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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 22, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta EDITOR IA LS Blackmail must be resisted An energy shortage was building up and prices would have had to go up. The Arab embargo on exports has made it much and a serious crisis has hit North western Japan and a few other countries. The Arab action is blackmail of the crudest sort. It is punishment for not siding with the Arabs in their quarrel with Israel. It is an attempt to choke other countries until they join in trying to choke Israel. Legally the Arabs are quite within their rights. They are entitled to use their oil wealth to try to achieve their political purposes. But their method evades the moral issue. Israel has a right to which her Arab neighbors Lebanon and have denied. She has a right to defensible which a return to the pre-1967 frontier would forfeit. She has a right to which the Arabs have persistently refused to negotiate. Not to support the Arab position is a moral decision which in good conscience cannot be compromised. It would be the height of immorality to betray Israel simply to relieve an oil shortage. Other countries under pressure of Arab blackmail will have to suffer more than Canada. It is Canada's duty to share more ot their burden. It is Canada's through greater to assume more ot the to make a larger sacrifice. And it is Canada's duty to ex- pedite and accelerate in every way possi- ble the development of new energy sources. The blackmail attempt must be resisted. A welcome precaution The self registration system at Waterton Lakes National Park is a welcome precautionary measure for weekend park faced with finding the park warden's office closed. They can complete their own registration and pick up brochures on fishing regulations and winter conditions within the park at the portable office located at the entrance to the Cameron Lake road. Lists ot registrants are checked daily. If a registrant hasn't indicated his return by dusk a park warden will be alerted to initiate a search. Wardens patrol the park's road regularly assisting giving information and advis- ing sportsmen. There is something for everyone at this winter paradise. Snowmobiling and skidooing is limited to the Cameron Lake road only up to and including the Akamina Pass bordering Alberta and B C. Winter fishing is allowed in the Waterton river and Maskmonge and Waterton including the Mar- quis Hole and the Dardenelles with fishing licenses available from any ol the six park wardens Winter camping is provided at Blackistone Creek picnic site with ample fire wood provided and water available by chipping the creek ice. Cross country skiing enthusiasts are advised to use the horse trails in Park's lower reaches. Snowshoeing is not recommended on the lakes as fre- quent warm chinooks through the area otten melts ice quickly making lake sur- laces hazardous. Park superintendent Tom Smith warns that many cross country skiers aren't aware it is actually 10 miles trom the lownsite into Cameron necessitating overnight camping en route. In most cases they don't come prepared for an overnight stay. It is because of the lurking hazards of winter that self registration and limitations have been implemented in the park as a guide and safety measure lor winter sportsmen. If rules are obeyed and everyone casualties need not occur. But failing to do so may result in a winter skidooer being stranded in severe with no one aware of his whereabouts and wardens not even alerted that he is overdue on the trail. An expression of The increasing number of high rise developments piercing the skyline is causing major concern. Some suspect these structures are simply the expres- sion of vanity and power revealing an urge to reach for the sky and a desire to create a landmark for all to see. Take for instance Toronto's million CN to be completed next with its observation restaurant and television antennae the centrepiece of a billion cluster of offices and apartments to reach feet into the sky. That is 749 feet above the Eiffel Tower and 57 feet higher than Moscow's giant Ostankino. Every Canadian province has its tallest building from Halifax's 31-storey 300-foot million Fenwick Building to Vancouver's 36-storey 460-foot Royal Centre. Alberta's the 625-foot Calgary built in 1968 at a cost of million is nearly 200 feet higher than Edmonton's 35-storey 441-foot million Alberta Government Telephones building. Concern as to whether skyscrapers will change the nature of cities and pre- sent a danger to aircraft and birds is be- ing expressed in both eastern and western Canada. Vancouver is reluctant to approve further skyscrapers. The city's formerly quiet west hit. by the high rise craze in the 1950s now has the highest density of any urban area in North American apart from Manhattan Island with a population of in less than one square mile. Its alarming crime rate substantiates police statistics that crime is three times greater in towering human filing cabinets than in neighborhoods of detached homes. Skyscrapers reached their peak in New York during the 1920's when the 77-storey Chrysler and the 102-storey 250 foot Empire State buildings were built. Since then architects have thought in terms of 30 to 40 storeys for this major city. The Rockefeller one of the first projects illustrating this changed located on a three-block site 'capable of housing the world's highest was designed with a main building of 66 storeys surrounded by buildings half that height. Some modern architects such as Con- stantinos A. Doxiadis are appalled at what they have wrought with their skyscraping towers and slabs. He views as his foremost crime advocating and designing high rise buildings and it was Nathaniel one of the founders of the architectural firm of Owings and designers of some of the world's tallest and most famous skyscrapers who has proven that skyscrapers tend to dehumanize the area where they are located. They suck the drawing up into the air what should be lying closer to the human It is to be hoped the prairie cities won't succumb to skyscraper madness with i ts vertical concentration of people stacked in cells in mid air. Letters in coal on tar paper... black mail Passing the president the buck By James New York Times commentator WASHINGTON Be thankful that you don't have to handle the fuel shortage or ad- minister the National Emergency Energy Bill just passed by the 78-6. This bill gives the president vast discretionary powers to conserve fuel of all but It raises more questions than Watergate. For authorized the presi- dent to limit non-essential fuel but how do you cut by rationing fuel or taxing do you make a fair choice between allocating fur- nace oil for New England as compared with gasoline for California and do you share the limited supplies even within a state like which is warm in the south and is often chilly north of San Or between congested cities like New York which has a rapid transit and sprawling cities like Los which relies almost entirely on the is in one area of the or even one part of a may not be in another. The bill empowers the president to reduce consumption by eliminating recreational but while the human race can probably struggle along without snowmobiles or lighted ski resorts or country many communities exist by providing these and for some states recreation ac- tivities are essential to the economic life of the state. It is one of America's greatest dilemmas that it has turned non-essential activities into essential economic im- peratives. a more frivolous but popular is Howard Cosell and Monday night pro- football under the lights on television to Any congressman who votes that it's will probably find that he's at the next elec- tion. the the presi- dent could control adver- blackout all lighted billboards or on but do you permit advertising for lit- tle cars and ban it for Cadillacs and the other big These are awkward ques- for even going to church on Sunday is a for some and an agony for but once you start to control limited supplies of essential commodities like fuel in a vast continental country like the United States with different climates and at- you are in terrible trouble. It is interesting how the Senate has dealt with this problem. In the middle of try- ing to restore its own authori- ty after Vietnam and Watergate even while it was in the process of consider- ing the possibility of im- peaching the president for ex- ceeding his constitutional powers it tossed respon- sibility for handling the fuel crisis to the without defining the principles or the policy that should guide him. Most senators were for conserving especially for conserving fuel outside their own and they were for reviving the declining power of the but when it came to handling the energy they passed the respon- sibility to a president they had been saying had too much power. Only Senators Mark Hat- and Charles raised major objections. Hatfield told the we in Congress get into a as we are all the rhetoric about congressional respon- sibility goes out the window in our eagerness to pass the ball to the president. Congress need not become an ad- ministrative but it should set Mathias noted before passage of the bill that it didn't even make provisions for the president and his aides to give prior notice of their fuel so that the press could publish them and give the people time to testify on and his amendment to the bill was accepted. But under the pressures of the latest Middle East war and the Arab oil pressures on the United Western and the Senate has rushed through a and at some points even incoherent and the House would probably have done the same thing if it had not been for the accident of the Thanksgiving recess. This bill will have great influence on the and political life of the nation. As it now it could add immeasurably to the divisions and differences between the classes and races in America at a time when more trouble is not exactly what we need. So maybe the Thanksgiving recess in Congress is a bless- ing that will give the Congress time to reappraise the situation. The House has not yet voted on the problem. It will be roughly a month before the issue can go to the floor for a vote and to the White House for the president's signature. This will give the oil producing nations of the Mid- dle East time to think whether it is in their long term interests to blackmail Western Europe and Japan. It will give the Congress time to think about the implications of the and tidy it up a bit. And it will give the press time to make sure that it is ready to report on the new complicated federal regulations on so that the people will know what the government is doing before the regulations create even more divisions than we now have. Blocking Arab arms sales could unplug the oil tap By Joseph syndicated commentator WASHINGTON To pass from the Near East through Western Europe to the United as I have just is to be made dramatically aware that the central problem behind the oil crisis is not Israel. It is the total failure of the consumer nations to build leverage against the Arab producers. The Arab producers are now using the oil weapon with reckless overconfidence. The consuming nations are reacting in a defeatist way that only enhances Arab 'cockiness. Everybody will be in trouble for a long time lo come unless the consumer nations act to restore some balance against the producers. Perhaps the most telling sign of the Arab mood emerges from a little anecdote about the weather. At Arab League headquarters in Cairo I was repeatedly told that the major Western cities were in the grip of a cold spell. In fact. I found London and Washington enjoying the mildest of Indian summers. Behind this bizarre distortion is something highly symbolic. Since practically everything else is going their the A.-ab oil producers have come to believe that the weather man not to say God is on their side. This cockiness finds its most striking exam- ple in the total boycott applied to Holland. That ban does not even have the pretense of economic logic. It is a pure act of political discrimination based on Holland's friendship for Israel. since the Dutch can probably meet their relatively modest oil needs with produc- tion from Iran and the the boycott against them is really aimed at the United Japan and the rest of Western Europe. It is a naked effort to dic- tate policy to those countries on pain of dis- rupting their internal economies. the oil weapon is being directed against Arab states as well as Israel and the West. President Anwar Sadat of Egypt Is now being made to feel the lash. The six point deal he negotiated with Secretary of State Henry Kissinger for consolidating the present ceasefire with Israel did not please the oil kingdoms. Now the kings and sheikhs have gotten together to force a review of that deal at an Arab summit meeting set for Algiers on Nov. 26. The oil jn other is being applied against the disposition of President Sadat to settle with Israel on moderate terms. Up to now the consuming nations have taken this assertion of unilateral power on bended knee. Premier Pierre Messmer has indicated France would bar any oil flow to a fundamental break with the princi- ple of free trade which is central to the Euro- pean Common Market. The United despite a lot of talk and lour administration has yet to adopt any significant measure which would yield results in less than IB months' time. The administra- tion is still hung up on the president's ideological thing against allocations. If the West Germans have been even worse. They are perhaps the hardest hit of all country-suffering a direct per cent cut in Arab plus a further decline because a large portion of thefr lupp- ly is normally Arab oil fed through the giant refineries of Holland. Even Chancellor Willy Brandt has yet to make a move. The right move to be made is toward an entente among the oil consuming states. A pool arrangement should be organized whereby no single state has to suffer truly punitive shortages. There might well be agreement for joint investment in higher cost energy sources coal liquefaction which could be programmed to rise step by step as the Arabs diminish supplies and increase prices. Perhaps most important of there could be agreement on a involving sale of arms to the for which would force such states Arabia to- confront what it truly fears most becoming dependent on the Soviet Union. Whatever the the central principle is not in doubt. Some counterpressure has to be built by the consumers against the pressure the Arab oil producers are now applying. If there will be neither a settle- ment of the Arab dispute with Israel nor a resolution of the oil crisis. no crime The long heralded rapeseed plebiscite will be held on December 15. By that we are sufficient infor- mation will be presented to producers to enable them to cast an intelligent and educated opinion on the ques- tion. Three options are open to those eligible as' rapeseed 1. To leave the marketing system as it now is. 2. To place the marketing of this crop under the wheat board. 3. To register an undecided vote result as No. It seems odd to this writer life-long grain grower and amateur student of farm marketing procedures that economic lessons can so clear- ly be elucidated in so short a time to a group of people who traditionally neglect their own interests except in times of crises. This is not meant to be cynically critical of fellow farmers. On the nothing but admiration should be voiced for the of farm operators when beck- ed into a financial corner often by the blundering of political bureaucrats. But it is a well known fact that when markets are a farmer prefers to devote his attention to the job he likes the production of and leaves the marketing problems to others. To those fellow farmers who may be confused by the choices of the December just as the village belle choosing among her suitors it is no crime to be You will have many more offers for the takeover of your product. But just as she once you have committed yourself and the knot is tied you may never have a chance to choose again. KEN HIERATH Milk River Taxpayer's assessment It was interesting to read Mr. Hurlburt's assessment of his year in office as a member of Parliament. It would seem appropriate that a taxpayer's assessment is also required. Mr. Hurlburt's stand on the trucking industry was entirely commendable and should have wide support. Now that we have a fuel shortage on our hands it might be in order to put extra pressure on the federal government to rationalize our long haul truck routes. I'm quite dismayed to hear our local MP distrusts academic theorists and logic An academic professor from the University of Alberta spent over 30 years develop- ing a technology for ex- tracting oil from the tarsands. This lifetime effort was financed by Canadian tax- payers. Yet Mr. Hurlburt scolds the NDP because they want to retain the benefits of this technology and the energy resources of the oil sands for Canadians the logic being that control of energy supplies is vital in a cold country like Canada. A lot of our problems in energy and production of goods and services are plagu- ing us because of waste. It is not the academic ivory tower types but the hard noses profit motivated businessmen who introduced planned who produce engines that use only 15 per cent of the total energy available in a gallon of gas- oline How are you going to ex- BERRY'S WORLD plain the Conservative posi- tion that windfall profits from oil resources should go to the multi nationals when logic dictates that the landlord not the tennant should be the Conservatives have always supported the proposi- tion that labor costs should be kept down to meet foreign competition. Our farmers need to keep fuel costs down to meet foreign market prices. allowing unlimited exports of raw resources and fuel at low prices produces undue hardship on our Canadian in- dustry. Mr. Hurlburt is no doubt showing his practical bent for action when he says he is sick and tired of studies as a am tired of seeing hard earned tax dollars spent on valuable studies wasted because politicians haven't the guts to face realities. A case in point is the recent study by 100 top civil servants of Alberta regarding possible government options in tar sand development. They recommended that the government should go it alone which was promptly turned down by the Lougheed team. It would appear to me that Mr. Hurlburt ought to en- counter a lot of trouble ex- plaining his stand on energy as it affects industry and residential consumers alike. Some practical down to earth farmers might even be inclined to accuse him of not plowing a very straight furrow on this issue HAL HOFFMAN Lethbridge c br NEA. Inc Fuel Early closing of schools and businesses.. The Uthbridge Herald 504 7th St. S. Alberta LETHBHIDQE HERALD CO. Proprietors and Publishers Published by Hon. W.A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 Member ol The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau ol Circulations CLEO W. Editor and Publisher DON PILLING Managing Editor ROY MILES Advertising Manager WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor HERALD SERVES THE ;