Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 22, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
'Soup bowl' of world is just about empty INFANT MORTALITY RATES 1000 Hva The United States hu by Jefault and through a mixture of notivet both sublime and the international soup kitchen for hungry people all over the world. But with food shortages and ris- ing prices here making the well-fed man's burden seem a little less the traditional food distribution irganizations such as CARE and Catholic Relief Services are finding themselves with a few million too many mouths to feed. Rendering themselves useless of the goal of such organizations. they are fulfilling a caretaker helping people in the developing countries to survive while their own agricultural systems grow to self- sufficiency. not going to happen next year yr the year says CARE ex- ecutive director Frank Goffio. is a very long row to Which is why the Co-operative for American Relief Everywhere and the other aid operations were distressed this summer when the department of agriculture announced severe cutbacks in the amount of food that would be available for distribution. Most of the free food given out by American organizations has come from surplus products by Public Law which was passed in 19S4. The law enabled the United States to dis- pose of surplus farm products that it would otherwise have had to pay to store It gave work to the American shippers who transported it it developed export it was a grand propaganda gesture of for were emblazoned with white and blue drawings of the U.S. and it fed hungry people. is a humanitarian law and one we can be proud of as a Goffio says everyone is so certain of this. Tibor a former United Nations official and currently a professor at the Sorbonne in says in his recent From Aid to Lessons of a worth of human lives saved in a famine of be estimated in monetary terms. Surplus-food distributions have saved and continue to save people from starvation just very they have also helped to discourage higher production or overdue agrarian reforms. the giving away of unsalable surpluses does not con- stitute a sacrifice to the donor The immediate problem is that the surpluses aren't as big as they were. Dried for long a staple of the surplus is no longer available. Wheat supplies have dwindled. And Americans themselves are encountering shortages of some so that the generality which was easy for an America contentedly munching endless supply of rippled potato chips now is a little more pain- ful. Goffio adds that CARE's food program which aids more than 90 million mostly has been cut by 40 per cent. And that comes after the 1972 CARE total distribution of about pounds of food showed a reduction from pounds in 1971. can find the commodities to do the Goffio insists. question is keeping the attitude that we want to maintain the There has been evidence this year that the 'well-nourished world in general and the United States in par- ticular will have the capacity to feed the hungry. The famine that hit six countries of sub-Sahara Africa after a five-year drought elicited more than million in aid from around the with a third of that coming from U.S. private and government sources. there are those like economist Eliot Janeway who describe food as ultimate and criticize food distribution programs as the muscle that foreigners respect. is no way for other countries to avoid disintegration or inflation ex- cept by availing themselves of America's agricultural said Janeway recently. SWEDEN JAPAN FRANCE AUSTRALIA UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES IRELAND U S.S.R ITALY' ISRAEL CYPRUS KUWAIT CEYLON PHILIPPINES INDIA PAKISTAN TURKEY JAMAICA URUGUAY MEXICO MALAGASY REP CONGO EGYPT MOROCCO TANZANIA UPPER VOLTA LIBERIA GABON I NQWHfcif 1179 THfl UTNMIDQI HMALD II World population needs living standard hike Too often this is the fantasy that faces in Western minds when the and the resulting depletion of world food supplies is mentioned. And. while it is true than an ex- panding world population is overtaxing the food stores of the it is a problem that too often evokes simplistic and inhumane solutions. It is a fact that the world's population is expanding at a rate which is un- precedented in history. In the next 35 the population of the planet will double from 3.5 to 7 billion people. And the increase is occurring almost ex- clusively among the poorest two-thirds of the world's where nutri- tion levels are already low and falling This means that every week enough children are born to populate a Detroit- sized city. In India a million babies are being bom every month. In by there will be another billion people. These facts have led several out- spoken American experts to conclude the only way to prevent wide- spread starvation is through a massive global program of birth control Such men have advocated policies ranging from voluntary birth control programs to enforced sterilization in poor areas of the world. But this approach ignores the human realities in the underdeveloped world where birth rates are highest It is an deaths The real Do we Humanity's food supply is at a critical point On the one chance of enough food for millions of human beings may simply depend on the whims of one year's as FAO Director-General A.H. Boerma warned recently. In other many peo- ple are living perilously close to the edge of starvation On the other hunger can be all but eliminated from human ex- perience if man is willing to make this his highest common global priority What it all comes down to is will and money. The real power to provide an ade- quate diet for the world lies with the rich and powerful nations of the world. The poor must restructure their agriculture away from subsistence farming in order to increase output and provide jobs for their expanding populations. For this to there must be a drastic rearranging of world trade patterns which encourage poor countries to specialize in crops as which bring in foreign capital but fail to feed their own people The need for cash in the develop- ing countries has resulted in such paradoxes as Peruvian which could supply critically important protein for malnourished being exported as cat food and cattle feed to North America. The situation is aggravated by tariffs and non-tariff barriers which the wealthy nations use to suppress economic growth in the poor countries. drastic and concerted ef- fort is needed on the part of the well- fed world to increase standards of living and food output in the poor world begin to reduce population growth rates. One plan currently being proposed by Boerma involves a whole series of national and international actions to ensure orderly growth of world food production and and to expand money-making oppor- tunities for the developing world. A third element to the FAO plan is a stockpile of emergency food supplies against local famines wrought by frost or blight. But it is a band-aid targeted at spot crises. If this or any plan is to to bring the people of the world into some sort of humane it must be implemented on a global basis and fast Not just North but all the wealthy countries and must in their own do more to remedy the maldistribution of the -world's wealth more than half the world's people will continue to live shortened half-lives of chronic fatigue and illness and to raise large numbers of stunted or retarded children And as they continue to fall farther behind in the race against poverty and we will sacrifice perhaps the best part of our national heritage in the process our humanity. The real question do we approach in the opinion of most of the world's population U doomed to fail. The science of demography ulatiqn is complex and only fact about population size which seems to be true is that birth rates fall as standards of living rise. To explain this the late Dr. Josue de a Brazilian observed like other the human organism mul- tiplies more rapidly when it perceives that its survival is threatened. A mother in West for in- will bear 10 children to ensure that at least four survive into adulthood. Consider the inhabitants of the Indian village of Manupur.- The Rockefeller Foundation and Harvard University set up a system of birth-control clinics in the Manupur area where they dispens- ed free contraceptives. The program failed because the people refused to use them. When an American graduate Mahmood spent a year in Manupur interviewing he discovered that their reasons for wanting large families in very intelligent ones. Mamdani learned that fqr the vast majority of the more children they the higher their family income. the more children who could contribute to their the greater was the parents' chance of surviving into old age. As one and a father of told are trying to convince me in 1960 that I shouldn't have any more sons you I have six sons and two daughters. They are grown up and they bring me money. They told me I was a poor man and couldn't support a large family. you because of my large I am a rich man The point is that large families are not poor because they are large. Large families are large because they are poor. High according to Senegalese demographer Landing is defense reaction of the deprived as they are of the benefits of education and technology The peasant avails himself of cheap and abundant labor to increase his and the prolific urban dweller nourishes the hope that at least one of his descen- dants will find a job or look after him in his old age For these a head of the Family Planning Council in Dr. Yusuf Ali explains that perience has shown that propaganda for birth control or family planning programs do not play much part in lowering the birth l Dominican Republic Barbados x-x Colombia Ecuador 2801-3300 Calories Per Day Per Person 2401-2800 Calories Per Day Per Person i 2001-2400 Calories Per Day Per Person .....2000 Calories Per Day Per Person 80-110 Grams of Protein Per Day Per Person 70-79 Grams of Protein Per Day Per Person 60-69 Grams of Protein Per Day Per Person 30-59 Grams of Protein Per Day Per Person ENDANGERED Areas where spot famines are already claiming or where -imminent famines are forecast due to water bad rapid population growth or a depletion of food-growing land.