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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 20, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THS UTHBRIOGE HERAID Friday, November 20, 1970-------------------- Maurice Western Disaster in Pakistan The magnitude of tho disaster in East Pakistan is such lhat it is really incomprehensible. A kind ol numb- ness possesses most individuals as they try to grapple with a loss of lives mounting to hundreds of thous- ands, perhaps even millions. Fortunately not everyone is irnmo- blized by the horror in the situa- tion. Relief organizations have moved guickly to try to minister to _ the needs of the" survivors. Canadians will be grateful that their leaders in government, church, and other insti- tutions have been, among those re- sponding. Most people hare been unaware that the inhabitants of the Ganges Delta have long lived under the threat of flood. World Bank studies have shown what needs to be done to pro- vide some protection, but nothing has been done. A certain amount of criticism has already appeared in the world press regarding (lie failure of Pakistan to tackle the problem. It is recognized, of course, that Pakistan is a poor nation and unable to cope with its pressing needs. But (he costly war with India in 19G5 used up funds that would have paid for dykes clear across the Ganges, as one British paper notes. Failure the Pakistani Air Force to move its helicopters to assist in relief operations is bound to intensify the criticism. Complaints o.C resi- dents of East Pakislan that they have been neglected by a seeming- ly pro-West Pakistan government lake on added force as a conse- quence. If the death loll is as high as the estimates, relief needs may not prove to be the costly thing first ex- pected. This may be the time to rally world support for using some contributions to begin work on pre- ventive measures to save lives in the future. Doctors on hospital boards? It has not been traditional for doc- tors to serve on local hospital boards, undoubtedly because of the influence they might have to sway decisions and opinions. But James Henderson, provincial health minister, told the Alberta Hos- pital Association annual meeting re- cently, that a lew decisions and opin- ions from the medical authorities themselves through actual adminis- trative involvement might resolve some of the rising hospital costs, and develop improved use of hospital ser- vices. He indicated that inasmuch as any hospital revolves around, and is de- pendent on its medical staff, it is un- realistic not to include at least one doctor on every board and urged boards to consider this policy in fu- ture. In spite of their busyness, doctors would likely appreciate having a rep- resentative of their profession on lo- cal boards. They would have at least one voice giving the. professional as- pect to the many problems filtering around wards; overuse by some doc- tors of facilities, proper balance in assignment of beds, needed expan- sion in some services, curtailment in others; and the whole spectrum in- volving finances. Of course, there is always the pos- sibility that boards might feel that professional involvement might be- come professional interference' threatening their autonomy. Inas- much as the appointed doctor would represent one lone voice, the _ demo- cratic processes would not be in dan- ger. What should be considered is at- taining the highest efficiency in the management of hospitals, and includ- ing the medical personnel in this mat- ter sounds like a sensible and rea- sonable suggestion. "Pollution hysteria" Hon. A. R. Patrick, Alberta mines and minerals minister has accused the news media and that includes the TV, radio, of cre- ating pollution hysteria. He claims this form of mass nervous distur- bance is sweeping the country. Mr. Patrick may be more acutely aware of the peoples' mood than the news media are, but from this vantage point, there has been little evidence of widespread public interest let alone mass hysteria. Mr. Patrick suggests lhat prob- lems of the environment have not reached crisis proportions. How many fish have to die in polluted waters, how much mercury has to be poured into rivers, how much oil spilled in lakes and rivers, how much gaseous discharge has to mix with the air in the big cities, before a crisis is reached? And what could possibly be selfish about the motives of those who make the public aware of the danger to the ecology? It might be well to remind Mr. Patrick that fear of pollution is one of the best ways of attracting sup- port for anti pollution efforts. It is difficult to find justification for the statement that economic chaos may result from efforts to control the threat to the environment, but even if these highly generalized and ques- tionable remarks were correct, is economic chaos not preferable to the destruction of the environment? We have survived economic chaos before. But we cannot survive in a polluted world. overdue book problem By George Dew, Chief Librarian, Lcthbrige Public Library fiTOST of us are irked from time fa time by our friends, dear friends all, but most unreliable when it comes to return- ing the books they borrowed from us last May, or was it March? In other matters they may have a strict social conscience but when it comes to re- turning books, propriety takes a back seat. Multiply your irksome friends by a couple of hundred or more and you win produce the sort of problem existing at the public library. Our normal loan period is three weeks, certainly long enough to read most books, after which people pay a line of five cents a day for non-return. The non-returns are called overdues; we also apply the term to the non-returners. Public Library overdues fall into threa main groups. The largest group by fair is Iho "sur- prised" group. Time has overtaken them so quickly that they are a few days over- due. Most pay their fbies cheerfully but some feel cheated. A small section of ttie surprised are loath to pay the fine and return their books through the after-hours book slot at tho Central Library, or just dump their books on the counter and leave quickly. They show more surprise later when we broach the subject of unpaid fines. Some become indignant and deny the charge: both sides are embarrassed, of course, but we feel that all should pay or none. This little splinter group probably presents difficul- ties to all public servants. The second main group of overdues could be called the "cheerful They know tbsy are overdue, they are always overdue anti don'i expect them change. They arc cRim a week or more overdue on several books with a hefty fine to pay. The embarrassment, if any, is on on.- side; for relieving them of so much cash. However, they admit their error without being reminded, pay up will) smile and leave laler with another arm- ful ot books to become overdue. It would not help to increase the loan period. The cheerful chronics have then: counterparts in the "constant those who arrive five minutes before closing, whatever the closing hour. The third group of overdues really both- ers us. It comprises the not-so-cheerful chronics and their sub-group, the delin- quents. They don't bring back their books without a fight and with the delinquents the battle is long and hard. The books are usually a couple of nionflis overdue and the borrowers have had at least three reminders by telephone and-or by postcard. We feel then that we can justify the assumption lhat the books are lost, so we send a bill. This is fairly suc- cessful in clearing the problem but a hard core of resistance is left. give all sorts of excuses and prom- ise to bring the books back, and promise again. Eventually we may have to go and get our books. Some deny ever having the books in the first place. Some that they brought them back: on very rare occasions this turns out to be true. The Alberta Libraries Act has provision for prosecution but this is (he extreme step and has not, so far, been used in Lcth- bridge. Three or four years ago there were wholesale arrests lo shake up Hie delin- quents in a U.S. city: Pour cncouragcr les mitres one supposes, but. there a terrific to-do about it. How bad is our overdue problem? Bail enough in that it gives us a nasty hesd- ache now and again. By comparing our revenue from fines that of other cities, not so bad as sonic. By relating (he cost of dealing with the problem, including the books we never get back, to revenue from fines in Iwelve months it has evenly balanced at about it would seem tolerable. Absence from House a Friday complaint? The Trudeau Km'- crnmcnl, alter livo rela- tively serene Parliamentary years, was given a sharp re- minder recently that a carcfroo majority is no guarantee against sudden ambush. Fortunately for the ministers, many of whom were on their travels, it was not high noon in the Commons; merely a some- what embarrassing episode lhat turned into a comedy ot errors. But this happy outcome, bring- ing embarrassment to tho con- servatives in turn, was not at- tributable to good management it was dus simply to the fact that the opposition could not have anticipated the plight of the government and were not in a position to exploit their sudden opportunity. Mr. Trudeau operates on a rota system wliicli was intro- duced without the consent oC other parties and has never ceased to lie an opposition grie- vance. It usually surfaces now- adays when ministers who are supposed to be on House duly are otherwise engaged. Some- .times they are represented by 'acting ministers, sometimes by their Parliamentary secretaries but in either case a member seeking information obtains lit- tle satisfaction beyond the stan- dard assurance that his ques- tion has been noted and will be drawn to the attention of the minister on Ms return. On Friday Robert Slanfield, gazing across the chamber, found himself confronted with a vast expanse of empty min- isterial benches. There was no prime minister and no House Leader (Mr. MacEachen being absail through There was no sign ot the ministers who normally answer questions about the situation in Quebec. Most of the ministers in charge ot the major economic depart- ments were also otherwise en- gaged. Of the 30 who serve, two thirds were elsewhere. Mr. Stanfield entered a for- mal protest. He then attempt- ed one or two questions which produced various disarming re- marks from a parliamentary secretary but nothing much in the way ot definitive answers. Further questions, now direct- ed to the whereabouts of the ministers, disclosed that Arthur Laing, minister of public works was acting for Mr. Trudeau. Mr. Laing, an experienced and widely popular minister, at- tempted to pour oil on troubled waters. On this occasion, how- ever, the opposition was not to be calmed. Sensing an opportunity, Stan- ley Knowles moved that tho House go on to government bus- iness. This being re'nswl the opposition demanded a formal division. The question was pure- ly procedural; in no way com- parable to the 1968 vote which brought the defeat of a tax bill. But a reverse, even on such an issue, would have been an ob- vious rebuke to the government and damaging to its prestige. In fact the ministry was nev- er in danger. Only 79 Liberals answered the bells but the vole was anti climactic because the combined opposition could arouse only 42. The members to Mr. Speak- er's left then fell silent while question period was taken over "Jhtst ccjsetfy Mug out f Sere in the Held ain't no scare- ciw it's hippie son.'" "I'd like tts jirfforfuee fo leader of our 'New Conjciomnesj' group, b exclusively by Liberals, Not all the questions carried tho stamp of urgency; some were found defective by the chair; but a few were pertinent enough or pointed enough to test tho skill ot the ministers and to per- mit them at the same time to make invidious comparisons at the expense of tho opposition. As matters turned out there- fore, the backbenchers did a creditable job of rescuing the ministers. Even so that Fri- day's performance was not one lo justify any preening of Uie government's feathers. Mr. Tra- deau set out to improve the efficiency of Parliament, It is not likely to become more effi- cient if the ministers, marked for duty on the official roster, are not available to answer questions or if adequate Cab- inet representation can be se- cured only by some opposition manoeuvre which sets the bete ringing in the Parliamentary corridors. There is rather more to this, however, than apportionment of Haras. The figures tell their own story about House of Com- mons attendance. Certainly members have duties which fre- quently keep them out of tho chamber. But in this ease less than half the membership was available on the call of the whips. By long tradition Friday Is a slim day in the House. was not, however, an ordinary Friday because the business of the day was the Public Order (temporary measures) Act which is to replace the War Measures Act as the source of the emergency powers now_re- quired. According to all parties, lliis is business of quite unusual importance; furthermore there was at least some expectation, encouraged by the attitude of Mr. Stanfield, that It would come to a vote before the eve- ning adjournment. In any event amend meats of importance awaited disposal. Speeches are important but votes are crucial unless they SBsm likely to occur on Fri- days in the House of Commons. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Colin Legiun Support of just rebellion given by churchmen TONBON "VIOLENCE IN SOUTHERN AFRICA" a report by a working party of the British Council of Churches (BCC) and the Conference of British Missionary Societies (CBMS) is as remarkable for what it says as for the men who wrote it. Nor is it surprising that their conclusions should havs led to a sharp, brief upheaval inside British church circles. But tile story of this remarkable docu- ment is by no means over. Briefly, this is its history, so far. About two years ago, the Rev, H. Elliott Kendflll, the Africa Secretary of the CBMS, fell the need io consider the Church's attitude to questions pressing more and more on mission- aries, not only in Africa hut throughout the modern world. What should their altitude bo to violence, and to violent move- ments often led by Chris- tians? Is violence always inevit- able, and always evil? Where does the Church stand in rela- tion to revolution? 2s it funda- mentally anti revolutionary? For missionaries these ques- tions are no longer theoretical; they are crowding in on them as part of their practical work. To find answers to these ques- tions a working party was set up jointly by the CBMS and the BCC. Their findings, when they emerged, were thought lo be too controversial to place be- fore the BCC conference more especially, perhaps, at a time when the Archbishop of Canterbury was about to set off for a month's visit to South Africa and when British politi- cal opinion is so polarized over the controversy of arms for South Africa. The mib of the working party's findings lies in a stogie paragraph: "We are well awara lhat armed resistance to a Gov- ernment involves inescapable Buffering for many people and the apparent ruin of many lives. In spite of the great moral difficulties, fighting for a just cause has been generally ac- cepted by the Christian con- science if certain conditions are fulfilled. The action of those in rebellion, as of those at war, must be subject to moral judg- ment, both as to means and as to objects. Those who are them- selves in comfort and security cannot urge armed rebellion on others who would thereby face death or life imprisonment. Nor can they preach patient endur- ance of a suffering they do not have to bear. But there can ba a just rebellion as well as a just war, and we cannot sin- cerely withhold support from those who have decided to facn tile certain suffering involved in such rebellion." Reactions to danger By Don Oakley, NBA Service TIURRICANE Camille, which roared out of the Gulf of Mexico on the night of Aug. J7, 1969, was one of the most powerful storms ever to strike the U.S. coastline. to the Gulf Coast strip which caught the hurricane'a f u 11 fury, 146 persons died and 28 others are still listed as miss, ing. More than people fled to safety. Most homes and businesses were damaged or destroyed. Yet one of the most puzzling questions left in the wake of the storm was why perhaps 28 per cent of the people in that area chose to ignore Weather Bureau pleas to evacuate. Two members of the Missis- sippi Slate University Science Research Center tried to find out why. Sociologists Dr. Ken- neth P. Wilkinson and Peggy J. Ross interviewed 3IM heads of households in a 45-mile rib- bon of shoreiand where Camille did her worst. Of the 384 people, 10? chose lo cut ilic 'hurricane, even though they were generally an older, stable, well. educated and experienced population, aware that (he hurricane was classified as "extremely dan- gerous." Tile sociologists suggest that some of the hesitation about leaving may have been because people didn't know their home's height above sea level, even though most of them had lived in the area for years, and couldn't judge the danger of a 20-foot tidal surge. Another pos- sible reason was "an ill-de- fined fear" lhat iheir aban- doned homes would be looted. One altitude difficult lo mea- sure was fatalism among the elderly. A few people expressed the feeling that if the hurri- cane took their homes and be- longings, (hey would just as .soon go, too. In other words, the sociolo- gists wound up with more ques- tions than answers about why different people behave differ- ently during a time of common Thirteen men signed this re- port; they represent an inter- esting cross section of opinion. The chairman was Philip Ma- son, better known to many as Philip Woodruff, a former mem- ber of the old Indian Civil Ser- vice, about which he wrote two brilliant boaks THE GUAR- DIANS and THE FOUNDERS. He is now working on a a study of that remarkable in- stitution, the Indian Army. Mason, now 64, was a pillar of the old colonial establish- ment. He became interested in Africa in fee 1950s when his im- agination was fired by the crea- tion of the Central African Fed- eration. But after spending sev- eral years in the territory col- lecting material for a book, RHODESIA THE BIRTH OF A DILEMMA, he decided that the Federation was a great mis- take because it sought to im- pose white minority rule over a great black majority. He then set himself the task of creating an Institute of Eace Belations in London to study problems of raea and color. H has become an important British institution, and Mason has become an auth- ority on questions of race. His latest book, 'PATTERNS OF RACE DOMINATION, made a major continuation in this field. The initiator of the pro] c c t, Elliott Kendall, worked in Chi- na before spending 30 years in Kenya (1957-67) where he lived through the Mall Man rebellion, the death-throes of the old set- tler colonial society, and tlia birth pangs of Jomo Kenyat- ta's new Republic. The Rev. Paul Oestreichcr was born a German Jew in Vienna, coming as a refugee to Britain where he first worked for the British Broadcast i n g Corporation Later.he be- canis an Anglican priest, and is now Director of Training in the London diocese of South- wark. He vorkcd for years as the British Council of Churches' expert on East European af- fairs, and is especially noted for Ms dialogues with Marxists. Tom Baird spent 23 years in Rhodesia working as a Metho- dist missionary. He is now a minister in Manchester. Ronald K, Orchard, a 60-year-old Con- gregational minister, is the gen- eral secretary of the influential Conference of British Mission Societies, which brings him closely in touch with affairs in Africa. He is a wise and solid man. Clifford J. Parsons spent al- most 20 years as a Baptist mis- sionary in Angola where he came to know, and in fact taught, many of the present leaders of the Angola liberation movements. Ho now holds a key post with the Baptist Mission- ary Society in London. Canon H. K. Syderiham is an Anglican who spent 28 years (1939-1967) as a missionary in Kenya where he witnessed the whole development of a peace- ful African people turning first bureaucrat serving as execu- tive secretary of the Interna- tional Affairs Department of both the BCC and the CBMS. Kenneth H. Johnstone is the chairman of the International Affairs Dept. of both BCC and the CBMS. He is a career diplo- to the violence of Mau Mail and mat, experienced af- thsn, after independence under fairs, who on his retirement ac- came active as a lay Anglican the steadying influence of Ken- yatta, returning once again to peace and co-operating with those white settlers who tad chosen to make their homes there. The Hev. Arthur W. Blazall is one of the great unsung heroes of modern Christianity. Now in Ms 80s, but still working as a parish priest when opportunity offers, he spent 43 years in South Africa. There he did out- standing pioneering work, first for the deaf and later for the blind. When he was 70 he was arrested anc1 imprisoned by the South African police for alleg- edly acting as a courier for members of the banned Afri- can Congresses. The messages he carried were, in fact, private communi- cations to the famEies of exiled politicians, a number of whom he had known as children and had helped through their school- ing. The Rev. Hugh E. Wilcra is a representative of the young Chrislian movement, still only 32 he is a young ecumenical in Church work. Finally, Ihere were Hires Al- ricsn members of the working party. Two of them are South African exiles Picton Mbatha, who is a Methodist lay preach- er, and Walter Makhulu, an parish priest in South London. The third, Matthew Wa- katena is a Rhofcsian who studied in England and is now a lecturer at the University of Zambia. These 13 men cover half a century of experience in Africa and the East, as well as in Eastern Europe. They have liv- ed with rebellion and revolu- tion; they have known the ugly face of violence and of repres- sion. Whatever the final verdict on their findings about the nature of the problems in southern Af- rica and of ths right Christian answer to those problems, at least nobody can accuse them of either not knowing, or of not caring. (Written for The Herald ami The Observer, London) Looking backward THHOUGH THE HERALD 1828 Macleod is to be in the movies. Halph .Connor's popular novel "Corporal Cam- eron" will be filmed there, complete with a train robbery, Indians and the RNWMP. 1930 Compact bungalows are being built in the city by Mr. George Williamson that will sell for 1340 The city solicitor has advised that council had no power to regulate the time of milk delivery. It was suggested lhat the men get together and form some arrangement for carrying out their desires, which are no deliveries before 7 a.m. from Sept. 1 lo Apr. 20 and before 5 a.m. on the other months. ]95J According lo officials al CJOC, a television station in Lethbridge would bo feasible, but a costly undertaking. Ini- tial cost of such a project would be between and MGO Heavy rains, sleet snowstorms and snowslides marked winter's first real on- slaught on southern Alberta and southeastern British Co- lumbia. Herai4 504 7th St. S., Lcthbridgc, Alberta LETHBR1BGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published W-1954, by Hon. W, A, BUCHANAN Second Class Mat! Registration No. 0012 Member of Tfie Canadian Press and tfts Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of CtEO W. MOWERS, EeHlnr and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALI.A WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F, MILES DOUGLAS K, WALKER Advertising Manager Psga Sailer "THE HERAIB SERVES THE SOUTH" ;