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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 23, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, November 23, 1974 Historian looks at controls When historians speak of the economy they seem to make more sense than economists. Perhaps this is so because they tend to speak English whereas economists tend to speak economese. At any rate, in the latest display of sense or English a noted historian has stepped in where angels and economists fear to tread and has chided politicians for their addiction to the idea that price and wagp controls have not worked to counteract inflationary pressures. Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., writing in the Wall Street Journal reminds presidential speech writers, as well as others, that in spite of "unimaginable inflationary pressure" during the Second World War the retail cost of food in the U.S. rose hardly at all after the Office of Price Ad- ministration became operative and the increase in wholesale prices in the last 2Vz years of the war was less than in the month of August, 1974. And this was in spite of the fact that the U.S. national debt grew from billion to billion between 1940 and 1945 and government spending increased from billion to billion. Schlesinger feels that inflation is not being taken seriously enough and in mak- ing this point he takes his contem- poraries to task for other assumptions, including the one that price rises are a natural concomittant of economic growth. It isn't so, he says, and rounds up WEEKEND MEDITATION statistics from historical records to back up his assertion. According to this historian, inflation, not unemployment, is the major factor facing the western world today. He argues very persuasively that the postwar economy has a built in propen- sity toward inflation, that prices are not set according to supply and demand but by private market power. Examples to back up this contention are not hard to find. Schlesinger suggests that "if the result of private price fixing is chronic and continuous inflation, then the time has come to substitute price fixing in the public interest." He sees the necessi- ty for equitable price and wage controls as a temporary stop to the inflation spiral so that measures which require a longer lead time can become effective. Although Schlesinger does not purvey a sense of doom for the western democracies he makes it clear that he believes social and political values are at stake. The alarm he raises is reinforced by gloomy reports from Europe about prospects of social and political upheaval tied directly to failures in the economic system. It is also reinforced by the realization that political leaders are making the same reassuring noises and calling for the same wholly inadequate programs that preceded the Great Depression. Since economists disagree, perhaps it's time to listen to the historians. Television's finest hour So far as this writer knows, television has presented no more thrilling hour than Malcolm Muggeridge's meditation on St. Augustine. Is it not strange that the heart and mind of a man who lived in the 5th century should be so close to the heart and mind of a man who lives in such a different world in the 20th century? He has been called the greatest of all Western thinkers, the most influential Christian since the Apostle Paul, and father of Catholicism and of Protestantism both. It is better to say that Paul begat Augustine, and Augustine begat Calvin. Born in 354 A.D. when the Roman Empire was still in its glory, he died in 430 when Rome had fallen and the Vandals were besieging his own town of Hippo. Born of a cultured, pagan father and a devout, Chris- tian, mother, Augustine in Carthage, Rome, and Milan led a life of shameless sensuality. Under the influence of Bishop Ambrose of Milan and the epistles of St. Paul, he was converted at the age of 32. His autobiography in The Confessions with myself and to myself in God's states the most profound question of morality which St. Paul describes in the Letter to the Romans, In the warfare of the flesh and the spirit, the conflict of the two wills, how can a man do the things he knows to be right? The will wars against itself, it never perfectly wills, so that it prays that most dreadful prayer, "Lord, make me chaste, but not yet." Nothing is more beautiful outside the Bible than his words, "How lovely I suddenly found it to be free from the loveliness of those vanities, so that it was now a joy to renounce what I had been so afraid to lose. For You cast them out of me, 0 true and supreme Loveliness. You cast them out of me and took their place in me. You who are sweeter than all pleasure, yet not to flesh and blood, brighter than all light, yet deeper within than any secret; loftier than all honor, but not to those who are lofty in themselves. And I talk- ed with You as friends talk, my glory and my riches and my salvation, my Lord God." "Late have I loved Thee, 0 Beauty so ancient and so new; late have I loved Thee! For behold Thou wert within me, and I outside: and I sought Thee outside and in my un- loveliness fell upon those lovely things that Thou hast made. Let the nature worshippers think of this! Thou didst call and cry to me and break open my deafness: and Thou didst send forth Thy beams and shine upon me and chase away my blindness: Thou didst breathe fragrance upon me, and I drew in my breath and do now pant for Thee: I tasted Thee, and now hunger and thirst for Thee: Thou didst touch me, and I have burned for Thy peace." One wishes that Muggeridge had had more time for Augustine's astounding theology. The greatest psychologist who ever lived, he found in the doctrine of the Trinity the basis for personality. Over and over he repeats the description of Christ as the origin of a new physics, a new ethic, and a new logic. He points to a triune nature of selfhood in ex- istence, knowledge, and will: "In these three, when the mind knows and loves itself, there may be seen a trinity, mind, love, knowledge; not to be confounded by any intermixture, although each exists in itself and all mutually in all, or each in the other two, or the other two in each." It is impossible to develop his marvellous doctrine of the Trinity here. How very sad! Many have maintained that The City of God has been the most influential book ever written. A work of epic grandeur, it describes an eternal spiritual community composed of citizens whose lives are centered in the glory of God. In the City of Man the citizens seek wealth, power, and pleasure and they are doomed to sorrow and destruction. But in the City of God are found joy and felicity. "The City of God abideth forever, though the city of the world has fallen in ruins." True, his philosophy of history was derived from the Bible, but The City of God is the greatest philosophy of history ever written and became the basis for the Holy Roman Em- pire. But the lover of Augustine will always hold his writings on the Trinity as a supreme in- spiration. Here he broke the backbone of classical culture. No pagan thinker could compare to his amazing genius. Perhaps CBC will have a sequel to Muggeridge's mainly autobiographical study, but meanwhile accept this viewer's heartfelt gratitude. PRAYER: "Thou hast made us for Thyself and our heart is restless until it find rest in Thee." St. Augustine. F.S.M. Letters "I call it 'anti-inflation Stanfield attacks budget By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA A placid, lethargic, post-election ses- sion has turned suddenly ex- plosive as a result of a single speech by a caretaker leader retained in temporary employment by the Conser- vative party. Until Wednesday the least of the majority Government's worries was a divided Opposi- tion in obvious disarray. In- dividual Ministers suffered a few bruises from the slings and arrows of the daily ques- tion period but these were minor misfortunes readily forgotten. Such petty harassments, after all, amounted to very little when the Opposition seemed in- capable either of finding or concentrating on an issue that would make the session memorable. But things changed when Robert Stanfield decided to in- clude in his temporary duties the job of Budget critic which in other years he had entrusted, ill-advisedly, to his assorted financial advisers. It was a wide-ranging attack as these speeches always are, but the heaviest broadsides were directed against the Government's resource taxa- tion policies. When Mr. Stan- field had finished damning the Ministers for misrepresen- tation, dishonesty, treachery and "Pearl Harbour" tactics, no one could doubt that the Opposition had found an issue for this session. It has been difficult up to now for the Conservatives to mount an effective attack on energy issues because of the divergent interests of the producing and consuming provinces. They now contend, however, that the Gov- ernment by its budgetary pro- by making royalty payments non-deduc- the March agree- ment with the Premiers. They also maintain that the Govern- ment (with no little ingenuity, as the ways and means motions show) is fencing the provinces out of their traditional resource jurisdic- tion. In matters of jurisdiction, other provinces are also ner- vous; especially Quebec. It was apparent from the Liberal reaction that Mr. Stanfield touched a sensitive chord when he reproved the silence of "the men who are supposed to represent federalism in Canada, the members from Quebec who belong to the great federalist tradition in Quebec." The im- plication is plain enough; what may appear at first sight a sectional can be built into a national issue. For a leader who is suppos- ed to be fading away (and un- fortunately means this is a considerable achievement. Mr. Stanfield did not rely solely on interpretations, which can always be contested, or on his con- siderable talent for metaphors and similes. He brought a charge of outright mis- representation against the Prime Minister and he docu- mented it. At Brantford last June Mr. Trudeau (according to a text distributed by his own office) repeatedly claim- ed the support of the Carter Commission for disallowing royalties as an expense from the point of view of federal taxation. In fact the Carter verdict and recommendation were the exact opposite as the Conservative leader proved with the relevant, and ac- curate, quotations. Whoever briefed Mr. Trudeau on this matter made an error of judgment as well as of fact. The Government's view, as expounded on various occasions, is that there has been a change in the nature of royalties. They have become more like disguised income taxes and accordingly should not qualify as deductible ex- penses. But the Carter com- mission went out of its way to obliterate such nice distinc- tions. One of the passages quoted by Mr. Stanfield reads: "Whether the provincial governments derive revenues from natural resources through lease payments. royalties or a tax on income, the charges are nevertheless a cost of acquiring a supply of the mineral or petroleum concerned. Therefore, such charges, regardless of their form, should be deductible in the computation of income in the same way as any other cost of doing business." The new mood of the Con- servatives was very much in evidence on Thursday as they pressed the Government on the matter of the National Energy Board's long-awaited report. According to an unof- ficial preview, our supply situation is much gloomier than had been anticipated. If the NEB findings are as it is of interest that Donald Macdonald did not challenge Conservative case against the announced tax changes may be even stronger than appeared on Budget night. Although the Government with its firm majority has no worries now about the Budget, it will probably face determin- ed opposition to passage of Mr. Macdonald's Petroleum Administration Act. It is years since Parliament saw anything in the nature of a filibuster but there was a very strong hint of one in Mr. Stan- field's warning about confron- tation. Any Government, even one blessed with a majority, must count on serious political trou- ble if it insists on an open conflict not only with its Op- position but also with at least three provinces on a major issue. That appears to be the developing situation. One of the problems may be that influential figures in the present Ministry have a theo- retical grasp of the western view on the resource question but no adequate appreciation of the historical experience in which it is rooted. Perhaps it would be helpful to an under- standing if they asked them- selves why the depression lasted three years longer in the one crop prairie economy than it did in the resource rich province of Ontario. Running the lights It is patently obvious, and has been for some time, that motorists in general are mak- ing a complete mockery of the local system of traffic lights, particularly those on main thoroughfares such as Mayor Magrath Drive and 13th Street. It is almost a game to some motorists, as they step on the gas for up to one third of a block to get through the amber light and even more dangerously, the red light. Perhaps it is a form of mass hysteria which generates the need (and for what truly im- portant purpose in most to race through one set of amber to red lights, in time to challenge the next set. Whatever the reasons, runn- ing amber and red lights is potentially and actually dangerous to all and par- ticularly to small children and cyclists who may be struck down by the unthinking ex- uberance of a motorist roar- ing needlessly through a red light. In suggesting that the police "blitz" these race ways more frequently show the flag so to speak I don't want to appear critical. The police have many areas of respon- sibility and can't possibly be all places at all times. However, some type of crack down at intervals is clearly in- dicated on these and probably other areas of high intensity traffic use. In addition, those motorists who can't or won't see the blinking red lights turned on by pedestrians at school and other crossing areas, should be dealt with firmly. There is just no need for motorists to drive blithely through such lights as though they didn't ex- even when pedestrian lanes aren't occupied. In a somewhat related vein, consider for a moment those noisy, partly muffled cars and their twin pestilence, some motorbikes and motorcycles. These arrogantly offensive machines, rapping off in any area of the city, day or night, are too much. That local peo- ple tolerate these nuisances is perhaps a measure of their own disarray, to say nothing of their apathy. Although noise used to be the in thing, I think that facts must be faced noise is as much a pollutant, perhaps mainly in the esthetic sense, but also in the practical sense, as factory smoke, automobile exhaust fumes, etc. The city should set and more importantly, en- force, much lower maximum allowable noise tolerances for cars and motocycles operating in this city. On the other hand, non apathetic citizens (possibly a rare species) can take license numbers of offending vehicles and turn them over to the police for action (in con- It is a clear choice between the rights of some motorists to do exactly as they damn well please, and the rights of Lethbridge citizens to much greater tran- quility surely not a great deal to ask for. G. A. CHALMERS Lethbridge U.S. cattle imports I have been seething in silence for many months over the beef imports from the United States It was claimed, by the federal and provincial governments, along with the Cattlemen's Association, that the price of beef would drop if the unfair competition from the U.S. cattle were eliminated. Cattle imports from the U.S. were terminated. The price of beef continued to rise. All this time Canada was ex- porting millions of dollars worth of beef into the U.S. through its eastern markets, while banning imports of U.S. beef into the western part of Canada. Still, the price of beef has continued to rise. Like all Canadians, the Canadian beef ranchers are nothing but ignorant, spoiled, whimpering children. Why the hell can't Canadians grow up? We are constantly bickering among ourselves about the juvenile issues. This im- maturity is carried into all our international and world af- fairs. No nation can long exist in total isolation. This has been proven in our generation by the emergence of Russia from its Iron Curtain, and China from its Bamboo Cur- tain. At the same time. Canada is seeking what it chooses to call its independence from the United States; and by doing so, it is adopting isolationism, which if carried forward will mean eventual national collapse. When Canada cannot solve its problems within its own French speaking province how can it hope to cope with international problems? As a UN peace keeping force, Canada pulled out of Vietnam, and threatened to abandon the Cyprus conflict. What is this nation made of? Men with feet of wet clay? Throughout history it has been irrefutably proven that a tribe, community or nation is only as enduring as the courage of its male populace. I believe this is the reason that the recent generation of males adopt long hair, feminine colors in their attire, and styles in their clothing which have been traditionally worn by females. The males are no longer men; therefore, the accelerating ascendence of the female liberation movements. When men are no longer men, women MUST take over. God bless Canada, because no one else will. Lethbridge PETER NAGAI Berry's World World conditions not ripe for Ford-Brezhnev summit "Is il Irue that things are so bad m America lhal on November 28th, millions o1 people will have nothing to eat but a piece of poultry and stale scraos of bread? The Ford-Brezhnev meeting at Vladivostok was primarily at the urging of Moscow at a particularly awkward time for the United States It may be useful in introducing Ford to the mysteries of Soviet diplomacy, but there are at least three reasons why it is not likely to make much progress First, the United States. Europe, and Japan have not agreed on a common policy toward the oil states of Oie Middle East or Soviet policy in that region. Second, the United States and the Soviet Union are deep- ly divided on the meaning of the Security Council resolution 242. which was designed to establish peace in ihe Middle ?3ast Third, the U S government itself is divided on what it intends to do and what it ex- perts the Soviet Union to do under 1hf so-railed policy of diM'-nte There 15. very little chance that the Soviet Union will im- pl'Tnmt the noble principles of th" last summit meeting between Nixon and Brezhnev unless the major non- By James Reston, New York Times commentator Communist nations stand together in the present economic and political crisis of the Middle East. Secretary of State Kissinger said as much in his brutally frank and brilliant speech at the Univer- sity of Chicago before he left for the Far East Lacking a common policy by the major oil consumers in North America, Europe, and Japan, he said. "Even the hopeful process of easing ten- sions with our adversaries could suffer, because it has always presupposed the political unity of the Atlantic nations and Japan." 'If current economic trends continue. Kissinger observed, "We face further and mounting world-wide shortages, unemployment, poverty, and hunger an economic crisis of such magnitude would inevitably produce dangerous political consequences Mounting inflation and recession will fuel the frustration of all whose hopes for economic progress are suddenly and cruelly rebuffed This is fertile ground for social conflict and political turmoil But the European nations But the Arabs, with Soviet and Japan, while agreeing on the principle of unity, have been doing very little about it. and the Soviet Union, despite its verbal support of detente and peaceful coexistence, still seems to feel that mounting inflation and recession, shor- tages, unemployment, pover- ty, and hunger weaken and divide the non-Communist nations to the strategic and political advantage of the USSR. This situation js made worse by the Soviet interpretation of the UN peace and withdrawal resolu- tion on the Middle East. The clear intent of that resolution was that the peace agreement and the withdrawal of Israel from occupied Arab territory should go hand-in-hand. Once agreement was reach- ed on the problems of .s'-curity, free passage Uirougn international waters, a just settlement of the refugee problem, and the establish- ment of secure and frontiers, Israel would then be obliged to withdraw roughly to 1he borders in existence before the Six Day War of backing, are insisting that Israel must withdraw first and try to negotiate later, and they are now supporting the Palestine Liberation Organization in its demands for the creation of a secular Palestinian stale, which would mean the end of Israel as an independent Jewish nation. In the face of these Soviet policies it is scarcely surpris- ing that some influential members of President Ford's own Cabinet are wondering whether Moscow's terms for detente are really leading to a new and better world order or actually encouraging disorder throughout the major non- Communist countries There has been a tendency in Washington to assume that any agreement with the Soviet Union is better than no agree- ment at all On humanitarian grounds it was obviously a gam, to (M the release of Soviet Jews who wanted to emigrate to Israel, but the question is whether the States should not have been insisting on a genuine and secure peace in the Middle East as a condi- tion of its trade and technology, which Moscow ob- viously needs. The Soviets cannot be un- happy with the present drift of world events, particularly with the political and economic disarray in Europe. They have established the rule that all Communist or Socialist countries are off- lirnits for the U S.. but that the rest of the world from Southeast Asia to Cuba is an open hunting ground for them. They do not mind detente with the U.S.. so long as they are free to operate at will in the Middle East, patrol the Mediterranean, and threaten the flow of oil to Europe, Japan, and North America. Their eagerness to see the new American president was undoubtedly to assure themselves that their concept of detente would be carried on by the new administration. Even if Ford wanted to change it. however, it is un- likely that he could do so without the co-operation of Europe and Japan. This is the essential condition of a just policy of peaceful co- existence, but Kissinger has been trying to arrange it since April of 1973. without much success. The Lethbridge Herald 7fh st S IETMBRIDGE HERAID CO LTD Proprietors and f Second dm Mail negotiation "O 00 1? CLEO MOWERS Eflrtor ind DON H PIIUMG Managing t MIIES DONALD R DORA.M DOUGLAS K WALKER Editor ROBERT M FENTON Manager KENNETH E BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;