Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - November 19, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD - Ti >i-.�r ^, the well before it runs dry, ,> ernment health care funds ' nearly dry. He asked local hospital 1 review their administrative cy, their patient bed requ and their continued reques'1 pansion, with a view to i i with what they have at pre; It was sobering news for . � s 'liat good grace. For obviously, if boards � '. ivi continue to press for services which, ,; >, h'.': in many cases, can be implemented- .i limit within existing facilities, then ' the 1 g'." i-o only way the government can supply id i.ov- the funds for these requests is to in- e vary crease taxes. The public needs and demands aril.- in good health care services but there 'ft'io en- is a limit to the tax dollars that can nic.il.*, be ear-marked for this purpose, for ex- Asking hospital administrators and kin,; -do boards to review their needs is a '.t. sensible approach to putting the 'k^: to i brakes on rising costs. n 1 lie is reform A bill before the House of '.'' m-mons calls for modernizat:: , of 'he law as it applies to juvei.'es. The aim is reform of those \vl ; apptar to be heading in the wrong > irec'k.fl. There will be some who ' J complain that this is encouraghi , crirrin-ality. They would be of :� s1mi ar mind to a participant in tl i Crir-ie, Corrections and You confei i ace, h -Id recently in Lethbridge, wl ) azz( rt-ed that permissiveness b: xeds vio-lence. All the ills of the pr. ent time are seen as stemming fro i allow: rig laxity to replace firmness -n dealing with young people. Quite apart from the ' ghlv (Ui-bious conclusion that pern-ssivem-ss breeds violence, there is t! . fact that permissiveness is an impr ? :ist; word. Educationist John Holt i.r.j pointed out that "nobody in the world -- not even the most fanatic kind of old-fashioned, complex - fearing pvogr -s- sivist - permits a child to do everything. And nobody, except those few twisted souls who like to chain >a child to a bedpost or lock him in a closet, permits a child to do nothing. Some permit some things, others permit others." The man who seemed so opposed to permissiveness, at the conference, showed his own brand of it when he stated, at another time, that he was vehemently opposed to any further restrictions on access to liquor. What our legislators are facing up to is that the punishing approach toward offenders against the law is apparently mainly succeeding in reinforcing anti - social behavior rather than correcting it. It is a terrible waste of lives and the resources of society to continue in the old way. A new way has to be found and that is what the bill before the House is proposing. Mr. Brand.is Ostpolitik On the face of it, it v ukl seen unlikely that results of >: jdions in the West German state if H e s :� e should be of any concern here. Eat they are, inasmuch a.1 European power politics arc very much involved in Canada's externa' affairs relation ships. Chan-: Ilr.r Wily Brandt of West G e r: h a ]i y h.is launched Ms country on ~> policy of accommodation with Ruisia t'.ncl J,.s East European satellite: -Ostpolitik. But Mr. Brandt, a Socit1 Democrat heads a coalition goverrment, which depends on the votes oj a group >f Free Democrats for sir wort. There had been signs of a define in su, port for the Free Democ -.ts, and th� elections in Hesse wei.i a kind . * test of popular opir.ioi - whether the West German peopi? as a who e approved Mr. Brandt's non-aggression treaty with Russ a, his overtures to Poland, and a uenoral warm-up of relations with otln r Communi :t East European regime; Tf the Free Democrats had been dfl'jated hi Hesse, it could very we 1 have meant the fall of the Brandt regime. But they came out on top, indicating support for Ostpolitik. This doesn't mean that Herr Brandt's political future is plain sailing though. The vigorous opposition Christian Democrats made substantial gains. The deduction from all this is that the German people generally approve of Ostpolitik, but that they are not becoming soft on Communism, genus Soviet. They are not far-left, or far-right, but want to pursue a middle course; and that middle course means that there will be no ratification of the treaty with the U.S.S.R. until there is a mutual accommodation of the status of West Berlin. It also means that the Russians cannot waffle on the issue much longer. Mr. Brandt's political hold on West Germany is still tenuous and if there are no signs of success in the talks over the Berlin issue, he could be replaced with a government ;n Bonn which would be far less alined to pursuing Ospolitik. hiVs it all about? By Lynn Si i key, Matthcv Ilalton School, plnchcr Creek ^TRADITIONALLY, studcn expected, almost total1; and listen - to their tea "1 ents, to everyone older fi who "knows better." After ' politely and memorized a pal list of fact the contents of which the neatly and sy tematically reported back iors," their work up to th plete. Then they politely sa regwgitatcd once more. Fine. No one disputes t of us mast know a giver given thing, so tiiat we v But isn't there more to than simply knowledge ed (by whom?) fads? It seems to me thai Hi an individual to gel "tak- -drastically as time goes (i need for any individual ,. � someone can make him \ a must, t he i r ''product ' stamped, and totally ).!. ;. . item of the same pmdi/'-i Will he be ;�',].o i for themsehc.;. I �>!).vcll-selcr - 'portunitics flare inercasin : . .s a result, th 1 1 aware of ho' � ' taken" is ah; > ;. we I ained ' i! .-.id enters i i-;c it." on th i oo 1? Will he bj n that world? . Whether or no it, the. school, a ])ioduct. Bit-i' IradeniarUcf', m! lo each olhc ' f' in iini\er ''tiiori/.ed /,'irl.s' H'.i:ver-ity wheri c-au'c lliey were '.--�c.fic mstruc to do it; or a.-, boring as something that, happened "cons'' ago -. especially to today's yount; people. Why not. teach them ; hotj|, llirij- gcneialion. I'"1'' Tins, of course, docs not ejve the student licence to do totally as ho likes - thai s not the way the real '...oild works either. To strike a happy medium of the two viewpoints presented is. at least in rny opinion, the only way lo really educate ail individual. Isn't that what school in nil about'/ Questions about identification system /�YTTAWA: Jerome Choquette, ^ the Quebec minister of justice, has precipitated a new controversy with his repeated hints that compulsory identity cards may be necessary weapons in the fight against crime and terrorism. Such a scheme applied lo a single province might well bo unconstitutional; in any case, as Mr. Turner has made plain, it has not been considered by the federal government. But the idea may yet find considerable support in Quebec, where it is not altogether new, if only because the events of recent weeks have aroused doubts about the adequacy of existing police procedures for dealing both with organized crime and the new threats from political undergrounds in metropolitan areas. The obvious objections to an ID system are that, in the form suggested by Mr. Choquette, it would be compulsory and would involve changes in the law unpleasantly reminiscent of police states. But there are many possibilities, not all of them involving compulsion; hence there may be room for a discussion not limited simply to black and white terms. Quite a large number of people now carry identity cards, some are required to by the nature of their jobs. In this group there are many civil ser- vants, especially in OttaAva, and of course the armed forces. Newspapermen, being for various reasons suspect, are generally finger - printed early in their careers. Other cases could be cited. This, however, is only half the story. Many people, including civil libertarians, complain not because they have to carry identity cards but because they are sometimes kept waiting for them. The most popular BEAT IT" Anthony Westell Younger men take top political posts ^TTAWA - Canadians have ^ their eyes fixed so firmly on political trends at the federal level that they sometimes fail to recognize the rad i c a 1 changes occurring in the provinces. It is in the provinces, as recent elections have confirmed, that politics are breaking through the age barrier and throwing up leaders of a new ge.ieration. When John Fitzgerald Kennedy became the youngest president in United States history at age 43, he was hailed as the champion of youth. But it was not really that simple. Youth is not so much a matter of years as of values and attitudes. Counting the years is a rough measure only of physical vitality. Pierre Elliott Trudeau goes jogging in the grounds of Government House, practices judo and may be as young in the firmness of his flesh as a man 20 years his junior. John Diefenbaker, when ho was Conservative leader, used to produce his doctor to certify that he had the blood pressure of a much younger man, and ho challenged skeptical reporters to race him over a measured mile. No doubt he would have won. Brit i s h Columbia's Premier W. A. C. Bennett, at 70, likes to deduct 20 years because he does not drink and another 20 because he docs not smoke, and calculates that he is in good shape for another couple of elections. All these aging mem may bo right in assessing their physical capabilities, but - with Kennedy - they are inescapably members of the world before the second world war, conditioned by the trials and beliefs of the time. Trudeau has frankly admitted that his ideas about the world outside Canada and the war against Fascism were shaped by growing up in an isolationist French Canadian Society. Bennett was a small time storekeeper during the depression the harsh years which produced the Social Credit Monetary Theory and Party and shaped his own attitudes as a conservative. Precid ent Kennedy was a younger man, but he first made an impact during the war years by writing about Britain, sponsored by his father who built his legendary fortune on the stock market collapse which launched the depression. So the dividing line Is not merely age, measured in years, but memories and experience. And the great turning point in the history of the past half-century has been the depress i o n leading into the Second World War. The new men in politics aro those educated and conditioned by postwar tircumstanccs. As Everyone's business At. a recent sitting of the Railway Commission here in Lethbridge, held for the purpose of hearing arguments for and against tho granting of an application by the CPR to discontinue the operation of passenger service between Lethbridge and Calgary, and between Lethbridge and Medicine Hat, some very interesting facts came lo light that. I feel the public .should be concerned about. According to the CPR'-5 .submission, this service resulted in a net loss of $;j:u,000 in l'Jfift; eleven men are required to op-et ate it, namely three engineers, three conductors, three baggagemen, one man to clean the day-liner and I believe the eleventh was a ticket, - seller. 1 was surprised lo learn, that on'y one davlilier is being ired. If you divide :::',!.ooo v.ith ;-M you come to the. startling result, that the CI'K claims ii. cost them more than $000 a day for the dayliner to cover the 4U0 miles involved. Oh no you will say, that, can't possibly be right, there must he a simple explan- ation of such a claim and there is. The explanation lies in the cost-accounting procedures use d by the CPR. To them (CPR) a train is a train, whether it is a single unit dayliner or a 100 car freight pulled by four die-sel locomotives. Each division of the railway does its own eost-ac'eounfing, and all its operation cost, such as track maintenance, dispatching, depreciation, financing, etc, arc charged to I he trains using the division's facilities on an equal basis. it is nobody's business what cost - accounting system the (.'PR chooses to employ, except for this fact: if the federal government does not allow the railway to discontinue this operation, then according to the Railway Ad, it. would have to reimburse the CPR 80 per cent of its loss ... in this instance a quarter of a million dollars - and should that happen, then it becomes my business - and yours. TAGE BERCK. the war ended 25 years ago, we are talking of men aged today between, say 35 and 45. In national politics, Trudeau; is 51, opposition leader Robert Stanfield is 56, and NDP leader Tommy Douglas, 66, is likely to be succeeded next year by David Lewis, 61. But in the provinces, four of the ten premiers are in their thirties, and another is 41. They are not young politicians serving their apprenticeship in power before moving to the national scene. Very few provincial leaders make a successful transfer to Ottawa. The young premiers are more likely to be men who have been to Ottawa and decided that thp real power is in the provinces, with their jurisdiction over social policy, urban affairs and other close-to-home issues. Among the first of the new, young provinc i a 1 leaders was Ed Schreyer, 34, who left his safe seat in the House of Commons last year to become NDP Premier of Manitoba. Gerald Regan, 41, who won the recent election in Nova Scotia for the Liberals, is another former member of the Federal Parliament. Prince Edward Island's Premier Alex Campbell, 37, comes from a different mould. His father was Liberal premier and later Chief Justice of the island, and Alex chose to follow in provincial footsteps rather than seek an appointment to Ottawa. The new Conservative Premier of New Brunswick, Richard Hatfield, 39, had lo win the leadership of his parly from a former Federal MP, Charles Van Home. In the recent election, he defeated a premier apparently getting long in the tooth for the voters, Louis Robi-chaud, 40. Quebec's Premier Robert Bourassa, 37, worked in the federal establishment in Ottawa before returning to his province to enter politics and riso quickly to power. Liberal Robert Nixon is 42, and the New Democrats recently chose Stephen Lewis, 33. The prewar men, the politicians of middle life and older, are thus becoming the exception rather than the rule in provincial affairs. In Saskatchewan, Liberal Premier Ross Thatcher, 53, is being challenged by the NDP's Allan Blakeney, 44. Alberta's Social Credit Premier Harz-y Strom, 63, is faced by Tory challenger Peter Lough-eed, 42. Bennett hi British Columbia claims to be plugged into God, which puts him outside the nor- mal rules. But if God does not feel quite the same way and pulls the connection in time for the next election, the winner may be NDPer Dave Barrett, 40. Prime Minister Trudeau, in Ottawa, looks good for another 10 years at least, and sharply rejects suggestions that he may soon get fed up with the job and simply walk away from it. He changed jobs frequently in his earlier life, he says, only because more exciting challenges arose. But who can offer anything more interesting than running the government. This is a poor look out for all the ambitious younger men, such as Justice Minister John Turner, 41; Health and Welfare Minister John Munro and Minister Without Portfolio Herb Gray, both 39; Defense Minister Donald Macdonald, Consumer and Corporate Affairs Minister Ron Basford and Manpower and Immigration Min i s t e r Otto Lang, all 38; or Indian Affairs and Northern Development Minister Jean Chretien, 36. They may have missed the boat to power as the postwar generation takes over, and the next federal prime minister may now be in his twenties - one of those men the young can trust because he is not yet 30. (Toronto Star Syndicate) form of identity card is a passport and one of the most wide-spread grievances a few months ago had to do with tho tardiness of Mr. Sharp's department hi dealing with applications. Another form is the drivers' licence, this too being in great demand. It carries neither fingerprint nor photograph but does include information such as age, sex, height and signature. Apart from its primary purpose, it is often of value to the possessor i n cashing cheques at tho bank and generally for identification purposes. Some countries, in their zeal for the promotion of tourism, will occasionally accept it in lieu of a passport. The requirement that a driver obtain and carry a licence is generally accepted. Far from being an object of resentment (except perhaps in cases of sus-pension or when fees are raised), a licence is a spur to effort and sometimes a status symbol, especially to young drivers. For some it is even more alluring than a high school diploma. It may be that Mr. Choquette should turn his mind in this direction. No one doubts that licences of this sort are within provincial jurisdiction. They do not involve compulsion for, though circumstances may sometimes be compelling, there is no requirement of law that any citizen should drive an automobile. For purposes of combatting crime licences, in their existing form, may be less than sats-factory. But the form is determined by the government which can make whatever changes it considers necessary. Further the police have more discretion in requiring the production of driver's licences than they do in most other cases. The fact is that a very large proportion of crime is botind up with automobiles. They were necessary to the FLQ kidnappings and . possibly t o many earlier crimes generally attributed to the FLQ. While most persons who drive are, obviously, law - abiding citizens, it seems highly probable that most young people who find the prospect of crime attractive or exciting will have been dazzled earlier by the automobile. There is disagreement among lawyers as to how much assistance a system of ID cards would actually afford the police forces. No doubt, a voluntary scheme, being less comprehensive, would be less effective than a compulsory one. But it would almost certainly be more acceptable and would avoid the constitutional difficulty. Another fact may be pertinent. The incidence of car thefts is very high; Montreal being one of the great markets for stolen vehicles. Often when a car disappers, the licence disappears with it. In its present form, it may in any case be no great threat to the thief since it contains nothing beyond the barest of written descriptions of the owner. Thus an improved system might be of value to the car owner himself, apart from its value to the police in dealing with criminals. Mr. Choquette, apparently, has respectable backing in his own province; among those favoring his proposal is a former head of the civil liberties union. But the atmosphere outside Quebec is altogether different. It is most unlikely, in these circumstances, that the federal government would support a move to a compulsory system. But it is possible that Mr. Choquette could obtain a useful part of what he seeks by other and more acceptable methods. (Herald Tribune Bureau) Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD 1020 - The provincial treasury is due for a windfall from the Ottawa treasury in the payment of the refunded interest charges that the province paid en account of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, which will amount to $225,000. 1030 - The Alberta public works department plan an expenditure of $250,000 on the Kipp to High River highway and a rurther $120,000 on the Lethbridge to Cardslon Trail to give work to the unemployed. 1910 - Work on laying the water main to Kenyon Field is progressing rapidly. One thousand feet starting at the exhibition grounds has already been excavated. 1950 - Ricky Sharpe, of Mun-son, Alia, the 13-ycar-old world wheat king, considered a reporter's question and replied "I guess tho wheat doesn't care how old you are." He is the youngest world champion in the 20-year history of the Royal Winter Fair. 19(10 - Sixteen arrests have been made in connection with the riot which occured near the Hungarian Hall last week. The 16 will appear on charges of unlawful assembly and riot. a The Lctlibridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0017 Member of Tho Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROV F. MILES DOUGLAS K. 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