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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 23, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Long-forgotten collection Cornell University displays its brains New York Times Service ITHACA, N.Y. Cornell Uni versity has decided to display Ihe best of its unusual collec- tion of human brains, recalling a long-gone era o[ scientific ploration. The brains, which once be- longed to some of the most fam- ous and a few of the most in- famous people of their day, were resurrected by Cornell biologists from among a large collection found in the attic of the university's zoology build- ing Preserved in formalin and stored in bell jars, the brains look remarkably alike to the Jay eye, distinguishable only by such label1; as "bright school- "i d 1 o "Helen" and "Schwimmer, Hosica." But to the neurobiologists who once meticulously examined them, using a now-antique ap- proach to the study of brain development weighing the brain and measuring the length and depth of every fissure and fold the brains seemed to prove that a person's education, intellect and talent were re- flected in the size and struc- tural complexities various parts of his brain. PASSE Although this view of the brain is now passe, the univer- sity's division of biological sci- ences decided to exhibit the collection to give students his- torical perspective and stimu- late their interest in the study of ncurophysiology and behav- ior. According to the old theor- ies, a person gifted in music would be likely to have a high- ly convoluted temporal lobe, the part of the cerebral cortex tliat controls auditory and the insight and organization of a scientist would be reflect- ed in the superior development of his brain's frontal lobes. This theory was also once used to explain the "natural in- feriority" of women their brains were typically smaller than those of men and of primitive people. Before scientific study of the brain collection waned in the late 1930's, biologists realized that in otherwise normal per- sons, brain size was primarily a function of the size of the in- dividual, rather than the size of his intellect. The collection, which at on point included 350 human brains as well as hundreds of other vertebrate brains, was begun more than a century ago b Cornell's first professor of an mal biology, Butgreen Wild er. This assiduous collector wa Inspired by the famous natur alist Loins Agassiz, who laugh Wilder to "study nature, no books." Much to Wilder's dis may, most of the human brain available to him during the las quarter of the 19th century came from "paupers, crimii als and the insane with no cu tural according to Wilder's successor, James W Papez, who carried on the work. Wilder was convinced that such brains were not reliabl sources of information abou human brain development, aix he began soliciting brains from 'the educated" and "the order ly." BEQUESTS He distributed b e q u e s forms widely to college alum ni meetings, to his students, to the audiences he lectured anc slowly the brains of prominen people trickled in. Wilder's own brain becam part of the collection in 1925., In addition to being a leading scientist, an author of man; books and articles and an in spiring teacher, he was an ac complished pianist and compos- er who set to music "old Iron the poem by his forme teacher Oliver Wcudei Holmes. The most infamous brain In the collection is that of Ed ward H. Huloff, a compulsiv criminal of superior intelli pence who was hanged for mur der in 1871. Although a schoo dropout whose adult life was marked by a series of minor and major crimes, he manage! to land several good teaclini jobs. Ruloff's brain weighed [rams and is believed to be second largest on record. Papez noted that sometimes large brain size and complex brain patterns were found "In very ordinary individuals" ant concluded that emlronmen as well as physical endowroen were "Instrumental In nvoduc- mg men of eminence or re- nown." COLUMNIST'S NOTEBOOK By HAL BOYLE NEW YORK (AP) Things columnist might not know if he didn't open his mail: Before the white man made the handshake the popular method of greeting in North America, members of some QUDH behind in UN dues UNITED NATIONS (AP) A committee (old the General As- sembly loday lhat China is more than two years behind in regular budget dues owed by the Nationalist regime before it was expelled, and Peking's re- fusal to pay Ihem is grounds for denying Ihe Communists a vole. But the Committee on Contri- butions said in view of "the le- gal and political problems in- volved lliis question should be resolved by the General As- sembly." No challenge appeared likely, however. Tlic assembly was thrown inlo a crisis in when the Uniled Slates fried to enforce Hie no-vole rule against Ihe Sonet Union for nonpay- ment of peacekeeping assess- ments, and there no in- dication anyone wanted to re- peat II. The U1V charter .savs any member two years behind in (hies "shall have no vole" in the assembly. The Nationalists owned flfi.B million when they were ousted Oct. 25, 3971. Juicy payoff MADRID (AP) A pair of Snpnish Inborers one n brick- layer, the olhor n miner spent 15 cenls each for lickcls in the National soccer pools. Knch won Pools officials snid the miner. Kusla- quio 2n, of Tirnnllln, and the M-ycnr-oId bricklayer. Pedro Eslcl rich Hnsa of SjinUi Mnrgnrlln, were the only bcl- tors in Snpin In forccnsl Ihe winners of the country's H soc- cer matches. Indian tribes said hello by blowing into each other's ears. While Christians customar- ily take the oath to tell the truth, in laiv courts either after kissing the Bible or while touching it, other reli- gious people are not required to Mow this custom. A Jew swears on the Pentateuch or Old Testament with his head covered. A Mohammedan can be sworn on the Koran, a Brahman by touching another Brahman, a Chinese by break- ing a china saucer. In any case, the truth is pledged. Quotable notables: age is that time of life when you are sitting at home on Saturday night and the phone rings, and you hope it isn't for Lardner. SQUIRREL MAY FORGET A poor investor: The aver' age squirrel is more of an ex- ample of succesful energy than unerring intelligence. Like Ihe absent-minded pro- fessor, it is likely to forget what it hns done. It usually doesn't find by spring, even during a bard winter, any- where near half of the un to 20 bushels of nuts it has hid- den in the earth. But it does usually survive. Hollar, hold hlnls: Lfldy, don't throw away your fam- ily's old pinsflc medicine bot- tles. They nre fine for storing small flower and vegetable seeds for your garden. Just be sure you don't mix the seeds with some overlooked pill and plant them together later. Then your nasturtiums or on- ions miKht ho mixed with n crop of nrlhritls, blooming migraines nnd creeping high blood pressures. Worth remembering: "A wise hushnnd never conlrn- dicls his wife, lie Just walls around for her to do it for him." Here's an item you cnn bet your favorite bnrlender he cnn'l. disprove: A typical wlmlo hns one thing In' com- mon with n typicnl minnow. Dosplle the vnst differences In (heir size, cnch can lenp com- pletely out of tho water. Thumlay, November 23, 1972 THE LETHMIDOE HERALD 31 Some competition ior Guy Lombardo "THE FRANCIS this group giving a concert in Milan, Italy, calls ilself. They are six Capuchin friari, followers CM St. Francis of Assisi, who live in a monastery at Viterbo. Guy tombardo's "The Sweelest Music Thii Side of Heaven" has some new competition. ,J LEASE... From your Franchisee! New Car Dealer I Better Service Facililiei t Regular Warranty I Betfer choice of modell ft More Flexible Plani Your leaie can Include maintenance, licence, and inturance INQUIRE NOW INTO THE ADVANTAGES OF LEASING OVER BUYING Conlocr BORIS KORESHENKOV Beny Automotive Enterprises Ltd. 2 Avenue and 8lh Street S. Phoni 327-3147 Simpsons-Sears has everything for Christmas Our Chrislmos Gifl to You off Ihe reg- ular price! 2 or 3 piece pant sets of assorted fabric Holiday styled for all those parties. Assorted colors. Hurry while selection last-.. Sizes 10-18. Larliet' Wear Fakin'It-Fur Style! 79 199 each Look... now touch... so nice! Slip into them... great feeling, great looffsl They're Ihe liiile muskral cm persona lors. Look and (eel like real fur but they're made of collon-backed modacrylic libro and lavishly Inmmed wiih tip-dyed acrylic 'fur'. Smarlly celled to keep ihem snug. Have rayon satin linings, Perma-freshed wild SANI-GARD. Colton inlerlinings (or a bilof extra warmth. Furrier-cln. Dk. brown. Sizes 10-18. Coat Yourself With Real Value! 1Jy99ANn H AND Wafer repellent 100% nylon wflh quilled nyfon fining and rayon braid trim. 15.99. 65% nylon wilh body lining oF orlon-acrylic pile, quilled rayon lined sleeves. Colton embroidery trim. 19.99. Indies' Coati ;