Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 15, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
y, 13, 1974 IETHBRIDGE HERALD 15 Yes, there really is a Mafia (Concluded ffrom Front Page) Other Mafia members liave broken the sacred law of silence and talked about the organization to which they belong, but their statements have not been made public by law enforcement officials because they are too valuable for their lives to be endangered by pub- lic exposure. Tlie Mafia had its beginnings in Palermo, Sicily in 1282 when Ihe natives rose against their French rulers and succeeded in freeing Sicily of foreign domination for a hundred years. The motto in the uprising was, "Morlc alia Francia Italia to Ihe French is Italy's Secret, group After tile rebellion a secret organization was formed to protect poor Sicilians and it took its name from the first letters in Hie motto of the insurrec- tion: MAFIA. Sometirr.e in the century the char- acter of the Mafia changed completely, allowing its members to hired by rich landowners to oppress the peasants and extorting money and goods from the peasants directly. "All organizations arc born wilh principles and humanitarian goals, but in their midst opportunities arc never missing and men will always try to use them lo make a Gentile wrote in discussing the history of the Mafia. In that way. he said, the Mafia became an organization "that finds its reason for existence in force and terror." The first recorded Mafia killing in the U.S. oc- curred on January 24, 1889, when a man named Vin- cenzo Ottumvo was murdered during a card game. A gang war followed that ultimately led to two grand jury investigations. The report of one jury concluded: "The range of our researches has developed the existence of tire secret organization styled "Mafia." The evidence comes from several sources fully com- petent in themselves to attest its truth, while the fact is supported by the long record of blood-curdling crimes, it being almost impossible to discover UK perpetrators or to secure witnesses.'' By 1910, there were Mafia gangs in many major U.S. cities. Mails groups in those early days were "very democratic." Gentile wrote. Groups of 10 mem- bers chose leaders (capos) who in turn elected the head of tire family (capo famiglia The heads of fan-.ilies and their lieutenants elected the head of all the Mafia, known as the capo dci capi (boss of basses) or "king." Bloody battles Both Valachi and Gentile said thai Mafia lead- ers often waged blocdy battles against each other, and that one of them ultimately led lo profound chan- ges in the organization. The fight was stalled in 1930 and involved gangs led by Giuseppe Masseria and Salvatore Maranzano two powerful Mafiosi, both Italian-born, ambitious and eager to be boss of bosses. Mafia leaders from other cities ultimately united behind a decision to end the war by having Masseria killed Gentile's account of the killing parallels that of Valachi: Masseria was lured to a restaurant by one of his most trusted aides. Salvatore Luciana, known as Lucky Luciano who. after the meal, excused him- self to go to the men's room. In his absence, four men walked into the restaurant and shot Masseria to death. After Masseria. Gentile wrote. Luciana and Ihe younger Mafia leaders wanted to replace the boss of bosses with a commission of several leaders. But Marairiano refused and had enough support among tlw older leaders, the "Mustache Petes" as they were called, to be nair.ed boss. Maranzano then proceeded to make plans to have Luciano and his supporters eliminated, according to Gentile, but Luciano beat him to it. Maranzano was killed in his office on the afternoon of Sept. 10, 1931, Gentile wrote, and the executioners were "six Jewish youths, assisted and accompanied by an Italian." Valachi said that the youths were "Meyer Lansky's boys" with an Italian .sent along to point out Maran- zano. Non Italians were used, hc said, to divert at- tention from Luciano. (Lansky was a close friend of Luciano and eventualiy rose lo be the financial genius of organized Night of vespers After said Gentile and Yalachi, Lhc younger Mafia leaders proceeded to eliminate many Mustache Petes in a single night of executions across the country that came .to be called "the night of the Sicilian vespers.'' Neither Gentile nor Valachi said how many old Mafiosi were killed, bul former United States Attorney General Ramsey Clark in his book, "Crime in America.1' put the figure at 40. The death of Maranzano left the reins of the Mafia unofficially in the hands of Lucky Luciano, the Strike date fixed EDMONTON 'CPt The teachers in the Bow Valley i School Authorities' Association j have set Nov. 2fl as a strike date unless mediation talks can result in an agreement. ,loe Bcrlando of the Alberta Teach- ers' Association said here. The (ieadline was set to allow weeks for "full and Ircc discussion" in the mediation tnliis. which resume Tuesday. hc said. The Icachors voted last work in favor of strike action in the 'Bow Valley area, in- eludes (lie counties of Mountain View and i Drumhellrr and Three Hills school divisions Ic-a' boards in Banlf, Canmorc and Ilanna. This was the Iliiul regional unit to approach a strike situation this fall. Teach- j ers in jurisdiclions northwest of Kdmonlon were on strike in October for weeks and a strike was averted at I hi1 last ir.innte in ccnlral Alberta al Ihe rnd of October. Mr, Borlardo, chief uelfarr officer for the association, tho mum issue involved salary clauses. The hnvc not asked for a consultation clause, i which was the major issue in the o'.hcr teacher-board dis- putes _ Parole 51 years away SHKBOYCAN, WIs. (API Douglas Ilean. of Sheboygan, was sentenced here lo five i consecutive Icrms of life in I prison for ;ho ir.urdcrs of his inolher and a g i r I -f r i c n d ns mother and Ibrre brothers Sentence was passed by Slic- Court Judge Kuclien despite pleas from the defence ilia! the terms run concurrently. District Attorney hance .Jones argued thai no lighter sentence should In? considered, because Dean bad been supported by his mother and befriended by his gir'-friend's family. ft u ill be years and three mouths licfure Dean is eligible for parole, officials snid. shrewd, cold-eyed bul soft-spoken man wlw had earn- ed his nickname as a young racketeer by surviving hours of torture when kidnapped by rival hoodlums. After the purge of Maranzano's followers, Luciano went to work improving the structure of Ihe Mafia and expanding his own influence. Hc added the con- siglierc (councillor) to the Mafia family to mediate grievances and cut down internal squabbling within groups. And he helped set up a national commissione of Mafia bosses across the country to arbitrate dis- putes between families, lo confirm new family bosses and most of all, to keep the various Mafia groups oper- ating .smoothly and successfully. Luciano was convicted by special prosecutor Tho- mas Dewey of multiple counts of compulsory prostitu- tion and was sent to prison in 1936 (from where he v.a.s released and deported to Italy a decade lie was succeeded by his undcrboss Vil.o Genovese, but GL-nGvc-.se fled lo Italy in 1937 Lo escape the heat Dcwcy was still generating and was trapped there by the outbreak of World War Two. After Luciano and Gcnovc.se the man who came to dominate the Mafia was Frank Costello. A dapper figure who treated himself to a professional mani- cure and shave every day and dressed like an aristo- crat, Costello proved to be as imaginative as hc was sophisticated. Me expanded !hc Mafia's involvement in legiti- mate business and secured for it valuable political connections. Coftc-llo. however, did not have the grim strength of Luciano and when Genovcse returned to New York after tire war, Costello allowed himself to be slowly squeezed out of power. Narcotics policy Soon after taking power in New York, Genovese called for a mitional Mafia enclave in order to justify his displacement of Coslello and to expand his pres- tige among lUafia leaders outside New York. He also wanted the Mafia bosses Lo work out a policy about involvement in narcotics, which was resulting in big prison terms for an increasing number of members. Tile meeting was held at the home of Joseph Barbara in Apalachin. N.Y.. on Nov, 14. 1957, but it was barely underway when the Mafiosi saw state police moving toward the house. They quickly scatter- ed toward the nearby woods and about 50 escaped, but the police picked up 60 of the rest. Since 1S5V, police have been aware of a number of other smaller Mafia conclaves, usually dubbed "Lit- tle Apalachins." One such meeting in a New York- restaurant and another in California were interrupted by law enforcement agents, but others have been learned about only after the faci. The Mafia leaders detained al Apalachin could not be convicted on any charges for being at the meeting, but six months later Genovcse was arrested and ac- cused of conspiracy to violate Federal narcotics laws. He was convicted in 1959 and sentenced to 15 years in prison. It was while at the Atlanta Penitentiary in that he came to the conclusion that Joseph Val- achi. a '-soldier" in his Mafia family, who was a fel- low inmate al the prison, was an informer. On a June day in 1962, Genovcse gave Valachi the ''kiss of death.'1 starting a scries of events which would turn (he heavy set Valachi, with his steel- gray crew cut. his square face and bulbous nose, into a familiar sight on the television screens of Am- erica as he testified in his raspy, chain smoker'i voice about the internal workings of (he Mafia. When he received the "kiss of death." Valachi had not told authorities anything, but his indignant denials lo Gcnovese fell on deaf ears. Frightened and desper- ate. IK used an iron pipe to beat, to death a fellow inmate whom hc wrongly thought had been chosen to be his executioner. Life sentence Valachi was sentenced [o life for the murder and, feeling betrayed by his boss. Gcnovesc. ire began to tell authorities about "La Cosa N'oslra." Valachi acted out of selfish motives anger and desire for revenge and hc was in no way a hern Bui the vivid and detailed picture of the Mafia that painted made Americans sec. many for the first time, how the organization's web menaces Amer- ican society. The Mafia is still a formidable ai'ti threatening force, but a number of the men Valachi identified as members arc now in prison and many more arc under indictment. There arc around Mafia families throughout the United States. As of tills writing, the heads of the largest and most powerful families, according to Jus- tice Department officials, are the following: New York: Carlo Gambino: Joseph Colombo, head of the former Magliocco family: Naiale F.vola. head of the former Bonamw fair.ily: Carmen Tramunti, acting head of thp former Thomas Lucbesc family; and Gcrardo Catena, acting head of the Genovcse fam- ily. Chicago: Anthony Accardo and Paul Dclucia. act- ing heads due lo the flight to Mexico of boss Sam CJiancana in liHiti and imprisonment of his interim suc- cessor. Samuel Batlaglia. Detroit: Joseph Zcrilli. Buf- falo Stefano Mecadilino. New Jersey: Simonc DeCavalcanle tin prison i. Now Orleans: Carlos Mar- cello. Philadelphia: Angclo Bruno. Boston: Raymond Patriarca tin Los Angeles: Nicoio Licata. Increasing attac s The death of Valachi of a Iv.-art attaek on April ,t 11171. at the :iiie of 67. eame at a lime of hierea.sintf altaeks on the validity of his mlurmation. His critics charge, thai lie either made up everything or was told a lot of balf-h'iith.s rumors and lies by (lie KBF to re-poal lo Ihe world a.s inside This criticism is parl of the general campaign to raise doubts thai tho Malia exists al all. Bul such an effort is based on wishful thinking rather than reality. II is just as wrong. as dangerous, lo deny the Mafia's existence as it is to claim llial all gangsters are Italian. .Infill Valadri. him-df the '-on of ;IM Italian ini migrant, was hrwildiTcd ulk'i) he was Inld 111 at his testimony had raisi-d a clamor ol prok'M from Italian- Americans who fell he smearing them and their anceslors. "I'm noi talking about Italians.'1 Valaetii explained. ''I'm talking abmi! N'KXT: Mover 1-ansky I'ndiM'uorkl (ieiiins Reprinted .uth I he permission ol Mcdnu'.-lhll Honk C'o (rum huil; The Malia is Not an Kqual Opportunity Kiv.ployer. In Nicholas (Inge. Copyright (cj W7J In- Nicholas liagv. Key Lo co-operation Labor, management meet Rapid technological advances I present the conference's open- in industry and a growing Ca-! ing remarks, nadian population have inlro-! Prior to becoming the duced an entirely new scope of i branch's director, Mr DeWitl Ircal and worked for Dominion Engineer- .-loie Instilu employee management ing Works ud in yut.bcCi unli new problems. 351 wjlpn hc tlK, In order io maintain the high i mcnt of labor as senior produdivliy needed lo compete djan business representative of with other nations in interna- tional and domestic trade mark- els, new techniques and melh- i Workers. ods to retain good labor-man- jcnicnt relations are constanl- bcing developed. One nf Ihe methods used lo troduce these are labor-man- lenient conferences sponsored v labor, management and all other parties concerned. On Wednesday a labor-man- the International Association of .Machinists and Educated in Quebec, Mr. IX1- Witt studied industrial relations at McGill University in Mon- at the Sir Thomas ute in Montreal. He i.s a former vice-president of (he Canadian chapter of the Industrial Relations Research Association, and a charter member of the Americiiii Acad- emy of Political and Social Sciences. V of L professor Lo give LU8l LIlAAs fVC llUll, agement conference centring on the theme "Better Industrial will be held in Lethbridge. The changing attitudes and J tigativt1 methods of looking into v EI hies of modern business and j modern problems have resulted labor will come under discus- a heavy demand for his -sion Goi'don Campbell, an speaking abilities. associate professor nf education j Organized to promote better Sponsored by the provincial al llle University of Lelhhridge industrial relations between and federal departments of! addresses delegates attending management and labor groups, labor: management; organized i a conference ,hc federal and provincia labor: and the chamber of con- ference, Ken P. DeWitt, direc- Lethbridge Nov. 17. government, local business and The author of the first book kibyr-sponsorod conference will tor of the labor-management i ever written about the corn- consultation branch of the fed- munily college movement in mcnis eral department of labor will! Canad'a. Mr. Campbell's inves-1 arkh'css analyze Mr. Campbell's com- merits following his keynote 1 In his capacity as senior of- ficer of the labor-management consultation branch. Mr. has been responsible for organ- izing labor-manygemenl confer- ences in many of the larger in- du.-trial areas of Canada and has given numerous public ad- dresses throughout the country on the need for improved com- munications between labor and management. In he headed the Cana- dian tripartite delegation !o the two-week conference of the ninth ht's.iion of the Internation- al Labor Organizational Metal Trader Cumini'1'1" ri f-r-ncvn, Switzerland. During the forence Mr. DeVYitt cicrtrd as chairman of one oi ilie prin- cipal conference committees. In 1971 he also represented I the federal minister of labor at the opening of new facilities to the Inter-American Institute of Labor Studies at Tuernavaca, i Moreles. Mexico. WEDNESDAY, NOV. 1971 9 a.m. SVEN ERICKSEN'S RESTAURANT 1715 Mayor Magrath Drive PROFESSOR GORDON CAMPBELL University of Lethbridge SuLjcd: MANAGEMENT LABOUR Lawyer School Boaicl Mcmbt Superintendent Canadian Co, ltd. Lethbridge Plant Secretary of City of Lethbridge E lee triced Workers Executive Secretary Alberta Federation of Labour EACH COMPANY IN THE LETHDRIDGE AREA IS INVITED TO BE REPRESENTED BY AT LEAST ONE EMPLOYER AND ONE EMPLOYEE DELEGATE TO PARTICIPATE IN THE WORKSHOP GROUPS. UNIONS, MANAGEMENT, AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS INTERESTED IN LABOUR-MANAGEMENT CO-OPERATION ARE ALSO INVITED.