minister made the an- nouncement in the Commons. 'To get at the truth, we need a My Lai detector.' Pontiff escapes dagger attack From Ueuter-AP MANILA (CP) A Bolivian artist disguised as a priest tried to kill Pope Paul with a 12-inch dagger at Manila airport today but stopped by Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos and a British bishop. VJTOPS deflected with a kar- ate chop the double-edged Ma- layan dagger, which had sev- eral inscriptions on it including the Spanish word meaning excrement. The British bishop, most Rev. Anthony D. Galvin, 51, grabbed the assailant and dragged him away from the Pope, and Fili- pino security men then seized him. The attacker, identified as 35- year-old Benjamin Mendoza y Amor, a surrealist painter from La Paz, said after his abortive attempt: "I wanted to save mankind from superstition." Mendoza said he had planned the attack alone five days ago to show "the hypocrisy of the Catholic Church." The attacker also was quoted by Associated Press correspond- ent Patrick O'Keefe, a member of the press corp? travelling with the Pope on the 10-day Pa- cific and Asian tour, that he had planned lo kill the Pope for "many.years." Mendoza said he wanted to "save humanity from the religious propaganda of the Pope." Bishop Galvin, a six-foot, 200- pound son of an Irish police- man, ssid in a telephone inter- view that as Mendoza lunged at him the Pope rfenped 'nclvmd Canadian forces get pay raise INTERROGATION A man identified by police as Benjamin Mcnrtoza Amor, a Bolivian free-lance painter, frowns during interrogation Ity police at Manila police headquarters Police arrested him after an at- tempted attack upon Pope Paul VI shortly alter the pontiff arrived at Manila air- port. OTTAWA (CP) pay in- crease for the armed forces averaging six per cent was an- nounced today by Defence Min- ister Donald Macdonald. The increase applies to both the regular and reserve forces and is retroactive to Oct. 1. The percentage increases vary with rank and occupation. The higher percentage in- creases go to non-commission- ed personnel, particularly cor- porals. Mr. Macdonald said the in- crease will cost his department million in the current fiscal Grey Cup iveather forecast Grey Cup Day weather In Toronto calls for a dull, over- cast with temperatures dur- ing the afternoon in the low 40s. There is, however, a bet- ter than 50 par cent chance of precipitation in (he form of drizzle or light rain' and winds are expected to be too light lo be a factor during game. Olympic star dies SEATTLE (AP) Helene E. Madison, 57, winner of three gold medals as a swimmer in the 1932 Olympic Games, died Wednesday night. Miss Madison had suffered from cancer and diabetes in recent years. year and million in the full 1971-72 fiscal year. A private who has just en- tered the armed forces now will receive a month, an increase of A fully-trained private in the highest pay category will re- ceive a month, an increase of The highest-paid corporal now will receive a month, an increase of Chief warrant officer who is also a flight engineer or obser- ver will receive a month, an increase of The new monthly basic pay for a lieutenant will be an increase of This rate is for a lieutenant with miaimum experience and no additional one who has just graduated from a university-level officer course as opposed to one who has come up through the ranks. A corporal with long service and various trades qualifica- tions can thus make more than a lieutenant drawing minimum pay. The base rate for a lieutenant commissioned from the ranks is up A captain gels a increase to a months basic; a ma- jor to and a colonel to A number of revisions have been made in flight pay. The submarine allowance will be increased to a range of to a month from to Sea duty allowance is in- creased by a monlh to a maximum of a month, de- pending on rank. ______ put his hands around his own waist. The 73-year-old pontiff was momentarily stunned by the in- cident, wlu'ch occurred mo- ments after his plane touched dr-ra here after brief stopovv4'; in (Teiu-an, Iran, and Dacca, East Pakistan. The Pope was unhurt, and earlier reports that Stephan Cardinal Sou Hwan Kim, 48- year-old archbishop of Seoul, was injured were denied by the South Korean cardinal. Cardinal Kirn was seen with bloodstains on his while robe, but he told reporters later that he had not been hurt. The blood was believed from injuries tne suffered when he was taken into custody. A Manila television station said the Pope had forgiven the attacker and blessed a crucifix Mendoza used to hide the dag- ger. Speculation has been spread- ing (hat Mr. Benson will reduce some laxes and step up public works spending in a move to generate industrial activity and combat unemployment. In addition, a three-per-cent surtax applied on top of the basic income tax of individuals and corporations since 1968 is due lo expire at the end of this year. Originally applied as an anti-inflationary measure for one year, it was renewed for 1969. Mr. Benson presented an anti-inflationary budget last March 12 for the current finan- cial year ending next March 31. Slowing down the acceleration of public spending then, he esti- mated his second consecutive budgetary surplus, with revenue of about" billion exceeding spending plans by million. Since then, amid signs that productive activity and employ- ment have been stagnating under the pressure of spending and credit restraints, the esti- mated surplus of last March has become a deficit of million. Accelerated and expanded transfer payments to the prov- inces, extra funds for low-in- come housing loans, plus an Oct. 13 announcement of an ad- ditional million for public works and manpower training accounted for the switch. UNEMPLOYMENT RISING Works Minister Arthur Laing told the Commons a week ago that the government was plan- ning measures that "will have the effect of stimulating em- ployment in the field which is the total responsibility of the government and encouraging it in the private sector." The number of Canadians listed as unemployed last month rose to The unemploy- ment rate this fall has been run- ning higher than at any time since early 1061, when the coun- try was in recession. Seen and heard About town OFFICE coffee makers Fay Foxall, Marguerite Knapp, Dorothy Foster and Maria Jam making a real good brew for a couple of chilly newsmen so good in fact, they nearly forgot an assignment to cover a cabi- net minister's meeting Sharon Spackman being beat- en back by bottles, boxes, irons and other paraphernal- ia after opening hall closet. Mayor murdered GUATEMALA CITY (AP) Julio Caney Herrera, a former mayoral candidate in Guate- mala City, was shot to death in Ms car Thursday while driving to his downtown office from his home in the suburbs. Caney, a 60-year-old lawyer, had retired from politics some years ago. His assailants fired from a car which pulled level with Caney's auto at a traffic signal. Jail escapees caught after holdup CALGARY (CP) Three es- capees rom Die Prince Albert penitentiary were arrested today after armed bandits robbed a branch of tile Cana- dian Imperial Bank of Com- merce, police said. A fourth man wanled in the robbery of less than was identified by police as Ralph Cochrane, 43, another prison es- capee. He was chased across parking lots and between buildings in the downtown area but eluded capture. Three men burst into the bank shortly after opening and one fired a shot from a rifle; the bullet went through a desk and missed a woman by less than a foot. Everyone was ordered to the floor and one bandit scooped up money from tellers' cages. Tha people were ordered to the bacfe of the bank and the robbers fled in a car carrying Saskatchewan licence plates. A bank employee got the nisrnber and police stopped the car not far away. The three oc- cupants were held ot gun point- while being removed from the vehicle and searched. They were identified as Mickey Hleboff, 25, of Kamsack, Sask., Hubert Bollman, 37, of Airports not necessary in parks EDMONTON (CP) Air- ports are not in keeping with the goal of national parks and should be eliminated from the communities of Banff and Jas- per, says John Rettenmayer, chairman of the Edmonton chapter of the National and Provincial Parks Association of Canada. Dr; Rettenmayer said the association will support the national parks branch policy of phasing out the airports. "In 10 or 15 he said, in an interview, "a jet port may be necessary to serve Jasper. This would be detri- mental to Reservation of wild- life in the park." Dr. Rettenmayer said com- mercial interests in Jasper must be kept to a minimum, sufficient only to serve visitors without endangering the peace and quiet of the park. GRATITUDE ROUBAIX, France (AP) Dog catcher Serge Herman tried to rescue a litter of pups from what he considered inhu- mane conditions and got a bite on the the pups' owner. Edmonton and George Leclerc, 30, of Montreal. Tlie fourth man had appar- ently been let out of the car a few blocks before, but police said (he area was sealed off. He is considered dangerous. The four escaped with seven others Wednesday night from (he maximum security jail by cutting through a wire fence.The oilier seven were cap- tured earlier. Also see page 2 SHOPPING DAYS 'TILL CHRISTMAS ;