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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 16, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta, November 16, 1972 THI LETHBRIDGE HERALD 33 The lot of the codling moth not a happy one VAST DIFFERENCE These are baby oysters which, under normal and natural con- ditions, have a mortality rate of 99.99 per cent. Under controlled conditions of oyster the rate is almost zero. Sagging oyster industry receives shot in the arm New York Times on both sides of the BATONS NECK, N.Y. his place are mammoth money and big business including one causing the biggest that uses the hot water of the oyster industry on as a byproduct of Island in more than two Northern Generating Station ades, but they are also the Long Island Lighting an old way of Using the latest sci- Gone are the days of the growing techniques, the tary oysterman, leaning farmers have cut the the sides of his natural mortality rate boat, working his 20-foot 99.99 per cent to virtually en tongs back and forth, The result is large, tasty tag the bottom of Oyster even more important in or scores of other harbors days of such scares as Soviet policy By THEODORE behind-the-scenes de- New York Times on educational reform. MOSCOW "I don't course I don't feel that helping my little Sasha the school should provide his Russian people with informa- young Moscow mother said he said in answer to a other day, "but the new "I think radio, tele- Is really beyond me. And the press and literature (he teachers have started have a role to play, and ing in the parents to goes for the family, too. yolving homework problems on what Soviet would be like in the The young woman was decade or two, he dwelt ing a complaint that has UK fundamental shift in the come common among age. Already, on an Soviet parents as basis, of have been urging greater million first-graders are play between home and admitted between the But in the average Soviet of six and seven, he said. ily both mother and father long delay in starting ally work and the at an earlier age has school chores have been variously explained by a sented as an shortage of schools and by The need for greater feeling among educators ment of parents in the children were not ready ing process was but one of school until the age of seven. number of innovations in PROBLEMS cational policy recently said that, in view ed by Mikhail A. (he progress made in devel- the national minister of among younger chil- tion, at an unusually educators no longer had tive news problems in theory about He also touched on plans the starting age. lower the school-starting he said one practical as- from seven to six, (he still required a go-slow of youngsters to absorb "Don't forget that information than they nmv of the children in our day a greater scope of or 2.1 million, still live courses, and possible rural areas where villages in the college admissions be far apart and children sometimes placed in board- Soviet schools have tended schools. be tradition bound, is not easy for parents memorization over hand over their six-year-olds thinking and using science boarding schools. Parents books long outdated by he convinced that this is advances. Only in recent for both family and child. have there been efforts to short, sonic psychological the bonds of the is still needed here. At the head of this opposes both a program has been of educational stand- a 62-year-old former and a differentiating of dynamic and full of Ideas, into slow and fast since 1966 has led this He said Soviet psy- system of ISO, 000 schools had found that chil- 2.6 million were nol being overbur- Official news with an endless flow of given hy .Soviet ministers and that the capa- to be cut-and-dricd affairs, of the human brain was speakers reading from long far from exhausted. pared A IN TROimi.K The Prokofyev news Mozambique (AP) ence was n refreshing may be in hot water off With an unusual personal East African city. Several occasionally dipping into have put shark own childhood experience, on their menus and a fac- ranged candidly over the has started using limned lems of (lie Soviet Union's skin in a variety of gift million school children and the "red tide" pollution-free oysters that are being served ou tables from Maine to Cali- fornia and even into. Canada. Until about four years ago, oyster production off Long Is- land was in the hands of sev- eral dozen small producers, some of whom had been in the business for generations. The sales had dropped to less than a year and many of the long-time oyster- men were considering where to turn for a livelihood. Business had fallen drasti- cally because heavy floods in the 1930's destroyed the seed beds where oysters spawned in the rivers of the southern Con- necticut shore. But it was in 1968 that the techniques of acquafarmijig were first applied off Long Is- land to oyster growing, and big business took over. Five small family-ran oyster companies banded together in that year to form Long Island Oyster Farms. Purchased by a large New York City conglom- erate type of corporation, In- mont, they developed an exten- sive network of nursery beds and growing areas here, along [he southern shore of Connec- ticut and in the eastern Long Island bays, particularly around Greenport. Several other small oyster- men had already gone out of business; others with larger cap- ital expanded, particularly in the areas of Oyster Bay, Bay- ville and Greenport, and they adopted techniques similar to :hose used at Long Island Oys- ter Farms. The aquafarming operation here is in a small bay on the sack of the Long Island light- ng Company generating plant, where water used for cooling inside the facility is discharged nto the 4.5-acre bay. Some 19 million oysters are always in he early states of growth in .he clear, .shallow water. The discharge guarantees that the temperature will never :all below 40 degrees, the point at which oysters stop growing. Inside the company's labora- ories, the oysters are spawned, md the weak and slow-growing ones are screened out while .hey are still so small that jiey are distinguishable only inder microscopes. Fed on algae, which is also grown here, the baby oysters ire transferred out into the agoon when they are about six vceks old. Later, when more nature, they are taken in steel lots to one of several areas in .he northern portions of the Sound for their middle period if growth. Since oysters arc nble to cleanse themselves of pollution, mliko some other forms of helltish, they are taken for heir final growing stages to the Hirer waters of Gardiner's Bay Greenport, where they are irought to maturity. Using those scientific meth- ods, uio oyslcr farms have re- uceri Hie growth period of the lyslors from four or five years o two to two and a half. And ow about S50-mllllon worth of yslcrs arc being marketed sach year on Ijmg Island, vhich is now calling itself "the nrRost single oyster-producing rca in tho world." SOMMERLAND, B.C. (CP) The lot of the codling moth is not a happy one but it's bring- ing smiles to the faces of apple and pear growers in British Col- umbia's Okanagan valley. The larvae of the codling moth pose a major threat to orchards in the area and re- search scientists are developing methods to reduce, or perhaps eliminate, the moth. One method is to raise sterile males and the other is by using a chemical substance to attract the moths in "sex traps." A specially designed building near the shores of Lake Okana- gan at the federal research sta- tion here is being used to raise codling moths a day. Eric Brinton, one of the de- signers of the program, said moths are raised in the building to be Irradiated and then re- leased in local orchards. Irradiated males are sterile. Special equipment is used to raise the moths and Mr. Brinton and Bill Tewnion, also of the station, recently received an award from the federal public service for developing part of the system. "Within a few hours after they emerge, adult moths are irradiated by cobalt 60 and on their way to helicopters from which they're released over the Mr. Brinton said. The chemical sex traps, used to measure the insect popula- tions in the orchards, are using a new type of chemical called pheromone. Dr. Harold Madsen described pheromone power as "fantas- tic." "We put one milligram of a codling moth hardly enough to a rub- ber band about two inches by half an inch and It attracted male moths in the field for 79 he said. The attractant Js placed inside a sticky trap. We design our own freezers. That's why we can afford to give you the only real guarantee. 'Satisfaction ,or money refunded: That's no slick-tongue, glib guarantee. It has no loopholes. No tine print. At Simpsons-Sears, we state our guarantee loud and clear because we know how a Coldspot freezer is built. We specifically design our upright so you can enjoy all the advantages of freezer living with the same, no-stoop, refrigerator convenience you're used to. We arrange the interior to be sure you get maximum, see-at-a-glance storage space for all your in-season food bargains! 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