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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 23, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4- TMB LETHMIDQE HERALD November The end of cheap energy White man's laws for all Canadians So seldom does a Canadian prime minister ask lor national television lime that those who listened to Mr. Trudeau Thursday night may well wonder why he did it on this occasion. He had no an- nouncement of major new government policy. He shed no significant new light on the past. However it was a worthwhile exercise in communication. The energy crisis is more serious than most Canadians have dared to and 'any measures to cope with it will be effective only to the extent that they are appreciated by the and obtain massive voluntary public support. Perhaps Mr. Trudeau un- derstated the peril. Perhaps he should have challenged the people more heavily. But at least he took them part way into his confidence. It was a political speech and honest disagreement with it will quickly be stated. Its on the eve of the meeting ot the provincial and federal energy is significant. No doubt the prime minister was hoping to improve the federal position by his remarks Mr. Trudeau said flatly that the days of cheap and abundant energy are over. This will be hard for Canadians to but they must. While this country is rich in potential energy it cannot enjoy them in selfish isolation. The world shortage must be shared. The shortage takes priority over some of the more extravagant environmental over the concern regarding foreign investment and over the issue of private ver- sus state enterprise. Huge quantities of capital will be need- ed to cope with the to drill more lay more build more tar sands dig and transport more research and develop new energy sources. That capital must come mainly from private individual and cor- porate. And as long as the nation is dependent on non-government enterprise and it must make room for that system to operate. To use the crisis as an excuse for destroying or even undermin- ing the system will not resolve the energy shortage. It should also be said that the current emergency would be much more of a burden in time of when the shortage would be only worsened by the military demands for fuel. And yet in time of war the sacrifices necessary to cope with it would be made without quibbling or com- plaint. Are Canadians as able to cope in a time of Do they appreciate how lucky they are to be spared the com- pulsions of .a war as they proceed to ad- just themselves to the end of cheap and limitless Dubious deal Many Israelis understandably look on the Kissinger proposal of giving up all territories occupied since the 1967 Six- Day War in exchange lor a guarantee of security by the United States as a dubious deal It would mean a surrender ot a tangible means ot defence for something intangible. The Israelis are more than ever con- vinced since the recent war that they need the captured territories as a buffer. II it hadn't been tor those intervening territories the enemy armies would very likely have pushed right into the heart of Israel in their surprise attack. Who feels secure with -solemn guarantees and alliances these days when they have so repeatedly been shown to be things that can be broken at It may seem cynical to suspect that allies would tail to come to the rescue in the crunch but it is a possibility that has to be considered What evidence is there that Americans would support the sending of their young men to tight in another war in which the security of the U.S. is not at Such is the state ol disillusion with war among the youth of the United States that op- position to intervention in a Middle East war might hamper an ettective rescue ot Israel lett vulnerable by the giving up of the protective territories. Why should Israel find it reassuring to have the support ol the U.S. military machine'' As an Israeli diplomat com- superpower like the United States has proved incapable ot overcom- ing little North Obviously the bargaining that Dr Henry Kissinger has initiated is going to be difficult and might have to take some other lack than the one he has proposed ERIC NICOL Everyone loves a lover The royal wedding of Princess Anne and Captain Mark Phillips has received mixed reviews. Some TV critics give the wedding a good somewhere between The Waltons and Lawrence Welle. Others turn thumbs complaining that the historic ritual lacked the wallop of today's Carnon. A large section of the U.S. television audience was bewildered to watch a stagecoach driven for miles without ambushed by Indians. A couple of arrows through the Queen Mother's bonnet would have livened up the show for much of the Midwest. Phillips went through the whole wedding without once drawing his complained one review. didn't even try to New York critics generally found the royal drama without merit. They agreed that it was probably a mistake to open the show in West- minster Abbey without a couple of weeks of out-of-town previews. If the show goes to which is it will have to be rewritten to make it a Jewish wedding. The script of the Anglican wedding was sub- ject to unfavorable comment because Anne promised to honor and Many North American husbands found this line to be unbelievable. It smacked of daytime serial. Other criticism was directed at the per- formers. Anne played her part for light as though getting married to an Englishman was something to smile opportunity for exciting action was the who had led us to believe she would fall off her horse.'' Even stronger adverse comment was levelled at the performer who played the Archbishop of Canterbury. Said Hollywood the producers were trying to save a but the role was made to order for Richard Burton. Because Dick has had his problems with Liz was no reason to give the plum to some old hambone nobody ever heard A more general complaint about The Royal Wedding was that it was aired in North America as a late late show. A lot of people who stayed up to watch it were disappointed to find that it was general suitable for children. cut the thing off just as the guy and the girl were going away on their grumbled a bartender. Against this negative response must be weighed the wholly favorable impression made on those of us who enjoyed the wedding as a nice change from sex and from the somewhat more commercialized court antics of Bobby Riggs and Billie Jean King. The trumpet fanfares were performed without'bumps and grinds by a combo of square haircuts and freaked us out. The conversation between the Duke of Edinburgh and the bride on his arm as they walked through the Abbey to the altar was a cut above the usual TV dialogue though inaudible. The heavy concentration of young Prince obviously cautioned that if he stepped on the train of his sister's bridal gown he would be clapped in the Tower till he grew was poignant reminder of. the hell pomp holds for small boys. the show was a love story. An old- fashioned love story. The couple chimed and cheered by the multitude. it cost L.most as much as a Frank Sinatra special. But how often can you get excited about a fedora and old British sense of proportion From The Wall Street Journal Britain's Princess Anne is now happily with due pomp and circumstance and trans Atlantic television coverage for anyone up at 5 a.m. in New York. But there remains the question of whether to fire the poet laureate. Sir John who was named to the post last wrote his first official poem to celebrate the royal wedding. The Associated Press explains. post of poet laureate is largely honorary. Its holders can wrttepoems to mark royal occasions if they A sample of 'the .wedding for the words 'I love's most holy can we do but re- With a triumphing bridegroom and unromantkc and stamped with iu Uhnr lawmaker Tom Pendry. think 1 could do better For that Sir John himself has ad- mitted the poem isn't very good. Mr. JPendry demanded that the poet be dismissed. Which is but going a bit too far. The day before Princess Anne's the British government reported the worst monthly trade deficit in its the Bank of England slammed on the monetary brakes trying to make up for past and the government proclaimed a state of emergency because of labor disputes in the power in- dustry coming atop the oil crisis. No one had been fired over any of that. It's nice to know that the quality of poetry is not escaping official but con- sidering the firing someone for writing a mediocre poem would violate the famed British sense of proportion. By Richard Toronto Star commentator and for all the people I speak this restores our faith in Canada and in its institutions. The whole way of life of the Indian has been until he became a person who had no respect for himself and no confidence or respect for the system that had done this to him. Now we have seen that the law is not blind to Indians. It changes the whole outlook of Indian people toward the government and toward the This was George president of the National In- dian assessing the impact of Judge Albert Malouf's decision to issue an injunction stopping work on the James Bay hydro project. Conscientous and rather Quebec Superior Court Judge Malouf has at least temporarily a fS billion development and severely for some considerable time to the Bourassa govern- ment all for the sake of about poverty stricken Indians and Innuit. He may have done a great deal more. He may have open- ed the way for some Indians to rejoin the Canadian in their own way and on their own terms. About half of Canada's In- dians are covered by most of them dating from Queen Victoria's reign. The treaty which the Fort St. B.C. band is now trying to renegotiate for IS a year in perpetuity for each woman and and 125 a year for the together with five hand- five one' grind- stone and the necessary flints and These treaties were written into and then sanctified by white man's law. Where no treaties as in our notions of real estate of possession ac- Mr. Prime you've on in Must a man die to be By 4nthony New York Times commentator Cliflon New York Times commentator BOSTON It is familiar for all of us to remember how we heard of the shooting in Dallas on Nov. 1963 to relive those moments. But the familiar sometimes still needs exploration. We do not yet understand enough about how the assassination affected us then and has continued to affect us to this day. John Kennedy was millions wept. They had feelings strong enough to break the ordinary restraints on public expression of grief. Those feelings are a reality of and a deeply signifi- cant one. Human beings evidently have a need for for not only in their private world but in society. They want to identify with a an a person. There was something in Kennedy that met that need in a way no other public figure has in our time. There was something whose loss this country has found hard to bear. What was Not surely. He made bad beginning with the Bay of Pigs. His programs were criticized then and have been scourged by the debunkers since. But the revisionists have not been able to explain away the fact of Kennedy's in life and death. Ask diverse Americans what feelings he gave them as and the same answers come again and Hope. Confidence. Trust. Those had to be reflec- tions of his character. People were moved by their percep- tion not of what he did but of what he was. Humanity was one of his and how im- portant it seems after these last 10 yean. His his seme of the absurd in his recognition of failure were all directed at himself as much as anyone. He never had the notion that he was ruling by divine right. He kept his sense of proportion. Balancing skepticism was first of all his respect for the presidential Us un- derstanding that It is our sym- bol of nobility. It is hard to im- agine him doing a mean or vulgar thing under that title. Then there was his Inner his Joy In challenge. He did not waste a visible mo- ment being sorry for himself. Prom the qualities of courage he drew the ability to admit error that rare weapon in the politician's armory. When he took the blame for the Bay of he meant it. He did not say it in a pro forma he did not fault underlings or the press. Searching for his political David Broder of the Washington Post concluded that Kennedy campaigned and governed by forcing issues into the open for public dis- and that he was prepared ultimately to accept public judgment. In he was ready to listen. That is probably the best answer to the question of what he would have done about Vietnam. He would have un- derstood the opposition to the war as it and he would not have let his own ego get in the way of adjusting to the country's deepening percep- tion. What it all adds up to for me is John Kennedy seemed to most Americans a man en- titled to govern a democratic country. He had somehow solved the mystery that has fuzzled poets and the mystery of t w link between governor and governed. He had legitimacy. Looking at his brief presidency in those terms helps us to understand why his death was so and why its'trauma lingered. that assassination was a break in legitimacy for this country. At Lyndon Johnson seemed to be succeeding in the attempt to provide a new legitimacy. But then openness in government gave way to deception and public trust to disap- 'cynicism and anger. Until at last a presi- dent doubtful of public in effect doubting his own political thought he had to govern by In a state of siege. When anyone those who knew him feel the touch of mortality The death of a young and vigorous leader with whom we iden- tified made life seem more dangerous for all of and more transient. But beyond that self concern we had reason to grieve. WASHINGTON Now in .the bleak November of Presi- dent Nixon's unhappiest year the nation is being reminded of another November and another president John F. dead these 10 years. Comparisons between the two men are but to some in Washington and not Nixon's friends alone com- parisons somehow seem un- Jack Kennedy made the presidency look so easy. For President Nixon these days looks so hard. Once they were contem- poraries and competitors. They served together in the House of Representatives Each went on to the Senate. They ran for president against each other. Each in his turn was elected narrowly. Their careers were they interacted with each other. In a Richard M. Nixon was the political descendant of John F. Kennedy. The Nixon White House was an an enlargement of the Kennedy presidency. Even the issues they ten years often bore the same labels. Kennedy in 1963 was slipp- ing into the Vietnam morass from which it took Nixon four years to extricate the nation. With the nuclear test ban Kennedy took the first step toward the detente with the Soviet Union that became one of Nixon's prime diplomatic objectives. The detente was put to the test of an East-West confron- tation in both administrations in Cuba and at the Berlin Wall during Kennedy's in the Middle East during Nix- on's. In purely statistical Nixon's record of ac- at home and could easily stand as his friends with Kennedy's record. Kennedy is enshrined in the nation's while President Nixon is obliged to fight for his place in history and for the very job he hoMs. The short answer is Watergate. As Arthur Schlesinger Jr. points out in the Atlantic Monthly for the Nixon ad- ministration faces a long list of potential criminal charges for acts that the president either must have known about or should have found out thoughtful men in Washington see more to it than Watergate. To quote Schlesinger presidency is not an aberra- tion but a culmination. It carries to reckless extremes a compulsion toward presiden- tial power rising out of deep running changes in the foun- dations of Nixon's secret bombing of Cambodia was only a step beyond President Johnson's use of the Tonkin Gulf incident to justify an attack on North and that was only a step beyond Kennedy's authorization for the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba. Kennedy got away with it. Johnson and Nixon did not. After the Bay of which was a Kennedy reached his highest level of popular support in the Gallup Poll 83 per cent in 1961. Nixon's popularity has now dropped to 27 per and in the latest Gallup Poll people have voted 5 to 1 in favor of curbing the president's war making powers. After the Vietnam peace his popularity in the Gallup Poll reached 68 per cent. This time 10 years Kennedy's which had slumped after a civil rights speech in was 59 per cent. the people who remember John F. Kennedy in Washington this week are not remembering statistics. They are remembering his style his his his good his his his easy manner. quired by money and hallowed by a piece of applied. In his Judge Malouf went beyond law into culture and anthropology. Cree Indians and Innuit population have been trapping and fishing 'therein since time immemorial. They have a unique concept of land and any interference therein compromises their very existence as a No group in Canada should be more sensitive to that phrase than Quebecers. It is a political fact of that embattled minorities rarely have time or energy to spare for other minorities. the mighty James Bay and the jobs and political power that stand behind it cannot be stopped forever. The Indians know this. Before and during the court hearings they tried repeatedly to negotiate and Indian Affairs Minister Jean whose -department financed their tried as often to persuade the provin- cial government to respond. Bourassa has no choice now but to begin talks. This instead of the 'runaround' as Bourassa's own represen- Lionel himself described what happened when the Indians first came to Quebec City in the bargaining will take place between equals. And that is the real measure of Judge Malouf's not just for the Indians of James Bay but for all of them. His is the most dramatic and important of three key legal decisions made this year supporting the land claims of native peoples. The other were the split Supreme Court ruling on the Nishga B.C. case and the deci- sion by Mr. 'Justice Morrow favoring native claims to an area of the Northwest Territories as big as Califor- nia. For the first time since he arrived in Canada four cen- turies ago to explore for gold and and depended on them to show him how to hunt and trap and to guide him through the forests white man needs the Indians. Now he needs their permission to' travel their land in search of minerals and hydro power. And he is going to have to pay for that right. To settle all native land claims as generously as Alaska out of its oil would cost more than billion. According to an Indian and northern affairs department estimate. Negotiations on land claims are taking and will probably continue until next between Ottawa and the status and non status In- dians of the Yukon. Similar talks should begin soon with the Indians of British Colum- where close to 20 million acres are at stake. Then negotiations will be difficult Not just real but the value of a way of life will have to be assessed. Yet for the first time discussions can take place upon a basis of trust. Judge Malouf and his predecessors have shown that white man's laws are for white men alone. The Indians can come to the bargaining table with self and with respect for those they deal with. It remains now for Bourassa to demonstrate that he is worthy of that respect. crazy Thai's another thing she's inclined in he The Letjtbridge Herald 504 7th St. S Alberta LETHBRIOGE HERALD CO. LTD.. and Publishers Published 1WS-19S4. by Hon. W A BUCHANAN Second CUM Mail Registration No 0012 Member ol The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Association and the Audit Bureau ol Circulations CLEOW MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON PILLING Managing Editor ROY MILES Advertising Manager WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page Editor HERALD SERVES THE ;