Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 26, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE UTHBRIDGE ID Fritlny, Paul Everyone would gain1 ......s a regional mean yiin In city and alike. Why, then, isn't pursued with en- oiidi .Mr. I''- H- Dcw' of the l.eihbridge Public Library, prepared a paper nil Hie subject over a vear a-n il i.- bkelv that very tow people have studied Ibis document. Maybe even some 01 those involved in dccision-makinu regarding the new library are not as familiar with ils contents as Ihev should be. possible reason for the idea lailing I" camure the imagina- tions of the people in southwest Al- berta is Ihe natural, hm unwarrant- ed fear of the loss of local autonomy. No doubt the people in rural com- munities fear this most since they have seen s" manv tilings concentra- tino m 111'' rih A regional lihrary, lunvever, would strengthen Ihe move for an area Ihat includes and surrounding cnmiimn- some of the feel Ihat the idea of a re- ary is now a dead issue. mil too late to try to rcMir- l might be too late once irawings for the new luiild- leen made and construction a.y. I Jut that stage has not reached. be a useful exercise lo get mm the city and surround- utilities together for another the regional library con- .e'lhbridge officials are ser- u hstenins; lo their consul- ,b-ihn button, they can .'iioie the unqualified en- il he gave to the regional n a recent interview. Let e -die initiative, then, in in- pir rural counternarts to a to review the matter. Time for amnesty There i? qrowins pressure in the I'nited Slates in support of a general amnesty for draft dodders, including those who have sought refuge in Can- ada A "roup of prominent Ameri- cans have issued a statement pro- posing that such persons be allowed to reiurn to their homeland without fear of redress The proposal makes sense, and it President Nixon is wise, for his own sake he will want amnesty immedi- ately because the whole question of the draft will become an important issue in the 1972 elections. Millions of draft aae Americans will have the vote next year, and their senti- ment on the whole draft policy has been so adamantly negative as to encouraae the administration to con- sider aiTall volunteer military force with uporadinj in pav and status. It has'been estimated that over the Ion" years of the Vietnam conflict fifty per cent of youths summoned have'resisted induction. U.S esti- mates are thai between 50.000 and 100.000 deserters and draft evaders have defected to Canada alone, al- though the figure is not substantiat- ed by Canadian officials. If President Nixon reiuses to de- clare be undoubtedly will also feel, the brunt of the disappro- val of millions of young men who served and (ouphl with great reluc- tance and that disapproval will also be demonstrated at the polls in the next election. Canada will of course, inevitably be involved in any amnesty decision for many young men will immediate- ly return home, taking with them a determination to put into action their ideals which prompted their defec- tion. But perhaps many won't leave. In a radio interview recently, several anonoymous draft dodgers stated that when they left home they were rejecting not only the U.S. ipifitary policies in Southeast Asia but also the quality of life in their country. Thev indicated that even if the war ended abruptly there would still be an exodus of the disenchant- ed from their homeland, not only voulhs but of families seeking a way of life which they feel they cannot achieve in the 1J.S. amnestv, whenever it comes, is likely to lie declared on purely political reasons: but surely it can be justified in that no country should punish persons indefinitely whose conduct was governed by personal conviction and soul-searching con- science, ART BUCHWALD Whiter than TT'ASHINGTON Thanks to the govern- mer.t. housewives are completely con- fused about the :ise of phosphate deter- gents. First, they were Ihat if they used these detergents they would pollute the wa- ters of the land. Then, after the women of America de- cided they would give up phosphates and use other" kinds of soaps, they were told by the surgeon seneral lo go back to using phosphate determents. Because of this confusion we have de- cided on a question-amkinswer format to clear up this matter once and for all: Q _ does the government tell you one thine about phosphate detergents, and then a few months laler tell you the op- posite? A Because one department of the gov- ernment never knows what the other de- partment of the government is doing. The environmental protection agency, which worries about clean '.'.liter, is against phos- phate detergents because they cause algae to grow in the water. The surgeon general is for phosphate delergenLs he-cause they are saicr for children to eat than caustic detergcn's without in them. Q _ VVherc do the soap companies stand? A They can go c'.thcr way. at leas! in their campaigns. When Ihe first about phtisphate detergents made the headlines, all tin1 soap companies announced Ihcv h.vi new nonphosplrale, products that Mould save America. Now that phosphates have lire surgeon general's approval, the Miap companies are back lo their old products and have decided their new won't save tile environment after all. 0 What is the soap companies' solu- tion to ciilrop'nicaiH'n. ihc process which clogs the v.ater with A _ Tin' ron.p.'tnirs 'nlnlinn is lor Ottawa isn't meeting Bourassa's needs flTY: Premier V Robert Ap- preciate readily, a f 1 e r months in Uial politics is till! art of (hi1 possliilr. FJeetnl on ninhilimis pi'om- es of minced imcnipli'yiiieiit, rejuvi-nak'd cooni'my ;nul a dawn in jcd'.'nil-provincial hilions, Mr. Honni-.-a bus amocl how it in be for a politician In prom- e or even attempt more than he can deliver. Thai's one of Ihe reasons why Ihe youthful IJueliec lead- er maintained .such a low pro- file at the recent federal-pro- vincial economic conference. Rourassa has been able lo return home from three days of talks in Ottawa pointmt! uilh satisfaction lo concessions and promises, however minor or vafiuc. which were extracted from federal officials. If Mr. Horj-assa had pro- c a i in e (I Quebec's demands noisily in the prc.ss before and during the conference, be would now look like Ihe !rw.-r in whal many Qnciieccrs view as a iug-of-war b.'lwcen liimself and Prime Minister Trudeau. As things stand, the federal government rejected outright Quebec's proposal for chaiiRcs in the formula for calculating equalization payments des- pilc support from several other premiers. Broadening the tax base for equalization payments to include school and municipal (axes would have meant sev- eral hundred million dollars for Quebec. However, Mr. Bourassa did thai Quebec will be allowed a special abatement of 2.1 lax points, an increase from 22, as partial compensation for shared cost programs from which Qr.ob'V has 'opic.l out.' Kaeh lax point is worth SPJ million for Ihe province. .Mr. Bourassa noted at an im- prompu news conference that (he special abatement, which applies only lo Quebec, "in- creases our particular status and gives us greater economic autonomy." Aside from the abatement, Mr. Bourassa was able lo tell reporters that agreement was "very, very close'' on a lo permit Quebec to administer family allowance payments. Quebec would like to be able lo deckle how Ihe million in 'baby bonuses' earmarked for Quebec is divided, with Ot- tawa actually mailing the cheques. Progress toward an agrec- mcnl on the family allowance question had 1'pen expected here since September when Mr. Bcurassa moderated the posi- lion he had laken at the Vic- toria constitutional conference. The premier announced that while Quebec si HI wished a broad shuffling of federal and provincial powers, he was an- xious to get practical agree- ments and worry about theo- ries at a later date. Mr. Bourassa once again had pointed out that he is a hard- nosed pracmalist who isn't in- terested in losing public argil- each community to build row sewage-dis- posal plants to screen out the phosphates. Q Isn't that more complicated than screening out the phosphates before they go into the detergent boxes'." A Yes, it is. but soap companies don't have to pay for the sewer plants. Q What is the surgeon general's ar- gument (CT housewives going back to phos- phate detergents? A His argument is that 85 per cent of people using phosphate detergents are not contributing to water pollution. Only 15 per cent of the population, mostly around the Great. Lakes, are guilty of eu- trophication. Ecology people oppose.! to phosphates say the surgeon general is all wet. Any lime you discharge phosphates into water, they aflcct the quality of wa- ter hundreds of miles away. The lakes of 32 of the 50 states show signs of dying from phosphate-fed aleac. Q _ Who is the housewife to A That's a good question. The1 house- wife has to make a choice between clothes that are whiter than white or water that is cleaner that clean. Q _ Are you trying to say we must all choose between whal. wear and what we A Something like that. We have been brought up in Ibis country lo believe Ihat clean laundry is next to godliness. But we now have scientific proof that people can live longer drinking clean water than they can wearing clean shirt.s. Q But won't a hou.-.ov.ifo be pilli.ricd in her neighborhood if her husband's shirls aren't sparkling white? A Thai is the biggest myth of all. Nobody wears white shirls any more. Q If a housewife didn't want to phosphate dclergenls and she was afraid of using non-phosphate detergents, could .she use laundry A Ir.nndrv -.nap" Spoiled day llv llmig WiilklT went to Calgary on Ibe early beginning ol the day, Klspelh clteerlully liu.s one rlav recently. This nece.ssi- tiiled her mil of bed at Ibe same lime as Ihe rest ol us so she was wilh us for breakfast for n "Guess what, dear? This is the last payment on all of our last year's Christmas shopping': mcnls about philosophies when be can receive practical conces- sions which he can announce to the Quebec electorate. The premier and his advis- ers apparently decided before they travelled lo the Ottawa conference that there was little hope of gelling anything but money mil of Prime Minister Trudeau. Therefore, the Que- bec delegation concentrated on quietly documenting their argu- ments for a greater share of tax revenues. Quebec's unusually low-Key presence at Ihe conference tended lo cover up Mr. Bour- assa's anxiety over what the federal provincial conferences have accomplished since he was elected in April, 1070. "The scries of meetings for consultation and co-ordination of scctorial policies, valuable though they arc, do not permit vs lo have an over-all view o economics, social and cultural he noted in a pre- pared address at the opening of the Ottawa meeting. The current framework of federal-provincial consullation has not answered some of the pressing questions Mr. Bouras- a posed iin his opening re- marks when he said: "We want to find out how this situation was able to develop, what means we might have taken to correct it and prevent it from happening again." At last week's meeting Que- bec and the other provinces de- cided to go along with whal appears to be the premise of current federal policy: that massive spending on public works will be sufficient to pull the economy out of its present difficulties. However. Mr. Bourassa an economist by profession is becoming increasingly anxious about the current fashion of supporting the economy, and the conferences that co-ordi- nate federal and provincial pol- icy. He wonders how effective current policies and methods will be if. as some members of his cabinet have suggested, unemployment and inflation are now permanent features of the economy. Perhaps more ttian any other Canadian premier, Mr. Bour- assa is under pressure to work for effeclive and permanent: solutions. Critics arc fond of pointing to his election promise still unfulfilled that he would make Quebec prosper within confederation. (Herald Quebec burpau) Wilde Mediterranean Sea is sick with pollution G said. ''lMi'1. il nice I" your Molher hero lo put your day, "N'aw." said Paul, "Ihe nay ha.-, been Not how grumpy 1'aul is at the spoiled." ENEVA: A dcadi sentence. is hanging over the Med- iterranean Sea. It is so sick with pollution that it can be saved only if present trends are re- versed, coupled with care and treatment. The verdict has been written for California's Centre for the Study of Democratic Institu- tions by British scientist Lord Ritchie-Caldcr. and delivered to the secretariat in Geneva which is perparing for a United Na- tions conferei.ee on the human environment to be held in Scan- dinavia next June. What keeps a sea alive, and sustains life in it. is the oxygen content, of the water. Through the Straits of Gibraltar cubic kilometres of surface wa- ter per year flow: into the Med- iterranean from the North At- lantic, poor in nutrients but carrying oxygen. In the reverse direction. cubic kilo- metres flow in a deep outgoing current, of denser, saltier arid colder waters into the outer ocean. (This outgoing deep cur- rent enabled German and Ital- ian submarines, with their en- gines cut off, to drift silently pasl Ihe detection devices of Ihe British Gibraltar base during the Second World In this nay. there is a com- plete turnover of Mediter- ranean waicr every SO years. But even Ihe life-giving, oxygen carrying Atlantic wa- ters are now heavily polluted. As Thor lleycrdahl said to a CN working group on marine pollution last June, (Ic.wribinR Ihe drift of his papyrus vessel, RA, which crossed from Moroc- co to Barbados in 57 days, "out of those we saw visible oil pol- lulants 43 days On the worst days came into >vatcr where we could not wash our- selves nor could uc clean our in il in faei, could not dip a bucket inlo Ihc watoi un less il be filled wilh lumps and oilv matter." Ixird Hilchie-C.-ddcr's report points (Mil that one Hire of oil depletes litres of sea water of its oxygon to supply oxygen lo Ms deep waters, the Medilerrancan has three Ihc Provencal basin, the I'ppcr Adriatic and llio Aegean. The transfer of oxygen to the deep waters in- volves a mechanism by which the oxygenated surface waters, by cooling, become more dense and sink. This cooling takes place where cold continental air-masses flow over the water. The chill winds spill down from the Alps into Ihe Provencal ba- sin and, on the other side of haly, on to the northern Adria- tic and, on to the Aegean from the mountains of Turkey. Be- cause the Mediterranean is an enclosed sea. anything which affects the "lungs" affects the whole system. These "lungs'' the report says, are unhealthy. In the Upper Adriatic, all the sea coast from Trieste to Montfal- cone is almost entirely classi- fied as polluted. From Grado to Lingano the concentrations of detergents are particularly high and the lagoon of Marano "has Ihc characteristics of a partially purified sewer." Slightly better conditions, but still qualifying as polluted, are found from Venice Lido to Chioggia. An extremely grave situation exists at the mouth of the Porlo Ravenna, where al- most all Ihe liquid refuse from the adjoining urban ar.d indus- trial areas and from Ihe hinter- land is discharged into the sea without any corrective treat- ment The Perl of Trieste area it- self is "very includ- ing dangerous intestinal germs. In the Bay of Maggia all fish have disappeared. In all the Adriatic areas investigated, synthetic detergents were all- pervasive. Their particular role in the inter-action between wa- ter and air is the formation of z continuous film which pre- vents the normal process of rc- oxygenation of the water. The Marseilles region is as bad as Trieste- Another hazard arises from the Mediterranean winds which turn it into an "outsize dust- pan." The great diversity of land and water conditions gives rise to special and complex wind systems, among them the Sirocco, originating in the hot desert regions of Africa and blowing toward the northern shores, the Bora of Yugoslavia and the Mistral of southern France. These winds have shift- eel vast quantises of desert dust and volcanic ash from F.tna, Vesuvius, Slromboli and other active cones, are now cir- culating large quantities of man-made mischief which arc deposited in the Mediterranean. The sea bed in many parts of the world is like a minefield of which Ihe charts have been mislaid because, for a very long lime now. governments have dumped millions of tons of lethal materials, including the massive surpluses of two world wars, inlo the sea. They do not disclose whal they dump nor where they dump it. There is no international register of disposals and, the report says, it is "more than likely individ- ual governments are no longer aware of what they did with all of it." In the Baltic it was discovered that the level of ar- senic in the water was abnor- mally high. This led to the dis- closure that 7.000 Ions of arsenic had been dumped in concrete containers almost 40 years ago. Properly dispensed, ihis would be enough lo kill the world's population three times over. (Danish fishermen, op- erating off Ihe Swedish coast, have Iwcn badly burned by fish contaminated by German mus- tard gas dumped by the Allies after Ihc Second World During the Second World War Ihe Mediterranean was a naval battleground and 514 Allied ships 11.740.250 tons) were sunk with all they contained, includ- ing live ammunition and chemi- cal weapons and tanks, and bunkers full of oil. The report comments: "It is likely that, as has been suspected in the North Sea. unidentifiable oil slicks may be due to the break- ing up of wartime sunken ships." Today, the Mediter- ranean is continuously patrol- led by the navies of the two super Powers, the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. They also consti- tute a pollution hazard. "The shorl term prognosis is obvious: things will get worse because the effects will be multiplied and magnified by the increase in industrial activ- ity without adequate services to deal with the wasles, or re- strainls commensurate with the problem' The health of mil- lions will be in danger. Recrea- tional beaches will be tarred and ordured. The sea will be out of hounds for bathers. The trees will go on dying along the coasts, suffocated or poisoned by the polluted sea-winds. The quality of life will be diminish- ed." itlt'ii for The Herald and Tlic Observer, London) Looking backward Letter to the editor Where are the protesters? 1 am disgusted wilh the lack of public response lo the re- cent. Chinese nuclear explosion. 1 haven't seen any petitions floating around headed by the Messrs. Lester Ii. Pearson, Templeton and Pierre Bci'lon. Mow many wired their disapproval? Was Ihe Chinese Embassy deluged wilh protests? Did the univer- sity and high school students proles! in Ibe Gall Gardens as I b ey did concrrnini; Iho. Amchilka blast? Have Ibe papers done Uicir jobs with huge headlines condemning this blast as well'.' Canadians who protested against the Ameri- cans over the Amchilka under- ground explosion should be ashamed of themselves lor not voicing their opinions against. the Chinese one. A t'OM'KKN'Kn I.OVF.K l.elhhrulfie So They Say The consumer doesn't just want jjalisfaeliou lorlay .she wanls vcngeimce! Conlan, (iencrnl tors sales manager. Through The Herald _ Tommy Lee, new box- ing and wrestling coach at thp YA1CA, will train the fellows for the bip semi-finals in the spring, an event which appears likely lo come lo Lcthbridgc. null _ All those inlerested in the color paintings of Miss E. P- Kirk are invited io inspect, a display in the lounge rooms, No. 10, Victoria Man- sions. mil _ Canadian wheat and flour captured a major part of the limited export markets in HMO-ll, the volume of exports snrpassinq those of mm pet ing surplus countries. The Pinchcr Junior Hand scored another Mircess Thursday night at iheir concert in the high school auditorium. Meal prices have started to rise and increases this of up to eight cents a pound are forecast by the larger grocery stores in Lcth- bridgc. The Lethbridcje Herald 50-1 7lh St. S., LETHBHIDUK HKRALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published IflO.i hy Hon. W. A. RUCHANAN Second Clnss Mull Rrqislrntinn No. 0012 Mfimhcr of The Canadian Prrfs nip Association find Ihe Audi! of Circulation! CI.EO W. MOWERS, Erlllor flnrt Piihll'Her THOMAS H. ADAMS. General M.in.iniv JOt BAULA WILLIAM HAY Miinnijlnq Edllor Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAS K WALKER Advertising Manager Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH"