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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 26, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta THE LbiMBHiuuc ncHAiu rcovemoer ME MINI STATES MIDDLE EAST Once now courted By HOLGER JENSEN ABU DHABI Oil has brought Cadillacs and political clout to the lilliputian sheikdoms of the Persian gulf. Some of them are still trying to cope with the 20th century. Twenty years ago you couldn't give them barren collection of city- states living on piracy and pearl diving. they are courted by an energy-hungry wooed by foreign investors and eyed by .greedy neighbors. Only half of them sit atop the vast oil deposits that give the Arabs 60 per cent of the world's proven reserves. But even the oil have-nots of the Arabian peninsula are poten- tial political heavyweights because of their location. The ministates of the area plus their bigger neighbors have become the centre of the world's attention by enacting a series of oil boycotts and production cuts which have an oil squeeze on the energy-hungry west. But beyond just oil produc- the small strips of desert ji the ministates bordering he Persian gulf have assum- ed a strategic importance to roth east and west. They overlook a waterway used by oil tankers that supply two-thirds of the energy needs ot Western Europe and plus an increasingly depen- dent United States. The economy of more pow- ul neighbors hinged on stability in the gulf. Saudi Arabia and Iran have vowed to protect the supertanker routes with military muscle if necessary and the ministates have had to forget traditional rivalries in the interest of mutual profit. STATES' Seven .of these sheikdoms banded together m the Union ol Arab Emirates I olio wing the British withdrawal from the area in 1971. Formerly called the because of a mid-18th century treaty between Arab pirates and the Royal they cover a chunk of desert smaller than the state of Virginia with the population of square miles containing people. The union is less a country than a collection of historical- ly suspicious Bedouin linked only by the Arabic lan- guage and the Islamic faith. They differ widely in population and and have a history of feuds. Abu Dhabi is the the biggest of the emirates with square miles of a population of and oil reserves estimated at 20 billion barrels. Abu Dhabi boasts the highest per capita income in the a to some for the U.S.-and as the biggest oil producer in the UAE it also has to foot the bill lor its poorer neighbors. Unlike the shallow waters Abu Dhabi has a deep- water port that provides a livelihood for most of its OiiO citizens. Its merchants h anything from Swiss watches to American breakfast cereals. Sharjah. with a population ol 38.000. used to be so poor its sole source of income was selling fresh water to a British garrison. But oil was dis- covered last year and it ex- pects to begin producing 000 barrels a day by the end of this year. The reserves are still unknown. The other four emirates in the union are little more than fishing villages Their primitive sailing dhows and palm frond shacks contrast with the super- tankers and air-conditioned palaces ol adjacent states. LIVES OFF CASINO Has el with resident lives off a gambling casino and oil ex- ploration fees from foreign drillers who have yet to find a productive well. Fujeira's only claim to lame is a sheikh nicknamed and a palace that still bears the shell holes of the British Royal Navy's last 1925 to free some slaves Many of its citizens now pursue a lively business in smuggling illegal immigrants to the oil-rich areas Irom India. Pakistan and North Alnca Umm al Kuwain and Ajman. each with a population ol 4.000. tried to charm philatelists ot the world with weird stamps bearing the im- ages ol the Kennedy brothers. American Joe DiMaggio and Babe Ruth. Now they subsist on fishing and handouts. The UAE is far from perlect. with a population of and seven billion barrels of oil refus- ed to join because its proposed political clout would not be consistent with its wealth. It is now the smallest member ol the United Nations. Bahrain also claiming its population of 000 deserved more power than the other sheikhs were willing to give. As the first Arab country to discover oil in com- mercial quanties. its reserves are nearly depleted but it has a 30-year edge in social and economic development the trucial state on the extreme southeast of the Arabian also chose independence for its citizens. Situated on the strategic Straits of Hormuz opposite it has an oil reserve of five billion a building boom and a serious insurgency problem. Chinese supported guerrillas of the Popular Front lor the Liberation of the Occupied Arabian Gulf i have been waging a 10-year rebellion in Oman's eastern province of Dhofar. Although this province is geographically cut off from the other gulf the im- plications of its guerrilla war are far-reaching. The fashion UNDER the fashion you look and feel more The fashion frankly frankly all-woman. With underfashions that flatter scandalously. Demi-bras from Daisy Fresh and Exquisite Form. Glamourous underwire bras with mini support or a bit more whatever you need. At Eaton's right now. A. Exquisite Form style 3S60 from the seamless collection Seamless poly- ester tricot bra. Lining and removable pads in polyester fibrelill Nylon-and-spandex sides and back. soft tan. A.32-36. C.34-38 8.SO B. Exquisite Form style 3566 Underwire bra in seamless polyester lace Removable pads and lining in polyester fibrefill Nylon-and-spandex sides and back. soft tan. A.32-36. C.34- 38. 9.0O C. Formfit style 230 Neces- a deep-wired plunge bra m lace look nylon-and- polyester. Lined with polyester librelill Rayon-and- stretch-spandex sides and back. nude. D. Formfit Style 240 Love Smooth nylon tricot underwire bra with just a hint of polyester fibrefill Nylon sheer and lace give minimum coverage. Polyester-and-stretch spandex back. nude. 34-36.7.3O Ei Grenier style 8414 Front hook underwire bra m nylon tricot. Cups lined and Inter- lined with polyester-and-acryllc fibrefill. Straps adjust from regular to halter. Back garter for low back dresses Nylon-and-stretch spandex back. bronze. C.34-36 8.90 F.Daisy Fresh style 2965 Low delicate half bra in nylon tricot-and-viscose with nylon lace trim. Underwire push-up cups are lightly lined with polyester fibrefill. Back in nylon-and- stretch spandex apple grren. B.C. G. Daisy Fresh style 2919 'n low plunge push-up bra in nylon Calais lace Pads and nmg In polyester fibrefill. Nylon lace straps adjust from regular to halter skmtone B.OO Main Floor EATON'S Kuwaiticins better off than most of us By HARRY DUNPHY It looks like a desert Los Angeles with wide late-model American cars and sumptuous villas. But its inhabitants earn twice as much and don't pay taxes. Oil bubbling up from the blazing sandy wastes and bluegreen waters of the Persian gulf has made Kuwait one of the richest countries on earth. But the immense wealth has caused social problems at home and like the mini-states on the western shore of the the squeeze of outside powers. Up to this conservative Moslem country has tried to buy protection with billion in development loans to Arab incjuding its powerful northern neighbor which has cast covetous eyes in the past. But recently Kuwait joined Saudi Arabia and Iraa. the kingpins in the in a fSOO-million arms buying effort to up- grade its defence capabilities. Per capita income in this small desert sheikhdom is ap- proaching a compared to some in the United States. Its citizens get free medical free university educa- tion and interest-free loans for homes and businesses. Telephone service is free and the average income of a middle- class family is There is one car and seven air conditioners for every three persons in the state that is the size of Connecticut. Twenty-five years Kuwait was a mudbrick sheikhdom with an annual income of a no electricity or paved roads. Drinking water had to be brought in by skiff and the gates of the old walled city were closed at sundown. POPULATION JUMPED Since the population has jumped from to and even the street sweepers look like laboratory workers in their smart white uniforms. Government banks and some millionaires have an esti- mated billion invested overseas. the world's seventh largest oil earned billion in revenue last year. Kuwait joined other Arab states in ordering oil production cutbacks and export boycotts to the West as part of the war ef- fort against Israel. The oil squeeze has brought about fuel- saving measures in many western countries. The actions have also focused the world's attention more than ever before on the oil-rich Middle East and many of the small states that dot the Persian gulf area. Despite production profits will increase because of the present market for oil in the energy hungry West and Japan. Even before the Kuwait had imposed production restric- tions in a policy designed to save the country's most prosperous resource against depletion. money is coming in faster than .they can spend said a western diplomat. Although there is no many of the welfare benefits apply only to Kuwaitis and 56 per cent of the population is for- eign-born persons seeking jobs and business opportunities from all over the Arab world as well as Pakistan and India. ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS There are an estimated most of them highly who work as civil teachers and technicians. Thousands of Iranians have immigrated illegally across the gulf. They do the heavy labor. To a large foreigners make the country run and many resent their second-class-citizen status. They cannot own land or a majority business share. Only 50 non Kuwaitis can become citizens a year. The pro-Western government is a hereditary but the royal family and established Kuwaiti fami- lies run the show. The head of state is Sheikh Sabah al Salim al a sort of chairman of the board who assumed office Nov. after the death of his the Amir Abdullah. Another Sheikh Jaber al Ahmad al is the powerful prime minister. Kuwait came under British protection in 1899 and remained unnoticed by the rest of the world until oil was discovered in significant quantities in 1938. In Kuwait became independent. It quickly came under direct threat from Iraq. The Iraqis had undergone a bloody revolution in 1958 that ended the monarchy of King Faisal and brought to power a radical revolutionary group of Baathist So- cialists. They quickly came under Soviet influence. By flexing new the Iraqi Baathist regime attempted to take over Kuwait and was frustrated by British intervention. But Britain pulled out of the gulf in December leaving Kuwait and the little sheikhdoms that dot the area dangerously exposed. Kuwait's other concern in the gulf is Iran assuming the role of the U.S. surrogate in the present vacuum that prevails in the gulf Oil industry blunts boycott Shop Eaton's TiiMday a.m. to p.m. Buy 32S-M11. Uot Your Etton Account... CrtdH Available EATON'S MERRY CHROTMAS SALE STARTS WEDNESDAY WATCH FOR THE EATON FLIER NOW RElNfl DELIVERED TO YOUR HOME. BRUSSELS Inter- national oil companies may be taking over the job of trying to blunt the efforts of Arab oil an action that governments have thus far chosen not to take. Using oil as a diplomatic the Arabs are rewarding countries whose Middle East policies are con- sidered pro-Arab and punishing those countries whose policies lean toward Israel. As a the mul- tinational oil many of which are owned by Americans and whose assets and customers are chiefly in the United have begun to act on a number of fronts. Their sources is to establish distribution guidelines to assure that those countries the Arabs consider enemies do not suffer too much and for ex- have not yet felt the lull weight of the Arab oil offensive. On the other the United States and the Netherlands have been shackl- ed with a total Arab oil boycott. EFFECTS SPREAD The action of the multina- tional oil firms appears in-' tended to even the effects of the Arab and there arc reports that countries such as France and Britain are among those being Heeled There have been reports ol widespread oil trade-offs while tankers are at sea. If a tanker that landed in for cannot land at a U.S. port because of the it could be diverted to and a tanker loaded in Iran that was intended for France is then diverted from France to the U.S. In the reports in- dicate that non-Arab oil from countries such as Iran is being diverted by the multinational oil firms to countries suffer- ing Arab boycotts even though that oil should be going to countries the Arabs consider friendly. In the a large black market is said to have devel- oped with prices two or three times as high as official rates. In the companies have notified some favored by the that their supply of oil will nevertheless be reduced. SUPPLIES REDUCED a major friend of the Arabs in the was told it will have its oil supplies cut by 10 to 15 per cent next month although the country has had comparatively little trouble getting oil from the Middle East. And in government sources complained that they have not been getting ade- quate oil supplies from inter- national although it loo has received generally favorable treatment from the Arabs. The sources said Britain is not pelting its fair share of oil shipments from such non- Ar.ib countries as Nigeria and and has therefore also been hieing .1 fuel shortage ;