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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 20, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHfJIDQI M. IJHIOKIAIS Alternatives to continentialism needed Suspicions abound The surprising thing about the anti- government demonstrations in Greece is that they have occurred at all. In a country so firmly controlled by the military the audacity of any group of people openly defying authority is striking. A regime which has been characteriz- ed by its almost pathological fear of communism was bound to assert that this recent outburst of opposition was Communist inspired. No doubt there were people of that persuasion involved in the student protests they are always ready to batten on discontent. Premier George Papadopoulos may be able to persuade some people inside and outside Greece that this outburst of dis- content is in no way representative of the real feelings of the populous and that it is not a genuine threat to the regime. But doubts about that will be plentiful. In the first it if difficult to note the arrests of politicians and former military as well as and not be suspicious that opposition to the government is fairly widespread. the slogans exhibited in the weekend rioting express the very feelings of discontent which reporters have long been saying are simmering beneath the surface. Promises of elections to demonstrate the true attitude of the Greek people will not assuage the doubts. The continuing practice of arresting political opponents coupled with the muzzling of the press would be enough to make heralded democratic elections suspect. The fact that the most recent voting in Greece was a charade makes confidence in a new vote almost impossible. New energy sources The rush to find ways of making America energy-sufficient is unearthing the most surprising the prospect that the household cleansing could possibly provide a limitless and safe nuclear power-plant fuel and that garbage could be converted into high-energy oil or gas. With even the oil rich state of Texas anticipating energy shortages all new ways of providing fuel will be welcomed. Atomic Energy Commission scientists say radically new nuclear physics fin- dings about plentiful boron of the lightest chemical found in the ocean and dry lake suggest it could be converted to fuel. Scientists working at the AEC's California say recent experiments with powerful atom- smashing machines have demonstrated that boron can undergo nuclear fission releasing abundant energy without lingering radioactivity. They claim that boron fission times fewer than conven- power plants based on would produce radioactive byproducts tional fission plants. Meanwhile the U.S. government is working on four basic methods of converting garbage into energy. It is believed some conversion capable of providing barrels of oil annual- ly about three per cent of the nation's energy be in operation within three years. As more effective ways of collecting wastes are developed the annual oil yield from garbage could eventually provide 18 per cent of the nation's demands. According to Dr. Irving a Bureau of Mines research conversion alone will not solve the energy crisis. There is only one way to meet it. Every energy source we have must be looked at we must use everything we can lay our hands Getting good mileage If spiralling gas prices continue speed racing could be replaced by one of the zaniest automotive competitions going the annual driving contest to squeeze the absolute maximum out of a drop of gas- oline. Ben 27-year-old research holder of the world's gas mileage record of 297.731 miles per gallon that's New York to Los Angeles on about 10 hopes to top this achievement after some more tinkering on his 1959 Opel. The 40 research engineers planning to compete in this year's marathon 14 miles of the are almost paranoid about unnecessary friction or wasted motion stealing precious energy from their wheels. The new super-stiff frame under Visser's elimination of shock rear rear brakes and putting the engine behind the front seat are friction reducing tricks aimed at combating waste. Visser replaced his key bearings' thick grease with thin runny oil and his normal tires with secondhand airplane tires capable of 2000 pounds' pressure. The principles used by the gasoline- stretchers are essentially those ad- vocated by the auto and oil companies.. your driving make sure you're getting top efficiency from your engine and reduce the amount of wind and road But when the contestants implement such principles even wrap their engines in a half- dozen layers of insulation to seal in their cars become unrecognizable. bent on petrol must decide if it's worth the effort or dis- comfort. Even Visser confesses the ride Jn his springless Opel is joints in the road feel like leaky oil must be replaced daily and the speed- slow-down driving method dangerous in public tends to turn a pleasant outing into a colossal bore. Drivers must decide if they are ready to tear their car throw away the frame and put the motor in sideways the rear seat and connect it to the back wheels with an oversized bicycle chain never drive over 17 miles an hour and coast every chance they get. If they can't match Mr. Visser's 297.731 miles per gallon in the family buggy they shouldn't feel badly. Neither can he. When it comes to his two family the world gas-mileage champion admits he never sees 20 miles per gallon in either one. THE CASSEROLE The laws of supply and demand don't seem to work when it comes to gold. Tons and tons of the stuff are dug up and added to the world's supply South Africa alone produces 800 or so tons each year and it's just about indestructible. Yet the price keeps going right now it's more than three times what it was a decade ago. First an inflation then an energy now a spaghetti crisis. Common Market countries have been ordered to exporting Italian pasta products outside the EEC because oTTtaly's worsening spaghetti caned by a world shortage of hard wheat. ____ Travelling grandmothers A grandmother who was taking a slingshot to a grandson in Denver as a was caught in an airport security check although she pointed out that she had no she was forced to check it at the baggage counter. No doubt the guards reasoned that anything is ammunition for a slingshot and grand- mothers are not always benign. By Brace syndicated commentator Of all the countries that are affected by the United States' economic Canada is the most vulnerable. Two- thirds of Canada's external trade is with the United States and exports provide a quarter of Canada's GNP. All of the old problems between the two countries re- main unsolved. in the always uneasy equation between continen- talism and Canadian there can be a better weight of argument from Canada's side about the terms on which it will allow its natural resources to be developed as the U.S. is desperate for our gas and power exports. In our dialogue with the United States there are con- cessions that Canada can con- sider. There must be real no one- sided submission by a junior partner. Their proposals should definitely exclude the raising of tourist tax-free allowances on purchases in the United States. That is a purely domestic matter which should not be subject to negotiation. the United States wants to sell more defence material to Canada reversing some useful advantages that were im- plemented back in the 1950s. Our choice of must be based on their intrinsic merit. In all of the settlements so far agreed between'the two countries in the past two the biggest triumph has been the continued floating of the Canadian dollar. In Canada's dollar has been maintained at its pre-1971 level in spite of a staggeringly favorable balance of payments over the interval. A floating dollar must be main- tained. Canadian manufacturing may once have been largely composed of branch plant heavily dependent on tariff protection. Much of it in metal fabrication and consumers' hardware com- petes on level terms throughout the world. Canadians feel aggrieved that the more advanced industrial plant and techniques must be Imported from south of the border. Instead of an agency screening foreign our government should monitor the trade practices of American parent companies to ensure their adherence to non-discriminatory trade practices that penalize Cana- dian subsidiaries. On Canada's part there should be ccnsWeraUon of the balance of dif- ficulties of the United States. The weakness of the United States' balance of payments position has made it in- creasingly difficult for the United States to give strong leadership in making further progress towards a liberal From antiquity to iniquity America has had enough punishment The real question is not what happens to Richard Nix- on but what happens to the United States. I am not for the ousting or resignation of the president if it would lead to serious set- backs in the conduct of our foreign policy or increase the drift to war. I am not for throwing Richard Nixon out of office if it would add to the danger of economic shock and dis- location. I am not for changing presidents when we know so little -about the man who would probably take his People talk of impeachment as though it were an open and shut and as though the only question were the direct involvement of the president in Watergate or its coverups. It's about time we con- sidered the nature of our society. We're not just a political assortment of Republicans and Democrats and independents. We're a composite subject to all the shocks and stresses that affect a single body. We are a free and powerful people but we are also highly vulnerable at key points in our makeup. A combination of ex- ternal and internal pressures at a critical moment could severely damaging. Despite all our vaunted we are held By Norman editor of Saturday together by the thinnest of membranes membranes easily ruptured by psy- chological shocks or economic strain Let's take an inventory. Begin with foreign policy. We don't have to blink our eyes at the terrible events in Indochina especially the un- authorized bombing of Cam- bodia and the lying about it to the American people in order to recognize the ex- istence of a positive chain of events. The war in Vietnam did come to an end. An unjust draft was eliminated. A grand design for a durable peace began to take shape with the approaches to the Soviet Union and China. The first major dividend of that grand design is now in evidence in the Middle East. Within 24 hours after the Egyptian'and Syrian armies attacked the United States and the Soviet Union could have collided. But the collision was averted because the problem had been fore- seen in direct discussions between Mr. Nixon and Mr. Brezhnev. Neither country set aside its vital but both countries acted to con- tain the eruptions and to ad- vance the prospects for settle- ment and stability. Henry Kissinger's feat in talking to both Israelis and Arabs and arranging for them to talk to each other is one of the outstanding chapters in re- cent diplomacy. I know some people say that if Richard Nixon is his successor would most certain- ly retain Henry Kissinger as secretary of state. This misses the point. With due respect for Henry he has been the representative of President Nixon. He helped prepare the ground for direct discussions between the president and the leaders of the Soviet Union and China. But only the presi- dent could bring the negotiations to a successful conclusion. I have no hesitation in giv- ing Richard Nixon credit for just as I have no hesitation in giving Richard Nixon blame for what his sub- ordinates have done in cover- ing up over Watergate. There is much more to the future of America than the final resolution of Watergate. There is the need to follow up on the present initiatives in the field of peace with a concerted and dedicated ef- fort to keep our planet from becoming uninhabitable. There is the need to protect the world's resources for the human good. There is the need to keep our military spending under control. No one can say that Richard Nixon will move imaginative- ly and resourcefully in all these fields. But I believe he sees his great role in history as a peacemaker. This is a good ambition for an American president to have. Impeachment is not the only recourse of the Congress in dealing with serious wrongdoing. It is within the scope of the Congress to cen- sure a president. Censure need not gloss over any of the events connected with Watergate or the coverups or the tapes or the shocking dis- missal of Archibald Cox or the oustings of Elliot Richardson and William Ruckelshaus. But there is no point in punishing the country itself with the kind of upheaval that would follow impeachment. We have had punishment enough. trading world. All of the nations of the Free World have a vetted Interest in out thii problem. Canada must assume a leading role in this pending business on the American trade front. There hat been a km of American competiUveneu in world markets and yet no one has been able to persuade the debtor the United that greater fiscal and monetary discipline must be restored by them. As a conse- there has been a con- tinuing outflow of United States dollars to pay for its ever-increasing imports. The United States' liabilities now far exceed its gold reserves and the United States has not kept faith with its creditors by maintaining the value of the dollar. In Canada's our U.S. dollar holdings reached more than billion last year and they are increasing by more than million per year. These reserves are a asset which Canada cannot use productively or cannot convert to any other currency or asset. All of the creditor nations must blow the whistle on the United States so that it overcomes its deficits and removes restrictions on inter- national trade. It will be a tricky and complicated business to work out world monetary reform but which has more at stake than must show its .statesmanship in this matter. The repercussions for Canada could be severe if failure it is to be hoped that our political leaders will now vie for atten- tion by producing some answers and leadership in a drive for world monetary reform. There must be in the works a wide definition of trade and investment relations between Canada and the United States. Should Canada relinquish its special borrowing privileges in the United States markets even if the provinces howl their heads off at losing access to the U.S. capital United States' demands for Canadian raw materials provide Canada with a great deal of leverage. We must fight off unfair demands from south of the border and prod the United States to put its own house in order. On the occasion when Bri- tain first sought entry into the European Common Mr. Diefenbaker offered violent objection and proposed means of closer economic co- operation between Canada and Britain. Canada now is in danger of slipping into the American economic a particularly dangerous course here when the United States' sphere is in danger of becom- ing a setting sun. Canadian political leaders surely must present some alternative to the North American continentalism which Canada fears when it despairs of any other choice. Lejtters to the Editor Defends reporter I feel the reporter who did that notorious bit on the Clareshoun coyote hunt has been the object of some un- deserved and belligerent criticism. I think be was out after a story and portrayed the events as he saw them. He was in all try- ing to portray the role of the heroes as dramatically and colorfully as possible. That they don't like the portrayal I find fascinating from past articles and headlines in The Herald regarding coyotes and other I find it very dif- ficult to believe that could possibly imagine that they are now trying to stir up sentiment in favor of the coyote. So don't knock the for portraying an event as it happened. HELEN SCHULER Lethbridge. Disenchanted a democracy of respect Objects to cartoon By Joseph syndicated commentator LONDON By all accounts Princess Anne and Captain Mark Phillips afford supreme examples of how un- interesting life can be. So what is the point of the enor- mous fuss that has been made over their The answer is partly escape from a grim present to the trappings of the medieval past Britain In Ruritania. But there it also the special feature that Is the hallmark of democracy in this country the dement of respect. Two more commonplace figures than the princess and the captain of cavalry have rarely gone down the aisle anywhere. Ttue couple are un- distinguished by wit or social concern. They are apparently deaf to music Mnd to art. A of i to be their only But the men who first went to the moon hardly command- ed more attention. The wedding day was a day off In the United and the BBC was nearly round the clock with coverage of the great event. middlebrow and lowbrow newspapers did special supplements replete with sach details as the names of the hones Vandyke and In the wedding cortege. At some of the excite- ment is the opposite of sow grapes. these U a country disenchanted. The imperial splendors of yore are gone forever. Membership In the European Common Market Dai so far yielded chiefly higher taxes. running it something like nine per cent Is as anal Hlaiiw had nivi and tMm good guys the sense of expec- tations disappointed. One consequence is a crippl- ing wave of strikes. The coal miners have been balking at overtime and so are the engineers who do electrical maintenance. The lights may not be hot there are power cuts all over Britain. In this time of annoyance and it is especially tempting to escape to fairyland. The royal wedding with its elaborate ritual of glamorous pageantry wai just the thing to stir memories of put glories. But something deeper than cold comfort runs between the British public and the royal family. It ii quality par- ticularly striking to time of ui who come from the egalitarian democracy of the United when ao authority for and populists eat elites breakfast every morning. Democracy in Britain goes hand in hand with privilege. There is not only a royal fami- ly but a serried array of visi- ble eminences and superiorities. Class distinc- tions are not merely the gleam in the eye of sociology. Snobbery really is the British disease. Over the centuries privilege has beta powerfully broaden- ed and extended. In and even more In every Jack his the rights of Sir John. That is why Britain shines so brightly in such matters as tolerance for civil liberties and fair criminal procedures. It is a democracy of and there lies the logic of the tremendous fuss made the other day over tht royal cou- ple that Is so ordinary. I object to the cartoon by Jackman on the day of the royal wedding. I am 77 years old and I suppose Mr. Jackman is a product of our latest era but The Herald is just as much to blame for publishing filthy stuff like this as he Is or more so. I have liv- ed under six served in both was for years in Canada's non-permanent and also have taken my part in civic organisations re live deplore seeing any newspaper publish a thing so much out of taste as this if you can call it that. I suggest that Mr. Jackman be told from me to and if he wants an I am still capable of giving him one personally. G. K. MAJOR RETIRED Canadian Infantry Corps. wherever I have and I. Lethbridge. The Lethbridge Herald CUM MM agMritton No. Tht Canadian Prw and ma Canadian Drily Nawspapar Pubwnan' Aatociation and tht Audit Buraau of CLEO W. Editor and PublMwr DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Aiaociata Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Paoa Editor HERALD SERVES THE ;