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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 20, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta it's back to the coal mines By lUbert New York Times commeatator NEW YORK With speed limits on turnpikes rediioMl to 50 miles an some Americans may feel that they have come at slow- down en so long foretold by Cassaodias with the perverse belief that finite resources do not last forever. Probably more will that the energy crisis now formal- ly recognized by President Nixon life temporary nuisance a consequence of either the Mideast war or f one people's morbid preoccupation with clean air. In any fears of a rundown future are offset by popular visions of glamorous new energy sources in the off- ing inex- haustible and waiting only the application of money and technical know-bow. A quick look at those possibilities might be timely if not ex- hilarating. To start in outer space and work the energy radiated to the earth from the sun could if properly BERRY'S WORLD converted and dis- tributed could take care all the electric power needs of' this planet plus some but plans for handling that truly inexhaustible except in the most limited and localized are at a primitive to say the most. would ap- parently have to be of gigantic size to focus appreciable volumes of sunlight to a point where it could be concentrated for storage and distribution. A modest plant would cover some to 000 square miles. To get around this problem of monstrously .land- consuming a power satellite has been proposed which would orbit continuously in space and beam the sunlight back to earth in the converted form of microwave energy. With costs estimated at 500 times those of earthbound prices of electricity would at least for a time be almost as 197J by IBC I agree that we all must do our but couldn't you turn the thermostat up just a astronomical as the plant's and there is as yet no telling what effect such radia- tion might hive on the public health. All that cfn really be said for solar energy now is that small heating and cooling systems for individual houses and buildings are already well-developed and in use. Ac- cording to some rosy es- such systems could theoretically provide an es- timated 50 per cent of the energy now used in the United States for heating and air- i.e. some 20 per cent of the country's total energy consumption. Even if this estimate is it would obviously call for a prohibitive amount of rebuilding. The heat of the earth is already in use as a source of energy though again on a limited scale. In the form of geothermal steam and hot it has been used to warm houses and operate power but thermal pollution and drilling noise are problems with geothermal as corrosion is a problem with the water. The most hopeful prospect in this area seems to be in hot rock formations. If adequate and economic technology can be worked out to tap their heat by hydraulic or nuclear such at great could conceivably satisfy the nation's energy needs for cen- turies to come. As with any other intrusion in the of the possibilities of pollution and disruption are considerable. Without early expectations from these exotic we come down to the basic fuels that provide virtually all power today. Only four per cent of that power in the United States is and it 'cannot be increased since natural sites for the pur- pose are themselves limited. Only one per cent of American power now is nuclear The great bulk 95 per cent still comes from fossil gas and coal. Of natural gas appears to have no great future simply because there is not enough of it in and the similar but more alarming shortage is what has triggered the present crisis. Even with the addition of two million dally barrels of Alaskan oil and the helpful but limited amount to be ex- tracted from the United States at present rates of con- sumption will be importing half of its oil before 1MB. The first slight consequences of such dependence are already having a chilling effect enhanced by the far more marked effect they appear to be having on the politics of western Europe. If the national future is not to be written in the choice ahead will lie between nuclear energy and coal. Should science and engineering final- ly achieve the feat of controll- ed nuclear few experts doubt that this source will be the ultimate answer to all of the world's energy problems. The power potential would be infinite and the pollution minimal. It is not in- conceivable that with ade- quate research enor- mous effort and great good the complex technology could be worked out in the next 10 with engineering and production problems requiring another 10 Even so it is plain that relief cannot wait until For immediate the field is narrowed to nuclear the most hazardous of all methods for producing and historically the dirtiest. In its most economical the fast breeder fission would be at its deadliest. Its Book reviews plutonlum with a half-life of would be turned out In vastly greater quantity than the apple-sized dose which Bar- bara Ward has waned could be lethal for the whole human race. The coal alternative has ois- tinc-t the fuel hi available right now in amounts sufficient for the next 400 and its serious as they can be eliminated by technologies already known and in use. Methods for extracting the harmful sulphur from coal and for restoring land that has been surface-mined require only money and tough law. European experience has demonstrated that surface mining can be done without leaving the land and even in this country mined-over land has been turned into grazing successful commercial woodland and even recreation areas. Rigidly enforced laws on strip a considerable revival of deep with adequate health and safety and advanced techniques for the reduction of sulphur these could coal the surest and safest bet to fill the energy gap until the breakthrough on nuclear fusion. The price of coal would go of but it should not be a bad thing for the American consumer to realize at last that the earth's limited energy is not a commodity endlessly free for the taking. Guide to Canada Guide for Travellers in by Ted Kosoy J. 317 According to the introduc- tion to this guide this is the first complete and compact that has been made about third most tourist-intensive country in the know where author Ted Kosoy got that but it does sound most Since I was travelling from well give you the our bank. Qmimeiice Account This identification caid entitles you to cash your personal cheque instantly at any commerce branch. The Commerce Key Atl j tvinlrina Account is a totally AM Oilier DaiUOIlg SenTCC new approach to personal VOrfflE llkfitV tD ItCfid. banking. a complete JMMIV j package of personal banking services and you can use them at your home branch or in any of the more than 1500 Commerce branches across Canada. And that's more branches than any other bank. The whole idea is to make you feel at home no matter where you are. It's simple. And convenient. A Commerce Key Account eliminates separate service charges and only costs you a flat a month. Here's what you'll be getting. D A .Commerce Key Account I.D. Card. D Custom cheques. C Overdraft protection. A Commerce Chargex Card. n Unlimited cheque writing. Q Preferred rates on most Bankplan loans. D Unlimited travellers' cheques. D A 24-Hour Cash Dispenser Card. D Automatic savings plan. D Money orders. Q Payment of utility bills D 24-hour deposits. D Transfers. D And joint accounts. You get all of this and more for only a month. So find out about the Key Account at your local Commerce branch and become one of our key customers. CANADIAN IMPERIAL. BANK OF COMMERCE coast-to-coast this I decided to save my review for my return and give the book a try. Whenever I remembered to bring my guide along I found fairly helpful. The sheets from the local tourist bureaus usually turned out to be a cou- ple of notches up they had glossy pictures that jazzed up the author's blah-blah two- sentence descriptions and dozen or so black and white photos of which are from here or The city maps were a total loss for me and my com- panions all assumed we could find our way into the city's centre. I found a few little mistakes mostly with the liquor age across the country and the positioning of two Lethbridge Motor Hotels. rates two whole sentences in the In the introduction Kosoy said the book will be revised and updated annually. JUDF WALKER Books in brief Mood of by Howard Thurman and distributed by Fitzheury and Whiteslde 128 For people who appreciate a sense of dignified devotion and a feeling of warmth without maudlin sentimentali- ty at Howard Thurman's new book will make an ideal gift. The pieces and taken from previous provide an almost mystical mood in which to celebrate and care at Christmastime. Howard now has been a famous author and counsellor in the United States and on several occasions has spoken to groups in Canada. He has written that must be always remaining in every man's life some place for the singing of In the Mood of Christinas the reader may catch the melody. ELSPETH WALKER Capricorn by Rosemary University 133 This book had its beginning in scripts about Roman Scotland which the author wrote for Radio Scotland. It is a collection of stories about people and changing ways of life over 300 years mainly seen through the eyes of six members of a soldier family serving on or north of Hadrian's Wall. It must have been difficult to reconstruct history from a few grey stones half lost In cotton-grass and heather and one feels like complimenting the author for doing it so con- vincingly. GERTA PATSON That dog by the roadside By Nerma lecal writer COALDALE It just isn't fair. I'm carry- ing a heavy toad of guilt all because I was an innocent witness to one of the most despicable acts that can be perpetrated against mans' best friend the It all happened recently on an early Sunday as I made my way down a rural road on my way into Lethbridge. Just a green was backing out of the approach leading into a lonely field. As the car drove a great cloud of dust whipped and snaked its way along behind the rushing vehicle. I slowed smiling to myself as I thought par- ticular road has a reputation for being used for many a midnight My smile was soon to fade. Feelings of wretched despair overwhelmed me. Standing on the side of the were two wee black pup- probably six or eight weeks old. They looked up at me little backsides wagging. I felt my whole being revolt. I could feel nothing but loathing for the driver of that as I realized that these little dogs were the victims of one of the most contemptable deeds imaginable. They had been abandoned. I church bells rang in the back of my common sense told me I couldn't pick them up right then. I resolved to take the same road pick the puppies and risk being censured by my family. already have two dogs and five When I returned full of compassion and good the puppies were gone. Driven by the west But This particular spot was over a mile from any farmsite. That is a long hike for two toddling puppies. Driving slowly I reflected on the cruelty some humans deal out to poor defenceless animals. I remembered oar old too. must have been an because no one ever came looking for him. It was a desperately cold night when we found him in our more dead than alive. We managed to feed and bedded him down in a warm pig-pea. He bolted his food but it was weeks before he became and trusted us enough to be petted. We suspected he had been the recipient of many a cruel blow. He lived with us for 19 was a born cattle watch dog and self-appointed once saving our baby son from drowning in the dugout. When we laid him we mourned. He was part of the family. We have since had other dogs make their own place within our family but none have taken Pal's place. Quite a record for a To most of us living on it is an old story. People from the city dump their un- wanted cats and dogs on our doorsteps. Because we are lovers of all we take them in and give them care. If a dog turns out to be or he is dealt with quickly and humanely. With the fate of the two puppies on my con- and thinking perhaps the cost of putting unwanted dogs and cats in the pound would be more than the average family could I made inquiries and found out that Lethbridge residents can make use of the city leaving.these unwanted animals there at absolutely no cost to themselves. There is no reason on God's or in man's well-structured society to abandon these poor creatures to the or to the cruelty of others who do not share the love of animals. Hello there By Chris Herald staff writer spiralling Watergate and repeated world crises being what they are leaves many people testy and irritable. They start the day weighted down with the world's cares completely oblivious to the happy side the the invigorating crispness of a near-zero morning or the snow crystals winking back at them as they stride for the bus Theirs is a closed isolated by gloom and the boredom of work. They'll face the same routine tomorrow and the next and the as expressionless as today. Barely taking time to nod at the bus they bury themselves behind the morning news en route to the office and beneath the evening paper en route home. They respond with merely a grunt if Someone surprises them with a and assume a sphinx-like stature at dinner while the family relates the day's events. Theirs is a world of only one person themselves. For this reason it is good to hear of the Har- vard graduates who are organizing a for November when they hope to get people talking just a friendly if you will getting them to realize there are more people in the world than just themselves. Hello day promoters are attempting to es- tablish it in Calgary in an effort to knock down a few walls of isolation which should never have developed in the first place. They are urging Calganans to say hello to at least 10 people they have never spoken to before It could lead to 10 new friendships and 10 more reasons for'living. It would be a good idea if was introduced in Lethbridge too just for the same and maybe in the individual homes where husbands-and long used to starting their days in silence would set a new tone by surprising each other with a cheery Sounds like a great idea for some local organization to promote. REPORT TO READERS WALKER Staff changes and additions Last spring I published four columns con- taining brief biographies of the people who comprise the editorial department confusingly the editorial page of The Herald. Since then there have been a number of changes and additions in the staff and this column will bring readers up to. date. The intention is chiefly to introduce the new people but first some brief indications of the departures and Jim our senior died following Greg a joined the staff of The Calgary Joanna a returned to Carleton University in Judi a is attending the University of Lethbridge Maureen family living page is not .in the working force at Harry returned to his home in On- Jim an editorial is in Edmonton directing a research and rehabilitation centre operated by the provincial government's Alcohol and Drug Abuse Murray formerly wire is semi-retired and serving as night wire Herb formerly a is now a Bernice formerly a is now assistant Jude Turic has become Jude Campbell and Kathie Garrett has become Kathie MacLean. Our in alphabetical are as Jeawe born in Grand has a BA in language from Louisiana State spent two years as a reporter on The Grand Rapids spent two more years as a reporter and photographer for World Outlook Magazine in New York has written travel stories for The New York Times for 95 years and Is a fre- quent contributor to Good Housekeeping Magazine with occasional pieces in other magazines as Reader's Saturday Evening and she Joined The Herald staff as a part-time editorial writer in October. DavM born'and raised in spent two years in South Africa and Rhodesia as a Mormon took a two-year liberal arts course in Ricks majoring in edited the Ricks College was on the staff of Ex- burg Standard-Journal for three years as a reporter and edited Clark County Enterprise for 18 was a staff writer for The Salt Lake Citv ing The Herald staff as a reporter in June. Jnon born and raised in recently joined The Herald staff as full-time while Jhon has no previous experience he is just out of high school he knows something about the business as a result of having an older brother on the staff of The Toronto Globe Mail as a cartoonist. Jim born and raised in took a two-year course in jour- nalism at Mount Royal College in spent eight months on the staff of The Kelowna Daily entered teacher education at The University of Calgary and graduated with a B.Ed returned to journalism in July when be joined The Herald staff as a reporter. Murdoch born in attended school in graduated from the University of Calgary with a BA in was on the staff of the university spent a year as a reporter with The North Hill a weekly in joined The Herald staff as a reporter in September. Al born and raised in attended The University of edited the university student spent a year and a half as a photographer and reporter for The Red Deer was on the staff of The Edmonton Journal for several was a reporter for The Albertan for a year and a was employed as a mental nursing assistant in a hospital in Scotland for a joined The Herald staff as a reporter in July. George born in attended school in Fort Saskatchewan and Sherwood took a two-year journalism coarse at the Southern Institute of Technology in edited the campus worked summers on two weeklies hi the County of Joined The Herald staff as a reporter in July. born and educated In Edmon- worked for a year In an asbestos mill in Northern British worked for a se- cond year as a laborer in travell- ed in Europe for another took a two- year Journalism course at Grant MacEwan Community College in was part of The Edmonton Journal's summer training Joined The Herald staff as a reporter in September. ;