Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 22, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
Suppression only brings more notoriety THI tlTMBMOOl NWULD-f By Tom New York Times commeiutor NEW YORK Dr. William ShocUey is a noted physicist of dubious qualification for his view on which is that heredity rather Uuui environ- ment is the primary cause of the disadvantaged position of blacks in society. His par- ticular case not only raises the usual first amendment ques- tions about offensive but a to what extent is a free society obligated to create opportunities for the expression of such Of it protects Dr Shockley's right to express his ideas which most professional opinion finds lacking in scholarly under- pinning and too evangelistical- ly presented. Unsound and even noxious views can be suppressed only if there is some power that can suppress any and there is no antidote to even pernicious so effective as subjecting it to debate and challenge and ex- posure for what it is. Dr Shockley is a Nobel prize winner in another field and a professor at Stanford If he mounts a soapbox on a street he is entitled to say what he wants to say the common-sense stricture against shouting in a crowded But do universities and publications have an obliga- tion to extend him a respec- table forum for his genetic theories' Harvard recently answered this question by cancelling a scheduled debate between Dr Shockley and Roy Inms of largely because of protests from the black law students association Princeton gave another answer by scheduling the Shockley Inms debate on its campus Before some black Dartmouth students look matters into their own hands and prevented Dr. Shockley from speaking by applauding continuously dur- ing his appearance Now the matter has arisen at Staten Island Com- munity College President William Birenbaum invited Dr Shockley to speak in a series called the president's the previous speaker in seminar was Justice William 0 and the next will be Seale. chairman of the Black Panther party. Announcement of the Shockley lecture set off enough campus and communi- ty opposition that Dr. Biren- baum scheduled three other all qualified to debate genetic to share the platform. That has not lessened the which may take the form of active efforts to prevent Dr. Shockley from being heard. The opposition is but all of it regards Dr. Shockley as a racist. Joan a student senator and Progressive Labor party thinks Dr Biren- baum and the school also are racist and that Dr Shockley's appearance at SICC is part of a movement of racism in the sponsored by ruling class Helen another student invokes the Supreme Court's recent deci- sion that stan- could govern what she called standards the students are the local Miss asserting that they found the Shockley views on race and im- moral Dr in a formal said that consequences of Shockley's thought in the field of genetics are. of potentially sub- versive of everything I per- sonally the work to which I have devoted my and the very purposes of our college open-admissions It is for these wery reasons that I want to know more through direct conversation about what and how he thinks That is a traditional and persuasive view of free speech and debate The op- ponents that a college forum can give views like Dr Shockley's a respectability that they could not otherwise and as Douglas Jackson of the black student union put racism The latter may be an arguable for denied Dr. Shockley's application to in- corporate his racial views in a new course at the and it can reasonably be I Book reviews argued that on this rather than in his field of ex- pertise he Is not professionally entitled to serious attention or academic credit But that kind of oppposition really questions Dr. Biren- baum 's judgment and policy in inviting Dr. Shockley to speak. Even if that was an un- sound it ought not to be remedied at the expense of anyone's rights under the first amendment. That document unequivocal- ly allows Dr. Shockley to propound his repugnant doctrine whenever and where he has reasonable oppor- tunity Those who don't want to hear it don't have those who want to-challenge it but those who try to suppress it can only give it more and the trappings of a cause. Indian Chief Sitting Bull The Cuadlu by Grut MacEwai This book written by Grant on the Sioux War Sitting is one of several works that have appeared recently centered on the North West Mounted Police and how law and order was established on the Cana- dian Prairies in the 1870's Unfortunately this is not anything like a definitive study on one of the most fascinating Indian chiefs to cross the pages of North American history. No reference is made to a number of important works on Sitting Bull by such recogniz- ed scholars and historians as Frank piske and Death of Sitting Doris Garst Champion of his and Stanley Vestal Champion of the The last mentioned work gives a wholly different interpretation of his character and achievement. One can only have a vague mental picture of what kind of a person Sitting Bull was after reading this book. The victor of the battle of the Little Big Horn never comes alive in the pages of MacEwan's study. In fact the real protagonist of this book is not Sitting Bull at but Superintendent James Morrow Walsh of the North West Mounted Police. Extracts from Walsh's as yet unpublished papers form the most interesting portions of the work. The book is readable in the semi-fictionalized style that appears to be so popular in work about the Canadian west. It concentrates on the efforts of the Canadian authorities to persuade Sitting Bull and his followers to return to the United States. The authorities refused to es- tablish a reserve for the even though many including Sitting to have been born in British North America. After four when he was faced with with 187 women and recrossed the so-called Medicine surrendered to the Americans and was taken to the Standing Rock reser- vation. To the end he remauv ed a bitter irreconcilable. In 1890 Sitting Bull took an active part in the Ghost dance or Messiah agitation. He was killed while resisting arrest. The author in public life is the popular lieutenant gover- nor of Alberta. After 25 years as a professor of MacEwan became active in both provincial and civic politics. He sat for one term as a Liberal member of the Legislature for Calgary and served 12 years on the Calgary city three as the mayor He is the author of more than a dozen historical books ERNEST MARDON Wandering showman of the by Marcel Martin Associates 180 Introducing El the firebreather This is the stage name of Canadian Marcel Home who has wandered back and forth across seeking not a fortune but a purpose in life. A dedicated fond of and Marcel is ex- And Cellar Dwel res ers People who like wines a often like a lot of wines So Andres offers a complete line of fine wines. One to meet every preference. Red wines. White wines Sherries and Ports. Wines that sparkle And wines that crackle. And champagnes that do their own special thing. Enough fine wines to fill a cellar. ANDRES VIMMKsOl IINF WlNTS These are just a few of the many fine wines from Andres. RICHELIEU DELUXE CHAMPAGNE A white sparkling deluxe champagne produced from premium for festive occasions ANDReS SPARKLING Chante VIN BLANC COLD DUCK A beautiful blend of Canadian champagne and sparkling burgundy ANDReS CRACKLING PETILL.AXT DE ANDReS SPARKLING Chante VIN ROSE BABY DUCK A fine blend of red white sparkling wines with a hearty bouqufet and lusty flavour. ANDReS CRACKLING VIN ROSE One of the truly great Canadian wines Pink and light flavoured ANDReS CHANTE VIN BLANC. light-bodied and effervescent with a distinctive flavour. CHANTE VIN ROSE A very pink bubbly wine with a special sweetness Most refreshing when served chilled. CHANTE VIN ROUGE A sparkling wine with a rich red colour And the tempting taste of the grape ANDReS CANADIAN SHERRY BABY CHAMPAGNE bright and bursting with tiny Baby Champagne is a whole new thing in wine ANDReS SANGRIA. A tantalizing blend of fine red wine and the refreshing flavour of fresh fruit. RED DINNER WINE. The perfect medium dry wine to be used as a fine table wine and try it for basting and marinating MEDIUM DRY SHERRY. A delicious medium dry sherry to serve before or after a meal or in your favourite recipe SIMILKAMEEN The delightful dryness of this Superior red dinner wine brings something special to your table. 73 HtS Al perienced in the sordid things of and a good storyteller. Marcel's life hasn't been neither has it been dull His escapades and language are certain to offend many people but he's describ- ing life as it has been for him He's been in gone without food for three slept un- der used a road map for a tangled with' police in the U.S. and Morocco. Add other unplea- sant experiences and the reader soon realizes that Marcel Home has had a lot of problems during his life as a wandering showman. He's'not a for he has written this and become a professional firebreather which means you see him not only breathe spit drink but as a he drinks a cup of sets his mouth on and shoots a flame 20 feet across the A painful and dangerous oc- cupation but it's Marcel's specialty and he's proud of his act. Annals of the describes a way of life that is foreign to most of us The oc- casional foul though and will shock some readers. Despite this the story is an important com- mentary on a little known part of our affluent Canadian society TERRY MORRIS Books in brief Your Own Wool and Dye it and Weave by Molly Duncan Irwin and Co. 52 This practical book for a beginning craftsman offers suggestions for choosing a spinning learning to spin and selecting your wool. The wool selection deals mainly with New Zealand and Australian sheep. Instructions for chemical and vegetable dyeing are included. Although the natural dyes dealt with are from the above the process may be applicable to our own region. The chapter on weaving dis- cusses different looms with instructions on how to make and thread the two types of inkle how to make str- ing and how to make a warp Illustrations are in black and white. ELSIE MORRIS TerrariHju by Charles M. Evan with Roberta Lee Piter in HM This book must tell everything one could ever wish to know about growing plants in a sealed glass con- tainer. All sorts of possible plants are named and there are hints for choosing soils and methods are given for planting and maintaining the indoor gardens. The many attractive and explicit il- lustrations Betty surely leave no doubts at all for the avid terrarium fan. BLSPETH WALKER I mill photo lih Ill-mill reporter Enlarged remembrance By Noel Herald staff writer The wreaths at the Gait Gardens Cenotaph continue their silent tribute to the fallen soldiers of two world wars and Korea. like discarding a tattered old one is at a loss to decide when is the appropriate time to remove the wreaths from the erasing memories of another Nov 11 for one more year The annual rites have appropriately an at- mosphere all their own The day is sincerely as important as Good Friday or Christmas to many participants Very Lethbndge veterans hold strong memories of their participation in the two world wars' The 1973 parade contained more young representing the three military cadet units. Guides and Junior Forest than veterans. Even some of the police officers marching in the ranks looked voung enough to be part of the post-war generation Some say today's youth have little time for Nov 11 services The indication here this year seemed to be in reverse A good part of the crowd observing the Cenotaph ceremony were youths and young adults Of some no doubt have the lion of a perhaps never or an un- cle killed in battle Others are members of the cadet corps And wearing a red just pause and pray for peace among mankind Sometimes one has to wonder if in the national framework to a great vertical we can take another step forward and give some leadership about Nov 11 observance Would it be possible to the national minutes of silence9 Have we the courage to remember not only our own western but also the the wounded and dead of all nations through all time7 And why not recall the multitude of other men who have also paid the supreme physical sacrifice the astronauts of Russia and America. the ancient and the scientific researchers who have braved mountain trappers and engineers who have braved Arctic cold to bring energy and growth to all of and all men with a spiritual mission Christian or otherwise who have tramped over miles of dusty braved physical dangers and the scorn of men who found a faith impossible to accept9 ANDY RUSSELL Inadequate treatment of cowboys by William H. Forbis 240 Being something of a western history buff I received The Cowboys with considerable an- but was never so disappointed. The book is well but this second issue of a series currently being published by Time- Life has to be about the most outstanding ex- ample of a progression of error offered to the reading public for a long time Forbis was boriT in living proof that geographic location does nothing for anybody without some appreciation of such a lot of hard work in research doesn't help either He starts off with a rough-handed characterization of the cowboy by calling him sweaty little tall in the saddle a dirty overworked laborer who fried his brains under a prairie sun Then he proceeds to show how little he knows or cares to For on pages eight and nine there is a print of Charlie Russell's Wild Horse which he the cowboy who has roped a mustang starts to jump off as his own horse 'thrashes along the em- bankment. This is typical of the Russell scene correct in each detail but stressing the dramatic instant rather than the grinding reality of life on the range .the cow- boy isn't jumping but just throwing his weight onto the opposite stirrup against the pull of the rope to help his mount. The horse isn't but has its feet well under it and is in perfect balance Then to put the lie to his criticism of we turn to pages 10-11 to a print of Deadline on the which depicts a regular occurance and a large portion of that Forbis says Is missing in Russell art. There is nothing harder by way of daily drudgery than a prolonged trail drive depicted here. But to cap his For- bis describes the a trail boss hears a Crow warrior's demand for a toll of II a head The Crow man is not in his war so he comes in peace and is merely making the sign for one steer for the privilege of crossing tribal territory There being about 2.000 steers in more or the author would have us think the Indian had ambitions to become a banker' Indians were interested in not money in those days. Then we proceed to pages 12-13 to another Russell print of cowboys roping a and we find the caption telling about a brown bear plus the statement that a party of Charlie Russell's friends were charged by such a roped trussed it up and beat it to death with rocks' This kind of research must have been done in a bar and not a very well in- formed bar at that' For the bear is obviously a and most everybody knows trussing one up and killing it with rocks would be about as unlikely as flying to the moon on one especially since the cowboy of those times wore a gun about as commonly as his hat they all had a very high opinion ol the dangers of taking liberties with grizzlies The very beginning of the cowboy era was in California during the Spanish regime a time when riders developed amazing skill with their rawhide even to the sport of killing the huge grizzlies and a matter of well authenticated history But Forbis only pays this phase of western history passing note in an it demands a chapter. he never even mentions where the oldtime cowboy was very much in evidence as late as 1910 The whole book is so liberally larded with unfair errors and one cannot even start to list them all. Assuming that Time-Life publishes for it is amazing they would pass this manuscript as accep- table There are people all over the world who love the history of the old west and revere the paintings of such men as Charlie Russell and Frederick who caught the every mood of the great plains country and moun- tains with their skilful brushes. They will not accept this book.