Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 21, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Tucidoy, November 21, 1972 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD 13 REMAINS OF AN EMPIRE Mop shows the sovereign states in the British Commonwealth. Besides these stales there are a scattering of territories still dependent on Britain but little is left of the empire which once straddled one-quarter of the globe and brought 500 million people under the Union Jack. Waves more powerful than scientists dreamed By GLENNIS ZILM HALIFAX (CP) Studies of waves in the northwest Atlantic have shown oceanograpnic re- searchers they grossly under- estimated nature's forces in the past, Hans Neu, an engineer and expert on wave for the Bedford Institute of Ocean- ography, said here. Study of waves is an old field, but only recently have the com- puter techniques and tech- nologies been available to help, he told a seminar for science writers. Since scientists began build- ing research platforms in the Atlantic about 10 miles off Hali- fax Harbor in 1868, they have Rail union pension bid turned down WINNIPEG (CP) Canadian National Railways officials have rejected a union request for in- creased pension benefits. George Lach of Montreal, vice president of CN's person- nel and labor relations division, said changes wanted by em- ployees would increase pension payments by 30 per cent. The union wanted pension pay- ment percentages increased to two per cent from 114 per cent. Mr. Lach said the plan would cost the company an extra ?38.5 million annually, and added that CN, as a government corpora- tion, might have to be subsid- ized to pay for any Increased pensions. He said the CN pension plan is among the top ten per cent of pensions in Canada and added there was no way the present fund could pay higher pensions. But Earl Whyte, vice-presi- dent of the recently formed Ca- nadian Railway Employees' Pension Association, said the money wasn't available to pay for increased pensions because the company had taken it out of the fund "which is corporate welching." Mr. Lach denied the accusa- tion, saying it was utter non- sense. Camera fight in sight ROCHESTER. N.Y. (AP) Eastman Kodak Co. has an- nounced plans to market an in- stant camera and film that will compete with Polaroid Corp., Instead of making an instant film for Polaroid cameras. For some time Kodak had been saying it planned to mar- ket an instant film for the tradi- tional Polaroid cameras. Its ap- parent about-face seemed to put Kodak in a head-on battle with Polaroid for the fast-growing in- s t a n t-photography market, analysts said. A Kodak announcement said the company was aiming for "an instant system, priced for mass market appeal." Recently, Polaroid introduced its new SX-70, a compact in- stant camera whoso pictures develop without any throw-away material. Observers said Ihc new Ko- dak camera might niming at the SX-70's market, and might retail for less than the sug- gested for the Polaroid model. had two towers knocked down by waves, he said. A new tower now being planned will be twice as strong as the first one. Re- searchers had underestimated wave force as well, finding now that it is about four times as powerful as they had antici- pated in 1968. "Nature teaches us her forces are greater than he said. Mr. Neu said he now believes Canadian east-coast areas and Iceland "are probably the worst places in the world" for waves. MEASURED AT 93 FEET Five years ago, if sailors had said they knew of 50-foot waves, they would have been accused of "looking too deeply into a rum bottle." Since then waves measured in the North Sea showed heights of 65 feet and 93 feet. "And there has been one near Iceland reported as measuring more than 103 feet. These factors have come to light since the Bedford Institute staff began identifying the way waves came into the Atlantic coastline. At first researchers only ob- served waves coming in over the continental shelf area that surrounds the Maritimes well out into the North Atlantic. But now, the area has been increased to cover the Atlantic from directly south of Iceland down to the Tropic of about one-third of the ocean. STUDIES VALUABLE Mr. Neu said the studies being done "are highly appli- cable." They are valuable to the oil companies that are building oil-drilling platforms- each worth up to 515 for exploration into the conti- nental shelf. Most of the continental shelf already has been leased by ma- jor oil companies for explor- ation. After oil is found, they will build permanent platforms to be used for bringing the oil to the surface, he said. Such platforms must be strong enough to withstand high seas for longer periods, support hu- man lives and provide environ- mental protection even in the worst kind of storms. Using statistical methods, Mr. Neu and his staff are plotting "hundred-year worst wave that might be ex- pected in any 100-year period. "It may be a once in a billion chance, but it could destroy you." Earlier studies, still canned on ar.cl still providing useful data, were to identify the wave action within Halifax harbor. PIERS PLACED WRONG Mr. Neu said one of the first tilings they showed were older existing main pies- structures in Halifax were wrongly at right angles to the shore so they caught the worst of the waves. They were built without ben- efit of present-day knowledge." After the studies, plans for the new pier for the svcial con- tainer eargos were changed so it would provide greater protec- tion for ships. "It's probably the most effec- tive container pier in lie said. Even then, Mr. Neu said, the pier might have been built at a slightly different angle that ivould have meant even better protection against waves. How- ever, it would have cost "appre- ciably more." You have to consider the cost aspects as well as the perfect he said. Yodelling lessons forget 'em TORONTO (CP) Think- ing of taking yodelling les- sons? Don't hotter says Andres Eolliger, an attache with the Swiss consulate and an expert yodeller. "It's just something you've got to be born he said in an interview. "It's not something you can learn." Mr. Bolliger and 13 other members of the Swiss Yodell- ing Club of Toronto demon- strated their talents at the annual banquet of the Swiss Club. All, however, were na- tive-born Swiss. Mr. Bolliger says yodelling must be started at about the age a child begins to talk. Any later, the yodeller never will amount to much. Residents of coldest state biggest ice cream eaters ANCHORAGE, Alaska (AP) Residents of Alaska, Uie Uni- ted States' northernmost and coldest state, are the nation's largest per capita consumers of ice cream, the state agriculture department has reported. None of the major ice cream chains grace Alaskan cities, but figures show the average Alas- ka resident puts away six gal- lons a year, about twice the na- tional average. In south-central Alaska alone, hometown creations such as bubble gum and choc suey ice cream are consumed along with standard flavors: at the rate of a million gallons a year. "For some unknown reason, people like to sit in front of the fire, watch the snow fly and eat ice Arden Farms' Ben Nolan says. At one Anchorage shopping centre, a single parlor sells about 800 scoops a day and up to scoops a day in the sum- mer. Manager Al Marriott says special concoctions, like dil pickle ice cream, don't sell well while the traditionals vanilla chocolate, strawberry, banana mint and peach sell tradi tionally. His shop also sells choc suey a combination of chocolate, rice and raisins; bubble gum, which when melted reveals bubble gum balls inside; sump'n else i n c 1 u d ing bananas, cherries crushed pineapple and peaches and love ice cream, a cinna mon, almond, cherry and cho- colate combination. Carrier tire slows air strikes SAIGON (AP) A fire below he flight deck on the carrier fourth United States 7th Fleet accident in ieven curtailed J.S. air strikes but caused no njuries, spokesmen said Mon- day. Tne blaze broke out in a cata- pult room off the coast of Viet- lam Sunday. It was quickly ex- jnguished. The 7th Filet ruled out sabo-1 tate, explaining that spoil-1 taneous combustion in in- sulation around steam lines ap- parently caused the fire. The carrier carries about 70 planes and a crew of On Oct. 29, a fire broke out aboard the carrier Saratoga in Singapore. Three sailors died of smoke inhalation and 12 were injured. Five days earlier, the landing gear of a navy jet collapsed as it touched down on the carrier Midway and the plane plowed into parked aircraft and flight personnel, killing five and in- juring 21. The first in the series of acci- dents was on the heavy cruiser Newport News Oct. 1. An ex- plosion ripped through a gun turret, killing 20 crew members and injuring 37. Meanwhile, South Vietnamese infantrymen reported killing 14 North Vietnamese in a fight near Phu Hoa, 15 miles north of Saigon, while suffering no casu- alties of their own. SUPER WINTER1DE 1st TIRE 2nd TIRE ,58 07.15 -i o IT E78-14 fll HH BLACK E7S-14 BLACK TWO FOR ONLY 40 73 Wide 78 series tread Quick sure traction Whisper quiet on snowless roads Full 4 Ply Nylon TIRE E 78-1 G H 78-1 F 78-1 G 78-1 H 78-1 J OR INSTALL KIRK'S OWN FAMOUS FOR QUALITY UNIROYAL SNOWPLOW RETREADS iXThese are your best tire buy Completely Guaranteed They carry the 'same guarantee as brand new tires and all sizes are now 4 available at Kirk's at Guaranteed Savings! I lExample: SIZE H-78-1S, ONLY EACH............. I W (With (WHITEWALLS 1.00 EXTRA) Trade) Let Our SERVICE DEPARTMENT Get Your Car or Truck In Shape For Hard Winter Driving Coming Soon! Brakes Balance Shocks Alignment -Performed by the experti in our Service Department Call Ui for pn Appointment Soonl NOW AVAILABLE AT: Credit Plan Available At Usual Rates TIRE SALES LTD. Lethbridge 1621 3rd Ave. S. Phone 327-5985 Taber 6201 50th Avenue Phone 223-3441 Fernie, B.C. Phone 423-7746 Check bid for Games GRANDE PRAIRIE (CP) A team of federal officials will visit here Dec. 6 to investigate the city's bid to hold the 1975 Canada Winter Games. Calgary, Red Deer, Lclh- bridge, Medicine Hat and Ilin- lon-Jaspcr have also put. in bids lo stage the games, which will be held in an Alberta centre. The city plans million in capital expenditures to improve recreational facilities. wild strawberry New from Calona a zesty, wild, crackling fruit wine. Ideal for anytime entertaining. For people who like good taste with a difference. s 3 Calona APPLE UP And for added variety try Apple-Dp, another zestv fruit wine from Calona.