Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 18, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
2 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, November Parti Quebecois still New particle aiming at independence j needs theory Herald Ottawa Bureau QUEBEC Rene Leves- que, president of the parti Quebecois, told delegates and observers at the party's fifth convention Sunday they were more prepared for power than ever before. V The party used the last three days to amend its policies, find ways to approach a greater number of Quebec voters and hammer out the tactics to be used to obtain a free Quebec. The convention agreed that, if and when it was elected, a PQ government would im- mediately start negotiations with Ottawa to divide the debts and assets of confederation and hand over federal powers. If these negotiations do not proceed willingly on Ottawa's part, a referendum on inde- pendence will be held within Quebec. The party's constitution already cans for another referendum on the constitu- tion of an independent Quebec. The independence referen- dum has been the subject of heated debate within the party for the last year. In October, 1973, the party picked up six seats in the na- tional assembly and 30 per cent of the Quebec popular vote. The independence referen- udum was fought by those who felt it weakened the party's stand on the issue, was oppor- tunistic a sign that the par- ty was turning into a party like others whose first object is to gain power. The referendum was passed by a vote of 650 to 353 with 20 abstentions after a heated de- bate which occupied one con- vention workshop Saturday and saw the personal interven- tion of Mr. Levesque in plenary session Sunday. first thing a referen- dum would do." he said, "would be to make our man- date for independence ab- solutely unarguable and it could bring it about more quickly. "That's why we're working, to arrive at power legiti- mately." Jean-Francois Bertrand, PQ executive member and the son of former premier Jean- WINTER GAMES And OU! 11 to 23 Of Southern will Canada Winter you at a citizen have a opportunity to ensure of by your ol volunteer which need your help Operators ispstchm vitchbojnl Operators Ftot nuboii Booth Work esultj Network Stiff it John's faniwbnce n __ mete KejrstriDon umert (Car f Truck e tw wehwe Help farters witoraf net) Stiff rtGirtt 1 Staff 'af Tnj learen toyt rtCrfe e.re required tn each w 13 regional venue to a total 3.000 Information and to dial the operator (0) i for ZENITH If 100 eellera from the Jacques Bertrand, said "if Ot- tawa refuses to negotiate with us. we can unilaterally declare independence after a referendum." Another delegate who spoke in favor of the referendum said that the PQ would be governing all Quebecers, would be declaring independence on their behalf as well as the pure in heart, and should not be afraid of try- ing to get the consent of all the people. But Marie Vallee, who spoke against the motion, said "we have just wasted an en- tire year and a whole conven- tion on this question rather than responding to the urgent daily needs of our people." "Part of the argument of those in favor of the amend- ment seems to be that we can persuade federalists to vote for a PQ government by tell- ing them they will have a chance to vote on independence later and that's a serious weakening of our position." After the vote, a long line of people came to the microphone to register their disapproval vocally, some defiant, some with tears in their eyes. Socreds advocate profit-sharing OTTAWA (CP) The na- tional executive of the Social Credit party wound up a week- end meeting here Sunday with a firm resolution to adopt profit-sharing in industry as part of its platform. "It's the only way to fight inflation and to get people interested in their work." Leader Real Caouette said in an interview after the meeting. Mr. Caouette, 57, said the party would start pushing for the adoption of the profit-shar- ing ideology one or two days after the new budget is in- troduced Monday night. While the proposed scheme would not equalize everyone's income, Mr. Caouette said it would ensure that the net prof- its of a business were shared equally by all members of that industry. When workers are receiving their equal share of net profits, he said, there would be an end to the "strike-after- strike situation that now ex- ists." There was little discussion of leadership at the two-day meeting, the member for Temiscamingue told reporters. "That will have to wait until the national council meets next year. Until then I will continue as leader." The national council, the body with the authority to proclaim a leadership conven- tion, will meet Nov., 1975. in Ottawa, the executive decided. Mr. Caouette, first elected to Parliament in 1945, had mentioned during the July 8 election campaign the possibility of a leadership convention this fall. But the weekend meeting confirmed his position as leader at least until next November. NEW YORK (AP) The world of physics now has a major new atomic particle in search of a theory. Physicists on the United States East and West Coasts announced Saturday the discovery of a totally unexpected tiny new fragment of matter, called the "J" particle or the "Psi" particle. The discovery was made independently by two groups of physicists at essentially the same time, a coincidence of a kind that happens fairly often in science. But this discovery is strikingly different from an- other common thing in physics. Usually, the existence of new particles is predicted by theoretical physicists well in advance of their discovery by experimenters working with atom smashers. The most spectacular recent example of this came in 1964 with the discovery of a particle called the Omega Minus, but only after its existence and its precise mass and lifetime had been predicted by physicist Murray Gell-Mann of the California Institute of Technology. "There is no theory around which predicted this new particle in any said Dr. R. Ronald Rau, associate director for high energy physics at Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upton, N.Y., where one of the experiments was done. The problem for physicists now is to find a reason for the existence of the "J" or "Psi" particle in nature, some kind of explanation that would make it fit in with everything else that is known about sub-atomic par- ticle physics. The difficulty in doing that is that the new particle has properties that are considered extraordinary. It is relatively heavy, with a mass of 3.1 billion electron volts, and a relatively long lifetime for a nuclear par- ticle, 100 billionths of a billionth of a second. In time, the particle may lead to an understanding of the forces that hold matter together, Rau suggests. Key New Brunswick seats could topple Hatfield gov't FREDERICTON (CP) In addition to the eligible voters, a switch to 58 single- member ridings and key seats in Saint John and Moncton likely will decide today's New Brunswick election. After a campaign that lack- ed major issues, officials would only say that each party could make unexpected gains because of the change from multi-member seats. The results in the seven seats in Saint John and the four in Moncton are con- sidered the key to the election. If the Liberals under Robert Higgins can break down the 'Progressive Conservative stronghold in the two cities and maintain their strength in northern and eastern ridings, they could topple the govern- ment of Premier Richard Hat- field. Standings at dissolution were Conservatives 32, Liberals 25 and one independent. Mr. Hatfield spent the weekend touring the province by bus while Mr. Higgins cam- paigned in his home con- stituency of Saint John. Despite the lack of major is- sues, indications are there will be a high voter turnout. In the advance polls, most ridings had higher-than- average turnouts, with one posting a 70-per-cent increase. The single-member ridings are getting much of the credit for the increased interest. With the disappearance of the multi-member seats, each area is able to elect a representative without being overwhelmed by voters from a more populous part of the county which usually formed the riding. Seven children killed in Saskatchewan fire Ireland mourns dead president DUBLIN (AP) Ireland to- day mourned Erskine Childers. the first Protestant elected president of the predominantly Roman Catholic republic. He was 68 and had been president for 17 months. Childers, 68, suffered a heart attack Saturday night during a speech to an audience of doctors on the stresses of modern life. He died early Sunday in a Dublin hospital. The body was taken to St. Patrick's Hall in Dublin Castle, where it will lie in state until Wednesday. Funeral services will be held Thursday, which Prime Minister Liam Cosgrave designated as a day of national mourning. Childers, a former deputy prime minister and popular veteran politician, was elected Ireland's fourth presi- dent after the retirement of Eamon de Valera. THE CANADIAN PRESS Seven children who died after being left alone over- night on a Saskatchewan In- dian reserve were among at least 16 people killed on the Prairie during the weekend. A Canadian Press survey from 6 p.m. Friday to mid- night Sunday showed Alberta with seven fatalities, Saskatchewan with eight and Manitoba with one. Police said seven children belonging to three families are believed to have died from asphyxiation early Sunday on the Mistawasis Reserve, 35 miles west of Prince Albert. The children, who were left alone Saturday evening by a baby sitter who thought one of the mothers would soon return, apparently smothered to death after a mattress caught fire. In Alberta, a car truck collision Saturday, 60 miles northeast of Medicine Hat, killed William Henry Leidal, 59, and Edwin "Red" Smeland, 57, both of Medicine Hat. Diane Benz, 15 and Richard Thompson, 16, were killed Saturday near Caroline, 45 miles southwest of Red Deer, when the car they were in left the road and hit an em- bankment. Frederick Roy Evans. 24 of the Lloydminster district was killed Saturday when the truck he was driving was in a collision with another truck near Lloydminster. 'Detente needs News in brief mutuality' Coa, ,alks delayed West Germany (AP) United States Senator James Buckley, expressing relief to be out of the Soviet Union, said Sunday detente can be made to work only through tit-for-tat exchanges, not mutual trust. The New York Republican, who said he went to the Soviet Union to see whether Washington-Moscow detente was working, called for verifiable evidence that the Soviet Union is willing to give as much as the United States is prepared to give. Buckley said such evidence would include "free move- ment of ideas and people" back and forth across Soviet frontiers, especially thousands of Jews who wish to emigrate. "Detente is only going to work if there's he said in an interview. "It can't work on trust. If we are hard- headed I suspect we'll come out with much more satisfac- tory arrangements than otherwise would be the case." During his six-day Moscow visit, the senator received from Soviet civil rights ac- tivist Andrei Sakharov a 200- page list of Soviet- German families who Sakharov said want to emi- grate. Buckley intends to give the list to West German Chan- cellor Helmut Schmidt. The two men have a meeting scheduled for Tuesday. "I'm glad I'm he said shortly after arriving here from Moscow via Warsaw. "It's the first time I've been anywhere where you can't talk to anybody without them saying: 'This car or this place is bugged.' It's not the way I'd choose to live." The senator and members of his party said they felt they were under 24-hour sur- veillance by Soviet authorities and often were followed as they talked to several dozen Jews and other Soviet dis- senters. Institutions said as bad as jails EDMONTON (CP) Dr. Wolf Wolfensberger, a New York state professor, believes institutions for the mentally retarded are as bad as jails. "Institutions have never been useful except to put peo- ple said the professor of special education at Syracuse University. "They are tools of destruc- tion. They segregate people and destroy them." Dr. Wolfensberger Sunday outlined his ideas for a more human approach to the problems of the mentally im- paired. It's called citizen advocacy and is based on the idea that the mentally retarded need friends and advisors, not jailkeepers. I I I I 1 RUG DRAPES LTD. FREE ESTIMATES Phone 329-4722 COLLEGE MALL IRS unit investigated 99 groups WASHINGTON (AP) -The United States Internal Revenue Service has iden- tified 99 political and activist or contact coordinator >ur region. Worldly Colors in Eye Makeup ...for the'Pure Nostalgia' Look r-3 r- (TlPLi HOPiTFin CO '..Dllcgt VUH 'fT'tTIC IjOUIIOUE Phon? 326-1525 organizations investigated by its special intelligence wing during the administration of former president Richard Nixon. The list of organizations runs the gamut from the American Nazi party and John Birch Society to the Com- munist party and Students for a Democratic Society. But most of the groups are identified with left-of-centre and minority causes and include such names as Americans for Democratic Action, the Urban League and the National Council of Churches. The documents chronicle the organization, operation and eventual dissolution of the special service staff, a secret intelligence-gathering unit set up by IRS in July, 1969, one day after the Nixon White House askod the tax agency to investigate activist groups. The materials were turned over to Ralph Nader's tax-re- form research group which had filed suit against the IRS under the Freedom of Infor- mation Act The documents reveal that even as the special service staff was being abolished last >f-ar in the midst of the Watergate scandal. IRS Com- missioner Donald Alexander was claiming the unit had been set up solely to investigate tax protestors and people who refused to pay in- come tax. Its own records show the special service staff collected files on 11.458 individuals and groups, most of whom have not been identified. "Many of the organizations are controversial, all are newsworthy and a large number are known to be militant, revolutionary and subversive." one memo said shortly after the unit began its work. H is not clear from the new- ly released materials how many of the groups and in- dividuals cited by the special service staff had tax problems as a result. But at Jeast some of the organizations on the list have lost their tax-exempt status, and the tax returns of some people associated with one or more of the groups were later audited by IRS. Rev Leroy Bnninger, who was in charge of fiscal management and corporate legal affairs for the National Council of Churches, said the IRS began investigating the group in 1970 Oimch officials thought at first it was a routine exam- ination, he said. "II soon be- came clear to officers of the council that this was more than a routine investigation." he said, adding that it seemed part of a nationwide effort to intimidate political opponents of the administration. WASHINGTON (AP) Consideration of a new contract for the United States coal industry remained in recess today as miners gathered in Bessemer, Ala., for the funeral of a union of- ficial slain in an attempted holdup. The delay in discussions will push the nationwide coal strike into at least a third week. Negotiators return here Tuesday amid indications that some members of the United Mine Workers bargaining council are pressing for a redistribution of benefits in the tentative agreement. Princess ends visit TORONTO (CP) Princess Anne and Capt. Mark Phillips wind up their four-day visit to Canada today, with one more trip to the Royal Winter Fair, a flight over Niagara Falls and a side trip to Hamilton. The 24-year-old princess and her 26-year-old soldier hus- band have kept to a whirlwind schedule since their arrival Friday as special guests of the fair. Wedding still on PHILADELPHIA (AP) Wealthy Rachel Fitler, the 77- year-old aunt of Happy Rock- efeller, said Sunday she is still engaged to marry a 29-year- old Welshman unless "Mikey changes his mind." "Everything's the same, we're just Miss Fitler said in an interview here, denying reports in a London newspaper that her marriage to Michael Wilson is off. Coal miners reject pact LONDON (Reuter) The rejection by coal miners of a voluntary agreement raised fears today that the Labor government's so-called social contract with Britain's workers may be crumbling, and caused more gloom and anxiety in financial circles. The London Stock Exchange plunged to a new 16-year low and the pound sterling dropped, as dealers expressed fears that the Miners' decision would place intolerable strains on the voluntary agreement with trade unions on wage restraint. 44 Filipinos die in camp MANILA (AP) At least 44 persons have died of disease and malnutrition in camps for Moslems displaced two months ago when troops swept through central Mindanao hunting for rebels, Red Cross sources in the Philippines said today. The deaths were reported in three coastal evacuation centres on Mindanao housing 3.244 refugees, most of them women and children. The sources said the Red Cross report did not include deaths from natural causes. The report said about half the refugees are ill and welfare workers are short of an- tibiotics and other medicine. ;Oil measures considered' EDMONTON (CP) Grant Notley. leader of the Alberta New Democratic Party, said Sunday the provincial govern- ment is actively considering contingency measures involv- ing a million payment to the oil industrv. Mr. Notley said in a prepared release the measures would be con- sidered if Ottawa doesn't back down on its decision to refuse oil companies the right to deduct provincial royalties in computing corporation tax. Monetary talks open in Paris PARIS (Reuter) Tha problem of recycling petro dollars the mass of money flowing into oil rich countries will be at the centre of four days of top level economic and monetary discussions opening here today. In the first three days, the economic policy committee of the Organization of Economic Co operation and Develop- ment will review the situation in the OECD's main member countries, while another group, a working party, deals specifically with balance of payments problems. These two meetings will then be followed by one day talks among the group of 10 major industrial nations, meeting at deputy level. In the review of national situations likely to con- centrate on the United States. Canada. Britain. West Ger- many, France, Italy and Japan some priority is ex- pected to be given to the employment situation which is generally worsening in most countries. Gay group protests VANCOUVER (CP) The Gay Alliance Toward Equali- ty laid a complaint, with the human rights com- mission against the Van- couver Sun for refusing (o run an advertisement. About 20 gate pickets marched around the Pacific Press building for about hours Saturday. The group picketed Pacific Press last year after the Sun refused to run the same ad promoting the Tide new- spaper. WHAT IS TRUTH? WHAT IS RELIGIOUS TRUTH AMIDST ALL THE CONFUSION? COME, BRING YOUR ANSWER to: UNITY MEETINGS sponsored by the UN-denomination CHURCH OF CHRIST 328-0855 Lethbridge, Alberta Mutual discussions will be held at CIVIC SPORTS CENTRE 11 St. and 5 Ave. South Lethbridge, Alberta ROOM NO. 1 (COME IN FRONT DOOR OF CIVIC CENTRE) EVERY TUESDAY NIGHT p.m. Beginning Oct. 22 and continuing through Nov. 26. Sessions moderated by Larry Boswell and Don Givens. COME and listen, and participate if you desire! SHARE with us.