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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 24, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE tETHBRIDGE HERAID Tuesday, November 24, 1970 Bruce Hutchison Trade war heats up Is the U.S. about to embark on a trade war? If the present Congress gets its way that will certainly be the result of" the Mills bill which pass- ed the House of Representatives by a small margin recently and is now due to go before the Senate. The bill would legislate compulsory quotas on textiles, shoes, apparel, oil and a long list of other products imported into the U.S Movements to change the bill so that it would be opened up to challenge on particular planks a quota for shoes, another for oil, etc., were unsuccessful. The reason: lob- byists for individual products were not strong enough to block their own interests. The protectionists had to stand together a clear case of uni- ted we stand, divided we fall. But the battle is not over. There is a strong liberal trade force in the Senate which will make a fight over it. And there are signs from abroad that retaliation will be vigorous and nasty if the bill is written into law. The European Common Market coun- tries would almost certainly reduce their American imports of agricul- tural products, of aircraft and other industrial goods. Canada would do much the same thing. As for the Am- f erican people themselves, they would have to pay higher prices for tex- tiles, for shoes, fuel oil, and a number of other items, because the cheaper products imp o r t e d from countries where labor costs are lowej, would be unavailable. There is strong pressure being put on the president to veto the bill if it is passed by the Senate and in the end he may still have to do this. This would be politically very diffi- cult for Mr. Nixon because lie is com- mitted to the American textile in- dustry, particularly in the South, which is vociferous in its demands for a reduction of Japanese teatile im- ports. It was the failure to -work out an arrangement with the Japanese for voluntary textiles quotas that led to snowballing protectionism and the introduction of the Mills bill. Now, rumor has it, the Japanese ambassador and a presidential assis- tant are trying to work out another arrangement of the voluntary quota deal with Japan, thus opening up the way for the president to coasider his obligations to the textile industry over and done with. If this can "be done, the president would probably- come out solidly against the Mills bill as it now stands, and a more acceptable substitute could be introduced to the new Congress in January. Ihe U.S. already has enough wars on its hands without getting into a trade -war, one that would cause serious economic dislocation within its own borders, bit- ter resentment abroad, and a serious decline in its relations with friendly countries. Let iis go! An official policy of anti-Semitism has been an ugly fact of life in the Soviet Union for many years. But persecution, humiliation, even degra- dation have not been able to elimi- nate the .Jews' faith in themselves, their dignity, their pride in the great heritage which they have preserved over thousands of years of turbulent history. Now Soviet Jews, inspired by the Arab-Israeli war of 1967, realizing the present threat to Israel itself, and assisted by the knowledge that there are non-Jews in Russia who are determined to regain human rights now denied them, have awak- ened to group consciousness. This group consciousness has become a Jewish renaissance in Russia, and it not only demands better treatment from the Kremlin, but demands the nght to emigrate. This right has not only been denied them; it has been identified with treason. But coura- geous, inspired Russian Jews con- tinue in their thousands to petition for exit visas. It is inevitable that demonstrations on their behalf should be springing up around the free world, and the movement to help these imprisoned people is growing in momemturn. It includes many Jews living in free- dom of course; but it has strong sup- port from non-Jews who simjly iden- tify themselves with a persecuted, unjustly confined minority, long to leave a nation and a syste in. which has tried to deny them the right to believe, to worship and to live in their own way. "Let us they cry in their desperation. The cry is but a whisper now, but it will become a shout and perhaps some day the Russian leaders may find out for tliemselves that it is wiser to let them go, than to attempt to make thim disappear into the background for ihis they will never do. Bicycle safety Bicycle riders often tempt fate when they neglect to employ the use of lights for dark time travel. The Lethbridge and District Safety Coun- cil is well aware that constant preach- ing will not likely alter these habits. With this in mind, the council is to be congratulated on its recent recom- mendation for the use of reflectorized paint in the manufacture of bikes. Notice of the recommendation has gone to Hon. Ron Basford, federal minister of consumer and corporate affairs, and also Alberta's highways minister, Gordon Taylor. Whether these recommend a t i o n s ever reach the rnanufactiuers re- mains to be seen, but just as a pre- caution, as well as to expedite mat- ters, it would be advisable for the Safety Council to send a copy of their recommendations direct to tie man- ufacturers. They would doulatless "be only too happy to act upon it imme- diately. Homegrown cures still help Margaret Luckhnrst "UOW do you get rid o! a small girl asked our doctor son a while back. "Cut up a raw potato, wrap it in chicken feathers and bury it in the backyard by the light of the new was the face- tious reply. I thought that was pretty unprofessional advice and said so. said the M.D., "some people say it works." I was to remember this conversation a few weeks later when I came down wilh a dreadful cold. My head was sluffy, my ears ached and my throat was sore. I did all the usual things: dosed up with my fa- vorite pain reliever and nasal pray for Jast, fast relief, gargled with my favorite quick acting throat remedy, and dropped something or other from the medicine chest in my ears. After three days the only change in my general miserable condition was that it had become as by that time the cold had spread to my chest. It was then I decided to dispense with popular medications and resort to the tried and true prescriptions my mother used back on the old farm before there were such things as pills and sprays and anti- Ihis and that. We had a medicine chest which contain- ed homemade remedies derived from ma- terials available in the household; goose- grease for colds, wintergreen for toothache and a gooey salve which had many pur- poses including serving well as a hair oint- ment. The few items which couldn't be home grown were purchased from tlie travelling man who not only had n suit- case full of ribbons, needles, shoe-laces, and so on, but also a generous supply ot mineral and castor oil, fruit salts, and 3arge bot- tles of a pink fluid termed rattier vaguely, painkiller. Mother's doctoring was pretty elemen- tary. If a stomach ache was the problem, it became a decision based1 on the anything from the waist up was treated with fruit salts; from the waist down, cas- tor oil. One way or other the patient got a good cleaning out. I didn't have all the ingredients on hand necessary for the old fashioned treatment, but I made do with what I had- For my throat I dipped a flannel rag in sait water, wrapped it around my neck and covered it securely with a wool sock. I took small chunks of onion and stuffed these in ray ears, with batting as a back-slop. I gar- gled with hot water and salt, then brewed up a prescription I thought I'd long forgot- ten. Hot milk, a clove of garlic, glohs of butler and honey, with a dash of cinna- mon to kill Ihe taste. Next 1 slopped to- gether a mustard plaster guaranteed to peel Ihe bide off the horse. Then I climbed into bed, gulped my brew and waited for Ihe reaction. Most of it camo from my husband. he said when he came ho "let's open the doors and windows, the place recks." Nfcxl day 1 felt immensely better. I don't know whether or not the cold was on the wane before I started on the homemade cure, init I gave it all the credit As my son said, for some people these vfird prc- .scriplions work. Unknown qualities of Lester Pearson JN THE darkest days of Ihe J First World Wai', as we now learn for the first time, a young Canadian soldier, on overnight leave, reached Lon- don and found no one to wel- come him. His name was un- known to any other person in that swarming city. And in a certain sense, though always living among the public crowds of politics and troops of pri- vate friends, that man has re- mained alone ever since then. The lonely youth's name was Lester Bowles Pearson. But even on that brief holiday from war long ago he showed a flash of the boyish, gambling spirit which Canadians would come to know so well in later years a sure grasp of the de- cisive, diplomatic moment. He disguised his terror, ap- proached an elderly lady in the Picadilly tube station and asked if her companion, a beau- tiful young daughter, might dine with him and go to a theatre. So it was arranged, an innocent evening on the and as Mr. Pearson says, "It was one of UK most courageous things I ever did. Nothing pre- viously or subsequently done required half so much cour- age." Tliis rather pathetic but re- vealing little story appears in a new book of the ex-prime minister's memorabilia, and Occasions (The University of Toronto Press) which is not only fascinating but highly im- portant as the study of a man and a nation. Leaving the reviews to the reviewers, I venture to think that Mr. Pearson, perhaps un- consciously, has revealed him- self here as never before. The biblical figure who wished that his enemy would write a book obviously knew what he was talking about. For no man can write a book about other men, or about the most public events, without also exposing his secret self. Mr. Pearson's book is only a collection of his forgotten or unreported speeches, b r o a d- casts and Documents, a kind of preface to an autobiography now under way, eagerly await- ed and sure to change many popular myths and so called histories. Nevertheless, Ihe col- lection sparkling with wry humor and jokes against him- self, yet colored with melan- choly and sometimes almost de- spair offers the first reliable sketch, if not the complete por- trait, of the man and his times. And any reader will see at once that both man and times are quite different from the ac- cepted version. In that version a bouncy y o u n g bureaucrat somehow gets into politics and becomes prime minister, mainly because everyone likes his spontaneous grin, his bow tie, his rumpled clothes and his indiscreet ban- ter a preposterous carica- ture, of course, but largely self- made. Why did he make it? Why is it that a close friend, reading the book, suddenly re- alizes that he has never known the other side of the man. the dark, prophetic side? The reason, I suspect is that in his youth, like all men, he did not yet know himself; in his middle age Ire saw human- ity's prospects as too terrifying for mere utterance; and in his final years of public life he was content to do his best without illusion, without a trace of van- ity (truly unique in politics) and without bitterness toward anyone, even the enemies, and especially the friends who so often betrayed him. Tims illu- sionless and inwardly alone, as in wartime London, he con- structed the outward facade and painted the protective col- oring to maintain at least a part of his natural serenity. His book shows that he succeeded. Yet if it deepens the mystery and whets one's eagerness for the full autobiography, the rec- ord of Words and Occasions contains enough of both to sat- isfy the most demanding reader. It must be read by any Canadian who seeks a sane per- spective not only on the times The Bookworms of Mr. Pearson but on tltt times of Mr. Trudeau, too. I would guess that the contemp- orary prime minister will read the words and ponder the for- gotten occasions with great profit. There is much to pon- der, most of it directly rele- vant to Mr. Trudeau's current problems. Taking, and over condens- ing, a few examples, Mr. Pear- son clearly foresaw, as early as January 1941, when he was liltlo more than a chore boy in the Canadian high commission- er's office at London, the future frictions between Canada and the United States. In a speech at Nottingham, of all places while bombs dropped streets outside, he showed an understanding of the continental relationship which Mr. Trudeau hardly seems to have achieved even now. Earlier than that, in 1934, as a raw recruit to the external affairs department, Mr. Pear- son warned the government of H. B. Bennett that the world was drifting toward war and, amazingly, that the weapons of such a war would be nuclear. In the Munich year of 1939 he said the same thing, with still mnre conviction, to the Mac- kenzie King government. It wouldn't listen but could never silence its obscure young ser- vant. After Mr. King failed and Louis St. Laurent succeeded in making him Canada's foreign minister, Mr. Pearson's maiden speech to Parliament raised the very question that seems to baffle the Trudeau government today. Launching his campaign for Canadian membership in NATO, he said the nation's supreme task was to help, as its means allowed, in the pres- ervation of peace and he added: "How can we do this? By bury- ing our beads in the snow and allowing others to make deci- sions without our participation which would bind us in spite of ourselves? There is no safety there." No safety there. One is tempted to ask whether the Trudeau government has really learned that lesson when, in recurring NATO is theatened again by erosion and collapse. Thus the other side of the statesman as it emerges in fleeting glimpses, but much of his book is laughter and the sunny side of Mike. The public doubless will make mixed judg- ments on book and man, but no one can doubt that Mr. Pearson is easily the most readable and1 lively Writer among all our pol- iticians. If he laughs lest he should cry, the reader will laugh with him. It is a dull and unimaginative reader, all the same, who can fail to see a powerful intellect, a great heart and a certain humble, unflinch- ing gallantry behind the laugh- ter. (Herald Special Service) Anthony Westell Has Commons question period lost importance? ryrTAWA Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau came into the Commons recently with a company of 10 ministers, no less, to face the outraged op- position. The Conservatives and the New Democrats had been so annoyed one Friday at the ab- sence from Hie House of senior ministers, including the Prime Minister, they refused to con- tinue the question period. Their anger might have mounted over the weekend when it became known that Trudeau had spent some time in New York on a private visit a revealing commentary on the weak excuse that he dare not leave the country to attend the de Gaulle funeral because of the crisis at home. Anyway, there he was in the that day, briefed by his staff, no doubt, and braced to meet UK onslaught. Even the fam- iliar flower which usually Junds n gay touch to the government front bench was missing from his lapel, though that may have been because he came to work from New York directly, rather than from his official home, where he can pick a bloom from the table decorations. But the Opposition attack never came. The Friday storm had blown over and no one now was interested in asking where all the ministers had been or in demanding more attention to Parliament in future. The Tories may have been deterred by the fact that their own leader, Robert Stanfield, was missing from his place. He was in Quulwc City, attending a cocktail party to raise funds for the party, a new twist on the conventional dinner. Now, instead of paying for an in- ferior meal, Iho faithful pre- sumably pay 53 for a weak martini. In the House, it was left to a Tory backbencher. Steve Paproski, the barrel shaped former football player from Ed- monton who loves to tease Tru- deau recently he accused him of flushing his toilet direct- ly into the polluted Ottawa River to inquire if Trudeau bad enjoyed himself in New York. Naturally, he got no answer; Trudeau always tries to turn a deaf ear and an icy shoulder to questions about his private life. But even if the Conservatives were handicapped in attacking the government's cavalier at- titude to the Comntons, why were the New Democrats si- lent? Party leader T. C. Douglas was in his seat with deply David Lewis beside him and parliamentary tactician Stan- ley Knowles at hand, a dutiful threesome. If they had been really upset 'Crazy Capers' Bingo! on Friday, they could have pur- sued the matter yesterday, call- ing Trudeau to account. But they chose not to. Perhaps they realized that if they pressed their criticism of the cabinet for non-attendance, someone would draw attention to the fact that there were only 42 opposition New Democrats, and Creditistes available to vote Friday morn- ing, suggesting that more than half the members had already left for the weekend. The truth seems to be that the Friday incident was more a political ploy than a serious concern with contempt of the Commons. The opposition par- ties wanted to score a point against the government by un- derlining the absence of min- isters, and having done that, had no interest in following up. They reverted instead to the weary routine of tired ques- tions drawing unrevealing an- swers; of Tory George Hees, for example, making loaded comments about unemployment and Trudeau brushing him off with obvious boredom. This is part of the real prob- lem with the daily question per- iod. It is not only that the gov- ernment does not give good answers; it is also that the opposition does not ask good questions. The question period has been a misunderstood and overrated institution for years, used more for party warfare than to elicit information. But it hardly serves even as a political back- ground. Day after dull day, the oppo- sition members go through the motions of grilling the govern- ment; Trudeau and his col- leagues go through the motions of pretending to reply. There seems almost to be an unspoken understanding that the Commons is not as import- ant as once it was. Ministers are casual in attendance. Stan- field spends days touring the country to carry his message to the people, instead of speak- ing from the House. When the Commons began a new week there were about 100 MPs in the chamber, half on the government benches, half on the opposition side. About 150 were absent. Absent despite the lesson of the Friday upset, and at a time when the country is supposed to be in crisis and Parliament is debating legislation to suspend civil liberties. If MPs are the best judges of the importance of the Com- mons question period, they show what they think every day simply by failing to attend. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Canadian Press Ltd. vail have full access to the complete news service of Reu- ters Ltd., which includes the news collected by the press as- sociation for Great Britain. Ca- nadian shareholders of CP voted 32 to 12 at a recent meet- ing in Montreal. 1D.W A giant lizard-like creature with fur has been found in perfect condition on Glacier Island near Cordove, Alaska. It is believed to have been preserved since prehisto- ric times by being encased in ice in the upper reaches of the Columbia Glacier Canadian summer playgrounds were visited by a greater number of people this year than ever before. In tho. seven-month period, persons visited the national parks compared to in the corresponding period last year. 1950 A United Nations army drove forward on a broad front in an all-out ef- fort to end the Korean war be- fore Christmas. The attack is moving "according to sched- ule" Gen, MacArthur an- nounced. Iflfio Karl Kangas went hunting in the Carbondale dis- trict recently and was sur- prised to see three queer-look- ing animals playing around a fallen tree. The animals were three monkeys which it is pre- sumed broke loose earlier this year from an overturned circus truck in B.C. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7lh St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and ine Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K, WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;