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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 15, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 42 THI LCTHBRIDGt HERALD Wednejday, Novtmher IS, Cattle-sinufling hits Uruguay's meat trade Darkness is all smugglers need By TIMOTHY ROSS London Observer Uruguay's ministers of agri- culture and the interior are un- der strong pressure to find a way lo ronlol a steadily wor- sening problem Ihnt is both caused by and contributing to the country's economic slide: the ever-smaller quantities of meat reaching the packing sta- tions, canneries and docks. President Juan Maria Borda- berry placed a total ban on Ireef consumption in July in an at- tempt to save every pound of rteak lor export, but so simple measure has had a limited effect, because much of the Uruguayan production is al- ready being ex-ported illegal- ly and at night over the bor- ders into Argentina and Brazil. For several centuries cattle have been smuggled into and out of Uruguay to profit from better prices in one country or another. But over the last two years the traffic has been all one way as strikes, repeated de- valuation of the peso and the closing down of meat-packing plants have made it increas- ingly difficult for Uruguayan farmers to get good prices. Although last June a group of I opposition Blanco party dep- uties denounced the cattle- smuggUng and its side effect the buying-up of border farms by Argentines and the police and army are too busy in the struggle against the Tupamaros to spare enough men to watch the borders effi- ciently. HOPELESS It is said that in 1912 a French customs expert, called in by the then President Jorge Eallio to look for means to stop the flow of contraband goods, reported back: "Seno: Pres- ident, even if the entire popula- lion stood hand in hand round tlie entire frontier, the contra- band would slip mysteriously between their legs." Just how the cattle slip across was described by the leading Montevideo newspaper El Pais when it opened a front- page campaign last month de- manding effective measures against the smugglers. To enter Argentina, the River Uruguay must be crossed: the cattle are driven into the water and slaughtered close to the bank. After an hour the car- casses are cold and floating just beneath the surface, with only the horns above the wa- ter. Tied together in lines of 20, they are then lowed to the other bank behind a motor launch, and if by chance a police pa- trol boat should he seen they can be cut loose to drift away The way into Brazil is sim- pler still, across the "callejon" a narrmv no-man's land be- tween the fences of Uruguayan and Brazilian farms. The rare frontier guavd, if he cannot be bribed, is distracted by noisily driving a dozen cows towards the border at one spot, while halt a mile away a whole herd is quietly led across. But many fanners do not have to bother with subterfuges: darkness is all they need. In 1971, about head of cattle are estimated by police authorities to have been clan- destinely removed from the country; this year the total may be as Wgh as worth over million. No tax- es arc paid to the Uruguayan government, and unemploy- ment is increased as meat- packers lay off workers. Little of the money produced even re- mains in Uruguayan hands, for much of the cattle-raising land is being bought up by Argen- tine and Brazilian farmers at prices as much as 80 per cent less than they pay in their own countries. "They are buying the president of the chamber of Ruiz, complained in an inter- view, and it is calculated that more than square miles of Uruguayan territory are al- ready in the hands of foreign farmers. And the cash from the sale of farmland is rarely re- tained within the Uruguayan economy: serious political and economic instability discour- age investment. PROJECTS The problem has been raised in Parliament, and the minis- ter of agriculture is now study- ing various projects for laws lo prevent territory passing into foreign hands. The most radi- cal suggestion, that of Senator Carlos Julio Pereira, would pro- hibit rural property fcom being held by anyone but an Uru- guayan citizen. This is unlikely lo be adopted, as it conflicts with the constitution which makes no distinction between foreigner and citizen over prop- erty rights. (Observer Copyright) Unemployment Lift 6-day ban on news agency MANILA (Reuter) The Philippine government lilted to- day a six-day ban on news dis-' Iribution by The Associated Press. Government spokesman Fran- cisco Tatad told a news briefing lliat The Associated Press could now send out slories from the Philippines without prior clear- ance by the department of pub- lic information and could re- sume supplying news to its sub- scribers in the Philippines. The government announced the ban Nov. B after what was officially described as the agency's "violation of press guidelines7' Jet by martial law authorities. OLD BUILDINGS The original Parliament Buildings in Ottawa were erected in the ]8COs. RISING The number of jobless in Canada rose in Oc- tober to 483.000 from in September, .Statistics Can- ada reported Tuesday. The figure represents 5.4 per cent of the labor force. In Septem- ber 5.2 per cent of the labor force were unemployed. Un- employment was estimated at in October last year, 5.1 per cent of tlie labor force. Dears Sears-soft waterproof baby pants We guarantee that each pair will outwear any 2 other vinyl pants sold for Excellence Eoby comforl comes in the ihope of six different styles of waterproof vinyl -'rubber panls. Each one ia ipociolly designed with cushion soft legs and waisT for n seal dry fit and a full cuf scat for a roomy fit over diapers. These cosy-care well made pants ars machine washable tind won't crock or harden ond the heavy duly side aeama won't split or tear. panls are Sani-Gord treated too for hygienic protec- tion. Choose from while and Q scleclion o[ paste shades. 0-Phumba cohered in nylon ruffles for dreii 'JP wenr. 79c b-Domc crotch style pant with crotch opening for quick and cosy diaper change 69c Nylon covered pani for dress-up weor. 69c d-Terry lined (raining pant for oxtra absorbency. 79e Pull-on wolerproof pant f -Economy pull-on pant of vinyl only. Weor lesled to resist cracking and to remain soft. Extra strong. Sizs over 27 Ibs A Rhumbn pani B Dome crotch C Nylon covered D Terry lined E Pull-on F Economy pull-on Quality Costs No More at Simpsons-Sears at Simpsons-Sears you get the fine lallilactlon or money refunded and free delivery oursiorc-to-doorservice begins with ilia sale- STORE HOURS: Open Dnlly 9 o.m. to p.m. Thunday and nroiocis you every Friday 9 o.m. to 9 p.m. Centre Village. Telephone 328-9231 inch of the wny This Saturday In Weekend Magazine We Could Be Eating Ourselves To Death Davis For years we have boasted that Canadians are among the best: fed people in the world. But many of us are eating ourselves to death because we don't know what to eat. In Weekend Magazine this Saturday, Adelle Davis, one of the best-known gurus of na- tural foods, tells what's wrong with many of the supermarket foods we buy today. And Bob Collins looks at the state of nutrition in Canada. Also In This Issue He Started With A Shovel And Made A Fortune A "phantom bank of coal" in Wales turned out to he a "gold mine" for Larry Ryan; a former Newfoundlander. Japanese Tourists Flock To Canada Canada is becoming a lavonU: vacation land lor thousands of Japanese. Ronald Keith explains why. Crime Probe Or Political Inquisition? Bill Trent talks to Quebec's justice minisler. Jerome Choqiietle" abovjt the investigation being conducted into organized crime. Greg Clark Runs Into Women's Lib. Another amusing story by Canada's lop raconteur. Fashion's Newest Sensations. Saturday Afternoon At A Country Auction. Margo Oliver's Mix 'n' Match Recipes The Lethbridge Herald ;