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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 19, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta IJHIOIKI VIS Cutbacks in luxury spending needed By Maurice HcraM Ottawa commentator Drug use and crime Drug not so long ago a ma- jor topic of has been pushed aside by such things as the Watergate the Middle East and the energy crisis. as a commentator in Ottawa recently the drug debate will soon resume because the final report of the LeDain Commission on the non-medical use of drugs is now being printed and should be released before the end of the year. Should the report contain recommen- dations embodying a softening attitude toward users of a not unlikely the reaction of the public will be interesting to observe. In the United States there seems to be something of a retreat from the and politics of recent years which may also be the mood in Canada. But Canadians have not suffered the same disillusionment with the administration of justice as the Americans have in the Watergate disclosures. Canadians do not yet seem to share the sense of futility about as is grow- ing south of the border. The whole question of trying to deal with social problems through incarcera- tion of individuals needs much more con- sideration by people generally than has been evident to date. There is little in- dication that this approach deserves the confidence the public rests in it. And in nothing is this more apparent than in the case of drug abuse. It is often assumed that drug users are prone to violence and should therefore be subject to incarceration simply for the protection of the public. This is an idea that apparently does not stand up to investigation. Dr. William C. Eckerman of the Research Triangle Institute has done a comprehensive study for the U.S. Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs which shows that drug users are less likely to be'charged with crimes of violence than are non-drug users. The study was carried out by personal interviews with and urine analysis of arrested per- sons in various cities in 1970 and 1971. The past arrest records of the subjects were also studied. The results showed that in the major .categories of violent crime criminal forcible aggravated assault non-users of drugs were charg- ed substantially more often than drug users. Drug users are involved more in than in Should the LeDain report contain a recommendation for providing heroin ad- dicts with legal access to the the finding on violence should be borne in mind. With the danger of violence being minimal it could be that an acceptance of such a recommendation would be possi- ble and a resulting decrease in quisitive attained. ERIC NICOL Food for thought The Japanese are getting the jump on Cana- dian grasshoppers. I am indebted to Le Soleil for news of this latest development in Japan's ex- ploitation of Canada's resources. The word is that Mr. Tadao president of the Ryoshoku Company which flogs grasshoppers to the Japanese for a has visited Canada and found the Manitoba grasshopper to be finger-lickin' good. The Manitoba government is now exploring ways of harvesting using students to net a or tranquilizing the insects en masse and vacuuming them up into a hopper hopper. are less obvious problems. Such the grasshopper cannot be legally classed as livestock. He gets around too with no respect for and may have to be designated as a game animal. On the other the insect feeds on grains of the who has a legitimate claim to a piece of the action. This could lead to'the ugliest in the since the old range wars bet ween herder and cat- tle rancher. It is sheer hell trying to slap your brand on a herd of locusts. There may also be pressure on the Cana- dian government when the retail price is a pound and to develop a 200-pound grasshopper. Given a market of wealthy Japanese drooling for Canadian the Canadian rancher will take a chance on being stomped to death by a bull. The Japanese consider the grasshopper to be a delicacy and a good source of protein. Three grasshoppers have as much nutritive value as a though they don't make as good a prairie oyster. In Japan people boil the grasshoppers or cook them in a sauce of blended soya and sugar. The grasshoppers taste like sweet according to the who have no reason to lie. Before we Canadians start nudging one another anticipating export of a pest at a nice we should review our future needs in the area of edible insects. As we the Japanese will eat anything that flies or crawls. They use less pesticide than most other advanced nations because they class hardly anything as a pest except the Tokyo cab driver. If they can find a way of legally cooking cabbies they will have totally eliminated their dependence on DDT. This adaption of diet to Nature's full range of utterly revolting species has parently done no harm to the nation that now owns more color TV sets per capita than do we people that balk at chocolate-coated bees and filet of whale fluke. We in Canada have learned during the past year how vulnerable we are to shortage of the meat and veg that make up most of our highly conservative food habits. One day soon may have to face up to the fact that steak has gone out of our lives forever. That we have waved bye-bye to bacon. That salmon is for the select sons of Saudi Arabia. Shall we be to turn to the domestic grasshopper tucking our napkins into our murmur yum save me a As one who has been known to blanche visibly in the presence of a I suggest that we are not. There exists no crash program to condition us to appreciate vermin as a taste or as other than cordon bleah. When Japan has taken not only all our coal but all our it will be too late to become a nation of locust eaters. The Canadian grasshopper food for thought. mine well Mucking it up with big words By Dong Walker At the supper table following the latest visit of Granddaughter Jennifer aged Judi recounted bow she had encountered Jennifer early in the morning with her little hands clutching four cookies. She said to Jen- you supposed to have those four looking thought I had VI guess you'll write a filler about Elspeth said to me. won't get it said Keith sourly. agreed have Jennifer PRESUMED I had five.' OTTAWA The Economic in its IMh annual re- expresses restrained disappointment with the per- formance of the econometric model unveiled last year. But as Candide modestly ob- served in the preface to the 1972 in no effect without a The unnoted cause of some of the Council's present worries is the fact that CandMe's diet of approximately equations failed to include a forecast of the October election results. There is bound to be an impact on economics when Canadian betraying their usual disrespect for endogenous shift to the Conser- vatives only to on the morning that they have handed effective power to the New Democrats. While it will doubtless appear to David as to the original that things'are necessarily connected and arranged for the the post-election arrangements have certainly not improved the projections somewhat from the general taxpayer's viewpoint. It should be said for Can- and its that they do in the end confirm electronically what many tax- payers have long since sur- mised from their own un- disciplined observations and nervous twitches. This is that the middle Income Canadian a going to have to pay in heavier tax hills for the une- xampled generosity of his gov- ernments. A particular concern of the Economic Council is the ex- traordinary rate at which transfer payments to persons have been increasing. In its the growth rate during the period 1973-71 ought to be held to 11 per cent although the current according to Andre is about 20 per cent. On the evidence of a kindly the Council is disturbed not by Marc Lalonde's ideas hut by his pace. In fact it cannofhetp up with the Minister who has par- tially anticipated his own program and has now an- nounced additionally that family' allowances will be increased automatically with advances in the cost of living. Events move with such dis- concerting speed nowadays that the Council is fortunate to get recommendations into print before they are rejected by government. From the standpoint of midsummer our expansionary was about right and 'further economic stimulation would aggravate inflationary pressures with necessarily Need to foster European unity By Joseph syndicated commentator PARIS The failure of western Europe in the latest Mideast crisis is particularly striking to me in view of a visit I have just made to Cairo.' For the Europeans paid oil blackmail in a visible way bound to inspire further Arab demands. They also excludes themselves entirely from the diplomacy of ceasefire and possible settlement. So the Mideast crisis provideds- a case study in how not to bring Europe back into the world arena. The paying of oil blackmail was especially evident in the resolution put out by the nine European Common Market countries a week ago. Among other the nine gave the wet mitten to Holland for the same noble reasons that inspired Jhe Dutch war- time resistance to the Letters to the Editor had refused to pay oil blackmail In a sharp break with the community spirit of the Common the other eight refused to make bits of their own oil stocks available to compensate for Arab retribution against the that the Europeans had divorced themselves en- tirely from the American ef- fort to match Soviet supplies to the Arab states with assistance to Israel. Except for all the NATO countries denied overflight rights to the planes of the American airlift. Britain even refused to allow American reconnaisance planes to use her Mediterranean bases. The not interpreted the European reaction as an expression of total weakness. It was even reported in Cairo quite falsely I found here in Paris where the weather has been fine that Europe was in the grip of.a cold spell. The Common resolution was seen as a mere apple- polishing device. one official close to President Am.ar Sadat of Egypt told running around trying to collect good conduct certificates from Given that attitude it is hard to believe the oil weapon will not be used to extract still further concessions. Since the Europeans had played no part in containing the Russian there was no opening for them in the diplomatic follow- through. President Sadat and Secretary of State Kissinger tied up their deal or a ceasefire and future peace conference without even keep- ing the Europeans informed. About the only concession to Classroom happening 'feme f cttkBtB Prime Minister... My they've come to collect the reat... On the morning of Princess Anne's wedding to Mark November think it I visited a primary class in the city and observed a sweet and human exchange. I missed just teacher and a small group of children fell to talk- ing about Princess Anne's engagement ring. The teacher spoke a 'few appropriate words about diamonds and No slums I take exception to the report others do too but I just speak for that 5th to 9th avenues are slum areas. There are no slums in Letiibridge. The Lethbridge Profile 73 or whoever is responsible should pay Mr. Tobin's expenses to visit other cities to find out what slums really are before making such a statement. Most citizens in this area are law abiding people. There are a few but there is everywhere. The mailman doesn't get arthritis carrying our unpaid the police never have to work overtime visiting the area. We pay our taxes. We can't all live on Knob or want to. Many of these dtiMM were one-time welfare redpienti and hired farm hands glad to receive SIS a month ptas their board while during hard lived In the city In one or at the back of a store. Wall-to-wall carpets were never heard of. ANONYMOUS LMhbrtdge the children one she had. She told them that Princess Anne had a much larger one. One child thought it might be as big as an egg. The children got to wonder- ing about the dollar value of such a ring. Spontaneous appraisals rattled round the eyes hands waved in the whole bodies wringing but a desire to speak. the teacher coached. more hundred Another feeling he was getting watmr made his loud but still hundred and That released a flood of es- the teacher could not keep up. hundred and A hundred and A hundred and four. A hundred A little girl with ad- mirable self control held her hand in the air in a conven- tional classroom gesture. The hurried action around the left her unmoved. At she caught the teacher's million and The teacher rejoiced at the freedom of and rewarded the all of with a smile worth ex- actly a million and four. RALPH Superintendent of Lethbridge Catholic Separate School District Bouquet for Winston I had the pleasure of attending the matinee of and on November. 12. This show was a fine example of artistic taste and beauty brought to Lethbridge by Mr. ShacktefonTs theatre. The audience was largely comprised of stadents from the local high schools. I was very Impressed with the courteous and mature conduct of the students from Winston Churchill High School who by their a consideration for the other viewers. If the concept of working ndently or in groups citizens of this Indepe produ uces citizens o integrity I must applaud the staff of this local high school. To see people helping even if it just means being- quiet in a theatre so all may enjoy the then Winston has achieved the goal of producing fine citizens for the future. In closing I must suggest to all Lethbridge to stop criticizing all youth by the ac- tions of a minority. Instead look at the example of the students from Winston and take pride In knowing our younger generation is capable of taking over the future world. GERALD R. B. HERTER form was a dinner invitation extended to four leading Euro- pean ambassadors for the final banquet' offered to Dr. Kissinger in Cairo. Since the 'Europeans were totally innocent of what was going they could barely even make conversation. As one of the European am- bassadors said of the oc- company includ- ed 10 five Americans and four European absence of the Europeans from the Mideast scene is perhaps not so tragic. But getting the Europeans to play a more responsible role in other matters is important. So it is useful to ask what went wrong in the Middle East. The I is that Europe is belatedly pay- ing the price of General de Gaulle. At the general's in- progress towards joint political institutions was arrested in favor of a Europe of individual states. Inevitably these states now jockey for position one against another whether in dealing with the Middle East or with the Soviet Union. the fight to get by the French veto exhausted British interest in the Euro- pean community. Prime Minister Edward Heath has to seek immediate dividends from Europe. To have as a first consequence of the new association an oil shortage and rationing would have made joining Europe look like a total failure. So Mr. Heath has been under the strongest pressure to pay any price the Arabs demanded for oil. What all this suggests is that it does no good simply to lecture the Europeans on their responsibilities. The right American tactic is to begin anew the painful and. dull work of fostering Euro- pean unity. That responsibili- ty should be felt with par- ticular keenness by Secretary of State Henry Kissinger. after he played no small part in lending respectability to the Gaullist follies which have done so much to reduce Europe to its present pitiable condition. teducing unemployment. It would and it has because the with'its problems in tends to worry more about its junior partners than about scholarly admonitions on their way to print The Economic shares with ministers an abhorrence of controls. Its general argu- ment is that we with our important international pursue price policies significantly different from those of our trading partners. There is again a- time problem. We are1 attempting this now in respect to oil and we might have done so with lumber. The Council does note the reasons for our very high lumber prices U.S. though it avoids any recommendation. Possibly it1 shares the view of our trade Alastair that people who worry about such things are The Council's own proposals for dealing with inflation ap- pear to inadequate ac- count of political realities. It favors harmony in federal- provincial relations and specifically calls for agree- ment among the several governments on indicators the desirable level of in- crease in public expenditures for a three year Ev- eryone in government is for a The trouble is that the present ex- penditures in many instances represent nothing but govern- ment high what is plainly needed is action to cut back much of the luxury including the up- keep of agencies such as Infor- mation Canada which scarce- ly anyone now defends. In the Council's considered the House 'of Com- mons needs another com- mittee to review the economic situation periodically in the light of our economic targets. it is should strengthen its capacity to participate national priorities for the medium and long term. In fact the Government is quite good at resisting committee recommendations. But it most certainly takes Parliament into account in assessing its in particular it takes account of the ex- hortations it daily from a minority group on which5 for the .past year it has depended for itslifesUppprt'. What troubles the Council is relative inflation. It is hot the depreciation of the dollar which although that may wipe out people's but our performance relative to that of other countries. The accor- is a new price in- dicator which wil flash a danger signal to the govern- ment if changes in our con- sumer price index exceed by more than half a percentage point the weighted average of corresponding price changes in six other these being our principal trading partners. v This may.be an idea with considerable appeal to government. For a with a price increase of 50 per cent would be in a position to confound his parliamentary critics by demonstrating that the weighted average in the six countries was 49.6 per cent. There might well be apprehension among the con- suming masses but there would be no case for policy ac- tion by overworked ministers. The in its own fash- with the help of Candide presumably being repr- and in accor- dance with adjustable does communicate. It can scarcely be that its communications' are of a nature to have great im- pact on the federal or on govern- ments obsessed as Ministers are with more pressing concerns. This is not to say that the Government is unresponsive when in the case of con- there is a coincidence of ministerial and council think- ing. Otherwise the Govern- ment takes one road and the another with the notable difference that the Govern- ment moves a good deal faster in these days when all things must be arranged for the politically in a Parliament of minorities. The UtKbrtdge Herald LETHBRIDQE HERALD CO. Proprtotora and PubUttare Publitntd Cw Hon. W.A. BUCHANAN Stcond Claia Mill togutration No. 0012 Mvrnbtr of Canadian Praw and tht CanMMn DaHy PuMiarwri' AttocMtion and tht Audit Buratu ol CLEO W. MOWERS. Editor and Publiirwr DON PILLING Managing Editor HOY MILES Advertising Manager WILLIAM HAY AMOCMW Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Editor HERALD SERVES THE ;