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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 15, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI LETHBHIDil HtHAiD r 15, Buck to the bargain table It's luu-k m llu1 bargain table in Vienna tmln> as lilt' I'.S. ami Russia trv tn vu'i'K I'Ut scum1 aiirt'Oiiii'iH mi the limitation ot nik'lrar anil .strate- gic arms. SALT is bark in business and the nexntiauirs are al'ler is a price living that will suit both sides. The Kussians .say that Wash- ington is responsible for blocking an equality agreement, anil Washington responds by denying ilic charge. The Russians demand that each side should have only one ABM complex, in other words equality in The I'.S. wants two in order to pro- tect its Minutemen installations in .Montana and Dakota. 11 is said thai Democratic- Senator Henry .M. Jack- son, an unannounced Democratic, presidential hopeful, who is a strong defender of strong ADM defences, has told President Nixon, that if the I'.S. negolialurs back down on the equality in numbers demand, Ihe Senate 'will block the agreement. President Nixon would like lo some firm basis for agreement on arms limilalion before he goes to .Moscow. If lie doesn't it will be a part of "unfinished business" nl the summit meeting. An agreement be- forehand would be a big boost for the president in an election year and already the Democrats arc suggest- ing that Ihe Soviets have a powerful weapon in extracting concessions from a Republican president in the talks. True or false? N'o one really knows, except perhaps the presi- dent anil .Mr. Brezhnev, and maybe they're not sure. But they should both knou by now. that what the people of the world want is an end to those explosions wherever t h e y mav be detonated. War coming to an end? President Richard Nixon's latest announcement of troop reductions in Vietnam is a further confirmation of the fact thai a winding down of the war is taking place. While this is satisfying to the majority of Am- ericans, 'there will be some doubts about whether the war is actually coming to an end. A few days ago a study was re- leased bv Cnnieil University's Cen- tre for International Studies show- ing that the air warfare has not abated to the same clesree as that on land. In fact, while there has been some decline in the tonnage of bombs dropped by Ihe Americans during each uf the lii.-l three yea: there has been an actual increase over the previous three years. A grand total of 'tons "t bombs have been dropped since Jan- uary lOtiO to the end of August this year, which is tons more than were dropped during the last three years of llie Johnson administration. The indications are that a sub- stantial support force will remain in Vietnam after the combat force has been removed. This support force will include the bombing crews who can continue their devastating assault on the country. Any hope that bombing will bring Noilii Vietnam to its knees and a willingness to agree to a set- tlement on American terms should have vanished over the past six years. The fact that there is con- tinued reliance on the bombing is discouraging. It puts a blight on what otherwise appears to be a de- termined effort to end the war. Charlie McCarthy in Japan Japan is bcscl prnblenis these clays, not Ihe least of which is what to do about its relations with Tai- wan. Pressure to break with Taiwan has increased enormously in recent days. Japano.se big business opposes any such rupture vith all its might that's an almighty force1. Japanese Taiwanese trade has in- creased by leaps and bounds in re- cent years. It now exceeds Japanese- Chinese trade by a healthy margin. And the Japanese investment in Tai- wan amounts to some 80 million dol- lars. Its investment in China is of course nothing. The problem is what to do about Premier Chou En-lai's principle pro- hibiting companies doing business with South Korea and Taiwan from with China. Chou is showing signs ol growing a little sticky about enforcing this one. Most of the big Japanese trading concerns have gra- ciously accepted the principles. On the face of it this would indicate that Taiwan and South Korea would be eliminated as trading partners. But there are several ways to skin a cat and the Japanese know them all. Trade with Taiwan and China goes on at a vigorous pace. Accep- tance of Chou's principles is one thing. Carrying them into effect is another. And besides, if trouble looms it's easy to call your company by another name in other words use a dummy. After all Charlie McCar- thy didn't always subscribe to Ed- gar Bergen's admonitions. ART BUCHWALD A billion dollars WASHINGTON It had ID conic wiuivjr or later. TV unthinkable has became, thinkable. Tho t'.S Navy is asking for ONE BILUON DOLLAKS to build ONE aircraft carrier. No one thought it uould happen for years, but when the word got out there was jubiliation in all the rr.iliiary services fit the Pentagon. An Army general said, 'T never thought the Navy would have the gnus to ask for it, but now that they've broken the sound bar- rier, we're all free to ask for a billion dol- lars for our favorite weapon." "Then you're not. mad at the for asking for (hut kind of money for an air- craft I "Why should we bo mad? ihr general answered. "We've been piddling around with million hero, million there on a new piece of haiduare. v. Ix-n everyone knows you really can't get a king fur a buck less than a billion. ''But we didn't know how Congress unnld react until the Vavy a.iked fur the billion for a carrier. It didn't them in the least, so now if Ihe can gH a billion for an aircraft carrier, we can get billion for something uo'vc war.tcd Jo build for some time." "What is "It's a giant hn n d it. takes up eight football ficld.x Il's the greatest. advance in mi lit.'try inniuaro, since tho. invention of the (ialling "A billion dollars fur one tank'.'" "It's not just a tank, yon the gen- eral saifl. "Look a I. this nnxlel The top of the tank is flat so bombers can lake oif and land on it, On. tho .sides have mis- siles and in front and rear >ou have four Iti-inch guns.'' "Bui even v.i'h all those things it doesn't fieoni a.-> if it cost a billion dollars.'' "Aha, that's the he chuckled. see. this here on the looks like a keel.'1 "Exactly. This is a floating nuclear air- borne tank, something the U.S. Army can- not do without.'' ''But it looks just like an aircraft car- I .said. The general took the model away angri- ly. "Hmv can it look like an aircraft car- lie said. "It's painted The Air Force was also celebrating the Navy's billion-dollar breakthrough. An Air Force colonel in, research and develop- ment showed me the latest, plane the Air Force want to build. "This is the greato.sl bomber ever de- signed by he said. "It flies at feet, float.s on water and can cut its way through a jungle so silently that not even birds can boar it." "But. it looks like a f sard. can it be a ho grumbled, ''It x'tys T.S. Air Force' on the side." Although excitement in Ihe Army and Air Force, wings of the gon, it was nothing comparable to what u.'is going on over at the Navy department. Officers were banding out cigars and you cuiild feel tho excitement in tho air. While I lalking to one admiral, -tn- admiral down Ihe hall and my admiral rnshnl up to him .saying, for gosh sakes, 1 haven't .seen you in four uvis. Yen Icnk like a billion dollars." The other admiral laughed "You look like ,n billion dollars yourself." Soviets to get security conference I Knlliminji :-'o- virl v's successful visit In 1'aris. it more1 llian rvi r as though a Kurupcaii confm'iHT he on K-; Icrms Hi- iiml Kmu'li Pi'csi- ilcnt I'uinpidult ii Itiat the nmirri'iKT should hLv held m'M spimsi ;iril that it .should deal will) I he three main ttipic.s of .security, trade and the exchange nl pi'u- ples ami ideas. The main a r k raised is what effect thu Krencli opposition to lions on Mutual and Balanced Force Reductions (MUFHi v.ill hive on the Soviet leader. There have been sugyeslioi's that Mr. Brezhnev might have persuaded even to scupper NATO's attempt lo open talks by sunding a representative to Moscow. But since Mr. nev himself invited NATO to sit and talk, it seems un- likely I hut lie would doom those talks In failure, hefore II-: y lii'gin. Much depends on what the Soviets have in mind. II' they are really serious about, iir; they will give the I'Yem'ii siiriti. IJut if. -'is oiiscrvers believe, they want, only some declarations that regularize the stains quo in l-lurope. they may have little to lose in forgetting MRFHs, at least for the time being. "Let's go downstairs and make another eslern For a y e a r he-fore last ypring the Soviets campaigned, not for force reductions as such, hut I'or a security confer- ence. The agenda proposed by Moscow was for some unspeci- fied way of ensuring Hi? renun- Ihe use of force or threat; Ihe expansion of trade and economic links: and the freer movement of peoples and ideas. (This lasl item is lo he lim- ited to Berlin.) Two years later this is exact- ly what Ihe French, even Ihe British, are talking about. The interval has been marked by the lack of any Western initia- tive to add lo or subtract from or in any way change the agen- da. Consequently the West is caught in the down-draft, al- ways reacting to the other side. Mr. Brezhnev's visit lo Para merely enlisted the French gov- ernment's support in the con- tinuing Soviet initiative. In addition, Ihe French h-ivn spelled out their idea of pro- cedure in more detail. They suggest an initial meeting of foreign ministers of the .'15 or -10 countries taking part to pro- vide the impetus. Then three special committees would go to work in Ihe respective areas with cither the ministers or the heads of government meeting to toast the results. The So- viets even have the advantage of a consistent monolithic posi- lion while the NATO countries air their differences publicly and put together the pieces of a uniform stand. Ths present state of Western Europe is another drawback. The Common Market miHht he the nucleus for a common Western position on trade. But Franco-German relations arc strained, the Six have failed lo agree on a basic monetary pol- icy a n d protectionism di- vides the West. Nonetheless, the French and the British posilions arc not as far apart as they appear some- linics. The Iirilis.h want arms reduction talks lo be separate- from a security conference. The French, on their part, have consistently opposed block to block negotiations in favor of a nalional approach. S'ince in the case of NATO and the War- saw Pact the blocs already ex- ist, it is difficult to see how any balanced reductions can he' brought about other than on a block-to-block basis. Paris is now saying that if Ihe outcome of a security con- ference is successful, then the, question of arms reductions might be taken up. If the present timetable Is fol- lowed, Mi'. Brezhnev may win his immediate aims, European approval for the status quo, without ever going into tha arms-control question. Would he then be interested in another round of talks for MBFRs, Ihe subject he turned his attention to only much later? The British, while favoring talks between NATO and the. Warsaw Fact on force reduc- tions, are not optimistic about rcsulls, because NATO already is much weaker militarily. Leaving forces aside, Foreign Secretary Sir Alec Douglas- Home has come down to a posi- tion similar to that of the French for the rest of the agen- da. Therefore an agreement be- tween Sir Alec and French For- eign Minister Maurice Schu- mann should not be too hard lo reach when Mr, Schumann visits London later this month. This visit, indeed every meet- ing between two or more al- lies, will form part of what Sir Alec calls the "meticulous preparation'1 necessary for a .successful conference. 'If the allies do agree to tho sweeping agenda proposed, they will be pressed indeed, witii only five months to sort things out. (llcrnld London Bureau) Aging Tito's visit essentially a business trip rJTTAWA There is a poiri about the Ti'o visit which may have been somewhat ob- scured by protocol, security, ceremonials and mellow speeches about hopeful trends in international affairs. This, quite simply, is that tho Yugo- slav president came to Canada on a business trip, The business was in one re- spect unusuai. In the minds of many Canadians, Yugoslavia has somewhat resembled those large areas on early maps des- ignated an "unexplored A state visit is a useful device for altering such concepts. This one also, of course, has sym- bolic significance at the first visit to Canada of a .statesman who has guided his country, without interruption, since the Second World War. To emphasize the business aspect of the Ottawa talks is in no way lo minimize the im- portance of the other ex- changes, to which reference will be found in the communi- que. But Marshal Tito was not in Ottawa to make converts to his philosophy, to interfere in our politics or io rock the inter- national boat. Neither was he seeking a platform from which lo attack the United S'tates (or Russia, for that matter'. Some interesting points did emerge from his guarded re- marks at a press conference. He remains a realist, free of millennial illusions. In reply to a question from me, dealing with the much discussed Ku- ropean security conference and the naval build-up in the Medi- terranean, the president first filtered the caution that a sin- gle conference could not settle everything. The initial prob- lem is to set a basis for ne- gotiations. He agreed, however, that the Mediterranean cannot be neglected because the .se- curity problems posed by the confrontation on the land mass and at sea are inter-connected. lie is not an advocate of uni- lateral disarmament. Jn Otta- wa, as earlier in Washington, his emphasis was on balanced reductions. This accords with the view of XATO countries, al- though it may not please some of the more fervent Canadian advocates of the force of exam- ple. Marshal Tito expressed some concern that the military blocs in Europe may be replaced with economic blocs, the Com- mon Market and COMECON. Yugoslavia is outside both, has no intention of joining cither, but is one of the countries in danger of being squeezed and is trying to insure itself by gen- eral agreements, and also bi- lateral arrangements with indi- vidual countries, in the two grouping. There was a good deal more on this general subject. At a morning reception, the presi- dent mingled easily with a large group of bankers, busi- nessmen and officials, somp of them with established interests in Yugoslav trade. Following this informal meeting. Mr. (ili- gorov, a member (for Mace- donia) of the presidential coun- cil and a former finance mini.s- ler, gave a luncheon talk. This was in part an attack on the growing protectionism which threatens Yugoslavia no less than Canada. The rest was an appeal to businessmen to rec- ognize the opportunities in eco- nomic diversity. Yugoslavia want s outside capital. The law on ownership permits up to 50 per cent for- eign participation, and Mr. Gli- gorov indicated that this, un- usual as it may be by most Communist, standards, may be exceeded in certain circum- stances. He ranged over a va- riety o f possibilities, copntr mining, other non-ferrous min- i n g enterprises, metallurgy, tourism and so on. There is no pretence on ei- ther side that Canada and Yu- goslavia will miraculously be- come major trading partners, none fif (he vaulting (and pos- .sibly unrealistic) expectations that marked the Kosygin visit. Nevertheless, officials on both sides were elated with the talks, because there exists now a mode-st but valuable basis on which to build. For some Canadian busi- nessmen (those involved, for example, in construction of the new airport installations at Za- Yugoslavia is not unex- plored terrain. Further, there has been a long and patient ex- amination of possibilities, very much aided, according to Ca- nadian officials, by the quiet diplomacy of the present. Yugo- slav ambassador, Dr. Tode Curuvija. As a result there is talk of (he largest locomotive sale we have yet made, the equipment being intended for the haulage of ores on Yugo- slav railways. Some notably hard-hsaded officials foresee the present level of exchanges doubling (to about S50 million annually) and perhaps to S100 million, the figure mentioned by Mr. Gligorov. Such calculations are not based on any foolish notion that the Yugoslavs are on their way to sudden wealth. They are noi. Their trade balance with us is in fact heavily unbalanced, which is a limiting factor: their hope, however, is that this can be made more manageable. not by new restrictions but by genera! expansion. It is rather a matter of exploiting possibili- ties which have existed for some time but which have been neglected, in part because we have not kept up with change. But as Marshal Tito ob- served at his press conference, has the same smell ev- and neither we nor the Yugoslavs, in present cir- cumstances, can afford to pass up mutually profitable trade. Marshal Tito at 79 tires more easily than he once did, which is not surprising considering tho fact that he lias led one of the more strenuous lives of the 20th century. What, is remark- able is his resilience. After an exhausting two days in Ottawa, he looked fit enough on Friday morning to lead a partisan route march. Whether his retinue would have responded is somewhat less certain. The explanation may be in part that he is an unusually calm man, rather humorous and not much given to emo- tion. In my experience, most Yugoslavs arc not like this at all. they arc animated, out- going and high-spirited, given lo enthusiasms which their highly disciplined leader seems lo regard with a certain amused indulgence. As will have been obvious to his television audience. Mar- shal Tito is as lucid, despite his years, as he ever was. T spoke to him only briefly about an inconsequential incident which occurred 27 years ago. His clock-like memory imme- diately took over as he cor- rect ed an aide about a location and me about a date. It may be needless to add that he was perfectly right. The anti-Tito demonstrations in Ottawa may have been over- stressed in reports, partly be- cause of the elaborate although necessary s e c u r ity arrange- ments. They were in fact small affairs, especially in compari- son with the normal march of die Lapalmc workers the Amchitka protests which occurred on the same two days. Nor did they reinforce each other. The Croatian separatists who burned a flag on Wednes- day and the Chetnik emigres who raised their black skull- a n d-crossbones standard on Thursday had in common a hatred of Tito but nothing else. Indeed, if they still maintain (he views which they held in wartime and which anyone can read in their histories, it is lunate that I hoy did not share Parliament Hill. Otherwise. Ihe KCMP might have been busier than ever, detaching the two g r i> ups from each other's throats. (Urrahl Ottawa Hun-ail) Letter to the editor Looking backward Save Indian Act or suffer consequences The world seems to be whirl- ing a groa! many synMie- l.ic and carefully promoted "problems" !o give raucous youth something lo do with their time and energies to replace the wholesome activities they used to enjoy of either pushing hack the frontier, making a living from Ihe land, or Inter on in the sports activities they played instead of ualehing. But. there are .some genuine, problems and one of them is thi.s: Whore are I ho Indians go- ing and uhal is going lo hap- pen lo them? They are multiplying .sloadily and so are those of Indian blood and custom hm who have no Indian legality. One of those days tho Metis are going lo start heading in goodly mini- IHTS to Ihe eitii's uhorc they will find Ihey can draw uhilc uelfare for an indefinite period of lime, provided they nre doslitiilo When you realize that in Can- ada there are at least M el.is who a re living on t ho very odge of survival, their ar- rival in the cilics is going to create a financial, .social and economic shock. But they are coming because the Indians are now aware they may lose their land as a result of the recent verdict in which a judge says that the Canadian Bill ot Rights wipes out the Indian Acts con- ditions setting up tho racist dis- crimination lo protect Then there will be greater problems for tho white man because the Indians reject much of their ways of educa- tion and do not intend lo let white people continue to edu- cate Indians. The situation in Edmonton and C'ohl Lake will bo repeated. My work has taken me across Canada II times in my battles in the courts have been rnosl, successful, my work as the JKT.SOU who pays for the In- dian Legal Defence Committee has produced excellent results n; the courts. All of this is