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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 16, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, November 16, 1974 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 25 JUSTICE E. D. BAYDA Soft-spoken judge to investigate grain handling By GARRY FAIRBAIRN REGINA (CP) Mr. Justice E. D. Bayda will carry no preconceived ideas with him when he leaves the quiet halls of Court of Queen's Bench to investigate the complex and touchy issue of labor-management relations in the Vancouver grain- handling industry. In particular, the 43-year-old judge is not setting out with the intention of assessing the merits of a government takeover of the industry: "JNo one has said to me 'we want you to look at nation- alization as a possible solution and tell us whether or not na- tionalization is the answer to this In an interview, the soft-spoken Saskatchewan native said he is undertaking the task assigned to him by the federal govern- ment with as open a mind as possible: "I have virtually no knowledge of the grain-handling in- dustry. I have no connections with either management or labor. I suppose I could truthfully say I have no prejudices." But his open-minded approach does not rule out the possibility of weighing the case, if there is one, for or against nationalization: "If somewhere along the way some person is going to corne forward, or some group of persons, and say 'here, as far as we are concerned the solution to this problem is nationalization and here are the reasons.' and let us say there are enumerated half a dozen or a dozen or any number of good reasons, then obviously I am going to have to look at that as a possible solution." Shipping stopped His appointment followed a lengthy labor dispute between the grain-handlers' union and five grain companies that resulted in grain shipments through Vancouver being virtually halted, but his terms of reference are not limited to those parties. He said he will look into all labor-management relations in the Vancouver port area grain-handling operations, a field that includes groups employed by the federal government. He estimated his work, to be performed along with some court duties and his responsibilities as one of three members of the provincial law reform commission, will take three to six months. In keeping with his attitude of not anticipating what the problems or major questions are in labor-management re- indeed, not even assuming there are any prob- will not decide on the procedure for the inquiry until after consultations with labor and management. "At the moment. I would think that it would involve public hearings in various parts of the of course. Saskatchewan. Alberta, Manitoba." Personal inspection of the grain-handling facilities is also ten- tatively on the present intentions are to visit the grain-handling facilities and if necessary get into overalls or whatever one gets into." 'Get it done' He does, however, have one firm intention: not to waste time. "I'm not the sort of person who likes to drag something out. I like to get at it and get it over with and get it done." For the justice, the inquiry is another of the new challenges he though they mean hours of extra work for no ad- ditional pay. "I don't have any real hobbies so these things are my hobbies." And the reason he enjoys the challenges, like his air of preci- sion and efficiency or his organized, uncluttered office, fits perfectly with his reason for believing that someone with no ex- pertise in either grain-handling or labor relations may be able to find solutions: "As a lawyer and as a judge, my whole trailing, my whole be- ing is geared to gathering facts, very often facts that are com- pletely and utterly unknown before to many court rases are like those facts, making a sort of sense nut of them, and then drawing conclusions and inferences that are proper, based upon facts." International energy protection starts By JKFF Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA Starting Mon- day. Canadians will come un- der the protective umbrella of an international energy shar- ing agreement which promises to protect import- dependent Eastern Canadians from much, if not all, of the impact of any future world oil shortages or selective oil em- bargoes against Canada. But the protection will be provisional. Canada will sign the 12- nation agreement in Brussels next week with two important provisions attached: that before formally ratifying the agreement, Ot- tawa clears up any con- stitutional issues that might arise out of discussions now underway with the provinces; and that the federal government also receives Parliamentary approval and, if necessary, makes any changes in the terms of Canada's formal parti- cipation in the energy sharing agreement that Parliament decides are necessary. In practice, though the pro- tection will be complete for Canadians. And is expected that Canada will formally ratify the energy- sharing agreement well before the May 1. 1975 deadline. The agreement is still being examined by a Parliamentary committee. And the federal government, which provided all the provinces with copies of the draft agreement last month, is considering providing the provinces with special briefings on the contents, meaning and im- plications of the agreement, according to an aide in Energy- Minister Donald Macdonald's office Thursday. To date, comments have been received from three oil- consuming tario. New Brunswick, and discussions have started with Quebec: and no reaction has been received from any of the oil-producing provinces, the minister's of- fice reported. New Brunswick, one of the eastern provinces to benefit from protection offered by the agreement, has endorsed the agreement. Ontario and Manitoba want discussions on it with Ottawa officials, and discussions are continuing with Quebec. Since the agreement in- volves oil policy and since it could indirectly affect domestic oil production, the most important en- dorsements or criticism must come from the oil-producing provinces. And. of course, any poten- tial constitutional conflicts over the agreement would stem from the views of the oil- producing provinces. If and when approvals are obtained at the Parliamentary and provincial levels, the fed- eral cabinet must give its stamp of approval to Canadian participation with United States. Japan. Norway and all the Common Market countries except France in the energy sharing scheme before Canada would formally ratify it. Generally speaking, the pro- posed agreement affects only Canada's imports of oil in time of crisis. The agreement, to be administered by a new Inter- national Energy- Agency in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, would not force Canada to share any of her domestic oil production with any other country partici- pating in Ihe agreement, or even require Canada to main- the current level ports to the United States. But the federal energy de- partment has suggested to Al- berta that there would seem to be certain advantages to Canada if some of the oil now being exported were instead left in the ground, as an emergency reserve in case of future shortages of imported oil for the east coast. That suggestion is still being studied by Alberta. The main protective feature of the agreement is that in the event of a selective embargo against one or a few par- ticipating countries or in the event of a broader world oil shortage, all participating countries would agree to cut- back domestic oil use and, in certain instances, start draw- ing on special emergency oil reserves. The measures would in effect spread the shortage of imports around among all the countries, would likely defuse much of the impact of any ma- jor political oil embargo, and would put the participating consuming nations in the posi- tion to decide what further ac- tion is needed to cope with a shortage, and not leave it up to international oil com- panies. At least in the near future, Canada, as a net exporter of oil. would be able to cushion any required domestic oil use restraint under the agreement by using surplus production capacity out west and using normal oil in storage on the east Payment deficit shrinks in U.S. WASHINGTON (AP) -The deficit in the United States balance of payments shrank considerably million-in the third quarter this year, the commerce department reported today. The improvement from a deficit in the se- cond quarter appeared due to reduced levels of U.S. bank lending abroad at the same time that surplus oil dollars continued to flow into the country in substantial amounts. The balance of payments measures the over-all flow of money across U.S. borders and indicates the relative strength of the U.S. dollar in comparison with other curren- cies. For example, if more money is flowing into the country than out. the dollar is in a good position. An irony of the figures is that although the U.S. is pay- ing four times as much for foreign oil purchases now than a year ago a large amount of the money is reinvested in the country so the net loss is not as great as it might be. Steel men, cooks in short supply TORONTO (CP) Even though 522.000 Canadians are out of work, the Steel Com- pany of Canada Ltd. (Stelco) in Hamilton says it has 300 open jobs and the Canadian Restaurant Associa- tion estimates 1.000 jobs are available in Toronto area restaurants. "We just can't get people to says Stelco president Peter Gordon. "But why should they work when they can get paid to stay at home? That's our real problem. The incentive to work is no longer there." Mr. Gordon was reacting to figures released by Statistics Canada which show that the total number of job vacancies in Canada rose by 18 per cent this quarter, to approximately 130.900 openings. Mr. Gordon said: "In every one of our plants and mines we have difficulty getting enough men." Bank rate lowered TORONTO (CPt The Bank of Nova Scotia announc- ed Friday it will lower its prime lending rate to 11 per cent from 11'z. effective Mon- day. C. E- Ritchie, president and chief executive officer of the bank, said the rate reduction reflects the "changing mone- tary climate in Canada and in the world generally." The bank also announced thai its small business loan rate on some loans of up to will be reduced by one-quarter per cent tn JO'z per cent, effective Monday. In Stelco's Hilton works plant in Hamilton, unskilled laborers are paid an hour or a week. "Skilled jobs are almost im- possible to fill." Mr. Gordon said. Low pay and a tight labor market are given as reasons for the difficulty in getting restaurant help. Cooks average about a week. There is a three per cent unemployment rate in Metro Toronto, said the restaurant association. The association met with Canada Manpower this week and it was decided that restaurant owners will have to list their vacancies with Canada Manpower so that jobs can be computer match- ed to people on unemployment rolls. VW hose clamp faulty TORONTO (CP) Faulty fuel hose clamps have prompted the recall of about 100 1975-model Volkswagens on the Canadian market for less than a month, a spokesman for Volkswagen Canada Ltd. said Thursday. The spokesman estimated that only five per cent of the recalled cars will need new- clamps. The defect was noticed soon after the cars left production lines. The spokesman said the clamps connecting the ring line with the injector in the engine compartment of some cars are improperly installed and will cause fuel leakage un- less .-i Pheasant competition By DENNIS McDONALD Alberta Fish and Wildlife 16th of 45 Pheasants fight much more amongst themselves than with other game bird species! Each spring the early morn- ing countryside echos to the sound of roosters raucously proclaiming their dominion over a specific territory. Any cock foolish enough to step across a territory boundary should be prepared to fight. Cock fights commonly in- volve two types of behavior: bluffing and sparring. In a bluffing contest, two cocks face each other or strut along parallel to each other with heads held high. Their neck hackles rise, their wattles swell and they challenge each other with a coarse growling sound krrrrah krrrrah. Either one of the contestants gives way or they engage in sparring. Sparring begins when both cocks crouch, beak to beak, heads held low. with each oc- casionally pecking at the other. At intervals, one or both spring into the air like gamecocks, jabbing at each other with their spurs. Both birds batter each other with their wings and peck at the other's feathers. Fights may last over an hour with individual cocks becoming involved in 3 or 4 fights each day. Eventually, the defeated cock skulks away from the territory occupied by the victor to salve his wounds. After weeks of such fighting, many cocks are in an extremely battered condition. They limp about; weakened by incessand strife and lack- ing tail or wing feathers. Many fall prey to predators or die from exposure to incle- ment weather. Dominant cocks who successively defend territories ranging from 1 to 10 acres are rewarded with the opportunity to mate with several amorous females. Though cock pheasants inflict severe punishment on each other during the breeding season, their aggressiveness declines in late spring and they remain comparatively indifferent to each other until the next breeding season. Unlike roosters, hen pheasants remain relatively passive at all times. Conflict between pheasants and other game birds such as sharp tailed grouse, Hungarian partridge and ruff- ed grouse is non existent. Each species occupies a different "ecological niche" whereby their requirements for shelter, breeding, nesting and food differ from those of the other species. Though some overlap occurs between these species' requirements for survival, competition for food or space rarely, if ever, leads to conflict between them. For example, during the breeding season when cock birds are most aggressive, the species remain separated by the habitat types they prefer for breeding purposes. Cock pheasants occupy territories consisting of a mix- ed variety of vegetation along the edge of plowed fields or adjacent to small patches of bare ground. Cock sharp tailed grouse occupy ancestrial "dancing grounds" which are usually- located on open flats in prairie grassland. Cock ruffed grouse occupy drumming logs amidst groves of trees while male Hungarian partridge occupy breeding sites along brushy hedgerows and shelterbelts. Thus nature effectively separates the species from each other and opportunities for conflict are minimized. Similiarly. different habitat preferences tend to separate the species at other times of the year. Pheasants essential- ly prefer irrigated farmland while ruffed grouse, sharp tailed grouse and Hungarian partridge prefer woodland, grassland and dryland farm- ing areas respectively. Due to this process of ecological alienation, a varie- ty of game bird species can co exist within a region without detrimentally affecting each other. Thus, we see. a phea- sant is truly at peace with his neighbors! Next week: Pesticides and Pheasants Converted methane good food protein SITTINGBOURNE. Eng- land (CP) A cheap and largescale method of supplementing animal feed with nourishing proteins has been discovered by scientists at the Shell research centre in this southern England town. The process is to convert natural gas mostly (methane) into protein by the use of mix- ed bacteria! cultures in a continuous fermentation pilot plant. The product is about 75 per cent protein. It contains a high proportion of sulphur amino acids and has a nutritive value nearly as high as the best quality white-fish meal. It could be used in compound animal feeds, as fish meal and soy-bean flour now are. The bacteria are grown by putting them in a watery solu- tion containing ammonia, and other trace minerai elements, and pass- ing a of methane and air throuch it. No direct route has been known the conversion of methane- Now. confide-'i it has achieved a breakthrough. Shell plans an integrated process and product development unit in Amsterdam to generate pro- tein foi V-np-lerm nutritional and toxicological studies on cattle, poultry, pigs and fish. Initial trials have already- been satisfactorily com- pleted; so have process economic studies and market assessments. Commercial production is unlikely before the early 1980s. H. H. Smith Ltd. Customs Broker CALGARY PtMK 7S3-8050 littbridgs 328-8141 HM24-54S! COUTTS Home Office Phone 344-3822 Xerox agrees to share secrets WASHINGTON ppr cent of the I" S. plain papf r copying business The ijrreernent affects Hank m' Great Bnla-.ri .TIKI Fur Xenix of Japan