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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 23, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Long-forgotten collection Cornell University displays its brains New York Times Service ITHACA, N.Y. Cornell Uni- versity has decided to display the best of its unusual collec- tion of human brains, recalling a long-gone era o[ scientific ex- ploration. The brains, which once be- longed to some of the most fam- ous _ and a few of the most in- famous people of their day, were resurrected by Cornell biologists from among a large collection found in the attic of the university's zoology build- ing Preserved in formalin and stored in bell jars, the brains look remarkably alike to the lay eye, distinguishable only by such labels as "bright school- "i d i o "Helen" and "Schwimmer, Rosica." But to the neurobiologists who once meticulously examined them, using a now-antique ap- proach to the study of brain development weighing the brain and measuring the length and depth of every fissure and fold the brains seemed to prove that a person's education, intellect and talent were re- flected in the size and struc- tural complexities of various parts of his brain. PASSE Although this view of the brain is now passe, the univer- sity's division of biological sci- ences decided to exhibit the collection to give students his- torical perspective and stimu- late their interest in the study of ncurophysiology and behav- ior. According to the old theor- ies, a person gifted in music would be likely to have a high- ly convoluted temporal lobe, the part of the cerebral cortex that controls auditory functions, and the insight and organization of a scientist would be reflect- ed to the superior development of his brain's frontal lobes. This theory was also once used to explain the "natural in- feriority" of women their brains were typically smaller than those of men and of primitive people. Before scientific study of the brain collection waned in the late 1930's, biologists realized that in otherwise normal per- sons, brain size was primarily a function of the size of the in- dividual, rather than the size of his intellect. The collection, which at one point included 350 human brains is well as hundreds of other vertebrate brains, was begun more than a century ago by Cornell's first professor of ani- mal biology, Butgreen Wild- er. This assiduous collector was inspired by the famous natur- alist Loius Agassiz, who taught Wilder to "study nature, not jooks." Much to Wilder's dis- may, most of the human brains available to him during the last quarter of the 19th century came from "paupers, crimin- als and the insane with no cul- ;ural according to Wilder's successor, James W. >ez, who carried on the work. Wilder was convinced that such brains were not reliable sources of information about human brain development, and he began soliciting brains from 'the educated" and "the order- ly." BEQUESTS He distributed bequest forms widely to college alum- ni meetings, to his students, to the audiences he lectured and slowly the brains of prominent people trickled in. Wilder's own brain became part of the collection in 1925., In addition to being a leading scientist, an author of many books and articles and an in- spiring teacher, he was an ac- complished pianist and compos- er who set to music "old iron- the poem by his former teacher Oliver Wendell Holmes. The most infamous brain in the collection is that of Ed- ward H. Huloff, a compulsive criminal of superior intelli- gence who was hanged for mur- der in 1871. Although a school dropout whose adult life was marked by a series of minor and major crimes, he managed to land several good teaching jobs. Ruloff's brain weighed grams and is believed to be liv second largest on record. Papez noted that sometimes large brain size and complex brain patterns were found "in very ordinary individuals" and he concluded that environment as well as physical endowment were "instrumental in nvoduc- ing men of eminence or re- nown." COLUMNIST'S NOTEBOOK By HAL BOYLE NEW YORK (AP) Things a columnist might not know if he didn't open his mail: Before the white man made the handshake the popular method of greeting in North America, members of some China behind in UN dues UNITED NATIONS (AP) A committee told the General As- sembly today that China is more than two years behind in regular budget dues owed by the Nationalist regime before it was expelled, and Peking's re- fusal to pay them is grounds for denying the Communists a vote. But the Committee on Contri- butions said in view of "the le- gal and political problems in- volved this question should be resolved by the General As- sembly." No challenge appeared likely, however. The assembly was thrown into a crisis in when the United States tried to enforce the no-vote rule against the Soviet Union for nonpay- ment of peacekeeping assess- ments, and there was no in- dication anyone wanted to re- peat it. The UN charter says any member two years behind in dues "shall have no vole" in the assembly. The Nationalists owned million when they were ousted Oct. 25, 1971. Juicy payoff MADRID (AP) A pair of Sapnish laborers one a brick- layer, the other n miner spent 15 cents each last week for tickets in Ihc National soccer pools. Knch won Pools officials snid the miner, Eusta- quio Rodriqucr, 29, of Tiranilla, and the 30-ycnr-oId bricklayer, Pedro F.slcl rich tea of Snnta Mnrgnriln, were the only tors in Snpin to forecast the winners of the country's 14 soc- cer matches. Indian tribes said hello by blowing into each other's ears. While Christians customar- ily take the oath to tell the truth, in law courts either after kissing the Bible or while touching it, other reli- gious people are not required to follow this custom. A Jew swears on the Pentateuch or Old Testament with his head covered. A Mohammedan can be sworn on the Koran, a Brahman by touching another Brahman, a Chinese by break- ing a china saucer. In any case, the truth is pledged. Quotable notables: age is that time of life when you are sitting at home on Saturday night and the phone rings, and you hope it isn't for Lardner. SQUIRREL MAY FORGET A poor investor: The aver- age squirrel is more of an ex- ample of succesful energy than unerring intelligence. Like the absent-minded pro- fessor, it is likely to forget what it has done. It usually doesn't find by spring, even during a hard winter, any- where near half of the up to 20 bushels of nuts it has hid- den in the earth. But it does usually survive. II o H s e It o I d hints: Lady, don't throw away your fam- ily's old plastic medicine bot- tles. They are fine for storing small flower and vegetable seeds for your garden. Just be sure you don't mix the seeds with some overlooked pill and plant them together later. Then your nasturtiums or on- ions might he mixed with a crop of arthritis, blooming migraines and creeping high blood pressures. Worth remembering: "A wise hushnnd never contra- dicts his wife. He just waits around for her lo do it for him." Here's an item you can bet your favorite bartender he can't disprove: A typical whalo hns one thing in com- mon with a lyplrnl minnow. Despile the vnsl differences In Iheir size, ench can lenp com- pletely out of the water. Thumlay, November 23, 1972 THE LETHMIDOE HEKALD 31 Some competition for Guy Lombardo "THE FRANCIS this group giving a concert in Milan, Holy, calls itself. They are six Capuchin friart, followers of St. Francis of Assisi, who live in a monastery at Viterbo. Guy Lombardo's "The Sweetest Music Thli of Heaven" has some new competition. LEASE... From your Franchisee! New Car Dealer A More Flexible Plans Your lea IB can Include maintenance, licence, and insurance Better Service Facilitiet Regular Warranty Inspections Better choice of models INQUIRE NOW INTO THE ADVANTAGES OF LEASING OVER BUYING Contact BORIS KORESHENKOV Beny Automotive Enterprises Ltd. 2 Avenue and 8th Street S. Phono 327-3147 Simpsons-Sears has everything for Christmas Our Christmas Gift to You off the reg- ular pricel 2 or 3 piece pant sets of assorted fabric Holiday styled for all those parties. Assorted colors. Hurry while selection last-.. Sizes 10-18. ladies' Wear Fakin'It-Fur Style! 79 199 each Look... now touch... so nice! Slip into them... great feeling, great looksl They're the little rnuskrat impersonators. Look and teel like real fur but they're made of cotton-backed modacrylic fibre and lavishly trimmed with tip-dyed acrylic Smartly belted to keep them snug. Have rayon satin linings Perma-freshed with SANI-GARD. Cotton interlinings for a bit of extra warmth. Fyrrier-cln. Dk. brown. Sizes 10-18. Coat Yourself With Real Value! ANn AND 1Q I .99 Water repellent 100% nylon with quilted nylon Alining and rayon braid trim. 15.99. 65% nylon with body lining of orlon-acrylic pile, quilled rayon lined sleeves. Cotton embroidery trim. 19.99. Indies' Coati ;