Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 18, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE 1ETHBRIDGE HESAtD Wednesday, Nowmlior 18, 1970 Anthony Westell A Convenient marriage The "federation" of. Egypt, Sudan and Libya appears on the map as an awesome threat to Israel. The three States together have a total area of two million square miles and a population of 50 million. At present, Hie union appears to be simply a formal acknowledge- ment of the special relationship es- tablished under President Nasser. They want to continue the co-opera- tion; they look to Uie Egyptians for guidance in cultural and economic matters, but there is no suggestion thai any of the three is expecting a firm political arrangement which would lead to loss of sovereignty. H economic policies can be suc- cessfully integrated the federation makes some sense, Egypt has tech- nicians; they are needed in Libya which has enormous oil revenues but needs development. So does the Sudan, a potentially rich country lacking funds and technologists to de- velop its natural resources. The three countries consider them- selves as "progressives" in the Mid- dle East political lineup, as opposed to conservative slates like Saudi Arabia, Kuwait or Morocco. Sudan and Libya are militarily hopelessly weak and are likely to remain that way for some years to come. The idea that the tripartite arrange- ment could become a nucleus for a pan-Arab union is chimerical right now, according to Middle East ex- perts. So far the Israelis are simply shrugging it off. But with the recent coup in Syria, and the announcement that the pro- jected federation would welcome Gen. Assad's government as a fourth member, there is almost bound to be apprehension in Israel, Syria is a hotbed of anti-Israeli guerrilla activ- ity, Libya offered to send direct mil- itary support to the guerrillas fight- ing in Jordan during the civil war there. While President Nasser was alive he was able to control the guer- rillas in Egypt, but there is now fear that President Sadat will not be able to do the same thing. The guerrilla leader, Yasir Arafat, is enthusias- tic about the proposed federation and it is beginning to look as if the weak- ened Egyptian leadership might be less inclined to impose its will on other Arab countries. If the federa- tion should succeed this time, when all other attempts have failed, its success would be an unwelcome one for prospects of Middle Blast peace. No acclamations The people on the Blood and Peigan Indian reserves apparently do not be- lieve in offices being filled by accla- mation. Balloting takes place for one chief and 12 councillors on each of the reserves. Voters tomorrow on the Blood reserve can choose their chief from 13 candidates and their councillors from 101 nominees; on the Peigan reserve today the chief will be chosen from six aspirants and there are 49 running for council. It appears as though everyone (and. Ms relatives) is willing to be accorded the honor of being entrusted with responsibility in the affairs of their reserves. This is in striking con- trast to many other Canadian com- munities where there is such reluc- tance to hold office that elections are not held positions are filled by acclamation. Sometimes it is thought to be a way of honoring deserving individuals to return them to office uncontested. But the office-holder might be nagged occasionally with the suspicion that it is not so much confidence in him as unconcern about the position that is signified. The best of public ser- vants deserve to hold office by vir- tue of a demonstration of support at the polls and therefore it is a bad thing generally to have elections by acclamation. This is not to say that it is neces- sarily a good tiling to have as many candidates as there are in the re- serve elections. It is always to be hoped that nominations are made seriously and that an election is not turned into a circus which could be a danger when an inordinate number run for office. Good feeding: good feeling If Lethbridge Is hoping to develop Into a first rate convention centre as visualized by the Travel and Con- vention Association of Southern Al- berta, something will have to be done to improve rneal service, par- ticularly for large gatherings. Conventions run on a tight sched- ule, and while committees in charge may have made excellent prepara- tions to facilitate the smooth run- ning of sessions, programs run be- hind if meal service is slow. Restaurateurs try to give top-notch service, but this depends on ade- quate, trained help. Six hundred peo- ple cannot be served efficiently with the same number of staff required to serve three hundred. Doubless restaurateurs are feeling the strain of high costs and resent having to pay extra help, even if the occasion warrants it. But in the busy convention business, speedy, efficient service is good public relations, and the cities aware of this are likely to win the major share of large con- ventions. Temptations of pornography From The Christian Century fAN you imagine a politician, in the late hours of an overheated election cam- paign, declaring himself in favor of legal- izing the sale of smut? We can't which Is why wo thought the timing of the report of the Presidential Commission on Obscenity and Pornography was bound to be disastrous. It doesn't take a whole lot of courage for a president or a preacher to hurl the tender of Ms moral indigna- tion against pornography. But what is obscenity, In a legal sense? What kind of laws are wise and just in dealing with pornography? These are ques- tions which hardly got a useful airing in our autumnal orgy of vote-sedating. Truly, there are more reasons for disgust at the political and religious reactions to the com- mission report than at the findings of the commission itself. An orchestrated attack on the commis- sion report began nearly two months be- fore its release. In early August, White House press secretary Ron Ziegler disclosed that President Nixon would oppose the re- port if it "recommends what the newspa- pers say it recommends." Two weeks later, Attorney General John Mitchell continued" this tactic of handswashing by declaring that the Johnson appointed commission "is not connected with the Nixon adminis- tration." In September two simitfighting clergymen who served on the commission Morton A, Hall, S.J., who is presi- dent of Morality in Media, and Winfred C, link, superintendent of a Methodist retire- ment home in Tennessee urged Congress to "file (the majority report) in the waste- basket." The report, finally released October I, called for the repeal of laws'which ban (lie sale of pornography to "consenting adults.'1 The commission Majority stated: "Exten- sive empirical investigation, both by the commission and by others, provides no evi- dence that exposure to or use of explicit serial inalerhil.s plays a significant role. in the causation of social or individual harm .such crime, delinquency, or non-sexual deviancy or severe emotional disturbances." However, tin- commission support state and local bans on the sale of smut to young persons and on public displays of sexually explicit pictures; also approved were postal regulations against unsolicited ads for smut. Positively, the commission urged open discussion, continuing research, and a "massive education effort" aimed at achieving "an acceptance of sex as a nor- mal and natural part of life" and as a "sound foundation for marriage and fam- ily." Given the sordid rhetoric of 1970 elec- tioneering, it was not surprising that Demo- crats vied with Republicans in unloading words like "ma- and "decadent" upon the hapless commission. Spiro did Ms part. Bill Gra- ham blessed these exercises by calling the report "one of the worst and most diaboli- cal ever made by a presidential commis- sion" and one which "no Christian or believ- ing Jew could support." With these preliminaries and stung by recent reports of the Civil Rights Commis- sion and the Nixon appointed Scrantosi Commission on Campus Unrest, bolh of. which found the Widie House lacking in. moral leadership President Nixon repii- the pornography report as a "moral- ly bankrupt" document, adding that the commission has "performed a disservice, and 1 totally reject its report." Thus was his "moral leadership" resoundingly re- stored. Btinnesota law school Dean William Lock- hart, commission chairman a Disciples of Clsrist layman, is not surprised over the righteous furor: "f didn't sec how we couht avoid it. It's such a controversial .subject." When one commissioner proposed avoiding the making of any recommendations, Dean LcckiKirt replied: "That's irresponsible. We have to. That's why Congress created the commission." Pornography indeed offers its oun pecu- liarly sinful temptations. One of the worst of these is to avoid honest scrutiny of the sub- ject which the commission bravely re- sisted. Another is to make demagogic cap- ital out of it which the President and many others have failed to i-osi.st. M o r n I confusion ifitwinx. Did FLQ use media to create a crisis? "We have learn- cd to manipulate Uie me- writes Abbie Hoffman, Iho American Yippio leader, to his handbook Revolution for the Hell of It. Ho claims that a small group of far-out radicals were able to use the free publicity provided by television ami press to draw thousands of young people to Chicago during the Democratic convention in 1868. When the police clashed with the young demonstrators, the media carried the drama and excitement of the "Battle of Chicago" across Uie country, stimulating a new wave of rad- ical, even revolutionary, indig- nation. Hoffman probably exagger- ates his own cleverness and oversimplifies the role of Uie media. But few people can doubt the impact of the media in the electronic society of non- stop communication, and the theory of revolution by publicity raises disturbing questions about the crisis in Quebec, Have' a handful of FLQ ter- rorists learned how to manipu- late the media to make them- selves appear far more import- ant, more terrifying than they really are? Have the media inadvertent- ly exaggerated two kidnappings and some clever propaganda into a threat of revolution which never really existed? When the government impos- ed Uie War Measures Act, was it responding to a genuine fear of terrorist insurrection or to a climate of crisis generated by the FLQ through skilful use of the media. If Uie media overreacted to the kidnappings and the FLQ propaganda communiques, to what extent were they encour- aged by a secretive govern- ment? The evidence at the Laporte inquest hardly supports the fear that there was a well organ- ized and extensive FIAJ plot. It indicates that at least some of the terrorists who were said to be threatening the state were more interested in escaping their debts than in fomenting revolution. They were wander- ing around the United States, with little money and no weap- ons, when the crisis began, then raced home to get in on Uie ac- tion. How could such people have thrown the whole country into a panic, and brought Quebec to the edge of anarchy? Some of Prime Minister Pi- erre Elliott Trudeau's close s t advisers are convinced that the answer is that the FLQ made extremely skilful use of (lie me- dia to create a crisis atmo- sphere in Quebec. "I would not be at all sur- prised if we find out eventual- ly that whole thing was planned by some TV e x p e r t or radio man, someone who rsally un- derstands says one top Trudeau aide. The FLQ's scenario for revo- lution by media, as it is now seen in Ottawa, runs something like this: A smalt group of genuine rev- olutionaries plan and execute the kidnapping of James Cross. They publish a list of propa- ganda demands, including the demand for their political man- ifesto to be read on television. They understand1 very well that the news media from all over the world will regard them as a top story and they feed the excitement day by day by supplying communiques. They rely on sympathizers unconnected with the actual crimt to take up the agitation on university campuses, in the trade unions and through) Uie media. There is an unexpected bonus when another so-called "cell" decides to intervene by snatch- ing Laporte, and finally kills him. Radio stations pour out a non- stop stream of fact and alarm- "And remember, men, if you hear anything about this government check on our efficiency let me know ing r u m o r s. Television pre- empts regular shows for emer- gency programs. Newspapers publish special editions. Montreal is raised to a fever pitch of fear, and the federal and Quebec governments call out the troops. French Canadian moderates, caught up in the climate of fear, begin to speculate about politi- cal collapse and the possibility of provisional government. FLQ sympathizers and agita- tors, meantime, are stirring up students and community groups, calling for street demonstra- tions. All 'these developments, nat- urally, are reported, analyzed and sometimes exaggerated by the media. The plot which started wiUi one kidnapping lias now mush- roomed to the point of political explosion. It was at this stage say the federal sources that they finally agreed to urgent re- quests from Quebec and Mont- real to stop in with the War Measures Act, round up sus- pects and damp the rising fear and excitement. Had they failed to take this action according to the pre- sumed FLQ scenario there would have been street demon- strations. The new genuine ter- rorists would hava opened fire on the police, drawing a coun- ter fire which would have kill- ed some students or bystanders. The next step would have been strikes and protests against poltee brutality, and another long step toward an- archy. This was the pattern of in- surrection apprehended by the government when it invoked the War Measures Act, but it can- not now be proved because it was based on a scenario, on a theory of revolution, rather than on hard evidence. But when the federal sources anguish about the role of the media in the crisis, they ignore their own 'grave responsibility. By pretending to negotiate the FLQ, for 11 days between the kidnapping of Cross and tho imposure of the War Measures Act, fcy legitimized the terror- ists, giving the media the im- pression that there was a ma- jor conspiracy. Federal ministers such as Jean Marehand, who was so dis- turbed by the crisis that he was hardly responsible for his words fed the minor mill with wild exaggerations. Had Ottawa reacted to the Cross kidnapping as s common crime, with no great political significance, and refused to negotiate with the FLQ, the me- dia might have seen events in a different light. (Toronto Star SytHlcate) Shaun He-iron Beating our Canadian breasts on publishing issue WE are beating our Cana- dian breasts again; this time about an American subsi- diary buying the Ryerson press. Nobody appears to have ask- ed whether there are two relat- ed questions in this affair that have to be answered before the issue of Canadian publishing can really be discussed. The first is: Are there too many Canadian publishers? The second is: How many Ca- nadians read enough to sup- port how many publishers? There is not much point in bleeding all over the place about the small countries (Holland', Denmark, etc.) that can own and maintain their own publish- ing houses, unless we k n o w whether these small countries have (a) as many houses as we have (b) have more book buying readers than we have and (c) publish iraterial that is in general more readable than Canadian material. Hyerson didn't go down only because it made foolish deci- sions in management and edi- torial policy. It was successful in a quieter past because its competition was meagre and the public reading climate didn't demand much of it. When the climate changed Ryerson tried too long to remain a house pub- lishing stuff fit for the preach- er's younger daughters; by then other houses were in the field without the inhibitions that handcuffed a press run by a biased and far from competent committee far from compe- tent, as it proved, ia any area of publishing. Publishing houses have pro- liferated in Canada in recent years. Book buying readers haven't. A publisher asked me recently to suggest to him what ought to he written and publish- ed in Canada, I didn't know. My own position would be quite simply: Anything that ought to be written and published any- where else. But when I asked readers of my contributions to tell nte what tiey wanted to see in book form, I got one let- ter. Perhaps nobody drought the question too important. So we live with that. An economic law is operat- ing. Too many Canadian pub- lished boohs are chasing too few Canadian readers. Canadian booksellers appear to have made a peculiar decision: to display Canadian books in a separate place in tlieir stores under (he banner "Canadians." Why? Who pays money for a bock because it is A few no doubt, but not many. Tax case clarified NBA Service A LOT of book J around the country pop- ped their reading glasses when the Internal R'Jvenuc Service issued a ruling in .July stating llu'y svould be Uxyhlc on the value of tiic books they re- ceived, even though the books were unsolicited. Record reviewers, movie critics and others who receive free merchandise or benefits in the course of their work won- dered if t h e yt too, were going to be tapped, Ilie IRS has nrm' issued a new strictly limited lo IhR facts ol Ure actual case on which the first ruling was based. It seems that the reviewer in question received 3.500 books from various publishers with- out charge in the hope that he would say a kind word about them. During the same year, he donated the books to a charitable organization but then claimed a deduction on his income tax for the contribu- tion but without including the value of the books in his gross income. That, as any taxpayer will agree, ought to ba a no-no. Why should anybody pay more for a book published in Canada when the. fact is that it will not, merely by virtue of being Ca- nadian, be a better book than one published elsewhere? What we need, if we are gen- uinely concerned about Cana- dian publishing, is a series of mergers. We need I mean really need a quarter of the publishing houses we presently have. We need tins more than we need some of the schemes re- cently put forward in Toronto. The idea put forward the other day in Toronto Ibat booksellers should be compell- ed by law to display a rising proportion ot Canadian made paperbacks is ludicrous. I im- agine it would be very difficult to draft a compelling bock- sellers and drug stores to dis- play, in bookstands and at a certain height on bookstands, what the government pre- scribes! No such law will ever be passed because it would be booted out of court. I can't im- agine Canadians being told what they will read or where a fixed proportion of the material avail- able to therft will come from. I can imagine such a law creat- ing the anger that would ruin the publishers who promoted it. And they would deserve it. In any case, writers do not write for fun only. They write also for money and they are unlikely to make any by being published in Canada under pres- ent conditions. (1 know one Ca- nadian author who got from bis Canadian publisher a bill for the difference between his ad- vance and book earnings from sales. American, British and European publishers admit a no- return clause to their contracls. It's regarded now as minimal Earnings from Cana- dian publication are not un- known. They are merely rather rare. And writers and their chil- dren, like plumbers and their children, eat, and wear shoes'. Before we rush into any gov- ernment financing for Canadian publishing text books or any other, but least of all for test book publishing or Interfere with the industry at all, should look at the economics of it, its structure, its efficiency. And we should attempt to do something about book manufac- turing laws in the U.S. which threaten the copyright of for- eign works not manufactured (printed, bound, etc.) in the U.S. and therefore prevent U.S. sales of books made in Canada. These are the serious ques- tions. Beating our anguished breasts in ihe good old Cana- dian way will not answer any of them and Canadian publish- ers, by their recent utterances on the question, are certainly not to be trusted with pur lib- erty to buy and sell what we want, and want to read, wher- ever we want to buy and sell it. Spokesmen for an industry in an anarchistic mess havo just proposed that the govern- ment should compel booksellers to display Canadian books in a particular way and in a parti- cular proportion in their stores. Cherished anarchy for the Canadian publishers, regi- mentation for the Can a d i a n bookseller and a stab at forced feeding for the Canadian buyer and reader that's what they want. Not Pygmalion likely. Let them slop wliining and learo (heir trade; and if what they produce is well made, and the price is right maybe we'll buy it. But we'E not be man- oeuvred or pushed into buying it merely because Canadian publishers tliink Canadian read- ers owe them but not their writers a living. (Herald Special Service) Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD Mn Four rooms will bo added to Westminster school at once to relieve the congestion in school accommodation to North Lethbridge. 1938 All hotel licencees will be furnished with a list of those on relief, who will be barred from the beer parlors. The New York Herald Tribune said editorially that it was "absurd" for the U.S. to to apply to Canada the immi- gration regulations it adopts with respect to Ihe rest of the world. Canadians are now re- quired to have passports to en- ter the country. 1850 civic ice centre will be officially opened tonight. Free public skating and curling will be enjoyed and long speeches will be dis- pensed with. Construction crews have started working on devel- oping a roadway into Snow Val- ley near Fcrnie, one of Ihe sites proposed for the 1908 Win- Icr Olympic Games. The letltbridge Herald SM 7th St. Lothbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class- iM'.l Registration No. 0012 Member ot The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and Ihe Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Fdilor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOH BAU-A WiLUAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Eriiior ROY F, MILES DOUGLAS K, WALKER Advertising, Manager Editorial Pan') Cdilor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH"