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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 14, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, November 14, 1974 The Japanese press One of the more revealing aspects of Japanese political life which has come to light during the present scandal besetting Prime Minister Takuei Tanaka is the relationship between politicians and the press. To put it mildly, it is con- siderably different from relationships which exist in North America. A Japanese magazine triggered the corruption charges in an article claiming that the prime minister had grown rich in public office by operating private businesses while he was serving the public. In the wake of the magazine's revelations about Tanaka's financial dealings and the subsequent interest of the foreign press in the affair, there has been strong pressure for his resignation and he has had to replace more than half his cabinet to maintain a hold on his Liberal Democratic party. Throughout this siege, with all its com- parisons with Watergate, Japanese newspapers have almost ignored the story, for reasons springing out of the peculiar nature of the power structure in that country. Newspaper publishers have an exceptionally close relationship with reigning politicians, financial managers of newspapers have close ties with the bankers who finance their operations, and at the news level reporters assigned to political figures or departments form close-knit clubs with a monopoly on the news and they are frequently recipients of gifts. Before Tanaka's recent trip to Australia, for instance, his staff is reported to have handed out who were going on the trip envelopes containing from to "to buy souvenirs." Needless to say, these kinds of close relationships which can effectively cover up a story of Watergate proportions do not produce the free press which is a main bulwark of democracy. And they reveal the hierarchical nature of Japanese institutions. Practices of this sort are abhorrent to anyone who cares about the profession of journalism. It is not always wise, of course, to cast aspersions or stones from a glass house, but it does seem safe to say that in this country if the press is not incorruptible it is at least in- corrigible. Thieu administration in trouble The protest movement against the Thieu administration in South Vietnam seems to be gathering force. The latest protest against the government comes from Big Minh (Gen. Duong Van the man who came to power in 1963 when President Diem was overthrown and who. himself, was later deposed and went into exile. He returned from Thailand in 1969 and now leads South Vietnam's neutralists. Big Minh has now said publicly that Thieu has lost the confidence of the country and he has called for new leadership to bring peace. Thieu shows no signs of resigning, but then neither did Nixon Instead, he has fired several of his close associates for corruption and in a nation wide speech warned people not to support the protests and declared that his administration will preserve security and public order to the maximum. Whether this threat will have any effect is doubtful, since the people of that country have already suffered the max- imum in one way or another. However, in pointing out that people will have a chance next year to change leadership in the presidential elections, Thieu also promised reforms in press censorship and the legal limitations that now exist on political parties. Just what these reforms are and, indeed, if they are carried out remains to be seen. Ob- viously, he is under considerable pressure. A man who has ruled as a dic- tator is not going to pave the way for replacement by opposing forces if he has the power to do otherwise. In blaming the protests on Communists and Colonialists, a term which is now un- derstood to mean Americans, the South Vietnamese president has named unlike- ly partners. The U.S. embassy in Saigon has denied the charge. But Americans who are distressed at their country's continued support of the Thieu govern- ment will want to believe it. THE CASSEROLE Reflections on President Ford's learning ability may be invalid: recent events indicate he's learning very quickly. At a recent meeting of the UN he pledged that the U S ''will not only maintain the amount it spends for food shipments .to nations in need, but it will increase this amount" The next day it was announced that higher prices and a tight supply situation would "limit severely" the amount of additional U.S. food aid available to needy countries. So Ford has picked up Nixon's "inoperative statement" trick alreadv "Abrupt lane edges" and "Grooved shoulders." two signs frequently seen on U.S. highways. Canada has been asked by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization to donate cereal grain to aid starving countries, but is thinking of offering milk powder and white beans instead. The agriculture department in Ot- tawa points out these products would be less bulky and easier to deliver than cereal grains. A bit harder to sell, too. More proof that Albertans are different. Everywhere else in the western world, the es- sential first step in fighting inflation is cur- tailment of government spending. Here in Alberta, where the government has a windfall billion oil dollars, it has been stumping the country asking people businessmen that is how to spend it! Who would ever have thought there'd be a day when the U.S.S.R. would lodge a com- plaint of misleading advertising against a firm in good old conservative Alberta? It seems a local distiller uses pictures of Red Square, Lenin's statue and the Czarist Cruiser Aurora to promote sales of its bottled goods. Road hazards and obstructions must be rather difficult to describe, if some current highway signs are any indication Those with the odd little pictures are often quite baffling. But when the sign-makers turn to words, they don't do a whole lot better, as witness. According to the psychiatiists, it isn't at all uncommon to find people in jobs that don't suit them. A notable example of this turned up during an early autumn storm in the North Sea. when the skipper of a Soviet freighter radioed an urgent distress call, asking the British coast guard for help because so many of his crew were seasick there weren't enough left to manage the ship. Letters 'But mom haven't you heard, there's a water Energy and food link By C. L. Sulzberger, New York Times commentator PARIS The un- precedented crises now engulfing the world, including an energy shortage threaten- ing to cripple advanced countries and a food shortage threatening to starve backward countries, are directly linked. The Second Report to the Club of Rome (an ecological group) says these and other threats "exist simultaneously and with a strongly woven relationship between them." This fact is emphasized with regard to the Arab world, despite its petroleum wealth. Excess profits flowing to its treasuries are so immense that no adequate plan has yet been devised for their dis- bursement or investment, an extraordinary case in point is Saudi Arabia. Despite enormous increases in spending this year for development, defence, educa- tion and a huge foreign aid program, the Saudis have billion left over which their finance ministry hasn't even been able to budget. One consequence of this strange development reflected on a lesser scale in other comers of the Arabian oil sector is to exacerbate global inflation and confuse efforts to reform and stabilize the raddled international monetary system. That in turn causes the Arabs to pause before elaborating anv coherent massive investment program overseas. There are hints that chunks of Arab money plunge in and out of the world capital market the way multinational corporations were banging their stockholders' funds around a befuddled Europe in 1973. Until there is a stable monetary accord there will be no co-ordinated investment program to recycle Arab oil dollars and vice versa. Another paradox of the current crises is that, despite the impressive numbers of Arab millionaires, there is still widespread poverty and frequent hunger within their domains. The problem is translating petroleum profits into such tangible things as food and then distributing it to the needy. This basic problem has both short-term and long-term aspects. One fascinating vi- sion of how to approach the former is that described to me by Sheikh Ahmed Zaki Yamani, the Saudi Arabian minister of petroleum and minerals. He would use super- tankers now exporting Saudi oil to Japan and returning empty by having them bring back protective plastic bags filled with fresh water, of which Japan has plenty. This could then be stored in artificial lakes and reservoirs for industry and irrigation. Yamani reasons that several shipments of water carried in vessels with a capacity of 000 tons and more begins to mount up. Considerable arid territory (which is rich in minerals and could, with water, be turned into produc- tive crop soil) might be developed in this way. Elsewhere in the Middle East a young Englishman and a young American have form- ed a company called Agroplan. They have developed a method of grow- ing trees in the desert, feeding them salt water until their roots can stretch down to a subsurface water table. Right now they are trying to green Arabia in the Persian Gulf emirate of Abu Dhabi. As has been proven elsewhere, once an adequate number of trees begins to flourish in a bleak region, it eventually becomes possible to grow other vegetation Of course, on a longer-term basis, it is desirable to expand and accelerate development to make adequate use of available oil funds. Employ- ing power plants to desalt sea water is a frequently discuss- ed method. It is costly and complicated, but the Arab lands on the whole can easily finance such enterprises and they are starting to ac- cumulate their own technological pool of experts. Imaginative western students of these problems how to use both energy and its profits to feed a booming world population without go- ing broke have suggested that industrial countries should offer to help the Arabs. They would advise on using capital accruing from their diminishing petroleum resources to build solar energy and water desaliniza- tion plants. They have plenty of space in which to establish such plants and plenty of sea water around their peninsula. What is more, Israel has devised methods for watering the roots rather than the sur- face of vegetation, which helps the desert to bloom. And there are ways of turning solar power ultimately into hydrogen, making it possible to export any surplus. It is time to start moving in all these fields. Large as the contemporary supply petroleum may seem, it is a wasting asset that will ul- timately vanish just as the coal of England and the Ruhr has perceptibly diminished in supply. Government developing carelessness over appearances Bv W.A. Wilson, Montreal Star commentator OTTAWA-Mr. Trudeau and the government are developing a carelessness about appearances that in- vites the critical view that they intend to use their new majority to enjoy, if not the spoils at least all of the tid- bit? and plums of office Controversial appointments of personal friends to impor- tant positions of power. rewards to old associates. free trips that could well be paid for. msensilivity to legitimate political con- frivolous re- sponses when criticism is en- fountered and some rallousness towards those out- sidf the charmed rnrle all Th" appointment of Michael Pitfield as clerk of the Privy rounrii should not be con- demned merely because it was t ontroversial Since it in- xolv'd jumping a personal friend over many other heads. however il would have been murn better if it had been sup- bv unriimmisbed prime Thf numh-T nf Pit- !d alienated during his of po-itions the centre of power is admitted to be significant even by those who like him and support the appointment They concede that he will have his work cut out for him when he takes over the top job in the bureaucracy and sets about proving thai he holds it through talent, not favoritism He will inevitably encounter a period when co-operation from many senior officials will be grudging But he does have supporters who think he can pull it off. The appointment was so controversial. however, that it brought the great Robert Bryce back from Washington on an unpublicired trip to pour oil on troubled waters Rrvre s prestige is still tremendous among senior public servants, although he is out of the mainstream now as the country s permanent representative at the World Bank He learned tnat at least 11 deputv ministers, several of them lop members of the Mandarins Club were in a to revolt He put his prc'stig0 on the line urging to cool it They did But even when full allowance is made for the fact that men generally fall in line when they face real which Pitfield will in- cident demonstrates the delicacy of the situation Under such circumstances, it would have been wise of the prime minister to have let his old associate. Jim Davey. wait a bit longer for his reward appointment as an assistant deputy minister in the ministry of transport Davey has. like Pilfield. both stout admirers and bitter detractors. He was regarded as a close associate' rather than a personal friend, of the prime minister The Liberal party blamed him bitterly for the unrewarding tactics Trudeau adopted in the 1972 campaign During the sub- sequent period of humility, he was side-tracked from the prime minister's office to transport as an adviser to Marchand By giving him his reward so soon after the Pitfield ap- pomlmf-nl hnwvr the prime minister encouraged the unfortunate view that he was motivated favoritism Since both men obviouslv possess ability that is probably not fair to either of them at this real judgment should be made when they show whether they can succeed or the impression is inevitable Mrs Trudeau's trip to Japan with a considerable en- tourage that includes the prime minister's brother, as guests of a foreign shipping magnate, has left an un- favorable impression in Ot- tawa that goes far beyond those who look for reasons to be critical of the prime minister There is an uneasy and disappointed feeling here that serious questions of taste have been violated, that peo- ple with the Trudeau's money do not really have to go about getting free rides while he holds high political office Marr Lalonde's succession of political errors in the last year have dismayed those who like and admire him because of the thread of plain bad judg- ment that runs through them He arts as if he were sur- rounded bv an entourage that sqv'c yes he should be more rigorous and include someone who savs Yes, but or even. "Hell, The Israeli ambassador here probably looks on the Bronfman clan as wealthy Zionist sympathizers who contribute generously to bond drives and from whom free airplane trips to Tel Aviv can reasonably be accepted. Jn his p-Tsition. that could be taken as an unexceptional view. When a Canadian cabinet minister is travelling, however, the Bronfmans should appear in a different way as extremely wealthy- people with great liquor holdings, vast financial interests, property de- velopers, endless irons in the fire, the greatest takeover ca- pacity of any family in Canada Their interest in property development alone would warn off a politically sensitive cabinet minister The unattractive thing about Lalonde's free trip is that he is a minister on an of- ficial visit to Israel As such, there is every reason in the world why the Government of Canada should buy him a first class return ticket to Tel Aviv 11 is not that he has had a free ride from the Bronfmans on their airplane: It is that the Government of Canada has had it. We pay enough taxes in this country to keep our end up properly. Lalonde is a valuable mem- ber of the cabinet and among people who are upset by his free-loading with the Bronf- mans there is. nonetheless, a strong reluctance to think ill of him except in terms of poor political judgment. I have heard no suggestions that Marc Lalonde could be bought by a trip to Israel. Jn this respect, he may be lucky that he has already built up such an established reputation as a man who readily makes political mistakes' stumbling over football, beer adver- tising, germs in hamburger The prime minister, however, contributes nothing useful when he seeks to divert Commons' questions over this incident by silly frivolity, offering to arrange free rides on other airplanes for opposi- tion questioners He simply leaves the impression, when he reacts m that way, that he sees nothing amiss in picking up the goodies that offer themselves so freely after electoral successes Politicians obsolete Elections come and go and the confused public is asked to vote for some confused can- didate whom they may never have seen until the election, and the candidate may not even have thought of being one until a month or two before the election. How can he study the main issue in that short time? So it means a rush job which isn't good enough in today's society of technology, so he just gives his, or her, ideas on labor, business or par- ty policy, which still isn't good enough. So only a small per cent vote. The'British U.S. elections is a case in point, which shows this whole elec- tion idea is plain stupid. Because of modern technology and science, the politician is as obsolete as a dodo and as stupid as the kings, and knights of old who were replaced because the politicians wanted democracy, which was good up to the age of technology. So they must give way to men of experience in modern technology, or the military who can give strong leadership and command in today's society. Why have any sympathy for the politicians when they dis- regard the BNA Act, (tradi- tion put race against race, ie. the English French) give the murderer and the criminal freedom. Whey they see all types of crime, drugs, sex, what do they say but "What can we Yet they call themselves leaders. All this can only end in total chaos and civil war like Ireland and Vietnam. R. A. BROWN Calgary Pincher Creek Ranches We work at Pincher Creek Ranches. We are Canadians, born, bred, and conditioned. Part of our con- ditioning came from other ranch jobs in Alberta on Canadian-owned ranches, one of them a 40-section affair. That particular ranch, if retained by the same owner, will prosper tor a few years. It's giving all its got. Nothing (including fences) is being replenished. Given time, it won't need fences there will be nothing left worth fen- cing. Before coming to Pincher Creek Ranches to work, a year and a half ago, we looked into perhaps 20 jobs open on Alberta ranches. In each case, either the wages were barely enough to exist on, or the liv- ing and working conditions were terrible. Having spent the previous year working on an Alberta ranch where we had no plumbing, no school bus facilities, and could only heat two rooms, we were not eager to take on another such "position." I point these things out to show that I speak with some knowledge of other ranch work conditions in Alberta. Just in case any readers are interested in facts, I would like to offer a few about Pincher Creek Ranches. It has recently been stated in The Herald that the land here was purchased at a price "considerably above the going rate at the time of purchase." I am not sure what the author of that statement thought was the "going price" at the time. I do know that the price paid for the land was considerably less than the highest previous offer made for the same land. Although foreign invest- ment seems to be frowned upon. I notice that Canadians do not hestitate to accept this money. For one thing. 16 men have year round employ- ment because of the aforementioned money. Wages and working conditions are good, and the money is there on payday. Nine families are housed in comfortable homes, using Alberta utilities, buying Alberta food. etc. They are not on welfare, or unemploy- ment insurance Two hundred thousand dollars is paid out by the com- pany in wages for these men each year. Out of these wages, federal and provincial taxes are paid, among other things. Five local contractors are employed on a year-round basis by the company; six more local contractors are employed for about eight months of the year. These contractors are encouraged to purchase their supplies locally. They hire local labor. To date, 1500 acres of land has been cleared, and made ready to put into production. This was land that was previously wasteland, not even pasture. That much more waste land is scheduled to be cleared and put into production in the near future. While most of the thinking population agrees that this is a much-needed project in our country, how many of us have the financial ability to fulfil the need9 Does it matter where the money conies from to build our land? One thousand acres of pasture land have been re- inforced w'th grass Again, a need fulfilled, and 38 miles of fencehne has been built repaired. Six ranches have been serviced with natural gas. (That is, six divisions of Twenty- five thousand dollars was paid in municipal taxes and land rentals last year. All possible business is transacted locally. Pincher Creek businessmen benefited by last year, and head of cattle were purchased in the last year from 25 different Alberta ranchers. The owners of Pincher Creek Ranches are truly concerned with the conserva- tion of Alberta wildlife, which they recognize as beautiful. They do not want ANY hunting on their land this regulation covers the owners as well as the men who work for the company. They do NOT blame hunters alone for all the petty vandalism which has occurred. However, they do have good reason to be suspicious of the good inten- tions of hunters. They have had several bad experiences with hunters. Last fall, a group of hunters drove through a new. four wire fence, within 100 yards of a posted gate, and slaughtered nine head of elk on PCR property. These were grown men. not kids, and they were licensed hunters. The elk herd in this area, which numbered less than 300 last fall, is down to less than a third of that now. There are only about a dozen moose known to be left in the area Please feel welcome to come out and visit Pincher Creek Ranches and talk with one of the owners ANN (MRS. JACKi GILL Pincher Creek Ranches Basic nursing wage It has come to my attention thai the basic nursing wage in Alberta is per month. When one considers that in B C an unskilled laborer of 17 can earn an hour or slightly less on welfare. Albertans should be scandaliz- ed and ashamed that they pay this disgusting amount to well-educated dedicated professionals. Perhaps consideration might be given to directing some ol the oil royalties to those who truly deserve it HYACINTHE WADE Burnabv. B.C The Lethbridge Herald ?th Sl S Lethbrtdge. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD Proprietors and I Second Clan Mail Reywration No 00V CLEO MOWERS. Editor OON H PILLING Editor DONALD R DORAM ROY F MILES Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER PBO.P Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH ROBERT M FENTON Manager KENNETH E BURNETT ;