Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 15, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
HIGH FORECAST SUNDAY 50 vouTxi asT The Letttbtidge Herald J7KTHBRIDGE, ALBKRTA, MONDAY, NOVEMBER IS, 1071 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO PAGES By NICHOLAS GAGE New York Times March 19, 1971, Albert S. Ruddy, producer of I he film based on Mario Puzo's novel about the y.ulia called The Godfather, announced that the words ".Mafia" and "Cosa WosLra" not be mention- oil in He mnvic. "I'm Jewish so I know what preju- dice and bigotry Mr. Ruddy told the members of the Italian American Civil Rights League, whose leaders had persuaded him to censor the offending words. Mr. Ruddy's announcement, was applauded by the league as a prcat victory, but not all Italian Ameri- cans saw it that way, including New York State Sen- ator John Man-hi The censorship of tho film script was ''a insult to millions upon millions of loyal Americans of Kalian Sen. Marchi wrote Mr. Ruddy. There arc others who contend that the words Mafia and Cosa No.stra should be eliminated not be- cause they contribute a slur but because they perpet- uate a myth. It is not only men of questionable mo- tives, such as Joseph Colombo Sr., who put forth such an argument. The Italian American Civil Rights League, which Colombo founded, has received wide- spread support from thousands of individuals who have no underworld connections. Many honestly be- iiuve that tho Mafia is a fiction, created by the media and law enforcement agencies. There really is no such thing as the Mafia, they insist. There are three questions frequently raised by those who maintain such a stand: If there is a Mafia, why hasn't the Federal Bu- vau n[ Investigation succeeuVd in infiltrating it as it has the Communist Parly, tlio Kin Klux Kla.n and other groups under K-iven'l any fiipposod members been caught using the word "Mafia" in conversations taped by po- lice or fM'.'ral agenti? Why K .los.'ph Valachj. a man who gained much from the eminent, the only man to come forth and say he a member of it? As arguments for the non-existence of the Mafia [lie questions are fraudulent because they are based on misinformation. lafia infiltrated The FBI. the Bureau of Narcotics awl Dangerous Drug? and other law enforcement agencies have suc- cessfully infiltrated the Mafia numerous times. For instance, the kickback conspiracy involving New York City commissioner James Marcus and a Mafioso named Antonio (Tony Ducks) Corallo was exposed in by Herbert Itkin, who developed close ties to Corallo aid then Informed the FBI. John Ormc-nlo and Carmine Galente, probably the Mafia's most successful heroin importers in the 1950's, are now serving long prison terms because they trust- ed a man named Edward L. Smith who was govern- ment informant. II is true that the FBI has never sent an agent to join the Mafia and then come out to talk publicly about it. In fact, it's a mailer of policy with Fed- eral law enforcement agencies never to have their agents become members of any organization where they'd be called upon to commit a serious crime. Why has no one ever caught a Mafioso using the word ''Mafia" even in monitored conversations with his fellow members? The word "Mafia" is an old term that members of the organization have not used for years. Il has been replaced by numerous euphcn- isms that often vary from cily to cily. Many In NOW York and other cities nn (.lie East Coast, as Valachi pointed out, it has been called La Cosa Nostra (our In Chicago it is often called "The Outfit." in Buffalo ''The Ann'' and in some parts of .New England "The Office." The public can't he ex- pected to keep up with l.hesc original variations and so continues to use the lime-honored term "Mafia.' But all Micsc names have been picked up in monitored conversations. As fnr Y-'ibrhi. IK- is by no means the only Mafia mrpihrr In in public about Hie or-ganiMtirm- I he inKi murder trial of a New York Ma firv-n named Pclligrino Morano. the districi. attorney prmhioed a witness named Tony Nataro who talked nt length about the Mafia, particularly his Initia- tion into the organization. Another man to describe his experiences in the Mafia was N'icola Gentile who did il neither in a court- room like Nataro nor before a Congressional commit- to e like Valachi. He .set his Mafia experiences in the course of writing his memoirs after retiring, accoun I dentile was born in Sicily in IfliW and came to the. I'nited Slates 13 years later, lie joined the Mafia and at various limes served as a leader of families in I'iltsbiu-Rh, Cleveland and Kansas Cily. By the mid- thirties fortunes had declined desperately, bow- ever, and hi' (ltd to Sicily lo avoid trial on a narcotics charge lie ri'lircl the I'.M's and began writing abinil bis cxinji-icnccs willi llv Mafia Ixtth in Sicily and in the I'niu-il Slales. The memoirs, written in Malian, wen- never published, but parts of were quolof! in the Ilalinn press along with interviews will) who made nn scrrot his Mafia membership. (JcuHlc's dcscripliiin of Hie Mafia's development in I he I'.S. slnniHly supporls Ihc account offered in Ifiia by Valachi, although the old man had never heard of Valachi when he wrote his memoirs. Vala- chi's version was much more detailed and wenl be- yond (ienlile, who left the united Slales in 1337, so Ihere is no question of Valaehi basinR his .slory on the older man's memoirs. Mil lift coiiliniK'd. an I'ugti 15 strik e in sight as rift spreads Premiers jolted Bennett urges Canam market HOLDS CHILDREN HOSTAGE Gunmen with cloth covering his head holds pistol against the head of a liltle girl os he and a partner held members of the .Morciano Baitzer hostage in Tayiay, 10 miles east of Manila, Sunday. Earlier the men, who said they were members of a Communist anti-government terrorist organization killed a policeman. They let the hostages, two women and eight children, go free, when they were allowed to escape toward Manila. OTTAWA fCP) British Col- umbia jolted the federal-provin- cial economic conference today, proposing economic union be- tween Canada and the United vStatts in a North American common market. Premier W. A. C. Bennett, putting the proposition to the three-day heads-of-government conference, said the move could be made without sacrificing Ca- nadian sovereignty. He pointed to Britain's entry in the Euro- pean Common Market as an ex- ample. The Social Credit premier also repealed his criticism that Prime Minister Tntdeau's Lib- eral government has an anti- American bent, warning that federal measures to boost em- ployment won't work if "Can- ada's implicit trade alliance with the U.S. is shattered through unseemly federal gov- ernment, statements toward our great American neighbor.'1 The British Columbia view was diametrically opposed to that expressed by New Demo- crat Premier Allan Blakeney of tax OTTAWA ICP) Premier Peter Lougheed of AlberU said today his government supports th? principle of equalization, but added: "You cannot make the weak strong by making the strong weak.'' He said in remarks prepared for the federal-provincial con- ference of premiers that Alberta must not have its financial cap- ability strained at a time when ''our own needs are greatest." The Progressive Conservative premier was referring to the principle of equalization pay- ments in money from Al- berta, as one of the richer prov- inces, is used to help poorer provinces. Lougheed said 1971 has not been an easy year for Al- b e r a, with unemployment reaching a record high last win- ter and this winter will lie ''much like lasl year.'1 "We can shoulder our share in strengthening Canada but oiir ability lo carry that share de- pends on the maintenance of our individual strength.'' ASK NO SPECIAL KAVOHS The premier, who led his parly to an upset win over So- cial Credit in the Aug. SO pro- vincial election, called for an- other kind of equalization. "We ask for no special favors in transportation policies, but tlicsc policies must creale an equnliz-alinn ability tn mar- ket." Alberta bnd marketing limita- tions because it was land- locked, without access lo ocean transportation and distant from large population centres. Realis- tic national transportation poli- cies were therefore essential to the province. "We cannot accept, today those policies linked to past problems and prejudices which establish a differential between the transportation costs for raw materials and the cost of trans- porting the finished product thai; leaves us unable to compete with our own raw materials at the market place. "While pursuing policies in [lie national interest, il is totally unrealislic lo con- tinue discriminatory Iransporta- tion structures." 'Mr. Lougheed also said that Albsrts's potential can only be realized with proper national appreciation of what he called the province's unique position in the Canadian economy as well as proper management a t home. The premier said the Alberta economy has been built on agri- culture and petroleum bul both industries are experiencing dif- ficulties. Alberta farmers had been ex- periencing steady dtclines in their net farm income. The weakening rural economy had caused a rapid increase in ur- banization because of diminish- ing opportunities for young peo- ple outside the cities. There had also been a "marked decline'' in oil and gas activity reducing "one of our major economic stimulants upon which too great a reliance has been placed in the past." n shot in neck China chase takes A Calgary man is in good condition in a city hospital after being shot in the neck by a member of the RCMP during a high-speed highway chase, from Coult.s to Lethbridge Sat- urday night. John Leory Elder, 20. was shot after 'lie car in which he, was riding charged through tho Coutts border crossing with tho U.S. border palrol in pursuit. Ian Malcolm Collette, 20. also of Calgary, and Elder were fi- Douglas strike settlement in sight TORONTO ICP i The (Mi- member office local nf the I'nite'1 Auto Workers at Douglas Aircraft Co. of Canada Ll.d. was. to hold a ratification meeting this afternoon on a tentative set- tlement worked out Sunday. But the produc- tion unit here was holding out, for a better deal. The company's offer was nol made public. But in Detroit, Leonard Wood- cock, international UAW presi- dent, said the terms were within the framework of the auto- industry agreement which prov- ided for improvements of about 30 per cent over three years. rally slopped by RCMP on the city's outskirts and charged with illegal entry into Canada. Colktle was also charged with dar.gei'cus driving. RCMP report that Colletle and Elder had entered U.S. Saturday by a side road near Couti5_ 'nicy fled when the U.S. border patrol attempted to stflp and queslion them. They charged back into Can- ada but failed to stop for the Canadian authorities. 5111k Riv- er HC.MP failed to intercept and stop the fleeing men. Iliey eluded capture by driv- irg at. high speeds on gravel side roads. seat ijSeen and heard About town IjO-IT-YOURSELK renova- tor Eric Campbell dust- ing the soap, towel and bath- lub of residue from a room- demolishing project before taking a bath Norm Da- vis enjoying five hours oC feather picking after only one hour of hunting li.-irry Stoc-klon fondly put- ling the fhishing touches to repairs on his truck "Quicl; Iicd." UNITED NATIONS' fCP) China's delegation to the United Nations takes its seat in the Gen- eral Assembly today, and 15 na- tions were on the speakers' list to welcome it. Assembly President Adam Malik of Indonesia opens the proceedings with a welcome from the chair. The Chinese re- spond affer all the other speak- ers. The 15 nations who by Sunday night had signed their intention lo speak all voted Oct. 25 for the assembly resolution which ex- pelled Nationalist China and re- placed it with the Communist They are Albania. Burundi, Chile, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark France, Italy, Kuwait, Mauritania, the Netherlands, Pakistan. Romania, Tanzania and Zambia. The prospect was that Pe- king's reprentativcs would cast their first UN vote on a resolu- lion deploring Ihe action of Ilia U.S. Congress last week author- izing resumption of imports of chrome ore from Rhodesia. This will violate the UN Security Council embargo on imports from the African country. Vdall lo slay in Canada Birthday at sea LONDON (Renter) Princo Charles celebrated h i s 23rd hirlhdny at sea Sunday on duly abonrd I lie missile destroyer Norfolk in the Mediterranean, The heir to tho tlmmet with Iho nink of aclim; sub-lieulenanl, is trainee officer in Iho Royal Navy on service duty for nine months, TUXI'T. Alia. (C-Pi Scoll Udall, .son of former United Stales secretary of I lie interior Stewart Udall. says he will nol return lo his homeland rvpn if deserters are given am- nesty. lie oamo lo Canada two veal's ago after leaving U.S. army while training in Georgia. "I won't go back there to live ajjain. "I'vo got good plans for the future 1 think Canada uouM make good Hi1 i.s living in n small suite m this national park commu- nity, works part-time as an ap- prentice carpenter, skis and hikes in the surrounding rooky mountains and plans a poison account of his flight northward. -Mr. lUiall said during a weekend interview he hopes to sell t h o slory to a United Slates magazine. His account of a meeting with a cougar last winler appears in a ctirivnl sports magazine. Life in his now surrounding "freer'1 fewer people, he and Ihoso ho docs counter are not as ''paranoid1' or materialistic as those in Uio f.S. Discontent the war in Vietnam will prompt a general amnesty for deserters within five years, ho said, and his ac- tion may have played some pan, Those running tJio. war might ask why a person with a fa- mous father and "A fair amount going for him in tho Stales" leave? Tho conclusion would ho.' ''There must something UTOIIR Saskatchewan, who urged the federal government to embark on a program to buy up key sectors of the Canadian econ- omy now owned by Americans. Hi1. Bennett's opening state- ment, released ci'iside the closed conference session after it under way, appeared likely to provoke .some lively discussion. Besides the common market proposal, Mr. Bennett, suggested a guaranteed annual income program be adopted to replace federal equalization g r a n i s. Tlie.se are made by Ottawa to the poor provinces to reduce regional economic disparities. Ottawa has handed out billion in such payments since 3957, Mr. Bennett said, and Quebec has received 47 per cent of the total. "There is liUle evidence these unconditional grants have increased the relative standard of living of the citizens in the areas in which they have been Greyhound walkout averted DAYTON A BEACH. CAP i a slrike deadline jurt one hour the Amal- gamated Transit Workers Union Sunday postponed a walkout by 10.000 members which it said would have shut down the Grey- hound Bus Co. across the United States. Hie union's National Council of Greyhound Divisions said a new strike deadline had been set for noon Friday. The strike in 42 states would have shut down practically all service east of the Rockies and partially affected service in California, Washington, Neva- da, Arizona, Utah, Idaho and Montana. Boy perishes in cave-iu CALGARY (CP) Uyan Dwiglit Exner. 4. of Calgary was killed when a cave that he and an eider brother were digging collapsed. By THE CANADIAN PRESS Union end post office officials wore meeting in Ottawa today Jii efforts to head off a series of rotating strikes by letter carriers that spread out of .southwestern Ontario into Met- ropolitan Toronto and the times. James Mayes, first vice-presi- dent of the Letter Carriers Vnion of Canada which is pro- tost ing post office hiring prac- tices, met behind closed doors with post office representatives. A walkout earlier in the mom- ing by letter carriers in Saint John, X.B.. was the first indica- tion that the dispute had mush- roomed from a strictly Ontario affair into a national battle. Vnion officials said there was a possibility of walkouts in other provinces later in the day. The union is protesting the practice by post, office officials of hiring non-union low-cost workers to replace union mail- men absent because of illness or vacations. The walkouts 5'arted last week m St. Catharines, Ont., and quickly spread throughout Ontario's Niagara Peninsula. Today. of the .1.500 mailmen in the Toronto area joined in, along with 175 in Windsor and HO Hamilton. SOME WORKERS RETURN' Mailffirn in t.he Ontario com- mimiiics of Waterloo, Fort Erie and Burlington, who were off the job I- riday. reported for work tod ay _ The letter earners remained off the job m St. Cath- arines, while union members in Grimsby and Niagara Falls voted during the weekend not to take part in the relating strikes. Union spokesman Bob Me- Gam' said in Toronto there could be ,-nore ulkouts across the countn Mer tiHay, or later in the week. The union is seeking enforce- ment by the post office of an Oct. 19 decision by an independ- ent adjudicator, who ruled that the letter carriers' contract with the treasury board re- quires thai ouTtime work re- sulting from absences must be done by sunpcnlsory person- nel or other union employees. The case involved three St. Catharine's letter carriers, though other union locals have complained bitterly in recent weeks about the same practice in cities elsewhere. Mr. McGarry said the post office saves about 35 per cent m wages by bringing in cheap non-union help to fill in for ab- sent union members. The union, he said, is willing to gel all its men back on the joh within a few horn's if the federal government Fays it is willing to abide by the adju- dicator's decision. Legal action taken in pipeline case OTTAWA (CP'i David An- derson Esquimalt-Saanich) and the Canadian Wildlife Fed- eration announced today lhat JJiey have taken legal steps to intervene in a United States court case involving the trans- Alaska pipeline. The announcement was made in a news release here and at a Washington press conference. Anderson and the federa- tion claim that oil spills are in- evitable if Die Alaska line is approved and tankers are used to earn- crude oil from the Alaska port of Valdez along Uio West Coast of Canada. A U.S. court has enjoined tlw U.S. department of the interior from approving a permit for the pipeline until its impact, on tho environment is fully considered. That study now is under way. Mr Anderson has asked that UK' study be held up until tho Commons environment commit- tee holds hearings to consider l-hc effects tlw line might havo on C'-anada. In a U'Mor to Interior Secre- tary RojjiTs Morton, Mr. Ander- son said i; appears "highly ap- propriate to permit Canadians lo ccni.-ibule mo.iriagiully to your ultimate determination." .lack O'Dclle, president of tho wildlife federation, said the two alternate routes should be consi- dered before going ahead will] the Alaska line The fear of an oil spill off, iho Canadian coast would be alle- viated if the oil were shipped from Vadez to California by- passing Seattle, be said. A pipeline through Canada would also cut down the threat, he said. 5Ir. Anderson noted that a Ca- nadian pipeline will be needed to bring natural gas from Alaska to U.S. markets. "I find it hard to imagine that Canadians and their representa- tives in Canada, would be re- ceptive to a United States gaa pipeline through Carada if the welfare of Canadians is disre- garded on the question of an oil the B.C. MP said. 'Miss Jonfisl Bring in my earplugs. I'm off to tlte Premiers co'