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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 16, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HGRAtD Monday. November 16, 1970- Pierre Ellloll Tnideau NATO's strategy change The NATO assembly meeting in the Hague has come up with some sweep- inef recommendations geared to bring- in" NATO policies in line with the political changes going on in Europe and with the threat from the Middle Kast. The assembly, which is being attended by 200 NATO country par- liamentarians (excluding Greece which has no went on record as approving a policy which would have European NATO niem- share responsibility with the U.S. Sixth Fleet in patrolling the Mediter- ranean. It even went as far the establishment of a NATO standing naval force in the area. Add- ed lo that, the Assembly wants the Middle East situation included on the agenda of a European security con- ference. It went on record as belicv- in" that "the main aim of the Soviet Union in the Mediterranean and in Egypt is to be able to obtain control over the oil needed by Europe, and with tills aim in view to penetrate the Indian Ocean and the Persian Gulf." It sounds good on paper, but put- ting the recommendations into action is going to be quite another thing. "NATO member nations are becoming increasingly concerned about wheth- er the United States intends to pull some of its troops out of Europe with- in the next two years. President Nix- on is reluctant to do so, but his de- fence secretary Melvin Laird is re- ported lo be in favor of bringing home from to 40.000 U.S. troops by next year. This is opposed by Manlio Brosio, NATO secretary general, who says that such a withdrawal would be politically and militarily dangerous "unless compensated by an improvement in European forces." The United Stales government is in the process of conducting a complete review of NATO strategy, to adjust to the present Middle East threat, the growth of Soviet nu- clear power, and the decline of forces and funds for NATO's non-nuclear forces. Clearly, European NATO members have go't Hie message. The U.S. is disinclined to continue to bear the heavy load of men, weapons, and dollars without more help from Euro- pean nations'. There are signs that it will be forthcoming. Germany is will- ing to take on more of the expenses of U.S. troops on her soil, and may up the ante even further. Great Bri- tain has promised to improve her contribution, even though her over- all military spending is to be cut. Can- ada is bound to be under pressure for a greater contribution. Canada is going to have to decide very whether she is a genuine participant in NATO, ready to accept the obli- gations of membership, or whether she is simply hiding under its pro- tective umbrella. Temporary delay Lowering the voting age to 18 years appears to be an almost universal undertaking. Country after country has enacted enabling legislation and more are thinking of doing so. The recent American election how- ever revealed some resistance to the trend. Ten out of 15 states which had proposals to lower the voting age on their ballots turned them down. But the resistance can be exagger- ated. In actual fact, the five states voting to lower their enfranchisement age represent a 100 per cent gain. All previous referenda on lowering the voting age had produced nega- tive results. Even the number of states considering the issue has al- most doubled in the past four years. Thus the failure of the 10 states to approve the proposal can be '.dewed as a temporary delay. The trend con- tinues and was substantiated to a de- gree by the five states voting favor- ably. Natural reluctance to embrace ness would account for some of the negative votes. Anti youth senti- ments undoubtedly lay behind others. Backlash as a result of some of the disturbing things young people have been doing and saying is understand- able. Extending the vote to more young people is a simple acknowledgement of certain facts. By sheer numbers alone they dominate most societies. Many of them are very knowledge- able and sophisticated moreso than their parents were at a comparable age. A.nd they have been making themselves heard despite lack of ac- cess to polling booths. It is difficult to defend their exclusion from voting. One of the most alarming things about delaying approval of extending the vote is the growing disillusion- ment among young people with the democratic process. By the time the approval is given many may not want to exercise their franchise which has ominous implications.________ Australian wheat to China By Gorton Holland in the Winnipeg Free Press MELBOURNE Canada's million however, doubts whether Canada's recogni- deal to sell 98 million bushels of ticm of Chin; wheat to China has raised two important questions in the minds of Australian wheat farmers and politicians. The dominant question is: Will China cut her purchases of Australian wheat to com- pensate for the record buy from Canada; and, secondly, win Ottawa's diplomatic recognition of Peking force Australia to revise its current hard-line, American- flavored foreign policy against mainland China to preserve this wheat market? H China stops buying our wheat, Aus- tralia's wheat industry could face its great- est crisis since 1029. More than 800 million bushels, valued at nearly million, have been shipped to China since 1960. Loss of the China market would neces- sitate a further reduction on the average of more than bushels from Australia's wheat growers, following upon the drastic reduction of wheat quotas to re- duce overproduction. Because of the huge world oversupply of wheat, Australian wheat delivery quotas for 1869 were fixed at 358 million bushels, and these had to be reduced to 318 million bushels for 1970. Drought will further reduce this to an esti- mated 290 million bushels. This compares with a harvest of 544 million busheis in 1968-69. la tha past four years, China has bought 173 million bushels' wheat from Aus- tralia, 144 million bushels from France, be-" sides small quantities from other countries. Ntobody in Australia really knows why China preferred Australia as its main source of wheat imports, just as nobody knows why China spent in nearly 15 per cent of its export earnings on the im- port of 90 million bushels of wheat. The announcement of the Canadian deal brought quick questions from wheat grow- ers' representatives in Parliament. Pri- mary Industries Minister Doug Anthony, ia will have repercussions on Australia's wheat sales to China. The terms of tie sale, involving delivery over 12 months, have, in fact, produced a sense of relief in the Australian wheat industry, which badly needs to retain its dominant position in the China wheat trade. There is no doubt that, with the tremen- dous world wheat surplus, China could easily replace imports from Australia by wheat from France and some other coun- tries though, as a matter of fact, not from Canada, because the bulk of Austra- lian export wheat has a comparatively low protein content and the Chinese use it for making such tilings as pastries and noodles. The Canadian wheat is bread- making wheat of. high protein content. The biggest threat to Australia's all-im- portant wheat trade with China therefore is not Canada, or even Australia's non- recognition of Peking, but uncertainty as to China's medium- and long-term wheat requirements. Australia's wheat contract with China has just ended, and the wheat board has not yet received a reply to its letter sug- gesting negotiations for another sales con- tract. While the board anticipates receiving an invitation to China within the not month or two, it cannot be certain. But after a decade of cat-and-mouse trading with Peking, dining which the Chinese have been regular customers and reliable payers, the Australian Wheat Board has learned to live with this sort of uncertainty. While not necessarily following in Can- ada's diplomatic footsteps, there is a grow- ing opinion among producers, academies and some politicians that Australia ought to preserve these valuable China markets by adopting a more conciliatory attitude towards China's admission to the United Nations. The essential thing By Doug Walker quacy ol washroom facilities confer- she said. encos the ladies had attended. ELspelh said she thought when a confer- ence was exclusively for women that the MEN's room ought to made available, too. Carole couldn't .see any problen: in the suggestion. ''Men's rooms have too, don't Thoughts on man and lidiloi-'s Ik-fore lie ru- li'iTil (Mlcnil politics, Pierre Elliot! Truck-ail wrote importana articles on flic na- ture of justice, democracy ami lire limits of electoral power. These excerpts are taken from Approaches to Polities, a book being pub- lished next week by Oxford University Press (edited and translated by I. M. Owen) which includes some of ilie. Prime Minister's most im- important articles on the na- ture of the political process. WE GIVE POLITICIANS tie power of liie and death over us; we authorize them to send us to war, imprison us, fax us. regulate our activity, expropriate our houses, disci- pline our children, supervise our conduct, our reading am! our speech. We let these men make the laws that restrict us, direct the policemen who arrest us, choose the lawyers who prosecute us, appoint the judges who sentence us Should one of them happen to overstep the bounds, we allow him to be made a judge or a legislator for life in one of our upper houses. We are going to be governed whether w.e like it or not; it is up to us to see tiiat we are governed n o worse than i s absolutely necessary. We must therefore concern ourselves with politics, as Pascal said, to mitigate as far as possible the madness of our rulers. Sermons and worthy books are always talking respect for the human personality and of the inviolability of con- science. In the context of our Christian civilization, these phrases liave no meaning un- less all men arc regarded as fundamentally free and equal, each man being of infinite value in himself, bound only by his own conscience; from which it must follow that ncilber author- ity or obedience ought to be taken Tor granted. If my father, my priest or my king wants to exert authority over me, if he wants to give me ha has to be able to explain, in a way that satisfies my reason, on what grounds lie must com- mand and I must obey. Democracy recognizes that one person may be right and ninety-nine wrong; that is why freedom of speech is sacred. The one person must always have Uie right to proclaim his truth in the hope of persuading the ninety-nine to change their point of view. What is the source of Ilia, astonishingly universal law that gives so much power to our political leaders? Some take the easy way out by reiterating that authority comes from God. They omit to explain why God conferred it on a Stalin or a Hitler; or why, in our democ- racies, God would choose to express Himself through the intermediary of electoral thugs and big campaign contributors. As long as authority does not pass all bounds of stupidity and incompetence, it is sure to hold its position The purpose of living in ss- ciety is tiiat every man may fulfil himself as far as possible. Authority has no justification except to allow Die establish- ment and development of a sys- tem that encourages sueli ful- filment. "When I'm not sure which direction jAouW islte, J just ssyttlf, 'What wuli John VYoyne SOME oreos in which woman freoieJ the some os example' ffie FBI's ren. Most-Wanted Letters to the editor Facts give rise to concern about communism Dr. William's comments, at the U of L "learn in" sounded more like a representative of the Communist bloc countries than a concerned citizen of a democracy. Attempts to appre- hend terrorists were made to look like a "witchhunt." Can- ada apparently has a "ruling class" rather than legally elect- ed representatives and the Rosenburg spies are now "vic- tims" not betrayers of their country. In all seriousness, can Dr. Williams really believe that the Western democracies have no need to be suspicious of communism? Some of the facts that, give rise to concern may well be: 1. While American arms ex- penditure decreases, the Soviet Union is building up the most massive military machine ever known. 2. W a r s a w Pact countries Voice views on sewage ckarges At the public meeting of Nov. 9, 1970, called to disseminate in- formation on the secondary sewage treatment plant and to hear briefs from interested parties, the mayor said that any citizen who was concerned about the proposed sewage charges had until Dec. 15 to present a letter or other per- tinent information to his office. I urge all interested citizens to do so. Industry, which was well rep- resented at the meeting, asked in its brief for a 50 to 60 per cent reduction in its proposed sewage charges, the difference to be made up by a provincial grant ur by an additional mill levy. It suggested a charge of. per year as its share Ignorant behavior I was very surprised that the local Gestapo allowed you to print a letter mentioning their harassing of local longhairs and others frowned upon by the smug majority. I am one of the others, I own a motorcycle. I have been in Lethbridge less than two months. In this short time I have been subject- ed to more ignorant behavior than all my other riding years combined. This comprises al- most twenty years and covers all of North America. Dismayed 1 was quite dismayed on get- ting a Saturday copy of The Herald to find that a large page fold-out cigarette ad had been inserted in the middle of the children's comic section. BESSIE HALTON. Hillcrest. 'Crazy Capers' I'd also like to point out that I ride a brand new stock motorcycle and dress belter than the average motorist. Also, I have short hair. Then, some people wonder why gangs like the "Angels" or closer to home, the "Grim are formed. Man! That's self .preserva- tion. CLIFF NEILSEM Lethbridge. of the cost, in contrast to the present bill. This would be an increase of only 49 per cent compared with the pro- posed increase of 225 per cent for domestic users. According to Mayor Anderson, copies of this brief will be available at his office after NovY 17. I am quite willing to pay my fair share of the cost in clean- ing up pollution, but I feel that industry should also pay its proportional share and not ex- pect domestic users, many of whom live on fixed (and low) incomes, to subsidize its opera- tional costs. I also feel that if there is to be a provincial grant, it should benefit domes- tic users also and not be used entirely to help defray indus- try's share of the cost. IE readers agree with me, I hope they will let the mayor know by the indicated date. JEANNE BEATY. Lethbridge. Humane trapping urged outmatch NATO in arms strength considerably. The Pact has more tanks and more tactical aircraft ihan NATO. 3. Communists condemn Am- erican involvement in Vietnam while Soviet advisers in Egypt now total 4. The Russian submarine fleet is the biggest in the world, enlarged by twelve to twenty new submarines per year, a rate only exceeded by wartime Nazi Germany. 5. Eussian "liberation" of East Germany, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and the estab- lishment of the regime in the USSH itself has cost millions upon millions of lives. Many people are being de- luded into the beliet that com- munism h a s softened. Let us remember the words of Lenin: "As long as capitalism and so- cialism exist we cannot live in paace; in the end one or the other will triumph a funeral dirge will be sung over either the Soviet Republics or over world capitalism." (Lenin se- lected works Vol. VII p. 298.) If the'West still has "tears" of communism then we are safe. Once complacency and apathy envelop the people, then we can say farewell to freedom. "CONCERNED Lethbridge. Society is made for man; if it serves him badly he is en- titled to overthrow it. One can say that the power of governments rests on a psychological d i s position on most poeplc's part that it _is good lo obey and bad to dis- obey. Why is this belief so uni- versal? Partly because the ma- jority sesk only their own com- fort and pleasure: When these ends are assured, they ask no more than to conform to a given social order and to obey politi- cal masters who work to main- tain that order. Few men are aroused by injustice when they are sure of not being its vic- tims themselves. The detractors of democracy are wrong in equating this form of government with anar- chy, disorder, impotence. On the one hand we say that all men are brothers, that is to say, equals. But on the other hand wherever we look, in whatever country we may be, we see that the great majority are subject to a small number of superiors who make the law for them. There is no territory in the world that does not fall under the dominion of some sovereign power. The hermit's cave, whether he likes it or not, is regulated by the laws of pos- session and property. The gypsy cannot tell your fortune without liability under the law of con- tract. And I have watched the nomads of the Asiatic steppe being required to pay duty to the Afghan treasury when their migrations took them into the Khyber Pass. Men stay free because no one is fully vested by God or nature with authority to rule his fel- lows. James I of England wrote big books to prove that he was king by divine right; he believed that his son Charles I could be too, but that did not prevent the English from cut- ting off Charles' head. Louis XVI of France and Tsar Nicho- las II of Russia ended their careers in much of the same manner. And in democracies political parties and prime min- isters that thought themselves eternal have been sent packing by the people, and will- be again. No man or group of men can impose authority on a popula- tion against its will. in- justice reaches a certain point, even soldiers and policemen re- fuse to obey as witness tha French, Russian, Chinese, Indo-Chinese and other.revolu- tions. Human societies differ from the societies of bees in that men are always free to decide what form of authority they will adopt, and who will exer- cise it. And it really is men who have the responsibility of taking these decisions not God, Providence or Nature. In the last analysis, any given political authority exists only because men consent to obey it. In this sense, what exists is not so much the authority as the obedience. What Is it that the citizens de- sire? Thai is the question every democratic government must ask itself constantly. As for Le Soleil and Montreal- Matin, I know neither the own- ers, nor the editors, nor the editorial writers. But, anony- mous as they are, I take much pleasure in informing them if they don't know it that they are members of a fine crew of liars and cowards. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Looking backward Molhsr? You didn't pack tny teddy. Anyone who viewed the CBC's "Take Thirty" program on No- vember witnessed a bar- baric instrument of leg-hold trap. It is still used in the "harvest of Canada's an- nual fur crop. The animals caught in the leg hold suffer excrutiating pain, often for days and weeks, eventually dying from exposure, starvation or predators unless the trapper ar- rives first. Sometimes they es- cape by chewing off their own foot. There is an instant killing trap on the market proven lo he humane and efficient, and suitable for many of the fur bearers. Tho Canadian Associa- tion for Humane Trapping is currently assisting in a program at MeMastcr University to im- prove and develop humane al- ternatives to the leg hold. It is also conducting a Trap Ex- change Program to introduce trappers to the more efficient instant killing traps. The ultimate aim of the CAIIT IK legislation outlawing UiQ USB of inhumane methods of trap- ping. Anyone who would like to add his voice to theirs can get further information from the Al- berta Branch of CAHT, Box 9, Site 13, R.R. 2, Calgary 2. MRS. K. ADLJNGTON. Calgary. Correction I was so pleased to read in your paper that Mrs. Anne Campbell had won her own special award for her contribu- tion to music. Twice lately, in reporting Mrs. Campbell's musical back- ground, you have stated that she took voice training from F. B. Morrison, when it was Mrs. F. B. Morrison. As a child in Saskatoon I lived down the street from Mrs. Morrison, and Liter was in her choirs, but never, to my knowledge, did her husband give voice les- sons. In fact, he was a semi- invalid. MRS. .1. li. JACKSON. Piiidmr Creek. THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Turin, Iron Springs and Picture Butte will now re- ceive mail four days a week under the newly arranged mail service lo south Alberta points. 1930 The unemployment relief has become a big prob- lem in the city, with the city being able to supply only one 25 cent rosal ticket lo each ap- plicant per day. The tickets are good at any city restaurant. 1910 An Instructor at the Lethbridge Elementary Flying School and a student pilot were killed in the crash of their trainer plane near Magrath. 1950 When the Lethbridgo Herald Weekly rolled of the press today, it marked "30" foi- l-he "weekly" after 45 years of continuous publication. T. Earl Morris, superintendent in the composing room was present at the birth of the Weekly Herald. JflfiO Britain's worst o u t- break of hoof and mouth dis- ease for eight years has caused the destruction of ani- mals to dale. The Letlibridge Herald 504 ?ih St. S.t Leihbridge, Alberta LETHBRTDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1005-1954, by Hon. W, A, BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration Mo. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and Iho Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and Hie Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEQ W. MOWERS, Editor ami Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Genera! Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Eclilor Assccinfc Editor ROY I-'. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKIiR Advcrfising Editorial Pago HtSHcr "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;