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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 23, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 28 THE IETHBBIDSE HERALD Thursday, November 23, 1972 First white man traversed Newfoundland on foot 150 years ago By JAMES II. III'SSKY CI> Corrrspoiiilcnl ST. JOHN'S, Nlld. CP) The first while man to travel across (he island of New- foundland on root completed (he journey from sea lo sea 150 vears ago this month. William Epps Cormack and his Micmac guide left the east coast of the island Sept. 5 and made their destination, the shores of St. George's Bay on the west coast, Nov. 2. Main purpose of the journey In 1822 was lo make drect contact with some of the is- 1 a n d 's original inhabitants, the Beolhuk Indians. Cormack was a native New- found lander, bora in Si- John's of Scottish parents in 1776. His guide was Jo s e p h Sylvester of the tribe who came to Newfoundland from Cape Breton and settled at Conne River, Bay D'Espoir, on the southwest coast. A century and a half ago, the interior of Newfoundland was a wilderness. The only paths were the trails of the roving Indians, and those of the caribou as they migrated north and south with the sea- son. COMPLETED VENTURE Despite all difficulties, Cor- mack was determined to see (lie venture through. But the Micmac wasn't so dedicated. Two weeks after they started the Indian was ready lo turn back. After all, the people they were the deadly enemies of his people, But Cormack was able to persuade Sylvester lo con- tinue and the Indian kept his part of the bargain, ensuring the expedition's success. Cormack's report said "not n single B e o t h u k was sighted." But it is likely the adventurers were seen and avoided by the Beothuks. While he did not succeed in his main quest, Cormack recorded a great deal about Newfoundland and its re- sources. He compiled data on the flora, fauna, minerals and Ihe scenery. He sketched a map so accurate that it was used in a survey for the trans-insular railway 50 years bter. The failure to make contact with Hie Bcothuks spurred Cormack on lo organize the Eeothuk Institution to pre- serve the language and cul- ture. When Cormack was seven years old, his father, a mer- chant, died In St. John's and Mrs. Cormack took the family back to Scotland. Young Cormack received a good education at University of Edinburgh under the tute- lage of the learned and fa- mous Prof. Robert Jamieson who gave him a love for geol- ogy, botany and mineralogy. As Cormack grew he yearned to return to the New World and at the age of 22 he landed on Prince Edward Is- land and founded the settle- ment of New Glasgow, a few miles from Charlottetown, with a group of Scottish fann- ers. But the call of his birth- place was too strong and in a year or two he was back in St. John's. Just about that time, a Be- olhuk woman called Mary March was captured and brought to the city. The Be- othuk was treated with the ut- most kindness in an effort to win her confidence and estab- lish communications with tlw fast disappearing tribe. WAS IDEALIST Cormack, who was de- scribed as an idealist and hu- manitarian was greatly moved by the Indians' plight and resolved to find the sur- viving remnants of the tribe and also travel through and explore the interior of the is- land. OPEN DAILY 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. THURS. and FRI. 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. VALUES EFFECTIVE TIL CLOSING SATURDAY NOV. 25, 1972. 2025 Mayor Magrath Drive "College Mall" 420 6th Street S. "Downtown" 324 Mayor Magrath Drive BULK WIENERS gHT -_. BY THE PIECE ASSOKTEB fi5c BOLOGNA 49C SALAMI STICKS 9J' WW W LARGE CASING Ib. W W Tiiror cnrAim iim iirai CHECK THESE SPECIAL VALUES! MARGARINE I" BRAND 100% PURE VEGETABLE OIL ...........................Mb. pkgs. MINCEMEAT 44-oz. jar ________ 99 PEANUT FLOW CONTADINA CANADA CHOICE 28 fl. 01. tins wwniML'inM bnwf TOMATOES .00 BROOK PARK FROZEN MEAT PIES Beef, 8 01. pkgs. McCAIN'S FROZEN APPLE PIES 24 oz. sim 2 ,99' McCAIN'S JULIENNE FRENCH FRIES LAUNDRY DETERGENT CHEER Ib. pkg........... 89 SWEET AND JUICY, LARGE SIZE, FANCY GRAM KING SIZE 1 ,69 JOHNSON'S MIXED SWEET AND JUICY, LARGE SIZE, FANCY GRAM ORANGES 2 B.C. CROWN, CEE GRADE MelNTOSH APPLES .39 VU-PAK CASE B.C. GROWN, SWEET EATING MORDEN MANOR VEGETABLES CUT WAX BEANS PEAS CUT GREEN BEANS CREAM CORN YOUR CHOICE 5187 B.C. GROWN, SWEET EATING _ ANJOU PEARS 2 49( CANADA NO. 1 GRADE CANADA NO. 1 CXADE CARROTS 3 39 ;