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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 19, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 6 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, November 19, Lawrence Lamb M.D. Dear Dr. Lamb Would you kindly explain the symp- toms of emphysema and how they affect a person suffering from that malady? Also, is it diagnosed by X-ray only? And, are there any medications that afford some relief? I un- derstand that to date no per- manent cure has been found' for this illness Dear Reader We go through semantic manipula- tion about as often in medicine as clothing styles change. So, emphysema no longer means the same thing to all doctors. The original word comes from Greek and means "an inflation I suppose you could say we have emphysema of our economy these days. Most doctors still use the term for lung disease that causes distention or inflation of the air sacs. Your lungs are a collection of tiny air sacs that function to a large extent like a collection of tiny balloons And, they are also elastic When you let your breath out their normal elasticity squeezes the air out of the lung, much the same way an inflated balloon shoots air out when you open it. The overinflation of the lung can occur from loss of the nor- mal elasticity of the tiny air sacs. Or, it can occur from long-standing obstruction to the outlet of the air sacs that eventually connect to your large windpipe Anything that obstructs the normal outflow of air from the lung can contribute to the gradual development of a per- sistently overmflated or emphysematous lung. This includes infections and irritants (particularly cigarette smoke and other pollutants) The loss of normal lung function from emphysema is gradual. At the beginning it may not cause any noticable symptoms. It gradually sneaks up on a person. A long standing cough from chronic infection may or may not be present, or a person may have a cigarette hack At rest the person may not notice anything new He is literally able to supply only enough ox- ygen for his body at rest. Often the first signs are decreased exercise tolerance. He may get tired and short of breath with exertion that used to be no problem This symp- tom progresses so that with less and less effort he gets breathless and fatigued. Finally he may have enough iung changes to cause shortness of breath even while sitting Cough and related problems vary, depending on whether there is an infection or not, or irritation from pollutants. In advanced cases the circulation is also affected. This may cause a blue color of the lips There is a lot you can do for emphysema if you start soon enough. First on the list is to eliminate tobacco smoke and other pollutants. You can't do much for the guy who won't quit smoking. If there is a chronic infection causing secretions that block the air way, these should be eliminated by treatment. Sometimes special techniques are used to moisturize and clean up secretions blocking air passages. Then there are some medicines that can be used to help relax the air passages, these are the same or similar to those used in treating an asthma attack But the one thing the patient can do, and his doctor can't do it for him, is to avoid cigarette smoke and polluted air. Send your questions to Dr. Lamb, in care of this new- spaper, P.O. Box 1551, Radio City Station, New York, N.Y. 10019. For a copy of Dr. Lamb's booklet on ulcers, send 50 cents to the same address and ask for the "Ulcers" booklet. Flashback By THE CANADIAN PRESS 1863 Abraham Lincoln delivered Gettysburg address. 1887 The ship, W. A. Scholten, collided in English Channel; 134 died. 1947 Lieut. Philip Mount- batten, the Queen's husband, created Duke of Edinburgh. 1954 The DEW line jointly announced in Washington and Ottawa. Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. GOREN AND OMAR SHARIF 1974 Th. Chicago Trlbun. Both South deals. NORTH K109 J105 WEST EAST 4 2 A Q 7 6 3 WA3 SOUTH J85 AQ97 AQ10 The bidding: South West North East 1 NT Pass 2 Pass 2 Pass 3 NT Pass Pass Pass Opening lead: Ten of 9. As a rule, it is correct to return partner's suit when defending against a no trump contract However, rules are made to he broken, nnd there are times when it is obvious that partner's suit holds no future. Then is the time to strike out for greener pastures. North South conducted an orderly auction to reach game in no trump. North first tried Stayman in case his partner held a four-card heart suit, though many players would simply have raiser] to three no trump. With perfectly balanced dis- tribution and overall strength, i? seems unlikely that four hearts would he superior 1o three no trump South denied holding a major suit and North went to game. When dummy came down. East took time out before playing to the first trick. Based on the auction and his own holding. East realized that his partner would have little to contribute to the de- fense. If South had the abso- lute minimum of 16 points. West could have at most 4 points; it was far more likely that West had no more than 3. Even if West held the king of hearts, that suit offered no prospects, for West would then never be able to regain the lead to cash any heart tricks that could be established. East's spade holding over dummy's king offered a far more promising source of tricks. If West had an entry, the spade suit could be de- veloped for four tricks, since the auction marked declarer with no more than three spades. Thus. West had at least a doubleton in the suit. Since this was the only real prospect of defeating the hand. East won the ace of hearts and shifted to a low spade- Declarer won in dum- my with the nine, and could now count eight winners- one spade, three hearts, one diamond and three clubs. The ninth trick had to come from the diamond suit, so de clarer ran the jack of dia monds. West won the king and returned his remaining spade. No matter what card declarer pJayrd from dum- my. East would be able to cash four spade tricks for a 'wo tnrk set. Your horoscope By Jeane Dixon WEDNESDAY, NOV. 20 Your birthday today: Your view of the world widens with this year's experience. Doing your thinking becomes imperative but carried too far, it will hinder your ability to accept advice. Since you're forced to rely on your own resources, daily medita- tion for guidance brings need- ed balance. Today's natives are humane, sincerely dedicated to their chosen work and willing to struggle against great odds. ARIES (March 21-April It's in your best interest to say "no" even if it sets off dis- cord. Explanations make matters worse for the mo- ment there'll be another time with a more receptive audience. TAURUS (April 20-May If you've "done your homework" and checked each item, you can make a sharp advance and sign for a better deal Action is preferable to words, but both need deliberate self-restraint. GEMINI (May 21-June Take precautions to offset your tendency to be dis- tracted. An attempt to over- come monotony could lead to outbursts that attract unkind remarks Don't be hasty or impatient. CANCER (June 21-JuIy Have the patience to ride the day out in peace. Leave the bickering and competition to others. Find some pet project you can manage single- handedly with confidence. LEO (July 23-Aug. If you find serenity within yourself, the rest of the world's complaints won't stir a furious reaction from you. News runs to extremes, but is incomplete. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. Follow the rules and tiauitiuimi methods to bypass hazards. Be alert for any feature that's out of line small mistakes soon expand into big ones. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. Speculation or amusement of any sort generates odd expen- ditures. Leave financial negotiations for next week, but go ahead with the preliminaries. SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. Let others be critical. Play it safe by keeping your com- ments to yourself until you see the entire plan. If you must travel, go early or late to avoid congestion. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22- Dec. You'll be way ahead if you can take the rest of the week off. Let others take the burden to learn something from it. Line up your ac- counts; know where you stand. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. What you do today has future repercussions. Distorted facts, disagreeable people don't affect your work. The main energies are within yourself and await construc- tive application. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. You're too quick to make judgments now. Hold back and don't be so harsh toward people you need to hold onto. Machines are erratic stay clear of them. PISCES (Feb. 19-March Secret deals are difficult and will probably be exposed early and embarrass all in- volved Any strong opinion draws an answer Ask Andy MIRRORS Andy sends a complete 20 volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Karen Binns, age 12, of Florence, S.C., for her question- How do they make mirrors? A mirror works because its smooth shiny surface bounces back the light. All sorts of shiny surfaces can perform this trick. For example, you can look down and see your face reflected from a quiet pool of water. However, the best kind of mirror is a sheet of glass, backed with several layers of dark material to stop the rays of light from passing through. A good mirror is made from the very best glass and the dark material on the back is applied by experts. Actually, the basic job of mirror mak- ing sounds simple and quite easy. However, the work must be done with perfect precision, for every detail must be smoothly in place. A mirror maker starts out with a thick sheet of sturdy plate glass. He checks to see that it is free from flaws and then polishes the surface to shiny perfection. Usually the backing is a thin layer of silver, and this is applied in a roundabout way. First, the glass is coated with a thin layer of tin chloride, then rinsed to remove any loose, flaky fragments. Next, the surface is coated with a solution of silver salts and a chemical miracle occurs. Molecules in the first layer of tin chloride pull out silver atoms from the salts and stick them securely onto the glass. This miracle takes just a few minutes. Then the glass is rinsed very carefully to remove all the surplus particles. The back of the mirror now has a well stuck coating of silver, which is thinner than thin. The glass is now a mirror, able to reflect a clear image. But the thin layer of silver needs some protection. Usually the protective layer is copper and the job is done by electroplating Silver happens to be one of the metals that reacts to electricity. So the mirror is placed in an electrically charged bath which contains particles of copper. The silver attracts the copper in the solution. Atom by atom, the copper is drawn and deposited on top of the silver layer. The back of the mirror now has a thin coating of silver to reflect back the light and a protective coating of copper. As a rule, the copper gets an extra coating of protective, long lasting lacquer. There are dozens of ways to make a mirror, and nowadays anybody can try to make one. But in Venice, Italy, during the 16th century, only trained experts were allowed to make mirrors. What's more, if a mirror maker told his secrets to an outsider, he could be executed Questions asked by chil- dren of Herald readers should be mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box. Huntington Beach, California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1973) Fun with figures By J. A. H. HUNTER Each distinct letter in this very easy addition stands for a particular but different digit Just see how quickly you can get AWAY' F L V A L L F L V A A V