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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 21, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta y, Nevembir 71, THI LETHHIDCI HERALD X Canadian security linked to Europe By F. 8. Manor, In the Winnipeg Free Presi The re-election of a Dem- ocratic Congress with a num- ber ol literal which in to- day's context means isola- tionist freshmen senators presages renewed pressure on President Nixon to bring the boys home from NATO. As tor Canada, the new government will have too many problems to contend with to give much thought to Canada's present impossible posture within NATO. Yet it is a posture that has to bo corrected, and the sooner the better. There is serious danger that the Western countries will arrive at the Helsinki Eu- ropean security conference scheduled for the end of this month in even worse disarray than previously forecast. Nor will the Western negotiating po- sition be enhanced by Britain's loosening her transatlantic ties and edging closer to France and her independent Third Force stance. The European security con- ference can no longer be postponed, since the Soviet Union has fulfilled, on paper, the rather tame Western pre- conditions: The East Ger- mans have agreed to an ac- ceptable treaty with West Germany accompanied by an Impressive amnesty for politi- cal prisoners released from Communist jails. Earlier, the Soviet Union, contrary to all expectations, speedily agreed to co-sign a four-power de- claration lhat reaffirms the big four's responsibilities for all of Germany, pending the conclusion of a treaty. This means that the ideal of German reunification has not been abandoned. Moreover, the Soviet Union has, at last, agreed to enter into talks about Mutual Balanced Re- duction of Forces, the much- beloved MBFRs as it is known in the NATO jargon. (Brussels wags argue that the initials stand for Much Better for Rus- Of course, the Russians will not lalk about any "bal- anced" reduction. What they want to achieve is the disband- ing of NATO and of the War- saw Pact they have bilateral treaties with all Warsaw Pact nations, so it would not hurt them. Tills may be a long-term aim. For the present, they re- ject all argument that the War- saw Pact lias far more power- ful forces than NATO, or that the geographical factor plays any part in the strategic pic- ture. An authoritative article published in a Soviet journal and reprinted by the Interna- tional Institute for Strategic Studies states flatly that the only acceptable principle is that of "parity of reduction." However, as long as there are any talks whatever, the West will consider it a and the security conference is on. In this general love-feast that is now to engulf the world, what will be the Cana- dian position? The present Canadian game, of being neither in NATO nor out of it, may please disparate segments of the Canadian electorate but will not please our European allies nor contribute to the se- curity of the Western world. And yet the defence white pa- per of August 1971 has argued that "Canadian security con- tinues to be linked lo Western which, the paper says remains the most sensitive point in the East-West bal- ance of power. How can one then reconcile t he s e commonsense princi- ples vith the fact that our men are now twiddling their thumbs in Bavaria and have no real role to play? Our air force- deprived of its nuclear we are so simon-pure lhat could not contemplate soiling our hands wilh nuclear weap- ons has no planes appropri- ate for its professed purpose. The CF-104 planes, reduced from six squadrons to three, are both obsolete and unsuit- able for their tactical-support task. As Peter Newman points out in a recent article in Man- leans, before Prime Minister Trudeau's decision Canada's role in NATO had real mean- ing, strategic and psycholog- ical: Canadian forces were manning a vital sector in Cen- tral Europe; and Canada was the only member that was not defending her own territory, nor had a inter- ests. What she was doing was to safeguard the principles collective security. We have thrown away both our task and our principles, and are now something of an Iceland or Luxembourg, neither much ap- preciated nor listened to. We have wrecked a long and hon- orable military tradition al- ways applied in the defence of freedom. Our forces, inade- quate and without a mission, have become, to quote Mr. Newman once again, some- thing of an Opportunity for Youth program. Meanwhile, Soviet aims have not changed. The whole con- cept behind Soviet policy re- mains, in the most general sense, one of non-acceptance of the right to exist of non-Com- munist regimes and of defiant Communist regimes. (Leonid Brezhnev is about to visit Po- land to shake up the fractious This provides Russia with a dynamic, forward pol- icy, especially in combination with the current armament ad- vantages enjoyed by the Soviet Union. In a Europe exposed to an overwhelming Soviet military superiority and relentless diplo- matic pressure, United States troops man about o n e-quarter of the East-West frontier. All the fat has now been cut off from the small tail. The ratio of combat men to support troops is about the highest in the world, 85 per cent to 15 per cent on the ground, and 95 per cent to five per cent in the air force. If President Nixon press- ed to implement the Mansfield resolution, which for years has been hanging, like Damocles sword, over NATO, he will probably offer a cut of ten per cent and dual basing, which is considerably more expen- sive than maintaining forces in Europe. What's worse, it re- duces Western credibility in that it takes a month to move a division from Texas back to Germany. In these uncertain limes Canada would do well lo pro- vide the lead, as indeed the did in 1948. We should rebuild our forces, not for oil-drum bashing in the Arctic but for a role (Jiat will ensure con- tinued peace, give confidence to our European allies and pro- vide an example to the Ameri- cans, who remain the only bas- tion against a gradual weaken- ing and eventual surrender of Western Europe. Self interest alone would demand such an Initiative. Canada, which lives by inter- national trade, could hardly continue to maintain its high standard of living should its best customers slip behind a Soviet silk curtain a sort of Finland that willy-nilly has to trade with the Soviet Union. This is a problem never faced by either Paul Hellyer, who be- gan the process of disintegra- tion of our armed forces, nor by Prime Minister Trudeau, who deprived them of their sense of mission. We must get out of the present self-induced paralysis that is no policy at all. The problem of legalizing pot A GROWING chorus of pres- tigious voices is calling for a change in Ihis counlry's legal posture toward marijuana. Dr. Bertram S Brown, di- rector of the National Inslilute of Menial Health and officially Ihe nation's top psychiatrist, urges that penalties be eased. While deploring Ihe spreading use of marijuana among Ihe very young, he argues lhal pen- allies for possession and use of Ihe drug are "much too severe and much out of keeping with knowledge about its harmful- ness." We are still several years away from being able to judge the long-term psychological and physical effects of marijuana use, but almost every study has shown lhal for everything bad lhal can be said about pot, worse things can be said about alcohol. Don Oakley, NBA Service John H. Finlator, retired dep- uty director of the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs, calls Hie prosecution of marijuana users "just as wrong as hell." He says his opinion was muzzled while he was with the bureau. The 13 member National Commission on Marijuana and Drug Abuse, appointed by Con- gress in 1970, is expected lo recommend lhal possession and use of marijuana in the home be made legal. The panel will make its final reporf in late March. None of Ihese aulhorities ad- vocates Ihe complete legaliza- tion of marijuana. Yel if re- cenl history in the field of por- nography is any guide, il is difficult to see how this can long be avoided once the first step Is taken toward acceptance of marijuana. wart, oneaAn tenice. convent tor you CANADA When courts held thai a per- son had a constilutional right lo private possession of pornog- raphic materials, the next log- ical argument was thai Ihis righl was meaningless if he did not also have a constitutional right to obtain such materials. Since the courts have so far failed to face this issue square- ly, pornography has virtually become legal by default. Suppose marijuana were leg- alized across the board. We could find ourselves with some unforeseen problems, says Cleveland chemist Donald J. Nitlskoff, who runs the only federally licensed experiment- al narcotics laboratory in Ohio. First, he says, when we talk about making marijuana legal, we should ask ourselves: Legal for whom? Only for adults over 18? Yet, according to a recent report by the Depart- ment of Health, Education and Welfare, marijuana use has al- ready risen to as high as 90 per cent among some groups of high school students. Second, Ihe mild marijuana generally ohlainable in lliis counlry contains only about 1 per cent of THC (telrahydro- the psychoactive constituent. The more polenl hashish conlflins about 5 lo 8 per cenl. Nillskoff Ininks legalization of marijuana could open Ihe door lo increasingly more po- lenl pot as manufacturers com- peted for sales. Even if THC content were limited by law, an illegal markel for Ihe more powerful stuff could be gener- ated. Alcohol, for instance, Is legal and stringenlly regulated, yet there is still a moonshine in- dustry (although in this case Ihe object is to avoid Nillskoff raises a third point no one else has mentioned. The United States has trealy obliga- tions wilh other nations for the suppression of Ihe drug Iraffic. A treaty, ratified by Ihe Senale, is as much the law of Ihe land as a law passed by Congress and signed by Ihe President Thus changes in national or state laws regarding marijuana could bring us into conflict vilh international law lo which we are signatories. The problem of pot, either in legal or medical aspects, is far from being a simple and straight-forward matter. Books in brief "Code: Polonaise" by Eva- l.is Wiirio (William Hcinc- mann, 139 pugcs, 55.50) This is one of those excep- tional books which one cannot stop reading until the last page is consumed. The author tells about a small band of children in Nazi-sur. rounded Warsaw. By denying them education and even out- lawing Chopin's music as a dangerous symbol of national- ism, the Nazis wanted (o trans- form Polish youth into more pliable slaves. The children re- sponded by publishing their own underground newspaper with news, bits of history and other knowledge and sang the "Polonaise1' louder than ever before. The lives of nalionnl heroes became Ihe source of their strength, llicir bravery nnd sacrifice. It Is a very moving story nnd one hns to admire the au- thor's ability of projecting Ihe render's mind into Ihe grim facts of war nnd oppression. GERTA P.AT50N As dead as a dodo? By Eva Brewslcr COUTTS ''No binding decisions until January next year. I am going to my husband announced nearly three months ago. "I'll let you know then what is going to happen." "You can't do said our daughter, waiting impatienlly for his final word on her demand: "I want independence." You can't do bawled our son. "I must know before then whether I can start college and take the car next semester." "You can't do I added, "we hava to make some important decisions now and, in any case, your bed needs an airing and clean sheets before January." Would you believe it, he went to bed. We are a rasonably democratic family and have always, until now, managed to Bit round the table and thrash out problems. However, the night before my husband's momentous decision to hibernate, our opin- ions were divided so evenly, we had reach- ed a stalemate. "The girl is not ready for full indepen- we, the parents maintained. "I am old she said. "She is over 18. There is nothing you can do about it if she wants to go to the boy chimed in. "In any case, both claimed, "your alti- tude amounts to dictatorship and arro- gance. Both will be met with stiff resistance and then what is going lo happen to fam- ily "Let's consider a I suggested, "then we'll meel half way and everybody has an equal chance of recommending what is Ijest for us.'1 "Good my husband applauded, "it worked in war-lime Britain." "No both kids protested, "a coali- tion won't work and if you start fighting the old war again, Dad forget it. The cir- cumstances were quile different. Anyway, why do you always make a big issue of every sensible requesl we make? Listening lo you, our little day-to-day decision! amounl lo power politics." "Of course Ihey we said. "After all, who foots Ihe bill to pay for your demands? Poor Mum and Dad." "Money, money, Ihe kids com- plained. "Have you no ideals "None whatever when it comes down to the sad fact lhat between you and the gov- ernment my income is drained away. You can't get blood out of a stone." "You have no sympathy for young the children accused him. "Conser- vatism is as ridiculous as the Dodo before that animal became extinct." And lhat was the stale of affairs .when Ihe head of our household wenl lo bed. I had lo side wilh our kids. What sensible leadership could possibly go into hiberna- tion? What would happen to a country it the prime minister decided to do thai? No answer other than a peaceful snort emanated from under the blankets. How- ver, it looks as though I might get one now after our general elections. It appears, my husband has created a precedent: the prime minister has not yielded to strong opposition either. While conservatism Is ob- viously not as dead as the Dodo, a govern- ment of a great nation can, apparently, go into hibernation loo. "No binding decisions till January, at were the last words I heard from Mr. Trudeau. In the meantime, however, he made it quite clear there will be no tax cuts and Mum and Dad mil continue to foot the bills for proposed increases in January. Will that answer your problems, my dear children? I doubt it. Science has a name ior it By Lena Lyall MLK RIVER Aren'l we lucky to bo alive? We have discovered pollution here, just like everywhere else! Waler used lo be 'not fit to food was a house was 'dirty.' Now tile one word pollu- tion covers everything and we have at last become We are more aware of pollution these days. We believe that our river water, fil- lered and treated, is as safe as we can make it. Compare this with Ihe old custom of hauling dead stock out on the ice and letting Mamma Nature sweep them away vilh Ihe spring flood. neighbors came with barrels and tanks, hauled the water home and used il raw, secure in Ihe comforting belief that it somehow cleaned itself on its journey downstream. Ncxl, remember Ihe family lucky enough lo have a veil. Naturally, it would be in Hie barnyard to be handy for the stock. The same water would be used in the house. You had lo be careful where you stepped, of course; stock could make an awful mess around a well. But no one ever thought of contaminated water, for didn't it 'come-in1 clear and sparkling when the well was pumped-out? The 'little shack out complete with half-moon door, Eaton's catalogue, chlori- nated lime for was a symbol of the lidy housewife. Scrubbed, whitewash- ed, sel over a hole deep enough lo 'lasl' awhile, il mighl have the same level as the well, but no one worried, for it was well known that water was filtered underground. The theory was never tested but It was a comfort just the same. The 'Order of the respected insti- tution of Saturday night, was carefully planned in our house. Seven persons did not bathe just any old way; there had to be proper order. Some families all washed in Ihe same water but we did better than thai; we changed halfway through. Dad had the honor of Ihe firel bath, and the cleanest water. Next came the oldest child and Ihe one after thai. By this lime 'he waler was cold and definitely scummy. In fresh, warm water the little ones were bathed all together. Mom had her 'sponge' somewhere along the way. Thus, in the morning, we could emerge shining clean, buttoned into our union-suits for another week. By the weekend, we would be less than sanitary, but that was days away, co why worry? We kept our drinking water In a galvan- ized bucket wilh a tin dipper. We all drank from Ihe dipper and never thought a thing about it. Of course it was washed occasion- ally when it became a little greasy. When company came, we were more careful; you couldn't possibly offer a dipper to a guest. Instead, you poured water from the dipper into a glass and offered that. At school we were even more fussy; we had two enamel cups, one for the girls and one for the boys. This came only vilh higher education; wa never thought of it in the lower grades. And so we wenl our mem', careless way, quite unaware lhal we were pollut- ing our little world. Which makes me won- der; doesn't man leave some trace of his passing wherever he goes? How could it be otherwise? On the use of woids Theodore Bernstein Youth-yak. Youthful monkeying with the language has produced a quite common piece of slang: go ape. The phrase has two meanings. One is lo become mad, irra- tional or emotionally unstable, as in, "If you want to see a guy, guy, go ape. just, y'know, slip him some LSD" The other meaning, somewhat less scary, is to be- come wild with enthusiasm, as in, "I, like, umm, go ape when I hear the Rolling Stones." Just Ilic same. The word same in tlio sense of something or someone mentioned previously appears sometimes In written language but rarely in spoken language ex- cept when a speaker is trying lo be hu- morous. In writing il comes up chiefly in legal or commercial papers: "Our records show lhat you have an unpaid bill for and we request that you remit or, "The plaintiff has documented his charges in an affidavit and herewith submits same 10 the court." The word has a stilled, archa- ic flavor and is best avoided. Usually, it is easy to substitute a pronoun for snmr; in the second sentence just, quoted Ihe word 11 would do nicely. In (he first sentence tho pronoun il could be substilutcd, but still belter would be the words that sum. No linnd-me-down. Trntllliminl is not tho fume thing ns usual. Soim-lliing thnl is Irmlillonnl is handed down unwritten from generation lo generation; wmcUilng Uiat is usnal is simply of common occurrence. There is a Icndency among some writers to use traditional when all Ihey mean Is usual or common. (Could it be once again the urge to use (he longer word so as to sound Here is an example of the misuse: "The National Slock Exchange Is dwarfed in size hy boih Ihe New York Stock Exchange and the American Stock Exchange. It has traditionally traded about as many shares in a full year as lha Big Board miglil handle in ono booming ses- sion." This misuse almosl suggests lhat the National exchange was deliberately trying to limit its turnover lo abide by some long- established custom. Sense of direction. Is the word directions Interchangeable vilh instructions? That's the question Sydney Smith of Laval, Que- bec, asks. He nole.s Hint soup cans, TV dinners and booklets lhat arcompnny wash- ing machines contain directions, bul he al- ways thought that directions were tho in- formation telling someone how lo pel to a Riven place. Thai is far too narrow a defini- tion. The word direction has a dozen mean- ings ranging from ni.iiia.Rcinoiil, through n course to be Iravclled, lo Ihe staging of a piny or film. And one of (lie meanings is information concerning n method or nn op- eration, which certainly covers tolling you how much vntcr lo Tuld lo can of minestrone. (Tin New >'ork ;