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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 20, 1912, Lethbridge, Alberta DAILY HKRALD FOR THE MEN ON THE SOIL Talks on Agriculture CROP ROTATION One of the Essentjals to Sue Farming Any farmer Interested in prope agriculture ought to study and fami larlze himself with the underlying principles of what is termed crop rotation. It is all very well to be tolc that so and -so you must do; but with out at the same time furnishing the reasons why, we shall remain unable to make the necessary deductions .un -der varying conditions and to thus apply intelligently the Information ob It is the relation betweej Important for without such knowledge every matter In what line of prac tical merely a matter Here it U where the necessity of the much scoffed at "theory" comes in; and to brief sketch of the theories concerning crop-rotation is the main object, of this article. The wonderful practical benefits to be derived from this.principle is an established fact biit to-create'A true comprehension oJ Its Importance an explanation Is es and for that reason prove In- Sold-by'all good dealers. D. O. ROBLIN, Toronto, Sole Agent in Canada. EX-PRESIDENT MANUFACTURERS' ASSOCIATION RECEIVES RE- MAN QUITS THE LEGISLATURE Ottawa, .Nov. is understood senatc arc all well 'known in the in- political life of Canada. Mr. Curry is head the Caiiiiria Car and Foundry company, and otic of tlic founders of the Rhodes and Curry Car Works. He was presi- 'dent of the Canadian Manufacturers' association last year. Mr. Dennis is editor of tho Halifax Herald. JUr. Ross is a promincny lawyer ot Alirldlctnn, formerly of Halifax. Mr.i Oirrior is a lawyer and local meinter j for Anlifrnnish. air. McKay was SCHRANK IS INSANE at a'cabinet meeting lodav ti-c Eol- "lcr of oppbsition in Ihc lowing new appointed fjco.tla. slaturc- Mr. Murphy .Milwaukee, Nov. A commission of five alienists who examined into the mental condition ol" John Schrank, who shot Colonel Roosevelt, to- day reported to Judge Backus, finding Sou rank insane. He consequently will not be tried, but will be committed to- Oshkosh, Wis., asylum for life. anolhcr Physician and in place of Ihnlate Kcnalor McKav teresting. cultivation, and a means of maintain- ing, -utilizing.and increasing the fer- By the term, in sense, we understand growing different crops fronr one year to another upon a given field thus avoiding that the same kind-of same family ,-ot being raised continuous, ly on the same piece of land. Crop-rotation simply means the classification of crops according to their habits of growth and methods of cultivation and regular change in the order of their growth. Thus crops are classified as: 1, grain crops; 2, legumesj 3, grasses, and 4, roots or any other ,crop requiring Intertlllage. It'is the proper combination of. theae four classes of crops in such a man- ner as to provide for the food pro- ducts required on the farm, without depleting the natural productiveness, that results iu increased'returns from the soil. And now let us see what these -dif- ferences in the habits of growth and characteristics consist in: 1. Deep-rooted plants have a bene- ficial effect on the physical condition of the soil, because they are capable of securing food and moisture from subsoil at comparatively great and by introducing air into the deep layers increase, fermentation or bacterial action, resulting in great- er warmth of the soil, decomposition IK hastened and available plant-food drawn up into the surface soil, where ether plants, more shallow-rooted, will benefit thereby. Legumes and roots, for instance, strike -deeper than the cereals. 2. Then we have the difference in tho dissolving capacity of the roots of the different plant-groups. Tiie plant, for instance, deprives the soil of .comparatively little nutritivi substances, yet it can thrive on rich soil in easily soluble plant food, owing to the limited dissolving capacity of the roots. This explains the seemingly opposite observations made as to whether continuous flax cropping exhausts the soil rapidly, as was recently mentioned by somebody in the Herald: It all 'depends upon the supply of humus or easily solu- able pla-iH-fond. 3. Another factor of importance Is the quantity and proportion of the crop remaining upon the soil ready to bo turned under by the plow (roots and The grain crops have fibrous roots, feed close to the sur- face and are almost entirely removed green or ripe, a difference well worth remembering; experiments have thus proved that when a ripe crop of oala left but 34 per "cent, root remains, a similar crop of green-cut oatg would leave 70 per cnni (while clover crop would leave much UB 11-1 per cent of nutritive elements, owing to Us ability to absorb nitrogen from the air and store it in the The difference is due to the circumstan- ces, that by the ripening a great portion of plant-food Is drawn up from the roots into the green parts to be utilized In the seed formation. Grasses and leguminous crops through the development. of crown and add materially to th vegetable matter of the soil and a'r classed as humus-buiidors. Crops be lohglag to group ,4 uotatoe and on-account of frequent til! ege and consequent rapid, flecomposi tion, quickly reduce the amount o vegetable matter in the soil, (mil'are therefore :said to destroy Then we hare the all-imporla-n weed question. .The cultivation o; lioed crops tends to tree the land from weed, partly through their shad owing capacity, partly through the lerslsteh't tillage during the season Where on the other hand, grain Is raised year after.'year, the land be comes full of weed. The and legumes have just the opposite effect, 'while the latter also enrich the soil' in nitrogenous plant-food. 5. Then must 'be mentioned plant- dlBeases, which our cultivated crops are heir to, either in the form of para- sitlc animals (insects) or plants As the same disease gener- ally attacks but the same, or closely related, plants, it is evident why the >est remedy against them frequently consists -in, changing plants, go that the same kind of crop does not re- turn till the disease-germs in the sell are destroyed from absence of any suitable .host. In carrying out the method of ro- atioir we simply adhere to a prin- ciple followed by Nature herself, with ho difference that plant-mixture here akes its place. Coupled with the advantages above nentlcned, .which will invariably re- ult in larger yield.and preservation of, the soil-fertility, the more even iistribution of labor throughout the ear, the less .expensive handling of To the Electors'of the J City ofLethbridge 1 am oll'cring mj'self us a candidate for dermtiuio honors iu (he forthcoming miini--) oipal election for these reasons: I am an absolute, belicvsr irt tiie straight commission form of governmeiit7 i with the initiative, referendum and recall. am convinced that the ap- pointment, of an .independent hoard of police 2 commissioners is an immediate and absolute necessity in this city. -i In my judgment the most, important workV for (he council of J9i3, will be the carrying out of the above named reforms. if elected I shall serve the interests of tho citi- Kens with as much -energy and intelligence as- I apply to niy own business. "j If this statement of my views and positions appeals to your good j udgment I ask for your support in my campaign and your vote on J election clay. L ASQUITH I says Miss Melva lona Gregory of 11 Suirayside Farm, a yriter for Southern Rurallst. "For Instance, mj Mother has two relatives who hec name, a. not unusual occurrence In old 'amities. Sometimes It was very an- raying each of them when their fitters were opened by the wrong one. To ftTpfd this confusion the came of our farm included In her addren gives the carrier a clue. If this is done he never .makes a mistake. Often In com- nunltles there are Smiths and. Jones and numerous others with the same name or initials, which confuse a stranger Inquiring the way. If It was 'ones 'of 'The Maplen.'or Smith of how much easier to di- rect him to the right place. the farmer has anything to advertise, It furnishes a much moie attractive advertisement, One'Which vlll catch the eye better. A few years ago we raised blooded beagles. For mr letter heads we used a picture of he tiny mother with babies, he crops, etc., and'you have a sug- under )t nw. of g of the yalue of crop-rotation. SMe.' You readilv oeo what a fetching from the land ft harvesting. The roots and a small amount of the stubble arc returned to 'the soil, that the amount of vegetable matter is not seriously depleted; they arc therefore said to be neutral as to the effect on the humus-contents of the soil. Here It makes some differ- ence whether .the crop is hurveiUed Dr. 1'. U. ilurphy, of nlsh, P.l-M., in place oil-he laic Sen-! iitnr Fergn.son. The six elevated to the MAT OF THE-LAST GREAT BATTLE OF WAR Is the gentlest, mildest and most effective of all tonic laxatives. It makes the act right. Two Sizes; 25c. and 60c, All Druggists. 5 It will not be ainlss, however, to out.that if there Is anything In he practical farming business that equires -study.'ahd thoroughness- il s the selection of the most desirable system of- rotation. For there are many with they- advan tages and disadvantages, all more or less adaptable to the different condi- tions. "True" rotation means .a mode of cultivation whereby we never permit two crops of the same kind to follow each other on the same piece oE land, 'with perhaps clover or alfalfa as an exception. But in many cases it preferable to combine this form' of rotation with two or more years of successive crops or cultivated hay-crop. In this way has been cre- ated a great number of "composite ro- tation" methods. As an illustration j I may give the following examples: j True rotation-. I, roots; 2, grain 3, clover; Vgrain. Grain rotation: 1, grain; 2, fallow 3, grain; 4, 5, roote; 6, grain; 1, clover. Meadow rotation: grain, roots grain, meadow meadow, mea dow, meadow, meadow. The grain rotation method is fre- quently adopted in districts formerly exclusively grain producing, while the meadow rotation is frequently preferred in districts where exclusive hay .productica had gained foothold As this question Is of great practical interest it will receive further com- ment in a separate article. GIVE THE FARM A NAME Every dry-farmer should name farm, and it is a wise and Iko farmer who has his stationery printed with his own name, big name, and Its location. Up-to-dtito fetehrng name it gave us for her. UndouD-tedly it brought us business. We'alao. use it In our poultry business with results. "Aside from 'business; arid T kqow from 'experience that it helpa there, there is something delightfully; fas- cinating about a named farm. Who of iiu Is there who does not like to be asked to visit at 'Rose Hill' or 'The Cedars'? Doesn't It sound more Jnvlt Ing than just to say 'Uome to our place some It does, to me. I do no like the peculiar meaningless names used by -some. It is. best 'to study your place, and a rule It will be founc that there la some one name that Jusl fits It. "One farm I know !a called 'Spring Hill.' There la a spring; blgh.up era a iiill close to where the house stands, from which it takes tbojpame. other to an old but none the less beautiful name. Through this farm a stream flows; 'Another old name is 'Forest the house Is near the woods. 'Cedar Hill' has num- erous cedars surrounding the house, which is on a hill. 'Valley View' as the name tells, has a beautiful view down the valley. On 'Breezy Heights' there was always a breeze. .Other pretty names are 'Willow High- 'River- side' and 'Shadynook.' "Study your farm and Its location carefully before selecting a name. Do not name it 'Tanglewo'od1 there Is no tangle of nature In her riotous beauty near by, or 'The Elms' ,If there is one lone elm in your yard and none on the farm. "The farm name should be with your own on the mail box and again in an arch over the barn lot gate is an at- tractive way. In passing through the country when we come to >a place of this kind, naturally we feel that 'there Is ability and push about its owners. "Let me urgp again that you do this, and T, know it will pay in more R, 1 EIECIRIC mm: _______ WILL END KEEN COMPETlTlOJ AND GREATLY CHEAPEN COST OF MANAGEMENT London, Nov 20 Sir Edmimi Spencer, chairman of ths undeigroun railway, nab announced a huge tion amalgamation, bringing one control three electric lira underground, the central, Lonlo and Ihc citv and Southern tonslo tubes, together with two surface companies and one omnibus, compiu; The varioiii, services will feed rii nnotlier and end keen competition The combined capitalization ot lVf L'eutinl London and the UH) .nil South London companies is JSC.liii DOO ASQUITM'S COMFORTABLE London, MAJORIT> in The Jlcuse o: Commons by a vote of 31S to 207 ad opted tonight the new financial resolii tion o[ the Honie Rule Bin: Thin re' places tho resolution defeated era No veniber 11. ivaya 'than one." i' FATAL KICK FROM A HORSE Sarnia, Nov. 19. Rev. T, R_. "Shear- er, pastor of the Presbyterian Church, methods bring the best results, and, a! Camlnchle and AberaTdar.'came to success comes to Mm who .guudenly tfa. morning, as A named farm fa a credit to the coin.) a a kick from his horsa. He m unity; visitors are told all Vi'.c cerlouc fighting of'the Balkan war tending cliEcjcnally trcni biac.-. Scu likely I..KC uiato .-.round Tclutalja, and tnc line of forces ox- 1 The Turks arc holding very icnaclouily to their j and tho enterprise of Its owner, and, they are usually driven over to In- It not only advertises a community, but It Instils pride and push lu'to Us owner, who Invariably becomes one of the shining example" Tbc custom of naming; Iff not a new one, but beslnnlng to become popular. The trend of the brains, energy and suc- cess of the modern .farmer who ii making by dry-farming methods ,a liv- ing and a fortune on lond for a cen- tury regarded of cnl- tlvalioin all combine to demand the dlwllnct deslgiintion of every farm. "Our farm hiis been nnmed since 1 was letting tho horse out of the barn when the 'animal kicked and struck him on tbe cjiln. His son, Howard, a child of leyen witnessed the ac- cident, and ran to the hpuso aijd told what had pcourred. Mrs; Shcart7-ran nut.'at missd her from the ground, 'where he was lying- McGregor Brown was sent for, but. the unfortunate cler- gyman was dead before he arrived. Deceased leaves a wife, four daugh- ters and one son to mouvn his tragic death, also two brothers, John, in the CtvlI-ServlcQ at Ottawa, and William, EUporlntendcnt or a mission at Cal- vary, formerly of Lethnrkljje. The funeral will lake place at Ottawa, his boyhood home. Mr. Shearer has il sinnll child, and WQ find it very! hern Iiere two years and a half, and s. hut ccvsral of the forts have been taken and t'.v.l Bulgarians show signs, of netting round the north end. 'convenient in more ways than wns about fifty yearn of Tfi the Electors of the City of LADIES AND GENTLEMEN: At the reqnest'of a large number of rate- payers, I have decid- ed to allow my name to stand for Alder- man. I respectfully sol- icit your support influence iu the forth- coming elections. If you see fit to elect me 1 will use my best ability in the in- terests this city. Yours respectfully, A. OLSON ;