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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 21, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta y, NovtrnW 71, THI UTHMIOGE HERALD g Canadian security linked to Europe By F. S. Manor, In the Winnipeg Free Presi The re-election of a Dem- ocratic Congress with a num- ber of literal which in to- day's context means isola- tionist freshmen senators presages renewed pressure on President Nixon to bring the boys home from NATO. As for Canada, the new government will have too many problems to contend with to give much thought to Canada's present impossible posture within NATO. Yet it is a posture that has to be corrected, and the sooner the better. There is serious danger that the Western countries will arrive at the Helsinki Eu- ropean security conference scheduled for the end of this month in even worse disarray than previously forecast. Nor will the Western negotiating po- sition be enhanced by Britain's loosening her transatlantic ties and edging closer to France and her independent Third Force stance. The European security con- ference can no longer be postponed, since the Soviet Union has fulfilled, on paper, the rather tame Western pre- conditions: The East Ger- mans have agreed to an ac- ceptable treaty with West Germany accompanied by an impressive amnesty for politi- cal prisoners released from Communist jails. Earlier, the Soviet Union, contrary to all expectations, speedily agreed to co-sign a four-power de- claration that reaffirms the big four's responsibilities for all of Germany, pending the conclusion of a peace treaty. This means that the ideal of German reunification has not been abandoned. Moreover, the Soviet Union has, at last, agreed to enter into talks about Mutual Balanced Re- duction of Forces, the much- beloved MBFRs as it is known in the NATO jargon. (Brussels wags argue that the initials stand for Much Better for Rus- Of course, the Russians will not talk about any "bal- anced" reduction. What they want to achieve is the disband- ing of NATO and of the War- saw Pact they have bilateral treaties with all Warsaw Pact nations, so it would not hurt them. Tliis may be a long-term aim. For the present, they re- ject all argument that the War- saw Pact has far more power- ful forces than NATO, or that the geographical factor plays any part in the strategic pic- ture. An authoritative article published in a Soviet journal and reprinted by the Interna- tional Institute for Strategic Studies states flatly that the only acceptable principle is that of "parity of reduction." However, as long as there are any talks whatever, the West will consider it a and the security conference is on. In this general love-feast that is now to engulf the world, what will be the Cana- dian position? The present Canadian game, of being neither in NATO nor out of it, may please disparate segments of the Canadian electorate but will not please our European allies nor contribute to the se- curity of the Western world. And yet the defence white pa- per of August 1971 has argued that "Canadian security con- tinues to be linked to Western which, the paper says remains the most sensitive point in the East-West bal- ance of power. How can one then reconcile t he s e commonsense princi- ples with the fact that our men are now twiddling their thumbs in Bavaria and have no real role to play? Our air force- deprived of its nuclear we are so simon-pure that we could not contemplate soiling our hands with nuclear weap- ons has no planes appropri- ate for its professed purpose. The CF-104 planes, reduced from six squadrons to three, are both obsolete and unsuit- able for their tactical-support task. As Peter Newman points out in a recent article in Mao- leans, before Prime Minister Trudeau's decision Canada's role in NATO had real mean- ing, strategic and psycholog- ical: Canadian forces were manning a vital sector in Cen- tral Europe; and Canada was the only member that was not defending her own territory, nor had a inter- ests. What she was doing was to safeguard the principles of collective security. We have thrown away both our task and our principles, and are now something of an Iceland or Luxembourg, neither much ap- preciated nor listened to. We have wrecked a long and hon- orable military tradition al- ways applied in the defence of freedom. Our forces, inade- quate and without a mission, have become, to quote Mr. Newman once again, some- thing of an Opportunity for Youth program. Meanwhile, Soviet aims have not changed. The whole con- cept behind Soviet policy re- mains, in the most general sense, one of non-acceptance of the right to exist of non-Com- munist regimes and of defiant Communist regimes. (Leonid Brezhnev is about to visit Po- land to shake up the fractious This provides Russia with a dynamic, forward pol- icy, especially in combination with the current armament ad- vantages enjoyed by the Soviet Union. In a Europe exposed to an overwhelming Soviet military superiority and relentless diplo- matic pressure, United States troops man about o n of the East-West frontier. All the fat has now been cut off from the small tail. The ratio of combat men to support troops is about the highest in the world, 85 per cent to 15 per cent on the ground, and 95 per cent to five per cent in the air force. If President Nixon press- ed to implement the Mansfield resolution, which for years has been hanging, like Damocles sword, over NATO, he will probably offer a cut of ten per cent and dual basing, which is considerably more expen- sive than maintaining forces in Europe. What's worse, it re- duces Western credibility in that it takes a month to move a division from Texas back to Germany. In these uncertain times Canada would do well to pro- vide the lead, as indeed she did in 1948. We should rebuild our forces, not for oil-drum bashing in the Arctic but for a role that will ensure con- tinued peace, give confidence to our European allies and pro- vide an example to the Ameri- cans, who remain the only bas- tion against a gradual weaken- ing and eventual surrender of Western Europe. Self interest alone would demand such an initiative. Canada, which lives by inter- national trade, could hardly continue to maintain its high standard of living should its best customers slip behind a Soviet silk curtain a sort of Finland that willy-nilly has to trade with the Soviet Union. This is a problem never faced by either Paul Hellyer, who be- gan the process of disintegra- tion of our armed forces, nor by Prime Minister Trudeau, who deprived them of their sense of mission. We must get out of the present self-induced paralysis that is no policy at all. The problem of legalizing pot A GROWING chorus of pres- tigious voices is calling for a change in this country's legal posture toward marijuana. Dr. Bertram S. Brown, di- rector of the National Institute of Mental Health and officially the nation's lop psychiatrist, urges that penalties be eased. While deploring the spreading use of marijuana among the very young, he argues that pen- alties for possession and use of the drug are "much too severe and much out of keeping with knowledge about its harmful- ness." We are still several years away from being able to judge the long-term psychological and physical effects of marijuana use, but almost every study has shown that for everything bad that can be said about pot, worse things can be said about alcohol. Don Oakley, NBA Service John H. Finlator, retired dep- uty director of the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs, calls the prosecution of marijuana users "just as wrong as hell." He says his opinion was muzzled while he was with the bureau. The 13 member National Commission on Marijuana and Drug Abuse, appointed by Con- gress in 1970, is expected to recommend that possession and use of marijuana in the home be made legal. The panel will make its final report in late March. None of these authorities ad- vocates the complete legaliza- tion of marijuana. Yet if re- cent history in the field of por- nography is any guide, it is difficult to see how this can long be avoided once the first step is taken toward acceptance of marijuana. ent for YOU CANADA When courts held that a per- son had a constitutional right to private possession of pornog- raphic materials, the next log- ical argument was that this right was meaningless if he did not also have a constitutional right to obtain such materials. Since the courts have so far failed to face this issue square- ly, pornography has virtually become legal by default. Suppose marijuana were leg- alized across the board. We could find ourselves with some unforeseen problems, says Cleveland chemist Donald J. Nittskoff, who runs the only federally licensed experiment- al narcotics laboratory in Ohio. First, he says, when we talk about making marijuana legal, we should ask ourselves: Legal for whom? Only for adults over 18? Yet, according to a recent report by the Depart- ment of Health, Education and Welfare, marijuana use has al- ready risen to as high as 90 per cent among some groups of high school students. Second, the mild marijuana generally obtainable in this country contains only about 1 per cent of THC (tetrahydro- the psychoactive constituent. The more potent hashish contains about S to 8 per cent. Nittskoff thinks legalization of marijuana could open the door to increasingly more po- tent pot as manufacturers com- peted for sales. Even if THC content were limited by law, an illegal market for the more powerful stuff could be gener- ated. Alcohol, for instance, is legal and stringently regulated, yet there is still a moonshine in- dustry (although in this case the object is to avoid Nittskoff raises a third point no one else has mentioned. The United States has treaty obliga- tions with other nations for the suppression of the drug traffic. A treaty, ratified by the Senate, Is as much the law of the land as a law passed by Congress and signed by the President. Thus changes in national or state laws regarding marijuana could bring us into conflict with international law to which we are signatories. The problem of pot, either in legal or medical aspects, is far from being a simple and straight-forward matter. Books in brief "Code: Polonaise" by Eva- Wiirio (William Heine- mann, 139 pages, This is one of those excep- tional books which one cannot stop reading until the last page is consumed. The author tells about a small band of children in Nazi-sur- rounded Warsaw. By denying them education and even out- lawing Chopin's music as a dangerous symbol of national- ism, the Nazis wanted to trans- form Polish youth into more pliable slaves. The children re- sponded by publishing their own underground newspaper with news, bits of history and other knowledge and sang the "Polonaise" louder than ever before. The lives of national heroes became the source of their strength, their bravery and sacrifice. It is n very moving story nnd one has to admire tho au- thor's ability of projecting the reader's mind into the prim facts of war nnd oppression. GERTA PATSON As dead as a dodo? By Eva Brewster COUTTS ''No binding decisions until January next year. I am going to my husband announced nearly three months ago. "I'll let you know then what is going to happen." "You can't do said our daughter, waiting impatiently for his final word on her demand: "I want independence." You can't do bawled our son. "I must know before then whether I can start college and take the car next semester." "You can't do I added, "we have to make some important decisions now and, in any case, your bed needs an airing and clean sheets before January." Would you believe it, he went to bed. We are a rasonably democratic family and have always, until now, managed to sit round the table and thrash out problems. However, the night before my husband's momentous decision to hibernate, our opin- ions were divided so evenly, we had reach- ed a stalemate. "The girl is not ready for full indepen- we, the parents maintained. "I am old she said. "She is over 18. There is nothing you can do about it if she wants to go to the boy chimed in. "In any case, both claimed, "your atti- tude amounts to dictatorship and arro- gance. Both will be met with stiff resistance and then what is going to happen to fam- ily "Let's consider a I suggested, "then we'll meet half way and everybody has an equal chance of recommending what is best for us." "Good my husband applauded, "it worked in war-time Britain." "No both kids protested, "a coali- tion won't work and if you start fighting the old war again, Dad forget it. The cir- cumstances were quite different. Anyway, why do you always make a big issus of every sensible request we make? Listening to you, our little day-to-day dedsioni amount to power politics." "Of course they we said. "After all, who foots the bill to pay for your demands? Poor Mum and Dad." "Money, money, the kids com- plained. "Have you no ideals "None whatever when it comes down to the sad fact that between you and the gov- ernment my income is drained You can't get blood out of a stone." "You have no sympathy for young the children accused him. "Conser- vatism is as ridiculous as the Dodo that animal became extinct." And that was the slate of the head of our household went to bed. I had to side with our kids. What sensible leadership could possibly go into hiberna- tion? What would happen to a country if the prime minister decided to do that? No answer other than a peaceful emanated from under the blankets. How- ver, it looks as though I might get ona now after our general elections. It appears, my husband has created a precedent: the prime minister has not yielded to strong opposition either. While conservatism is ob- viously not as dead as the Dodo, a govern- ment of a great nation can, apparently, go into hibernation too. "No binding decisions till January, at were the last words I heard from Mr. Trudeau. In the meantime, however, he made it quite clear there will be no tax cuts and Mum and Dad will continue to foot the bills for proposed increases in January. Will that answer s'our problems, my dear children? I doubt it. Science has a name ior it By Lena Lyall MILK RIVER Aren't we lucky to be alive? We have discovered pollution here, just like everywhere else! Water used to be 'not fit to food was a house was 'dirty.' Now tile one word pollu- tion covers everything and we have at last become fashionable. We are more aware of pollution these days. We believe that our river water, fil- tered and treated, is as safe as we can make it. Compare this with the old custom of hauling dead stock out on the ice and letting Mamma Nature sweep them away with the spring flood. Downriver, neighbors came with barrels and tanks, hauled the water home and used it raw, secure in the comforting belief that it somehow cleaned itself on its journey downstream. Next, remember the family lucky enough to have a well. Naturally, it would be in the barnyard to be handy for the stock. The same water would be used in the house. You had to be careful where you stepped, of course; stock could make an awful mess around a well. But no one ever thought of contaminated water, for didn't it 'come-in' clear and sparkling when the well was pumped-out? The 'little shack out complete with half-moon door, Eaton's catalogue, chlori- nated lime for was a symbol of the tidy housewife. Scrubbed, whitewash- ed, set over a hole deep enough to 'last' awhile, it might have the same level as the well, but no one worried, for it was well known that water was filtered underground. The theory was never tested but It was a comfort just the same. The 'Order of the respected insti- tution of Saturday night, was carefully planned in our house. Seven persons did not bathe just any old way; there had to be proper order. Some families all washed in the same water but we did better than that; we changed through. Dad had the honor of the first bath, and the cleanest water. Next came the oldest child and the one after that. By this time 'he water was cold and definitely scummy. In fresh, warm water the little ones were bathed all together. Mom had her 'sponge' somewhere along the way. Thus, in the morning, we could emerge shining clean, buttoned into our union-suits for another week. By the weekend, we would be less than sanitary, but that was days away, so why worry? We kept our drinking water In a galvan- ized bucket with a tin dipper. We all drank from the dipper and never thought a thing about it. Of course it was washed occasion- ally when it became a little greasy. When company came, we were more careful; you couldn't possibly offer a dipper to a guest. Instead, you poured water from the dipper into a glass and offered that. At school WB were even more fussy; we had two enamel tups, one for the girls and one for the boys. This came only with higher education; wa never thought of it in the lower grades. And so we went our mem', careless way, quite unaware that we were pollut- ing our little world. Which makes me won- der; doesn't man leave some trace of his passing wherever he goes? How could it be otherwise? On the use of woids Theodore Bernstein Youlli-yak. Youthful monkeying with the language has produced a quite common piece of slang: go ape. The phrase has two meanings. One is to become mad, irra- tional or emotionally unstable, as in, "If you want to see a guy, guy, go ape, just, y'know, slip him some LSD." The other meaning, somewhat less scary, is to be- come wild with enthusiasm, as in, "I, like, umm, go ape when I hear the Rolling Stones." Just Ilic same. The word same in the sense of something or someone mentioned previously appears sometimes in written language but rarely in spoken language ex- cept when a speaker is trying to be hu- morous. In writing it comes up chiefly in legal or commercial papers: "Our records show I tat you have an unpaid bill for and we request that you remit or, "The plaintiff has documented his charges in -an affidavit and herewith submits same, to the court." The word has a stilted, archa- ic flavor and is best avoided. Usually, it is easy to substitute a pronoun for same; in the .second sentence just quoted the word it would do nicely. In (lie first sentence tho pronoun it could be substituted, but still better would be (lie words that sum. is not tho fame tiling us usual. Something Hint is luiililional is handed down unwritten from generation to generation; something that is nsnal is simply of common occurrence. There is a tendency among some writers to use traditional when all they mean is usual or common. (Could it be once again the urge to use the longer word so as to sound Here is an example of the misuse: "The National Stock Exchange is dwarfed in size by both the New York Stock Exchange and the American Stock Exchange. It has traditionally traded about as many shares in a full year as tha Big Board might handle in one booming ses- sion." This misuse almost suggests that Uia National exchange was deliberately trying to limit its turnover to abide by some long- established custom. Sense of direction. Is the word directions interchangeable with instructions? That's the question Sydney Smith of Laval, Que- bec, asks. He notes that soup cans, TV dinners and booklets that accompany wash- ing machines contain directions, but he al- ways thought that directions were the in- formation telling someone how to get to a given place. That is far too narrow a defini- tion. The word direction has a dozen mean- ings ranging from management, through a course to be travelled, to the staging of a play or film. And one of (he meanings Is information concerning n method or an op- eration, which certainly covers tolling you how much water to tuld lo that can of minestrone. (Till Mew >'ork ;