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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 18, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHDRIDGE HERAID Thurjdoy, Novcmbpr 18, 1971. 'd ill Whitvluw leaky cabinet III all of Ihc national concern over Canadian dealings with Ihe new Am- erican trade policy and the Ameri- can domination of ihe Canadian econ- omy, the current sudden ruckus in Ottawa is msiimilicanl Mr. Sharp said a few that cabinet policy on Ihe matters raised in the (iray report ion uhal to do about American business lake overs in Canadal bad not yet been final- ized. And yet later he confirmed the accuracy of a report that the cabinet months ago had agreed on a policy. The leak of v.lial had transpired in the cabinet is most serious. II is imperative for the survival the traditional system of responsible gov- ernment that the cabinet function in (he strictest secrecy. only good point. Foreign ownersh ip The question of foreign ownership, which has recently been stirred anew by the leaking of a ersion nl Reve- nue Minister Herb dray's secret re- port, may prove to be a false issue. "Much of the emotional discharge, at any rate, is almost certainly a mis- take. In Ihe end it may- be found that the process of foreign capital dom- ination is irreversible. Such is the nature of capital accumulation and the need in industrial societies for large amourits_of it that Canadian ownership could prove to be largely a dream. Catching up to the Ameri- cans may simply be impossible. Many people fear that American capital' spells the imposition of politi- cal and cultural coloring as well. But insistence on Canadian ownership is no guarantee of resistance to the American outlook. Support of the war in Vietnam and for the exclu- sion of the People's Republic of China from the United Nations was strongest in Canada among business- men. There may not be much to choose between an American and Canadian capitalist. Given the propensity of capitalists everywhere to view all things in the bafflegab! Tf you are al present a consumer of welfare services, formerly a mem- ber of industrial operational classes and recently released because of re- cessional programization. you are likely to become a client of Canada Manpower. They will then perform an overview of existing consumers of welfare sen-ices, interfacing with co- location in mind. The above is civil service jargon- ese which baffles the ear of the grass roots layman, bul interpreted it means quite simply "if you're on welfare and unemployed you go to Canada Manpower whose staff will look over its work sheets to see if it can find you a job." National Health and Welfare "Min- ister John Munro came up with the more respectable term "consumer of welfare services" and to former Min- ister of Manpower Allan MacEachen we owe the updated term ''clients of Canada Manpower." Overview, co-lo- cation and interfacing (the latter hith- erto having to do with work of seam- stresses) are hard to define and equally difficult to track down as to their origin. Perhaps those respon- sible for their coinage are reluctant to accept credit. It seems that inventing ambigu- ous and lengthy lexicography (how's for run-of-the-mill problems is intended to dignify the situation. But to the jobless person desperately seeking work, fancied up names for his unfortunate condition isn't much comfort. Innovation? Humbug! By Greg Hales is built-in obsolescence more rampant than in education. This year's innovation will be obsolete next year. Edu- cational gimmickry thrives on this fact. Educational reformers promise each new generation the latest and the best, and the public is schooled in demanding what offer Although many citizens question the val- ue of all the new fancied ideas, school boards and superintends :Us are sufficient- ly tuned to fall prey to the gimmick sales- men. Thus school districts are continually experimenting, continually innovat- ing. They are constantly climbing aboard the bandwagon of this or that new idea, at great expense to the taxpayer, only to discover in two or ihrte years that what had been considered the ultimate in learn- ing has now been proven to be something considerably less. Today, more than at any prior time, edu- cators are infatuated with innovative ideas (regardless of how old the ideas They are caricaHires of Phineas T. Bar- num's claim thai "there's a sucker born every minute." The field of education un- dergoes more fads and changes in stylo than even clothing fashions. Coupler! with this is the "disgrace" 511- perinlendeul.s or school hoards feel when not being ''with Thei-e is no more se- rious indictment of these people than the accusation lhat tliey are behind the limes. It: is the old '-keeping up Mi'h thr Jo-noV syndrome. And so they are perfect pigeons for the gimmick-mongcrs_ Lacking the facilities to lest the innova- tion incorporating il into their sclxiol systems, administrators ir.uM. rely heavily on the advertising campaigns fabricated by the inventors of the new learning pro- grams. Of course. will aNo inquire at other schools which have already im- plementcd Uw new tchemo In sen what success has been experienced there. But1 the administrators of those other schools, flattered at the curiosity of their colleagues and not wanting to admit their own follies, will laud the idea and urge its implementa- tion; even while considering other innova- tions to replace the one being investigated. And the pattern repeats itself forever. This might be excusable if the taxpaying public was net footing the bill for this nonsense. Unhappily, the taxpayers, and their children, are the ones bearing the cost of this constant change for sake of change. What makes all this even more ludicrous is that the obvious way to improve the success of schools is to reduce the pupil- teacher ratio. In this way teachers can offer more teaching time to each pupil, provide more time for those pupils who require extra help, get to know the pupils better, sooner, and so to discover the uni- que person that each child is and respond to that child's particular needs. Thus each child would receive Ihe best possible edu- cation (which, incidentally, all the mani- fold innovations claim they will achieve, but fail to do sol. The ideal educational siatation would he lo have a tutor for each child. Reduction of the pupil-teacher ratio would come closer to this ideal than any of the so- called innovations. This not mean simply hiring more personnel for the school diM.nd II means luring more loachers. not more admims trative personnel who will he exemplars of Parkinson's Law of work expanding to fill the resources available. Introducing new methods of instruction every five years or so casts a fortune. Why not quit playing games with tax- payers' money and children? Why not hire more classroom teachers and gel on wilh the real task of schools erliicnlini! chil- dren? Municipal news blackout in Montreal I ever, in lu Mint lie had misled the House by savin.: a decision had not been made. Mr. Sharp only staled Ihe obvious. ahi- ni'l policy is never final until it is announced. Even though a position uas taken several months n ilit- I'fTont position could have been ta- ken the next. week, the next month, and indeed may have been I'ntil it speaks publicly, the cabinet, operat- ing in presumed secrecy, must be free to change its mind as the cir- cumstances may change. So the only valid concern, in this episode, is the leak of cabinet delib- erations. The frenzied critics hare a good point there, but thai is their NTREAL lloportors who show up for what are euphemistically billed as 'news conferences' at cily hall minlil not be loo surprised if Mayor .lean Drapeau arrives some- day wearing a crown and pro- claiming "La c'est in the governing style of Montreal's mayor anil a monarch of ]7tb century Franco have become increas- ingly apparent since Mr. Dra- peau's Civic Parly won all seals on cily council last voar. Among other things, report- ers Irving to cover city hall in recent months have faced dif- ficulties that might have heen encountered by a journalist trying lo scrutinize the goings on at Versailles Palace Ml years Mr. Drapeau has decided to eliminate 'news conferences' as they arc generally known on ttiis side of Ihe Iron Curlain, Inslead, lie will allow reporters lo assemble ill his presence et-cry month or so while ho reads a brief, prepared state- Jlll'Ml. It's invariably an announce- men! of good news. And. frequently Ihe news conferences end as quickly as they began i t h the mayor curtly telling reporters that Ihore will be no questions. If Montrealers or the press wish some additional infonna- lion such as how much money Mr. Drapeau spends on his frequent trips to Europe, or why the estimated cost of sub- o x I c N i 11 s has been mounting they arc mil of Juck. With HI' pi111 cunt control of city hall, Mr. Drapeau doesn't have, to face any embarrassing questions from councillors. In fact, council meetings arc a r u b b c r-stamping mechanism for tho decisions of the execu- tive committee ;i type of mu- nicipal cfilmiel find herein lies part of ihe problem. All discussions of the executive committee, f he only place where information might emei'fio, are closed to the press unlike I lie meetings of most municipal control boards in other cities. So. by almuM totally elim- inating any contact with the press, Mr. Drapeau has effec- tively stifled the flow of infor- mation from city Ml to the people who pay 'the municipal taxes. The mayor was never a man to be easily accessible lo re- porters, bul just how increas- ingly remote lie has become since the municipal elec- tion was pointed out several weeks ago at one of his cily hall 'audiences' for the press. Mr. Drapeau angrily told a reporter who questioned the wisdom of his no-question con- ferences that the results at the polls showed he was the one person competent lo decide when and to what extent citi- zens are to be informed about municipal business. He added same light of what is most advan- tageous to them it is an anomaly that (lie New Democratic Party shows such concern about Canadian ownership. Unless this is a veiled advocacy of state ownership it hard- ly seems a position a party of the common people should promote. American cultural dominance is not something that need necessarily be feared. There are many things about life in the United States which Canadians obviously appreciate and are more than willing lo appropriate. Some other things are not admired and are consequently rejected this is apparent in the strong criti- cisms voiced. Despite the similarity in style of life between the two coun- tries, somehow a flavor has been retained in Canada that makes life here a little different, even if that difference is difficult to define. Anti Americanism, which can so easily be encouraged as a result of concern about, foreign ownership, can become as paranoic and unpleasant as much of the anti communism that has marred American life in re- cent years. If that is likely to be the only probable outcome of the ex- citement over foreign ownership the whole thing should be dropped. "Otis they distinctly asked you not to adjust your Paul Jfickson U.S. -Canada common market proposed _. Talk nf Canada establishing mon market with the Stales is on the rise so it should ho. Despite the Lraditior.iil (curs that economic1 integration with the U.S. would mean the end of the political independence of this country and that Canadian manufacturing firms would he slaughtered by r.S. giants, tho concept a lot to offer nadians. Going througii old files can be interesting. In some downright fascinating. So it, was on discover-big a story by Prof. Harry G. .Johnson, the Ca- nadian economist who picked up degrees left, right and cen- tre from universities in North America and Europe. It was Prof. Johnson, it may be remembered, who suggested that Canada's centennial pro- ject should he to pursue a vigorous policy of economic in- tegration with (.he V.S. Mis MIC gostJon shocked some people-, Letters To The Editor Must try to made others laugh and still oth- ers shake their heads. Xo one did anything about it, of course. And that's our mis- fortune. If we bad, the con- troversial economic policies an- nounced by President Richard Nixon in August wouldn't have caused a ripple of concern in Canada. Prof. Johnson reckoned that economic union with the U.S. would give all Canadian manu- facturing firms and industries free and unlimited access U> the rich American market. He suggested it would lower the cost of living to Canadians. And it would raise the real incomes of our workers to U.S. levels. We wouldn't be poor cousins anymore. Johnson examined in detail Canadian fears towards such a union with The United and he demolished them with vigor. The m o .s t obvious one was the fear that Canada would lose her political independence. We might, it seemed, be swallowed up into the Union. He eradicated this fear by pointing out that (lie U.S. has arrived at a rather delicate bal- ance of political forces that no U.S. politician would want to see disturbed. There was enough difficulty in admitting Alaska and Hawaii to state- hood. In fact, a political union would be ihe last thing the U.S. would want to see. As for facing up to the inv meii-O competition from mam- moth U.S. manufacturing enter- prises. Johnson pointed out that initially at least our manufac- turing industry would be stimu- lated by Hie lower wage levels in this country. We would, in a number of areas, perhaps have the competitive edge. What's more. Canadian manufacturers would have the chance to escape from the in- efficiencies inherent in produc- ing for a relatively small pro- tected domestic market. They would reap the benefits of large-scale, long-run production :oid of any kind Many people are concerned about the possibility of bad fect-s from Ihe U.S. under- ground, five megaton, nuclear lest explosion a! Anichi'ka. Thi.s concern is justified, but we should be much more con- cerned about. Ihc possibility nf our country becoming a parti- cipant in a nuclear war in which nuclear missiles ing a power oven over five mega- tons could be exploded over cities. A nuclear war between the U.S. and the U.S.S.H. may lie quite unlikely but. it is possible. Britain. France, and China, have nuclear mis- siles and are possihlr ticipanfs. Remember that a nuclear ex- plosive is immensely more jmu rrful than a conventinmd n nf nr hiMoninp of Ihr alnms in H Also that a megaton is the ex- plosive power equal lo l.hal from the explosion of one mil- lion tons of (he conventional ex- plosive TXT. The U.S. and Ihe U.S'.S.K. each have thousands of nuclear misMles, many of wHch are or over, five megatons pnuer. Actually, a much smaller nu- eJear missile could destroy large city. The nuclear bomb that destroyed Hiroshima bad an explosive power equivalent to only twenty thousand tons of TXT. Nuclear mUsile.s could be de- livered on target, areas Ihou- sand.s of miles away by rock- ets or planes. .Some of these target areas would probably be eitirs, as in the Second World War. A rocket-borne nuclear missile from Eastern Kuropc could arrive over the U.S. or Canada within fifteen minutes from launching. At least some of these missiles could get through any available defences to I hoi i1 targets. Specially conMnidcd under- ground slocked and equipped. In give people .some protection from> blast and fallout fmm ninMoar roiild posMbly .save some lives in a nuclear attack, but there are very few such shelters in our cilies. Kven if enough of such shelters were available, many of Ihe occu- pants could bo killed by the power of Ihe nuclear explo- sions. Insufficient or no warn- ing of a coming nuclear atlack could also prevent many peo- Die trom iisiue Ibo shelters. The lew survivors ot the nu- clear attack, on emerging from their shelters, would probably find (heir ci'iies destroyed and much of (heir country uninhab- itable. Therefore, we should do all that we can to keep our coun- try out of war, because a con- ventional weapons war could quickly escalate into a nuclear war in which the drat ruction of our cities and their people would probably be almost com- plete. JOHX SS. Toronto. CwtHHt whnllid Hals off lo Keen observer whose letter was a good re- but lal to editorial fin Mir Sriiiir pa go All tho-'c Mnpid Ir-li'in-fim.'; and long haired only succeeded in worsening rotations with Ihe U.S. They have conducted numer- ous underground tests before, and have a good idea what the results will be. They did not spend :m mil- lion dollars just for sport. KKKN OBSERVER. of specialization that U.S. manufacturers now enjoy. True. Ihere would be some upheaval in industry. But, as Ihe European Common Market experience has shown, indus- tries would survive although some of their lines of produc- tion would have to undergo change. As for tiie loss of our so-call- ed protective tariffs. Johnson and many other economists feel that these are a detriment to Canadian society. By hiding our industry behind" tariff walls, we simply provide a protected monopolistic position thai en- courages inefficiency. It encour- ages manufacturers to exploit their position by going in for excessive product variety and short production runs. It's bad economics all the way. So we should welcome renew- ed talk of economic union. When people such as Calgary Senator Harry Hays talk about the need for a major look at the siluaf.ion should encour- age that talk. After all. it is ridiculous to think we'U still have tariff walls such as we have now when our next centen- nial rolls along. So why don't Canada and the U.S. get busy dismantling Ihem now? (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Looking Through Thr HcraM 191 i A Irainload of businessmen of Lolhbridge went (o the International Dry Farming Congress at Colorado Springs and carried away an engagement that the gress shall be held in Lclh- bridgc. Prospector J. D. Bradley says that Ihere are heavy deposits of gold am! tons of silver in the Old Gold Butte in Hie American side of the Swerl Grass Hills. thai if he allows himself fo be, questioned by reporters, rather than reading statements about issues ho considers it worth dealing wilh, it could create "confusion" and "conflict." Mr. Dri'peau has convinced some people that, there is still a flow of vital information by appearing regularly on two ra- dio programs, one French and one English, llir.vever, the sub- jects to are cho- sen in advance by the mayor. The shows are pre-recorded, and occasionally, the mayor has tcld his interviewer: "Stop the tape. 1 don't want to dis- cuss that." Dnipeau further reveal- ed just ir.iK'h he thinks the pub'ic shmild ki'fi'.v when he (old his rar'io listeners recently that even if (he subway exten- sion project costs three or four times tlie original estimate, that is "nn! really news, be- cause il is a repeat.'1 In other words, the public already knows the subway is being ex- tended, so why go into prosaic details. On the issue of the sum- mer Olympics, the mayor has emerged as a political Humpty Dumply whose Lewis Carroll wrote means just what t choose it to mean neither mere nor less." Mr. Drapcau actually kept a straight face when he told re- por'ers recently that he never said the Olympics wouldn't cost Monlrcalcrs a cent. I said is that it would not cost cent more than the city uc'jld have to pay for the sanif installations without the staled the mayor. Mr. Drapeiui also claims the Olympic facilities would he rccrlcd anyway. But, he hasn't tnol uilh reporters who would like to kr.ow whether Montreal need an fiO.oOO-seat sta- dium if the Olympics weren't taking place, or an Olympic vi'i.'ige for 12.000 occupants. Mr. Drapcau has promised the Olympic Village will be turned into low-cost public housing, but specific details Jrven't been revealed. So mo ri'izcns groups have question- ed the quality of family hniH- inc originally designed as tem- porary lodgings for sn athletic event. In fact, Ihf press hasn't been able to find out how many civic employees are working on Olympic planning snd "how much money is being spent on Ihc; Tlif ban was first imposed by Mayor Dra- a temporary measure after h.s election at the hcifji.l of the FLQ crisis to co.-l the tensions in Montreal. However, the mayor hadn't shown such reticence about talking io the press two days before the election when he, annihilated the already-weak opposition party fighting the campaipn by charging it was a front for Ihe terrorists. The charges against the Front d'Action Politique a left-wing coalition of unions and citixms iircups have never been substantiated and opponents of Ihu mayor are still OhseiTers bdjovr it Is un- likely a viable alternative to Ihe Draprau leadership will emerge before the next election in three years. A left-wing coalition of separatist, union and social action groups that might mobilize would have a difficult time af trading the votes of the mass middle class citizens which are needed for an election victory. So. it appears that the man who 9'2 por of (he pfipular vou- and 1'n per cent control of the gov- ernment in largest city can to ..ft like an King' with ail the con- fidence 1 XIV had wht-n he p in (llmilri Quebec liurcnii) backward npvriilor.- as nv- rli'rs ahly (luring Uic UPI.-II. tlin members a! cily police nnil HIP firr nicnl. ;irr hirkinq burns in a puck luillo S'lindny. The pro- cords from Ihc hockey game arc In In Iho. British Kire KiChlcrs' liclicf. 1931 I'rimrss ro- lurnrd to I omiim today ailrr ;i trip to Canada and Ihc Imilcd Slalos. The Lcthbridcjc Herald 504 Vth St. S., Lelbbrirlgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905 ty Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN of The Ca Publishers' Asso a Class Miill ReoiMrflli nadian ano inn ciation and Ihe Audit CLEO W THOMAS JOE BAILA Advertising MOWERS, Editor H. ADAMS, C-onc Bureau n mcf Pnhli' "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;