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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 17, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta -Wedneiday, November 17, 1971 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD 5 Hook Reviews Woman's role in the modern world "The 1'ricc of Women" liy David Allen (Jarrow Press, 200 "Man's World W o m a n 's Plaee: a study in social my- tholngy" liy Elfoahi'lli Jane- way (William Morrow 31-1 pages distributed by Ucorgo .1. IMc'I.end, Ltd.) 'THESE two books (Uic only two I have read from rover to cover on woman's role in Die modern world) arc quite ipposcd in viewpoint, method jf approach, and style. One is 3y a male, the other by a fe- male. Both show the results of extensive research and thought, both are provocative, though Mr. Allen's more open to con- troversy and argument than Mrs. j'aneway's. David Allen takes the practi- cal approach, basing his dis- cussion on the premise that some women the all-out fem- inists, Women's Lib variety- are agitating for a position in the world which would require the assumption of legal and fi- nancial responsibility for the family. Most of them, he be- lieves are unwilling to assume such burdens. I agree with him. He states categorically that women are not by nature as ag- gressive as men, and he backs up this belief with excellent ar- guments plus scientific facts which seem impressive to me. This lack of aggression, plus unwillingness to accept respon- sibility, plus the obvious anatomical differences between men and women, he believes, are the basis for woman's lack of conspicuous success in the competitive world of politics and business. I'd like to hear him on a de- bating platform with Kate Mil- loll, the Women's Lib propo- nent. Anyway, David Allen, is occasionally funny. Most wom- en writers on the subject of their place in the world today are anything but entertaining. Mrs. Janeway lakes a more philosophic approach basing her social mythology on the theory of the male need for the security ef the cradle. (This sounds a little like the old cliche about the hand that rocks the cradle ruling the world.) But in all fairness to Mrs. Janeway, she is not as naive as all that. She is not, in fact naive at all. She believes that man's need for reassurance has developed into the idea that the woman should stay in the home, where she belongs. (If the far out Women's Lib faction have then' way there won't be many homes, as we now know them, left around. Actress Shirley MacLaine for instance has re- cently come out with the state- ment that not only is marriage old fashioned. Divorce is too. What's the need for But Mrs. Janeway is not an out-and-out Fern Lib. She is an analyst of skill and scholarship with an amazing reference background in the relevant so- cial sciences. Her book is thoughtful and studious. A nov- elist of international reputa- tion, she wriles with authority. In reference to what I have noted above about writers on the women's movement lack- ing levity or wit, she says, "revolutionary movements in- sist, quite rightly, on their dig- nity. They reject minor changes as tokenism. If the women's movement is humor- less _ this is partly because women are refusing to stay within limits where change is not upsetting and can be taken as amusing by the powerful." To me her argument is a little specious. Dissection of the sex psyche can become tedious. A little leavening might help. It might be well to add names and titles of the new books on the subject of "wom- an's place1' in (be present world, why it is what it is and what should be. done, to change it. David Allen, who incidental- ly holds a master's degree in .sociology where he was a class- male of Mike Nichols, Elaine May and Hugh Heffner, lists his choices in which "the basic ideologies of the neo-feminists .since tli" early 1950s are set forth." These include The Sec- ond Sex, by S'imono de Beau- voir The Feminc Mys- tique by Betty Fricdan (W. W. The Natural Superior- ity of Women by Ashley Mon- tague (Mac.Millan) and Sexual Politics by Kate Millelt (Dou- I could add one of my own, hot off the griddle and un- read by me, but reviewed in Time very recently. It's a novel by the inimitable, delightful and witty Peter de Vries, and it's called Into Your Tent I'll Creep. JANE IIUCKVALE. New look at welfare problems How to raise fish T.I "II n m e Aquarium." by Shinji Makino (.Japan Press, 101 pages, Slfl, distributed by Longman Canada OME AQUARIUM provides many excellent color and black and white photographs of some of the more common fresh water ar.d marine aquarium fish, but does little to provide information or stimulate inter- ert. The text is often very gen- eral and sketchy and practic- ally non-existent when discuss- ing breeding, especially of the easily bred varieties of bubble nest builders such as the Beta or SIAMESE Fighting fish and Gourair.i. The sections on the live bear- ing fish the guppies, mollies and swords is well done and quite informative. A rather lengthy discussion of the sex change in the sword from female to male will be of great interest to the serious ac- quarist. Excluding the common live- bearing fish the book seems to be a "hurry-up job" ignoring obvious questions and skipping detailed information. It is obvious 101 pages is not enough to do justice to the fast- rising hobby. If you wish to learn about aquarium fishes go to the library, or buy another bock. LARRY BENNETT "Man VS tlie. Welfare S t a t e" by Henry Hazlitl, (Vancouver Mitchell Press, S8.U5, 208 rPHE central theme Uie auth- or a well-known journal- ist presents in this book is that the way to cure poverty is not being tackled in the proper manner- Arguing that man's concern for man is valid, and probably more sincere than it has ever been, he none'helcss shoots down some of the formu- las political idealists have in mind to correct economic wrongs in order that everyone has a chance to share in life's benefits. He proposes that many popular solutions to pov- erty may. in the end, only con- solidate "the very poverty they were intended to overcome. Guaranteed annual income ne- gs'ive income tax, consumer price controls are all given a going over and questioned. Many of the arguments hcve been put forward before by pro- fessional economists. Stagna- tion of incentive, for example, (beginning to show up now Ls some of our youth) when wel- fare becomes an easy life style. But why should people work when welfare payments ap- proximate the wages of fully- employed people? Mr Hazlitt presents a num- .ber of propositions. Propor- tional income tax, discon- tinuance of deficit budgets and inflationary policies and imme- diate and heavy restriction m the operation of governmental powers and controls, a premise many readers will support. He suggests that the ideal of a free society with incentive and free enterprise must provide equal opportunity for all. He dis- counts the trend towards a form of Utopian welfare state, which dulls incentive by offer- ing too many easy outs. Although I found Mr Hazlitt's book heavy reading because economics is so con- fusing to me, particularly when it gets into the billions tossed around so casually by govern- ments, I believe it would be of immense help lo political offi- cials, educators and econom- ists who seem too often to leap into deep economic trouble and think later. His theories make sense to the average person, and if even one or two were adopted we'd probably stand to gain. MARGARET LUCKHURST. Charismatic leaders 'The Demigods" by Jean Lacoutiire (Knopf, Stl.95, dis- tributed by Random rjUIE cover of this book lias pictures of Uie important men who helped shape the peo- ples of the so-called 'third' world Nasser. Nkri'inah, Si- hanouk, and Bourguiba. It also has the title in large black, bold type across the lop. But wedged between these two in small print is the statement "Charis- matic Leadership in the Third World." That statement is what the book is all about. It is a great book for the expert. However, the first seventy- seven pages plunges into and ploughs through the whole no- tion of "Charisma." I do not doubt that it is a very learned, scholarly analysis, and that M. Lacourture knows his sub- ject thoroughly, but the book is thus not for the layman. It is a course in the psychology, phil- osophy, and theology of the idea "Charisma." The refer- ences and cross references make demands even on the ex- pert political scientist. It is really tough reading for the un- suspecting, ordinary reader who Blight find the book in his hands. But the work does have re- wards for those who persevere. FOSTERS FOR QUALITY SERVICE INTEGRITY fSBSS ON SALE Thursday, Friday Saturday NOV. 18, 19, 20 Bead Necklaces Earrings Pierced and Clipons Bracelets Broach and Earring Sets Chokers Belts Pendants Zodiac Pins Fashion Rings Etc. Etc. Etc. PRICE Hew Arrivals For Christmas Diamond Dinner Rings 9 Gents Diamond Rings todies and Gents Birthstone Rings 9 Childrens Birlhstone and Signet Rings Matching Star Saphire Pendant Earring and Ring Set Matching Star Ruby Pendant, Earring and Ring Sets todies and Gents Star Sapphire Rings todies and Gents Star Ruby Rings 9 Fabulous Selection of Ladies and Mens Birthstone Rings Matched todies and Gents Wedding Band Sets Diamond Set and Plain in White Gold, Yellow Gold and Two-Tone Very Extensive Selection of Matched Engagement Rings and Wedding Band Sets in White or Yellow Gold THE Jewellery People In Lethbridge" TER'S JEWELLERY LTD. 513 4th Ave. S. Phone 327-4429 o AJ.iaoaj.Ni aDiAaas Ainvno nod saaisod Nasser was pushed unwillingly into his role. Bourguiba was born into "an honorable fam- ily" and destined to rule. No matter what the storms, the stars had signaled. Sihanouk ruled as the very soul of his people, the Khmers of Cambo- dia. Kwame Nkrumah rode to power as he ushered in the era of grand illusions in African politics. In each case, an amazingly fragile web of ev- ents interacted to establish "The Demigods" and keep them there. M. Lacouture, in the second part, when he gets to the rulers themselves, does a remarkable job of cutting away the flashy, fleshy parts beloved by historians and novelists. Yet, one must be realistic about his book. It is scholarly. It belongs to tile shelves of the skilled political scientist, inter- ested in the "Third" World. For the common man, this book is out: it is beyond hun. LOUIS BURKE. Books in brief "Agenda: a Plan for Ac- tion" liy Paul T. Hcllyer (Prentice Hall, 206 pages, cabinet minister, Paul Hellyer now sits in the House of Commons as an independent because he feels at such odds with his former colleagues on economic policy. In this book he sets out his eco- nomic views after providing an historical and contemporary review which takes up about half the book. His proposal of selective controls within the economy is the major item on the agenda. Concern for the underprivileged is apparent in the book and he makes it clear that he does not believe so- cialism can help them. It is ironic in view of his impatience with the present government to have Mr. Hellyer say, ''One thing I have learned during my years in public life is that progress is slow and that poli- tics is the 'art of the possible'." "Outdoors With Gregory Clark" edilcd by Hugh Shaw (McClelland and Stewart, 158 pages, T.TERE is a treasure: 123 gems of writing by Cana- dian columnist Gregory Clark. Gleaned by Hugh Shaw, former executive editor of Weekend Magazine, from the thousands written, they will expecially delight nature lovers. These short pieces are full of informa- tion and laced with gentle hu- mor. Without the least hint of stridency a powerful pitch for conservation is made. It is a book that evokes awe for na- ture and appreciation for one who can write so pleasurably. "Fragments of my Flooec" by II c a n Aclicson (W. W. Norton and Company, 222 pages, SS.75. distributed by (iforgc J. McLeod as a sheep leaves some of its f I c c r p on a fence- so these pieces in this collection are reminders of the late. Dean Ache-son, one-time U.S. secretary of stale. The im- age of a cold and critical man is perpetuated in the piece about the arrogance of interna- tional lawyers in which he as- sails the UN's position on Rho- flc.-ia. But a side less known lo the public is also revealed in w a r m tributes lo colleagues nnd willy writings on a variety of themes. I especially enjoyed an essay about an attempt, lo eliminate, certain expressions from stale depart men! cor- respondence which was frus (rated by an increased volume of output he rould not control. Then, as he .says, through the ruins the exiled phrases defiantly marched back, con- tacting, implementing, fooling, conl.raproducing, aborting, and e m a s c u 1 a ting in shameless abandon." DOUG WALKER United Slates and world law Tlie New York Times TTHE American role as world policeman has been a subject of debate since the large-scale escalation of the Vietnam war. The issue has been whether it was the responsibility of the United Slates to op- pose aggression everywhere and to take it upon itself to uphold the rule of law in the world. Few challenged the theoretical desirability of upholding international law. Now, however, a new phenomenon seems to be beginning to characterize American behavior in the world: disregard for the law. Apparently without being clearly aware of it, the Xixon administration, sup- ported by a bipartisan bloc in the Con- gress, is increasingly ignoring this coun- try's moral or legal obligations ou'..side its borders. The United States, which has fre- quently taken the lead in challenging treaty violations of other countries, is in danger of becoming a lawbreaker itself. The move under way in Congress, to cut back payment of the United .States' regular United Nations assessment, as well as iis voluntary contributions, is a case in point. Secretary of State Rogers has opposed re- taliation against the United Nations for the expulsion of Taiwan, but he and President Nixon have in effect endorsed a reduction in American contributions. A unilateral re- duction in the regular assessment would be a violation of the UN Charter. But even a negotiated reduction, if made as an ex- pression of pocketbook pressure, would violate ttv2 spirit of the American commit- ment to the UN. Policy disagreements have already put the United States in violation of its legal obligation to the Intel-national Labor Or- ganization. With the earlier support of AFL-CIO president George Meany, who has now reversed himself. Rep. John Rooney of Brooklyn and his House Appro- priations subcommittee are blocking pay- ment of half the 1970 and all of the 1971 1LO assessments on Unit'.-! The state department has pretested and the White House has warned Hint the United States is "in default" and Is violating bind- ing legal obligations. But President Nixon has failed to bring to bear the kind o! pres- sure that would permit the United Stales to practice the law-abiding behavior it prcaches. A new threat oi treaty-breaking lies in the Senate move, just approved by the congressional conference, lo require tb'j United States to resume imports of chrome from Rhodesia in violation of tire economic sanctions against Rhodesia voted by the UN Security Council with American sup- port. This would mean a violation of the UN Charter unless President Nixon takes advantage of a loophole pointed out by Prof. Stephen Schwcbel of Johns Hopkins University. Mr. Nixon could win time lo turn Congress around by hailing imports of chrome from the Soviet Union as well as releasing chrome instead from the nation's defense stockpiles, a three- jfirr supply. Most potentially dangerous of all the American treaty-breaking how- ever, is the 10 per cent impart surcharge imposed by President Nixon Aug. 15 in violation of American obligations under the GATT treaty. The economic and psy- chological damage done by Treasury Sec- retary Connally's vague, oulsized demands for worldwide concessions in return for eliminating the surcharge has dominated attention, alorg with the threat of a world- wide But the legal viclation en top of the prcr-ure tactics now to deprive the United Slates of the world agreement it needs to correct its pay- ments imbalance without a trade war. American credibility ar.d the whole mor- al basis of the American role in the world could be undermined unless the country re- turns to the rule of law it has sought for so long to establish and uphold. Looking for discrimination The Hamilton Spectator drink whisky, beer and soft drinks; that AN Ontario Human Rights Commission drink whisky, beer and so report claims with some indignation only they smoke cigarettes, that mass media advertising discriminates gainst Canada's minority racial groups by In addition, it doesn't seem quite fair that the more hirsute a younger swinger reflecting an image that the populatioin is the better his chance to end up slrumminj made up of very few Asians. Indians. Es- kimos or blacks. In other words, most ad- vertisements concentrate almost entirely on the smiling faces of white people. The commission might find itself ac- cused of introducing racism in a field where it never consciously existed and also accused of not changing to the aid of other minorities who might suffer discrimination in the same area. What about those millions of Canadians who are over the age of 30, for example? (We admit a touch of bias here, barely qualifying for that category.) Doddering 35-year-olds are not prominent in Canada's ads. Mass media advertising is therefore wide open to charges of creat- ing Ihe impression that only smart your.g swingers, engulfed in a tide of rock music, a guitar on a TV commercial (No wonder face-lifts and wigs are becoming so chid) The Human Bights Commission also might usefully concern itself with discrim- ination in the arts. We're up to here with books and plays about doctors, detectives, lawyers, athletes, sheriffs and other glam- orous folk. What about steelworkers, janitors, store clerks, milkmen, editorial writers, horolo- gists and librarians? Tlie fact that their exciting lives aren't immortalized on film shows that they're being discriminated against. Dam right! Imagine a series entitled: "file Life and Loves of Lorimer Fenwick. editorial writ- er." It could make a book, a veritable block-buster. (Arthur Hailey. where are The swing to old at is out. Old age Is in. Such is the word from California, which cer- tainly ought to know. After several decades of preoccupation with the problems, joys, jeans and mind- expanding pastimes of young people, we enter an era when interest is directed to- wards the The trend is indicated by the vogue of nostalgia which may be defined as the recollection of anything old enough to know better and the scrambling by movie pro- ducers to make films like "Kotcb." which explores the well-preserved pickles of being a grandpa. The generation gap is now interpreted as the area of misunderstanding between the 40-year-old father and his old man. It was bound to come, of course, it is possible to get only so much mileage out of tlie callow hangups of the young. We have seal all that youth lad to offer in the way of Woodstock saturnalia. The kids have displayed, among other tilings, their idealism, the Hair that didn't stand up too well in Uie road company. We have also heard the music of the young, there being no way of avoiding it without wearing a lead toque_ Women with UK mature figure have borne Uie mini and hot pants as stoically as nny matron of Sparta put up with having lo go And we have sat through I ho TV commer- cials aimed at the affluent nnder-25's who worry about bad breath, greasy kidding, and drinking insincere coke. Youth has had its full inning. Despite its undeniable physical charm and fresh-faccn honesty, yotitn remains damp behind the cars as an object of sus- tained interest. 1 cannot compete, espe- cially in the performing arts, with tlie cha- racter that has had a whole lifetime ii) which to weave its rich tapestry of cor- ruption. The Sensuous Child, to be published shortly, will not sell a fraction of the num- ber of copies racked up by Tlie Sensuous Old Man, now being written by "N" that's all the clue you get from r.ic' But il is not only hi sex activities t'1 nt youth is small change compared lo UK wealth of experience to be found in tlie elderly. Only ihe old, for instance, understand the vital importance of laughter in out- growing youth and surviving middle-ace. That geriatric laughter will, I'm sure, alwund in the good old gags of the moss- back musical in which performers will appear naked from the ears up. All in all, I predict a long nm for the geritol set. None of us is Retting any younger, and therein lies the charm of t.Ke human antique. As Bernard Shaw should have said: Age is such a wonderful thing it's a shame lo waste it on old people. (Vancouver I'l-ovinco. fr.itniT) A revealing slip liy Doug Walker 'PHE morning nip the electrical John Fox. read. City firefighters essential power mitage in south-east l.ethhridce during poker less I happened into the back shop just as This was quite a rrve'.-.t.inn lo mr I George (ioldie was placing the Iwad on Ihe didn'l know John h.vl fx r-V story in the city pages. since he is so busv licipmq kids in Iv. Ci'tv editor Jim Wilson had written the hall and hookey. And I rc-t.iinly had no head lo read. City firelighters essential during power loss. Hut Ihe head that calling I hi- firefighter (ieorgc had in his ;..-.nd, as delivered by priate. idea he would get so hot about Irsing tb't might be appro- ;