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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 14, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Tuwfey, NwMiWr 14, TMI ItTHUIDCI HRAID S Stringent TV for South Africa By Stanley Uyi, London Obierver commentator CAPE TOWN The South African government agonized for yean More agreeing to Introduce television, and even now It Is making the public wait until January 1976. But South Afrlcani are beginning to get an Idea now of what the television wrvice will be like. It will carry no advertising. This is the result of the protesta voiced by the entire newspaper industry In the country.which feared a substantial loss of ad- vertising revenue. The smaller, Afrikaan language newspapers, which all support Mr. Vorster's government, were particularly concerned. They have cabinet ministers, too, on their boards of directors. The government has suddenly capitulated, but the question arises now now will the ser- vice be financed? It has been proposed that each newspaper should be made to contribute five to seven per cent of Its annual advertising revenue for thb purpose. The Afrikaans newspapers appear to favor the scheme naturally, their contribution would be smaller than the con- tributions of the bigger, Eng- lish-language newspapers. The latter have mixed feeling! about the proposal. Needless to say, the adver- tising agencies, which have in- vested a lot of money in equip- ping television studios and training staff, are furious. Their protestations have got them no- where. South African television will be in color, and it will use the German Pal system. Before this announcement was made, the French apparently were un- der the impression that their Sccam system would be used Cit was suggested that this would be a quid pro quo [or the sale of French arms to South Africa, but thli wu A newspaperman who Inter- viewed Mr. Michael head of Intersecaro, the inter- national marketing company for Secem, to ask him for his views m the South African de- cision to buy Pal, found him "stuttering wHJi rEge." There have been objections from local television manufac- turers to the decision to inaug- urate the service with color. They My color television seU will be beyond the pockets of most South Africans. The government has made another curious decision. Only five firms will be licensed to manufacture television sets, al- though in practice various oth- er (inns will enter the manu- facturing field by forming as- sociations with the "Lucky as they are already known. But the announcement has caused an uproar, because one of the five firms is Fuchs Electronics CPty.) Ltd., which is part of a consortium with Perskor, an Vrikaans news- paper publishing group which has six cabinet ministers on its board. In this way, the four newspapers belonging to Pers- kor will acquire a financial stake in the lucrative manufac- ture of television sets. No oth- er newspapers have been grant- ed this privilege. Demands have been made for the resignation of the cabinet China wants peace in Vietnam By Robert Stephens, London Observer commentator PEKING A basic change In China's policy towards Viet- nam was confirmed and clari- fied in talks here between Brit- ish foreign secretary Sir Alec Douglas-Home and Clilnese leaders. Far from egging Han- oi, on to fight a liberation war to the end, as once seemed to be the case, the Chinese gov- ernment now wants a peace settlement and an end to the Vietnam war as soon as pos- sible. Although they publicly sup- ported Hanoi's stand over the postponement of the Paris peace agreement, the Chinese are clearly using all their Influence to produce a settlement rather than to prolong the war. This profound change appears to stem from their policy towards the two super-powers. They want not only an American with- drawal from Southeast Asia, but perhaps even more import- ant, the end of an opportunity for Russia to become the dom- inant Influence in North Viet- nam. The Chinese are less inclined than Hanoi or the Vietcong to blame the Americans for the present hold-up in a peace let- tlement. Premier Chou En-lal put the chief blame on Presi- dent Nguyen Van Thieu of South Vietnam, and when asked whether he thought the Ameri- cans hsd put Thieu up to it he said only: "A little, perhaps." If the proposed Indo-china conference, to be held in Paris 3d days after a Vietnam cease- file, is actually convened both the British and Chinese are likely to attend but neither has yet been invited. In the present cool British attitude towards the conference proposal there is a detectable undercurrent of Irritation with the French for having acted alone. A confer- ence called in Paris, pre- sumably under French chair- manship, would mean the end of the British role as co-chair- man with Russia of the contin- uing 1954 Indochina conference, a prestige role long cherished by British diplomacy but which in recent years has produced few useful results in Vietnam. The talks here also appear finally to have buried the belief in Chinese aggression and ex- EVook review pansionism which for many years was used to justify Anglo-American policies in South-East Asia, including Viet- nam. Sir Alec returns with the conviction that, though strong Chinese Influence in Southeast Asia is a continuing fact of in- ternational life, there is little likelihood of any open Chinese military expansion. In the talks the Chinese In- sisted especially on the third of their five principles of coexist- ence, namely non-interference in the internal affairs of other nations. This Is obviously in- tended in the first place for the protection of their own indepen- dence but it is also extended elsewhere, notably to fliscp- proval of the Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia in I960. The Chinese, Sir Alec was led fin- ally to recognize, were prepar- ed to support national libe-a- tion and revolutionary move- ments In other countries, even sometimes supply them with arms, but not to send in their own troops. Peking makes no claim to a Brezhnev doctrine Probing punishment rm w oWn'f hart ontit m nrf tact wden I low Hut it offMiirt to "Punishment: For and .Against" edited ny Harold H. Hart (Hart Publishing Com- pany, 53.50, 240 pages, distributed by George J. McLeod Ranging from the philosoph- ical to the passionate, these 11 essays on punishment are es- pecially pertinent in a time when crime is on the increase and the prison system is under question as a suitable way to deter it. There is an uneasiness on the part of some people to- day that softness may be con- tributing to the problem. What have these authorities to say about that? Well, two of them A. S. Neill, founder of the Summerhill school in England, and Arthur Lelyveld, a U.S. rabbi say flatly that advocacy of punish- ment stems from the Id part of human nature and reveals a de- sire for revenge. But A. Roy Eckardt, a professor of religion, argues that punishment Is nec- essitated by human nature and the requirements of love. Not one of the writers has i good word for penal systems that rely simply on locking of- fenders up. Prisons are seen as crime schools and as the brut- alizers and dehumanizers of men Men as different as A. S. Neill and Clinton Duffy, long- time warden of San Quen- tin pentiter.liary, agree that the majority of law offenders should not be imprisoned at all. Probation should be used much more extensively. Thomas J. Callanan, a lead- ing New York criminologist, says that there has been a dis- tinct bend in the past one hun- dred years toward a mitiga- tion of punishment. Rabbi Lel- yveld roots the trend in the rab- binic tradition. He points out that In that tradition the blbli- ca: sanction of an eye for an eve was rarely interpreted lite-ally the alternative of paying a monetary equivalent was favored. These thougtful and thought- provoking essays on an import- ant subject are worth perusal. DOUG WALKER ONE CARD 10th ANNUAL KCINOVISION SPONSORED BY THE KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS COUNCIL 1490 Another Giant Mailer Bingo iniide tach ntw Kcinoviiion Kit you'll find eordi. ililh IB free. Bo lure you Include all I numbon on each card (at top loft and top right of cards) together with your name and addreli with fl.OO for each cord KCINOVISION P.O. BOX 1490, LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA if Pefliiter cardi by mail or drop off at CJOC-TV THREE BLACKOUT BINGO GAMES RULIS: Only IhMe cordi which hove been validated are eligible. Wlnnon will be the perien obtaining a blackout with the lean amount of numbon called. Confirmed wlnntn will be required to mall In their winning card. If there li more than one winner In any ene-game-prlio money will be divided equally. The declilon of the committee will be final. Get one cord Nil when you buy 5 cardi. If you were tnlutd or want extra cardi to KCINOVISION MX 1490 lethbrldg. Cardi available at both Irlckton'i Kentucky Fried Chicken Outlet! 3rd Ave., Mayor Magralh Dr .and 17 Ave. Mayor Mafrolh Drive. COllMAN-Pep'i Reitaurojnl PINCKM CMIK-Parkway Motel FORT MACLEOD-Scovtall'i Oarage ClAMSHOlM-Mewliy-i iHtowrant WEDNESDAY NOV. 15th STARTING AT p.m. ON CJOC-TV-CHANNEL 7 ministers from Perskor's board. In South Africa, cabinet minis- ters are permitted to become directors of newspapers and Insurance companies, but cri- tics of Perskor's involvement are asking whether there is any limit to the activities in which a newspaper company can engage. Could It, for ex- ample, start producing textiles or jet fighters? One of the companies which failed to get a licence was Pilot, which helped to draw up the television specifications set out by the government, and which is backed by Thorn Electrical, the biggest manu- facturer of television equip- ment In Britain. As for the cultural quality of the television service they will be getting, many South Afri- cans are beginning to have mis- givings. A television commis- sion has laid down certain guidelines, which the govern- ment has indicated it will fol- low. The service will be under strict state control. It will not be allowed to "harm the mor- als of the nation, and particul- arly of the it will not have "adverse effects" on the press it will be "supplemen- tary" to the press and to the film and entertainment indus- tries; and it will be bilingual for the four million whites and multilingual for the 15 million Africans. In fact, when the ser- vice starts in January 1976, there will be only one channel, in English and Afrikaans, in- tended mainly for whites. The Africans will have to wait their turn. When it was still opposed to the introduction of television, the government advanced argu- ments which, while they have .since been set aside, give an indication of the suspicion with which the authorities viewed the "bioscope in a little black box." as a former minister of posts and telegraphs described it. These arguments were: that Communists and leftists would use television for thei" own pur- poses; Uiat imported programs would bring about the moral collapse of the white man in South Africa; that television produced backward and infer- ior children, and South Africa could not allow this to happen, because its children were the loaders of the future, and it was essential that the leaders should be whites; and that television was injurious to the eyes. Basically, though, the objec- tion to television has been that it would take the government's Afrikaaner supporters ou: of their cocoons and anglicize and internationalize them. And that is why programs will be so strictly controlled. The television commission recommended that the televi- sion service should give "direct ann unequivocal expression to established Chris tian, Western set of norms and valu- es that are valid for South African society in all spheres of and that the television service should be presented by "norm-conscious officials." The commission added that the government should "guard strictly against the service de- generating into a medium prop- agating the 'provocative' be- havior of discontented and frus- trated individuals as an exam- ple worthy of emulation by other like-minded individuals. Moreover a good community sen-ice should never debase It- self to become the mouthpiece of immature so-called 'refijrm- ers' who do not know what is at issue or what they want to be- lieve." Having decided to take the plunge and introduce television, the government now is prepar- ing to make the best use of it. Not only will the service be culturally controlled, but clear- ly it is intended to be put to propaganda use. Fully equipped television stu- dios for the "grooming" of poli- ticians are being built in Cflpe Town for the ruling Nationalist party, and even canned politi- cal programs are to be pre- pared. The Leader of the Oppo- sition, Sir de Villie-s Graaf, has complained that his op- position United party "will never pot a chance to appear on television." 'Crazy Capers' COUm-Coulli Moton TAolR-Wallaci McDonald and lam CAKDSTON-td'. Pool loam Was inhumanity electorate's ivish? By ETI Breweter COUTTS The first action of a "chast- ened" Liberal minority government to ap- pease a disillusioned electorate appeared to be the rejection of a few Since one of the many reasons for voters' back- lash was thought to be the Influx of tour- ists applying for landed immigrants' sta- tus and the alleged impact on unemploy- ment resulting from such illegal immi- gration, this correction of past mistake! could be foreseen. I am not protesting against the principle of remedying an un- fair situation but against the method. This group of Indians, 19 I think, wen told by irresponsible agencies they only needed to pay their air fare to Canada and, once here, would automatically be per- mitted to stay. Each, paid which, to some represented their life savings, white others borrowed the sum they will now have to repay as, long is they live. Immigration officials believed t h e t "tourists" to be potential illegal immi- grants who had been thus misled. They were now waiting to be deported to India before they had set foot on Canadian soil other than this Toronto airport lobby. If they were upset or disappointed, their noble features did not reveal it nor did their arrow straight backs convey any sign of dejection for the Punjabis ire t proud people. Outside, however, in an ante-room of the immigration department, sat a hand- ful of weeping women and children, relat- ives and friends of these men who had not been permitted to even see them. These men had travelled half way round the globe to Canada, a country that has the reputation of being one of the most humane in the world. Canadian are view- ed abroad as a people who will not con- done racial discrimination. Yet, these peo- ple were not permitted to even speak to their few relatives and friends. Why, I wonder, could officialdom not that minimum of charity and let them talk to each other for this short period of time before they were again separated by continents and oceans? Security? 1 don't believe it. With present security facilities available at every international airport, it would have been child's play to search and keep tight control over that handful of peo- ple alone in that huge hall. Escape? Im- possible. The doors could have been as firmly locked behind these few men, wo- men and children as they were between tbem. As It was, the distressed relatives now believe Canedian officials i.o be discrimi- nating against race and color. American or British people have been treat- ed like they asked. Would they? I wonder. The Punjabis were condemned to return to a life of poverty and deprivation they had tried to escape from. Every con- demned man is allowed one wish in every civilized country. Does that no longer apply to poor Eastern foreigners in our wealthy Western world? While I am sure many Canadians object- ed to illegal immigration, I cannot believe they would condone such inhumanity against i minority group. If they do, wo are well on the way to becoming members of the appalling kind of society that existed in many lands within human memory, a society that always manages to find a scapegoat and made him suffer for its frustrations whenever something went wrong with domestic economics or poli- tics. Is that what the electorate wanted? I don't believe it. An electronic press? By Jim Fiinbonrne A new device Is being tested, an attach- ment that will turn the family TV set into what Is being called an "electronic news- paper." With this gadget, successive flicks of a channel changer will screen as many as 30 different written reports, encapsulat- ing the up to the minute situation In ai many fields, local or international news, sports, social events, weather, the market, or any of the several departments of I typical newspaper. A further refinement will give the view- er access to vast, cumulative memory banks, so that earlier broadcasts can be picked up, related topici explored, and subjects of particular Interest studied in greater depth. An ancillary device will pro- duce print outs of any desired Item. In short, all Information and services now offered by a daily newspaper will become available, in continuously up-dated form, through the television Kt and its various accessories. Experimental broadcasts are now being made in several of the United States and in Britain. A spokesman for the BBC, which is handling the development in the United Kingdom, believes regular program- ming could start in 1976. The threat to the ordinary newspaper is clear, and grave. It is the nature of our economic system that when any enterprise becomes out- dated, or can no longer attract the reven- ues it needs to keep operating, it goes under. So it is with newspapers, and so it should be. While many will agree that they have served society well, during the three centuries In which they have provided their peculiar services, they have no unique claim to exemption from UM of the economic game they uc in. So, If their time has come, It has cone. Nevertheless, the demise of the daily newspaper could have me Mrtous impli- cations for the kind of tociety to which we are accustomed. Generally speaking, newspapers enjoy far more Independence than do the elec- tronic media. That is not horn blowing, nor a claim that newspaper people surpass their rivals In objectivity, reeponjibility or any other quality. Nor does it Imply a spe- cial judgment as to the respective merits of the printed and the spoken word. Rather it is a simple matter of logistics and eco- nomics, the "nature of the co to speak. Most of a newspaper's resources must focus on local matters; it may carry the top national and international stories, but Its bread and butter stem from local ad- vertising, local news events, the activities of local organizations and personalities, local government, local sports, and so forth. This is because Lethbridge people, for example, are not especially interested in society news of Montreal, the actions of Toronto's city council, or 51.49 days in Winnipeg. So while newspapers keep in touch with the world via wired news ser- vices, and make use of the comments and stories of syndicated columnists, they can- not work extensively on a network basis. Too much of what they must carry is gather- ed, written end printed locally. Radio and TV, or, the other hand, thrive on the network operation. In either, pushing the right buttons will set one gadget to picking up a program that originates across the continent, and another to re- broadcastmg it to a local audience. Few staff and little expense need be involved. It is efficient, effective, and becoming commoner all the time. So quite apart from any other consider- ation, the nature of the newspaper opera- tion compels considerable local autonomy and independence, which it would be neith- er easy nor economical to change. But radio and TV are simply made to order for a network operation; nothing could be technically simpler than for someone in Montreal or Ottawa or Washington or Moscow, for that matter to choose what is news and what is not, decide what edi- torial line to follow, what political, educa- tional or economic commentators to em- ploy. TTiat is not the situation now, of course. Perhaps it will never materialize. But it wouldn't be difficult to organize, quite un- obtrusively, if there were no newspapers. And there may not.be. The city council hasn't gone to the dogs, Instead It has gone to the dog owners and placed the responibfflrjr right In their laps. In a determined effort to curb the num- ber of straying and unlicensed dogs, coun- cil has upped the license fee from to J5 and has now imposed a fine on owners of unlicensed dogs. Dogs running at large create traffic hazard, are offensive to neighbor) and are sometimes a nuisance and danger in a community, but a controlled dog is the joy of any family and a welcome addition to any neighborhood. phonetic pronunciation which could come a little closer to the real thing. It was the only way wa could get all the cnndlfs on your dor. Generally speaking, the CBC western radio network's broadcasters are well trained in English pronunciation. But many of them pay no attention at all In extending equnl courtesy to French wordi which must often be used In English Tills applies particularly to proper and place names. If broidcaaten an Gau- lish speaking networVi in unable to ipemk French, they thould ttkt out to iMTB at least a modicum. If they cannot do (hit, it lent they could provided with a Commodity pricing is an odd process; It must be at its oddest where liquor and cigarettes are concerned. At small store just across the border, Canadians returning from the United States can buy cigarettes and liquor at prices that seem at first just too good to be true. They are quite genuine. A carton of cigar- ettes that sells for in local super- markets costs most popular Cana- dian brands are available. Savings on liquor are as large or larger. A vodka offered at for a 40-oz bottle sells in local liquor stores for but for a 26- 01 bottle, These are Canadian-made goods, Iden- tical In everything but price to those sold in Alberta. And the venture seems to thrive. It main- Ulni t warehouse, a truck, an office and three and one assumes (hart's a UUlt (omething for the entrepreneur, too. ;