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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 21, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 TH! IFTHMIDGE HERALD Tuesday, November J1, 197J---------------- Diplomacy holds key By Carl T. Rowan, U.S. syndicated commentator A vote for peace The fears that Chancellor Brandt's efforts to establish a peace- ful Europe might be swept away by the voters in Sunday's West Ger- man election proved groundless. For this most people in the world will be grateful. A great hungering for existence without the constant threat of con- flict is evident today. By recognizing this and to it, U.S. Presi- dent Richard Nixon was able to cap- ture the image of peace candidate and win a great victory in his na- tion's recent election. Through anti- cipating the desire for a lessening of tension and bringing it to the fore, Chancellor Willy Brandt has gained a tremendous vote of confidence in West Germany. While hopeful that West German voters would not repudiate the strides taken in establishing better relations with East Germany and the Soviet bloc, viewers of the election were uneasy. The bogey of Commun- ist threat was given a big play by the opposition. Once that would have been certain to have brought defeat to Chancellor Brandt but it has obvious- ly lost its power; it has been over- whelmed by the desire for peaceful coexistence. Perhaps Chancellor Brandt was fortunate that the opposition chose to emphasize the Communist bogey in- stead of concentrating on the domes- tic issue of inflation. That issue might have appealed to the voters. The promise to renegotiate the treaties did not. Now the way has been paved for the European Security Conference and other steps toward a stable and peaceful world. A sinister precedent There is disquieting news from Africa these days, news of the gov- ernments of some developing coun- tries taking steps to deprive certain ethnic groups of their citizenship. There is a most sinister precedent for this kind of action. There may be no parallel God knows one hopes not but the 1935 Nuremberg Laws deprived all Jews of German citizen- ship, and only six years later, at the infamous Wannsee Conference, the "final solution" of total extermina- tion, was approved as the official policy of Nazi Germany. Nothing of the kind is predicted as likely to occur in any of the African states that have lately moved to ter- minate the citizenship of East In- dians. Surely nothing of the kind is intended. Yet it is no use pretending that there aren't disturbing similari- ties in the two situations, as the In- dians are deprived of their citizen ship, their property, their right to carry on certain businesses and pro- fessions, in some cases the right even to remain in the country where they have lived all their lives. A government is supposed to exist for the well-being of the citizens it has the right to govern. All govern- ments acknowledge this as their sole raison d'etre, just as they maintain that their rule is and must be benign and just. All governments vehement- ly deny even the possibility of their singling out some of their citizens for especially harsh treatment, be- cause of national origin or any other reason. And all governments insist that they always act legally; even the Nazis, whose general viciousness included anti-Semitism in a singular- ly virulent form, took surprising pains to create an absurd charade of legality in arranging for the Holo- caust. But suppose it is in the mind of a state or its rulers to treat a certain group differently from all others, to make it a scapegoat, to deprive its members of property and position, in short to undertake persecution. Such things have been known to hap- pen, and not only in emerging na- tions. Can a government persecute its own loyal citizens? Of course not. A just state and all states insist they are just cannot act unjustly. Rather, it must perform its clear and paramount duty of protecting its citizens. But wait the duty is to protect ifs citizens. And so the answer becomes sim- ple. If those the state wishes to per- secute are not citizens, they have no claim on the state for protection. And if they are not citizens of any other state, there is no basis for other slates to interfere. This the Nazis appreciated, when they declared all German Jews to be without citizenship, who had never had any other citizenship than Ger- man. They were deprived of all re- course within Germany, without hav- ing the right to ask for protection by any other country. To repeat, there is no present in- dication that any African state har- bors plans similar to the horror brought about by the Nazis. But in 1936 no one believed that Buchen- waid, Dachau, Auschwitz and the other death camps could happen at all. let alone within six short years. We "know" it can't happen again. But we "knew" it couldn't happen the first time. ART BUCHWALD The president's purge WASHINGTON It's been a grim week In the White House. After his landslide election, Instead of getting even with the Democrats, President Nixon surprised ev- eryone by announcing that he was purging the Republicans who helped him get elect- ed. Everyone with a high administration Job has been asked to hand in his resigna- tion. Who goes and who stays is still very much up in the air, and it's very hard for one to do his job when the black cloud of unemployment hangs over his head. One source in the White House told ex- actly what kind of week it's been: Pat Nixon came into the president's of- fice. "Look what someone Just gave she (aid angrily. "What is it, the president asked. a resignation form to fill out. Are you asking me to "It's just a President Nixon said. "I've asked everyone in the White House to resign so I can get rid of the people I don't want." "But thal's Pat proleslcd. "I worked very hard for you during the cam paign." "Of course you did, Pat, and I told Hal- deman and Ehrlichman to lake that into consideration. I said, 'When we go ovci the list of the people we're dropping keep in mind that Pat was at my side during the three times I left the White House to campaign." Mrs. Nixon held the resignation In her hand and said tearfully, "You would think utter all theso years there would be no question about my staying with you for your second term." "Now don't get upset, the presi' dent said, "I owe you a lot, but I havo to do wlral'3 host for America. I can't givo special favors to nny group nor can I us president fnvor one person In the House family over another. 1 nssurc you we will take n close look nt your record licforc we make nny definite decision." "Dick, don't you remember the Check- ers speech, the stoning in South America, your defeats in 1960 and 1962? I was the only one who didn't turn her back on you. Doesn't that count for "It does, Pat. We've not only got those facts but we have your FBI record as well. On the basis of all this I would guess you have a better than 50-50 chance of staying in the While House. But it isn't my decision alone. The purge staff has to look at the big picture. How much money is it costing us? Is the person doing more than his share o! the work he is assigned? Was he involved in the Watergate bugging affair? And finally, is the job worth not eliminating "I went with you to China I went with you lo Russia, I went with you to Iran. Surely that must mean a lot to you." "It does, Pat. The boys were very im- pressed with those trips and it's a big plus. At the same time, the nexl four years are going to be the most important in the history of the United States. I can't afford to make any mistakes if I want my right- ful place in history. That Is why I asked for everyone's resignation. There is too much deadwood In my administration." "Suppose I refuse to 'Tat, please don't put me in that posi- tion. You've meant a lot lo me during all these years, and I woud hnfe our re- lationship to end on a bitter note. I assure you that when your name comes up in the meeting, I'll be fighting for you to stay on, even if have lo change your job designation." "Thank you, Die, Pat said. "I appreci- ate that." Just then the door flew open and Julis Nixon Eisenhower and Tricia Nixon Cox burst in. cried Tricln, "They've asked us lo "flood grief." (he president said cxas- pcratedly. "I can'l snvc cvco-hod.v." (The Un Aagclci TlmtJ) WASHINGTON We have set up a sizable bureaucracy, costing many millions of dol- lars every year, but the hi- jackings lhat bureaucracy is supposed lo stop become more frightful every month. Airline seizures by unpredict- able nuls, by aimed men craz- ed by anger or paranoia, or desperate men fleeing the po- lice, are making trembling wrecks of thousands of inno- cent travelers. Because no one wants to get caught in the kind of 29-hour nightmare endured by 27 South- ern Airways passengers recent- ly, we all have submitted meek- ly to police state trappings tliat are repugnant. It is galling to sit reading your newspaper and have some airline agent walk over and start rummanging through 3'our briefcase. It is discomforting lo watch an air- line security agent frisk a young, long-haired traveler be- cause his dress tits what is sup- posed to be the "profile" of a potential hijacker. I say all this to emphasize that the hijackings not only are costing the government and the airlines gobs of money in sal- aries and ransoms, but they are undermining the civil lib- erties of this society in ways we may never erase, genera- tions after the hijacking mal- aist is over. It behooves all of us, then, to start raising hell in demand of the only possible solution to this hijacking madness. That solution is diplomatic, and the principal ingredient in it is to have the United States start dealing with little, weak, scrag- gly Cuba in the same hon- orable, respectful way it is dealing with Communists in big and or powerful countries like the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China. This mere suggestion will gall a lot of readers, for Americans have been indoctrinated into the haired of Fidel Castro just as they were indoctrinated for over two decades into the un- remitting hatred of Mao Tse- lung and Chou En-lai. But the first simple truth we must face is that Castro is no better or worse a Communist than Brezhnev, or Tito or Mao. A little sloppier of dress, pe- haps, and more inclined to give four-hour speeches, but maybe a little less damnable consider- ing the fact lhat Castro rode to power as an attacker of injust- ices exceeding those that pre- vailed in most countries that have turned Communist. It is hard to believe that, however deep his haded of the United States, Castro wants Cuba to be a haven forever for every bank robber, murderer or imbecile this society can pro- duce. But it is clear that he will never utter the words of unwelcome lhat will stop hi- jackers from heading to Cuba as long as the United" States continues its present policy of trying to make Cuba the last pariah of the Western world. Our policy of ostracizing Cuba is already crumbling around us. Mexico refused to go along at the outset. Chile and Peru have resumed diplo- matic relations with Cuba. Ja- maica, Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados and Guyana will re- sume normal relations any day now. Venezuela has announced lhat it will "not be the first or the last" to resume relations with Cuba. Interestingly, it was a charge by Venezuela that Cuba was supporting guerrillas and try- Ing to export revolution to lhat county that got Cuba thrown out of the organization of Am- erican states and ostracized by mort of the hemisphere. B u t Venezuela's President Rafael Caldera has given Pres- ident Nixon convincing evidence that a less hostile attitude to- ward Cuba might bring an end to most of the worst hijackings just the way it enabled Venez- uela to halt horrible terrorism. Caldera legalized the Com- munist party in Venezuela, of- fered amnesty to dissidents and got word to Cuba that he want- ed lo live and let live. The re- sult is that the guerrilla move- ment, now stripped of Cuban support, is virtually dead. Tho bombings and other acts of ter- orism which have plagued Car- acas and other Venezuelan cit- ies a few years ago are all but non-existent. Mr. Nixon said in a recent interview that there would be "no change whatever" in his Cuban policy "unless and and I do not anticipate this will changes his pol- icy toward Latin America and the United States." The evidence is clear that Castro has changed his policy somewhat toward Latin ica. It is equally clear that he wins more friends every year as mare and more Latinos see arrogance, racism, imperialism in Uncle Sam's brow beating of other countries in getting them to hold fast to a policy of ostra- cism. We can go on with the pig- headed pretense that Hie Cu- bans are the only bad Commun- ists left in the world; but the price of this arrogant nonsense will continue Lo be nightmarish hijackings and an erosion of personal liberty as we flirt fu- tilely with an assortment of police state nostrums. Freeze on Cuba relaxing By James.Ncilson, London Observer commentator BUENOS AIRES Cuba is gradually being reintegrated into the Latin American com- munity after having heen a pariah for 10 years. Through- out most of the last decade only Mexico had an ambassa- dor in Havana. But at the end of 1970 the socialist Salvador Allende was elected president of Chile and was quick to re- deem his campaign pledge to recognize Cuba. In. July 1972 the Peruvian military govern- ment of Juan Velasco Alvarado sent a full ambassador to Fidel Castro's regime. The govern- ments ol Argentina and Vene- zuela are expected to lollow suit within a year. Ecuador and Panama are wavering. The rise of a series of popu- list governments in Latin America coincided with a mel- lowing of Fidel Castro's policy towards the rest of the conti- nent, and has been helped by the benign neglect of the region which characterized Richard Nixon's first presidential term. This stimulated a new spirit ot independence in Latin Amer- ica, and even governments well disposed towards the United States have been slipping away from Washington's sphere of influence. These countries have taken the Kissinger thesis of live major power centres the United States, the Soviet Union. China, Japan and West- ern Europe, all potentially equidistant and of comparable and have been energetically f o r g i ng commercial and diplomatic links with Peking, something unthinkable a few years ago. Mow many governments are showing interest in doing the same with Cuba. Bolh Chile and Peru have found themselves in open op- position to Washington on sev- eral occasions, due to the na- licnalizalion of U.S. intci-ests. Ecuador has shown few inhibi- tions against arresting U.S. fishing vessels operating with- in 200 miles of its coast, the area claimed by the Quito gov- ernment as territorial waters. Washington's reaction has been surprisingly mild, limiting it- self to official protests and threats to freeze the funds of I hose countries in U.S. hanks. This has served to convince the other Latin Amcncnn govern- ments that they have little to fear should they cross the U.S. on anything but a vital strate- gic question. The Argentine government's foreign policy has changed ra- dically in the last two years. Before General Ongania w n s overthrown in 1570 It was one of I he fiercest foes of Fidel Castro, regarding Cuba as the source of nil the subversion that was causing so much im- resl at home. But the present government of President Ale- jandro I-anussc has taken a mnrc sophisticated line, nnd Is well mvaro that Cuba's rote In whipping up opposition is mar- ginal. Lanusse Is more worried by the mounting ambitions ol Bra- zil than by the prospect of Castroite guerrillas, and has done his best to piece together an alliance with the other Spanish-speaking states against the giant neighbor. This has entailed fairly warm relations with Chile and Peru. Lanusse has also recognized Peking as the legilimate gov- ernment of China. In this con- text the icy attitude towards Cuba appears a strange anom- aly. The Argentine foreign min- istry, however, is well aware that powerful groups inside Argentina, especially certain military officers, are still against any dealing with Cas- tro. The government is there- fore striving to avoid any im- pression of undue haste, but privately admits that recogni- tion of the Castro regime again Is only a matter of time. As Mexico never broke off relations with the Castro gov- ernment or agreed to apply sanctions against it, the re- establishment of Argentine dip- lomatic ties will mean that two of the Latin American "Big Three" will have ambassadors in Havana before loo Jong. Bra- zil's right wing military re- gime, however, is still very re- luctant to have anything to do with Fidel Castro, and together with Bolivia, also ruled by. right wing soldiers, is endeav- oring to maintain the status quo. Cuba was declared an outlaw by the Organization of Amer- ican States in 1962 and, in obedience to extremely strong U.S. pressure, all m e mbex states apart from Mexico agreed to break their ties with the island. It was hoped that this would be enough to bring Fidel Castro to heel and cause 'Crazy Capers' I prelcr lo make my own 1'9U. him to end his undeclared guerrilla war a g a 1 n st the "borgeois" or military re- gimes of Latin Ameica. In 1964 the OAS went even fur- ther, and with Mexico stand- ing aside once again applied economic sanctions a g ainst Cuba. This policy failed dis- mally. Western European countries were happy to trade with Castro and he also got complete support from the So- viet bloc. Canada, which is not a member o; the OAS, also ig- nored U.S. blandishments and has enjoyed correct if not al- ways warm relations with Cuba ever since. Since 1964, however, the Cu- ban revolution has lost the ro- mantic glow which once at- tracted restless young men all over the continent. Caslro him- self apparently realized the fu- tility of trying lo export revolu- tions to countries such as Vene- zuela and Columbia, and Che Guevara's Bolivian adventure ended in catastrophe. The Cu- ban regime now has its hands full trying to keep the flagging Cuban economy going. It relies on an annual million sub- sidy from the Soviet Union, which is strongly opposed to Castro's dream of provoking revolutions on the Latin Amer- ican mainland. Peru and Chile arc waging a battle lo end Cuba's isolation from within the OAS. This year Peru proposed that the region al grouping lift its sanctions against Castro. This motion needed a two thirds majority lo succeed and its failure was predictable, but seven nations Mexico, Chile, Pana- ma. Ecuador, Jamaica and in favor while Argentina, Venezuela and Bar- b.irios abstained. Four Caribbean countries, all members of I he Common- wealth, announced last month Mint Ihey would soon be seek- ing (o establish relations with Cuba. The four Jamaica, Barbados, Guyana and Trini- dad and Tobago have thus effectively changed Uie balance of powar inside the OAS to favor Hie few Lalin American states actively working for a rjipproachmcnt with Cuba. Ja- maica already has n consul in Cuba who looks after the in- Icrcsl.s of Ihc Jamaicans living there. Adding to the sense of urg- pncy is the agility of Nixon's foreign policy. Few Latin American governments nro willing to be caught napping ns was Japan when Nixon an- nounced his Ir.-ip to Peking, nnd certainly Argentina and Vene- zuela, and probably Ecuador and Panama ns well, nre de- termined to re establish dip- loiiialic vcliilions wilh Cuba be- fore Ihc United Slates an- nounce: it IMS done so, can't even figure cut these sevenlft grade orifnmefie Story problems. Wnof's goipg to happen it we 99 10 Ida metric Letters Change oi position? I'm mighty glad to see a change in The Herald's lone in its editorials on Ireland. Less than a year ago, it was lar less temperate and understanding in its treatment or Irish affairs. Were the small minority of thinking people a little more naive tliey might attribute the change to the effect of earlier correspondence on the issue. But we are too hard-headed for that. The truth is that The Her- ald simply cannot adopt any oilier line on Irish affairs be- cause the judgments made about Orange bigotry by those few in Lethbridge who know Irish affairs have been amply justified by the events of the past six months. The organization of the UDA against the British army (as well as for continuation of 50 years of bullying of helpless Irish Catholics) was inevitable once moves were made to im- plement civil rights legislation. The UDA is determined that the Catholic minority will not enjoy these rights; and, of course, rejeot any suggestion that Ireland be united political- ly under the Republic. Anyone (no matter how secluded from the realities of Europe in out- back Alberta) who saw the David Frost show some months ago would have recognized the difference between the two groups. The Orange group act- ed like the maniacs they are. All of this does not mean, however, that Irish republicans should feel any more friendly towards British influence. The cause of civilization ilself de- pends on the final ousting of British influence in Ireland. That causS depends on the de- termination of a small minor- ity (a prophetic shock minor- ity) to cany through Ireland'3 mission to its final destiny: an oasis of sanity and Christian social justice in a senseless world, and an example for oth- er people throughout the world to fight for their identity and for communal freedom in a technocratic, global madhouse. Scotland, Wales and Cornwall will follow and then Brilanny, Basque Spain, among others. The world cannot forever fester in slavery to false authority, the slavery to the vast, centralist nation-state which serves the interest of the corporation and of bourgeois values. The recent Canadian elec- tions illustrate some of these truths. The vole against Tru- dcau was partly an anti-French vole. The NDP was rejected by many because it attacked ex- ploitation of the worker. In the charades we call elections the mindless mass tend to vote out of narrow self-interest. Politi- cally, they are illiterates In ev- ery country where power la sucked up into the centre. A true Christian democracy Is one where power and property are decentralized, and where the state is the servant of fami- lies, of communal groups and of persons, not the decision- maker on all significant issues. A decent democracy would long ago have ended speculation in land, turned the big enterprises over to co-operatives and work- er-ownership groups and have kept the intruding nose of big government and big business out of formal education. Ireland, fortunately, is small. It is also a land of tradition ard still strong in family life and in scholarly and literary values. It could home of social justice of wisdom. It has long hjften the home of good dreams. Lethbridge PETER HUNT Editor's nolc: We puz- zled by the inference that we have supported the Orange group in Northern Ireland in Hie past nnd have recently reversed our position. If we have a position nt ill on the Irish problem It Is one of criticism of private liutli 1'rolcstant and Catholic. Tlie Herald has expressed concern about discrimination ngainst the Catholics and (111- may when the rabid Protes- tant leader, the Rev. lao Paisley, was elected to Stor- mnnt. A complete file of edf- tnrial comment on Ireland available to Mr. Hunt and If lie can document a case for The Herald have taken the side ol (lie Orangemen vil be surprised and apolo- Dangerous practice I would like to comment on the letter by J. M. Regehr in the Nov. 9th edition of The Herald. Mr. Rcgchr quotes an isolat- ed section from the Scriptures in support of his rclcnlionist position regarding the dcalli penally. The quote is, "Whoso sheddclh man's hlood, by man shall his blool be shed" Quoting isolated passages from the Bible is question- able endeavor, if not n danger- ous practice. For example: Mr. Rcgchr has told us vis-a-vis the famous quote, that Mosaic law provides Ihc dcalh penally for murder and we should lo this law. But.Mosaic law also provides the death penalty for adultery, bestiality, homosex- uality, witchcraft, working on the Sabbath, striking and curs- ing father or mother, and sacri- ficing to oilier gods than Jeho- vah (Exodus 21, 35; Liviticus Does Mr. Rcgchr demand lhat the death penalty be rein- slated for these things as well? If nol, he is not being consis- tent in his argument, for retain- ing Ihc death penally for mur-