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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 22, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Novwnbw THI LCTHMIDQE HERALD project Quebec site for federally- built heavy water plant By JEFF CARRUTUUHS HeraM Ottawa BWM .OTTAWA Que. will get a million heavy water the country's fourth such according to reliable federal sources here. But Defence Minister James Richardson probably won't have to consider quit- as he threatened earlier in the month. A site in Manitoba ran second to the Quebec site which is expected to be approved before the Christmas recess by the federal cabinet. And it is highly at least based on technical and economic that the next heavy water plant will be built in Mr. Richard- son's home province of Manitoba. Mr. Richardson had told re- porters he wouldn't be able to live with a cabinet decision to locate the country's fourth heavy water plant in unless the next heavy water plant was located in Manitoba Federal nuclear experts have predicted Canada will need three or four more heavy water plants during the next 15 years if Canada's fledgling nuclear industry is to continue expanding let alone on the international market. Heavy water is an expensive at scarce ingredient of the Candu nuclear system. It is used to control the nuclear reaction and to transfer the heat from the reaction for power produc- tion. The new Gentilly heavy water plant will produce up to 800 tons of heavy known chemically as deuterium each year. One nuclear power plant re- quires about 500 tons of heavy water to function. Construction of the new plant on the south shore of the St. Lawrence across from Trois should start early next spring. The plant should be operating late in 1977 or early in 1978 The plant will be located next to the Gentilly I nuclear power station and will use about 150 megawatts of in the form of from the nuclear reactor. The existence of the Gentil- ly I nuclear reactor at the Quebec and the prospect of one and possibly two ad- ditional nuclear plants was perhaps the most impor- tant technical factor favoring the Gentilly site for the heavy water plant over proposed sites in the New Sas- Alberta and British Columbia. All the other sites would have required the construc- tion of new steam plants. On the such plants would been powered with oil or coal New Brunswick had propos- ed to build a new nuclear power probably at and to use the nuclear plant to supply the steam power for a heavy water plant Federal officials said Tues- day that the government will now ask New Brunswick to change its nuclear plant by eliminating the heavy water plant.The power that would have been used for the heavy water plant will have to be to neighboring states and provinces as electricity. New Brunswick hopes to have Ottawa provide a low interest loan covering half of the cost of the 600 megawatt nuclear power just as the federal government has assisted Ontario and Quebec utilities in building nuclear plants. Another important factor in Quebec's favor is the relative- ly high deuterium content in the river water at the Gentilly site.The higher the natural deuterium the lower the amount of water flow and power needed to distill the wa- ter down to a very pure heavy water. On the the deute- rium content of lakes and rivers is which is a dis- advantage. And in at least one Prairie the one in Sas- there would have been water supply problems. Any heavy water plant there would have had to draw water out of the Diefenbaker Lake Just as important is a politi- cal factor favoring the loca- tion of the heavy water plant in Quebec that what Ot- tawa has done for Ontario when that province became seriously interested in nuclear power should also be done for that it is serious- Telegram rate hike requested MONTREAL Cana- dian National-Canadian Pacific Telecommunications has applied for an 11-per-cent increase in telegram says a company spokesman Tuesday. If approved by the Canadian transport the higher rates will take effect Jan. he said. The increase is needed to offset costs of -the recent national strike the company said in its applica- tion to the Canadian transport commission A 15-word telegram sent from Vancouver to St. would cost under the proposed rates compared with the present The includes proposed increases for related services including collect tele- messenger pickup and confirmation copies sent by mail or messenger and an increase of 50 cents in the cost of handling Telex mes- sages The throng President arm gestured to a lose-in crowd during a brief public appearance in Memphis that preceded a closed-door session with executives attending the Republican Governors Association conference. The President briefed the lovernors on the Watergate case. ly interested Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd built a heavy wa- ter plant at the new Bruce nu- clear power complex on Lake Huron and gave Ontario the option to buy it later. Ontario has just recently an- nounced it will exercise that option and will build a second heavy water plant of its own at Bruce. Quebec will be giving a sim- ilar option to buy the Gentilly heavy water plant once it is federal sources say. AECL will build the Quebec heavy water since pri- vate industry could not be con- vinced to take the gamble. Canada has had generally bad luck with heavy water production. And it has been only in the past few months that the situation has finally taken a turn for the better. The infamous plant at Glace which has yet to produce a drop after its multi- million dollar equipment was corroded by sea is be- .ng rebuilt from the ground up by AECL at a 'cost of million. A second plant at Port N.S. that is run by Canadian General Electric now seems to be operating at high production levels follow- ing recent labor difficulties. A third plant at built by AECL and opened earlier this is now producing at almost peak production. AECL experts have predicted Canada will need another two or three major heavy water plants during the next if Canada's domestic nuclear capability is to grow as predicted. Federal officials Tuesday said that a decision on another plant probably won't face the federal cabinet for another year or two Prince Igor has no taste. Prince Igor is vodka. Pure vodka. without a flicker of taste or color or scent A prince of a vodka. Have the Prince over tonight WE MAKE IT EASY AT ftrestonc Corner 3rd Ave. and 8th St. Phone 327-8548 USE OUR firestone CREDIT AMERICAN EXPRESS or CHARGEX STORES rrio dels of PAUL HENDERSON SAYS IT EASY WITH Paul Henderson is a real pro on the ice So he knows other professionals when he sees them. And that's the word for the people at your Firestone Store or participating Dealer. They guarantee the traction that others only talk about. with Firestone winter go or we pay the And when you look at the Snow Champ traction you can see why we can give you that written pledge. But there's plenty more under the surface. stiong double belts to lock the tread on the road for full traction all the time. And for a lot more mileage too. The surprising thing is that you get all this guaranteed traction at really rock-bottom prices. At Firestone. CANADA vs. RUSSIA Days in ONLY 1 this 130 page full colour special edition Lmni ppr customer Profit procppdi fo Horkpv hit ripvplopnipnt of vounqitrn. phymo hnrttry ;