Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 16, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THc LETHBRIDGE HEBAID 1 I N_ _ K. Chili! Utopia around the corner? The Scitiilc i.'iHiitnillrc's if in'thinc; this prestigious lioih is iiitcil simply of tin- I'.ii'ty a resting plate for duiUloniti; purlin- iiH'iitanans. The aimiiiitlec must luive spent a deal ul time- anil ,'ll'ort on this document: littt tniior- iimaU'ly the rec-oniiiu'iidations il pro- .loses, while commendable, appear to have a cosily price Uij; lo them, without, any ciuininlcc that they will- he effective. They propose abandon- ment ol the key programs in Ihe on-eminent welfare system at pres- ent; family and youth allowances, old am1 security and public assis- tance The Senators claim thai our pres- ent ".el re system invites the poor to apply for.' and slay on welfare. only for a lifetime but from one generation lo Hie next. They argue that a guaranteed annual income v.oulcl provide an incentive lacking in the present schemes, lo uo out and earn additional money lieyond the minimum established liy llie state. The Senators lorget that many of those currently on welfare are handi- capped, or single- parent fam- ilies v.ty need mother at home. There the question of avail- abilitv o: at present on the de- cline.' and of so many of the untrained, unschooled poor to ciitalifv I i'at jobs there I for a guaranteed in- oune is only Hie. beginning of the >ociai relorms the report proposes. Among others il wants hospital and medical services financed out of gen- era! revenue, w i t h all premiums abolished It recommends that den- i are and prescription drugs be cuvereil by meilicare. It supports more public housing, an increase in Ihe minimum wage, and day-care services on a rather elaborate scale. The report is to lie admired for its ellorts in proving to the estab- lishment that Ihe poor need not al- ways be with us. But older, wealth- ier and more experienced countries lia.-.e not been able to solve the prob- lem of povertv in what makes the Senators think their tious will do the trick? Even they must realize that in any .govern- ment welfare system there are tvo difficulties to he overcome: hu- man weakness and shortage of re- sources. Nevertheless, the report will be weighed seriously by the financial xperts across the land. The govein- inent. and the public all are sick and tired of the proliferation of the expensive schemes at present in op- eration, especially when they seem so oiten to be futile in coming to grips with the problem. Whether the Senators' revolutionary proposals will create ITopia in Canada is doubtful. Hut they have to be given lop marks for at least coming up w ilh some new ideas. Sir Alec in Salisbury ViMhcr ritternpl solve Ihe iie.-uin independence issue is cur- rentiv in progress. Britain's, Lord Good'man has paved the way for Sir Alec Douglas Home's arrival in Salisbury "to talk tilings Mr. Ian Smith. Alec ,-oir.c progrc.-s v ill be wards the five principles tain insists on. before sanctions can be lifted. These five principles in es- sence are that measures tov.ards ir-pjoritv rule, must be commenced So far Mr. Smith liars not indicated any willingness what- ever to get down to the nitty and act. Postponement tailure is; hound lo encourage wini" Khodesian extre- niisls ami make Ihe lot of llie Afn can in Rhodesia barrier than it is al- ready It will also force Rhodesia into closer relationship with South and its strict apartheid pol- ity Ii'.- a doomy prospect and it isn't made any better by the announce- ment of the latest gambit by the I'.S.. which has ignored sanctions and made a deal to buy a large quantity of chrome from Rhodesia. The contract is reprehensible from a moral point of view and it could scarcely have been made public at a more unfortunate time. It won't do anythin'4 to improve Ihe I'.S. image abroad. Earlv birds versus .Margaret pEHAVIORAL :liere arc tvpes c: early birds tmi night ov.-ls and tney point out that you simply can't chc'jsc which one you'd iiKe in be because you are burn thir.g i.r llie other. Usually your activity energy output and social involve- dependent to a large extent on whether you function better early in the dav. or coa.M along camir.e swfd ;-.s u'av goes on. like a sBj'.vbal! rolling down- hill. What the scientists h issue of i and I think i! do so in the interest of is that if a right owl they have to come to some son of com- promise if they're going to get along at all. In fact an adult education course (held in the morning for the birds and at night for the owls) would be of great benefit in resolving a scier.'.ific fact which few newlyweds are aware of. My husband and I are a case in point and I feel free to use us as examples. lived next door to each other so our courting was made relatively ca-y what with the v.ar on and gas rationing and all. livery week nichl he'd hop OUT the fence to pitch a little shiny and full of fun and gair.cs. and I was Meaner than a tired blood ad. As an early bird, my trill would Mart to run down about 4 p.m. and by supper time I'd be ya'ATiing. At f v.as ready to bit the riest. My finance couldn't understand, this at all and needless to say Ibere were many words over my early-to-bed hours; indeed if I'd had the energy we could have had many drag-em-out fight.s. but I'd lose int- eresl in arguing almost as soon as we got started, order my true love out and slouch off to bed. The onlv thing that our romance v-''.. t'1'- '''-k'Tos "hc'ii utv- Irpgrtlvr at mine Km.- at least 111 ill.1- But. aha' Ihe Iru'h rainc mil alter ue married. At a.m. I'd be op and about singing, clattering the breakfast, together, packing up lunch and trying to evince son-.e signs life trom my yoong groom whose, only response1 to my sparrov. like twittering and flitting about were tile looks filled almost with downright dis- like. I coulo'n 1 underhand it night Oil' h Drc (tmer Changes in labor code pose difficulties t number of 1' i If technological Ihe obvious need. wages and salaries, as a are concerned about the results of proposed changes tiike place the union will undoubtedly exact a price the union siniplv demanded a price of Ihe sales dollar, has increased only from nine change higher than the 12 per cent. This is a rr- t'lincd in the i In either case there foregoing Ihe ii rk ii h 1 c achievement. It an additional cost lo the particular ease of lhal little extra labor (.'hild ii top executive in industry, through hick packing industry the has been passed lo the ine.M packing industry. Mr. Child has set out Ins objections lo some t-.f the changes in the following statement: The legislation will affect only those industries which come under the federal Labor Code but. of course, it will be onlv ii matter of time change or hy higher payments to organized labor as Ihe price of accepting change. In Ihe short ru n the employer will pay the extra cost, hut eventually it will be passsed along to the Canadian consumer or back lo Ihe Canadian producers. In the result of this legislation will be a reduction of Ihe prices paid lo the farmer for livestock. The meal packer is a middleman. Anv addition to his cosl, either by the absence of technological improvements or by additional payments in wages, salaries and benefits, docs or the fanner. The principal reason is technological change, which lies been an outstanding and continuing feature of our industry since 1940. It has provided tremendous benefits lo the Canadian public by way of keeping down Ihe cost of processing meat prod- Provincial legislation costs to industry will his net profit margin eases can.se record shuws over technological change is The implication of in shorter hours Rather, it is or stopped by Bill C- 144 to is that lo the consumer or there will be no way to off- change must be negotiated is not mere theorizing the producer of the full impact of contin- the labor union concerned part lhat the meat increases in wages and fore it can be will suffer if Bill has not been (I must emphasize This would have the following consequences implemented. Kor five years 1 was associated with a in the matter of rising costs and has not wage settlements are always followed or parallelled by Mr. llellyer in the la.-t and v.here ho stands today, either in limbo or at the begin- ning of a new adventure. His recertly published book. Agen- da, a Plan is a lo- g i c a 1 progression of his thought at Banff. The surmise of youth, groping for answers, now reaches the ma- turity of middle-age conviction which, unhappily, is blurred, distorted and discounted in Urn scramble of politics parily through Air. Hcllver's mis- takes. nt attempt lo partisan tinge, the work of. a layman who seems to be belter informed, more widely tra- velled and certainly more can- did than most professional eco- nomists. It deserves a wide reader- ship, not because its author is a controversial, belligerent fig- ure in rebellion against his par- ty but because the book proves, I believe, that the existing ar- rangements must change, are changing and will continue to change in progressive re- form or in deepening trouble. The Banff speech, remember, was made in the autumn of 1961 when the Diefcnbakcr govern- ment assumed that llie ar- rangements would not change furdamentally. (lie Liber- ;U opposition had no coherent ideas beyond as appetite for office, when John Kenneth Gal- hmith had oiKraged convention- al ecorombt.s with his Affluent .Society, and when the tragic President Kennedy was start- ing to crank up the engine of inflation. Ten years later, almost to the day, another president, revers- ing all his life-long principles, suddenly enforced the Gal- braithian theories (with no credit to their inventor, of i, and changed the eco- nomic system (temporarily, he v.'i'h In sling results br- vi.nd calculation. But in a Book Review Historical mysteries AhMvrii's n( Ilis- liin" In Krimrlh I'laliiick Kimks, pages, ilislrilinti'il hy Cflil-gr .1. Mcl.cml 'IMIK common denimiiialor in Ihe lii niyslci ies oi Ins- lory renewed in Ihis hook is lhal noil'- of Ihcm are likely lo IK; solved. This is especially so in ihe cases of Ihe lost eon- linenls of Mu and Allanlis and llie crralurrs knoun a. Ihe Abominable Snov, man and the monsler un- less one accopt.s the conclusion Ihiil all four fall into the classi- fication of fantasy. If is .still possible thiil the riddles of who discovered America and what, was the purpose of S'lonehenge will be solved. In the eases of murders and missing solulions seem unlikely. The idea of a collection of histori- cal mysteries is n natural for ,T popular book and this one will provide a couple of hours (if diversion. nun; WAI.KKII. vague, inchoate fashion, the Banff speech foresaw these events, just as Professor Gal- braith's explosive book. The New Industrial Stale, foresaw them later, in detail How much the Canadian lay- man owes to the American pro- fessional I don't know, but they have reached the same conclu- sion by different routes. Both hold tliat a system of free en- terprise is much better for everyone who values personal freedom than any alternative like communism, socialism, or fascism. They also hold, how- ever, that free enterprise can- not succeed, or even long en- dure, unless it mends its ways and purges its own evils by self- discipline "It is nut the system lhat is at Mr. Ilellyer writcs, "lint the management of the system.'' The proposed cure. in the I'niled Slates and so far rejected in Canada, is a flexible but man- datory control over profits, wages and prices wherever they are not cor.trolled hy real competition in the market place. Or. a.s Mr. llellyer pills it, tho present system "is character- ized by a split between an nli- gojiolistic sector of huge unions and corpiiralions and a compe iiiivc seclor of workers and small businesses. The power of tin- oligopolishc .'colors cannot be effectively confronted by classic eonomic policy. New methods are need- ed The methods as Mr. llellyer and Professor (ial- braiih see thorn, arc. roughly .speaking, the methods of an American president who be- lieves, or ill least says. lhat. they will lie disbanded in a year or so. Al this point, precisely, Pro- fessor Calbrailb pails company with Mr Nixon and Mr. llell- yer breaks clean with Mr. Trn- (leall. The president and the prime minister assume in public, whatever they may think pri- vately, lhal they confront an (vcnunic abiTratiun. a passing phenomenon scon to disappear. Inflaliun is a hot hut brief can- dle. Tjiiempkryrr.enl likewise will be cured hy another boom. The professional economist and the amateur regard such comforting predictions as ab- surd, like the many former pre- dictions that brought the world to its contemporary crunch. In these men's view the phe- nomenon may fluctuate hut it will not pass. The inflationary candle will continue burning, with more Iwat. to wither Ihe helpless mo'hs of society. The next boom, if it occurs, will only hide, momentarily, the un- derlying, structural problem of unemployment. The disease is permanent, it must he perma- nently cured ar.d it can he cured without scrapping the free sys- tem in favor of some far worse alternative of coercion by an all-powerful state. These are the economic argu- ments, which f am not wise enough to judge. Hut in Mr. Hellyer's case the economics of Looking Through 'I he llpralcl Kill Th c industrial wa r which has been such a blow to all lines of business in the southern Alberta and Kastern U.C. coal fields for Ihe past seven months has at last reach- ed ;i point of sclllciucnl. The suggestion has been made l.bal Ulster should agree lo a parliament for all Ireland with Dominion powers. 1931 Canada and the United States have initiated treaty dis- cussions on the Great St. Lawrence deep waterway any system are nothing more than tools for a larger purpose. In his Banff speech, with all the sparkling candor of youth, he said this: "Notwithstanding hu- man failures, and the finite lim- its they impose, I believe in Cod. I "believe that man has a sou! which is infinite. He is a being endowed with Ihe power of independent (bought and ac- lion and with ability to distin- guish right from wrong. I be- lieve, therefore, in the sanctity and dignity of the human per- sonali'ty A naked confession of that sort is not popular in politics and, indeed, is almost bad taste (although Air. Trudcau said much the same thing in a re- vealing moment ol candor not. lung Anyhow, the confes- sion and Ihe faith seems to have been lost to the public in the birth or death pangs of Mr. Hcllyer's dubious Action Can- ada. That, I think, is a pity. (Herald Special Service) backward project iin official government ulaiomcnt declared. Jilll The U'lhbridge Com- munity Chest, wilh still needed lo roach the objective Jril.niiii. is being extended into next week. MhhridgR had the highest average income of any city in Canada in 1949 and paid Ihe highest average income taxes per taxpayer in the Dom- inion according to llie 1951 edition of the departmenl of na- tional revenue's taxation statis- tics. The tetlilnidcje Herald 504 7lh St. S., Lcthbridge, Alberta KIDnrc IIKRAIJ) CO. Proprietors and Publisher! Puhli.-.hcd Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN J.rcn-n) M.-ill R< i] No 001? irniion Daily Nowspnpw uriMii of "THE HERALD SLRVCS THE SOUTH"