Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 14, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuasday, November M, 197Z Cuba, haven for criminals I ivc clays prior lo Hie spectacular hijacking of the Southern Airways pUinc, a Mexican airliner was com- mandeered by iour men who forced the release of six suspectee bank rob- bers, and got away to Havana with S320.000 in ransom money. No word lias been heard about them, other than that they are in Cuba and so is Hie money. N.ow Cuba has two sus- pected rapists, and one escaped con- vict to swell the population ol its jails, and a huge sum oi ransom money in its coffers. In the past, Cuba has extended haven to all hijackers whether they are seeking political asylum, or whether they are criminal madmen trying to escape lawful custody. There is no valid reason why the men involved in both hijackings should not be returned with the ran- som money to the country of origin. If they are not, international rep- risal action must be taken against Cuba. Is the UN powerless to act, or is it simply reluctant? Is Fidel Castro willing to continue to blacken his and his country's reputation by making it a dumping ground for the scum of the earth? Successful first step There were delegates from 90 na- tions at the recent conference in Lon- don dealing with pollution on the high seas. It was a fierce dispute between coastal stales like Canada, and mari- time nations like France and the U.S. Canada with the longest coast line in the world has much to lose if nu- clear powers are given the right, under international law, to dump rad- ioactive wastes in the oceans even under emergency conditions. The Ca- nadian representative at the confer- ence, Alan Beesley of the depart- ment of external affairs, has fought long and hard for an international agreement which would prevent such dumping. He has won his case a personal triumph, and a big step ahead in the development of an international agree ment on pollution of the ocean floor. Canada has also won the right to pros- ecute ships flying the flag of another country if they pollute the oceans on her coast. The convention is expected to be ratified next year. It will take many more months, possibly years, to con- clude binding international agree- ments covering all aspects of seabed jurisdiction, but the first success is encouraging. It fits the anti-pollution spirit of Stockholm. The green paper The green paper on Northern Ire- land is an attempt to set out guide- lines on which the future of Ireland :an be framed, moderates on both sides of the border have given it a reception, because it assures that the Roman Catholic minority in Ulster will have more say in govern- ment affairs, while at the same time it pressures Protestant majority rights. The paper assures that there will be no return to the old Stormont system or that responsibility for se- c'uritv will leave Westminster's con- trol.'it clearly states that "no change can take place in Ulster's position within the United Kingdom unless the majority of voters want it." The idea of redrawing the border between North and South is rejected oecause it would do nothing to im- prove the situation. Ulster's total in- tegration with the United Kingdom ivhich is what Protestant extremist Ian Paisley wants is rejected out of hand, as is the idea of an independent British Ulster. While it leaves the door open to unification of Ireland when all the people of Ireland want it, it rejects unification as a solution unless "it is acceptable to the Re- public." The fact is that the green paper is a careful, sober appraisal of what could be done to acknowledge past injustices and to rectify them. The fact also is, that it probably won't work. Protestant extremists (UDA) have taken to fighting British troops in Ulster like their Catholic counter- parts, in a kind of madness only the Irish understand. Violence must be swept from the streets before any kind of political change can even be publicly dis- cussed, let alone voted on. Ireland is a case of the irresistible force meet- ing the immovable object. Judges belong on bench During the recent election cam- paign the suggestion was made that the judge originally involved in sen- tencing a criminal should be present at parole hearings for the individual. As a vote getter it may have made sense since many people have the idea that paroles are lightly granted and the caution judges would impose ivould be desirable. But aside from being a vote getter the suggestion aasn't much to commend it. On practical grounds alone the pro- posal runs into difficulty. Judges are busy persons; they have heavy court schedules to which they are obliged to adhere. It is not reasonable to ex- pect them to book off and travel to meet with the National Parole Board. The court records are available to the board anyway and the if they actually remembered the cases in question out of all that are handled would not add anything except the personal opinions they might hold. Encouraging judges to enter the field of making evaluations on par- ole prospects is not desirable. Judges are expected to perform within the framework of the law. Anything that might detract from the image of im- partiality needs to be avoided. The judge who has sentenced a per- son might not be able to make any significant contribution to the ques- tion of whether or not to grant par- ole. Determining guilt and sentencing in court is a different kind of thing from assessing a prisoner's attitude and behavior in jail and reaching a conclusion about the probability of him abiding by parole requirements. A high degree of objectivity enters into granting parole. The eligibility date is set by law and certain other requirements must also be met. But after that a degree of subjectivity is allowed and it is this kind of activity which should not be expected of judges. Judges belong on the bench not on the parole board. Legalized dictatorship President Ferdinand Marcos has nisei martial law as a political ploy to pet Hid kind of constitution he wants in the Philippines. The con- Elilulic-nal convention had peen going on for months, complete with wrang- ling, charges, counter-carges, fights, fin the physical sense) among the delegates. Marcos ended it all over- night with force. Now he's getting what he wants by so called "legal" means. The Washington Post reports that tiie key article in the new draft con- sJJlulion will give the president the authority "to rule the Philippines as as he chooses." It says that all delegates to the constitutional conven- tion will have their terms extended indefinitely, and as long as they vote for the provisions Marcos de- mands they will, ipso facto, be- come members of the "new" nation- al assembly. All present assembly members, the president nnd the vice- president, will remain. A referendum will taken seek- ing national approval of the new con- stitution. A "yes" vote is almost a foregone conclusion under the pres- ent martial law which effectively imiwles any discussion. Theoretical- ly (lie assembly is an interim body, but since there is no time limit set [or holding a national election there probably won't be one in the fore- seeable future. There have been sporadic out- breaks of resistance by guerrilla movements, most of them Commun- ist-inspired. There may be more, but the cards are stacked against suc- cess. Marcos' army is said to be fanatically loyal to him. Still, the president must be given his due. Fully aware- of the social and economic inequities leading to widespread support for the revolu- tionaries, and of the political corrup- tion which has become a way of life in the Philippines, he is taking mea- sures to correct both. His latest move has been lo eliminate some of the immense private landholdinga by breaking them up into small private plots which will .be assigned lo form- er tenant farmers. Former landlords will be pressured into using the pro- ceeds from forced land sales to build job-creating small induslries. Nobody is predicting -when martial law will end, but it will be President Marcos who decides the time has come to usher in the new era parliamentary government in name, dictalorsliio in fact. "I'm taking time out to learn the lesson and what people have been trying to convey to us." Distrust resulted in Liberal defeat By Shaun Herron, Winnipeg commentator tor FP Publications One of the things that contri- buted to the reduction of the Liberal majority of Senator McGovem: People are tired of the hectoring, lecturing, shrill- ing Left. The Indians who occu- pied the Indian Affairs office in Washington don't appear to know it but they are running against the tide just as Indian demonstrators in Winrtpeg are a couple of years too late. That phase of our recent politi- cal experience is over and there will be wide-spread pub- lic support for measures neces- sary to keep public order and civil peace. For more than five years for nearly a decade in fact we sat under threat from stu- dents, lo-called anti-war dem- onstrators and of one sort or another. Before that we had the turmoil of the civil rights movement in the streets, and no matter what those who had seen it all before tried to tell them, they refused to be- lieve that the reaction was in- evitable and that when it came it might go too far. So Mr. Nixon is president again and those who voted for him with most conviction voted in reac- tion against the slick left- wingers around Senator McGov- em, against the line they per- tuaded him to take when they were blind to the fact that the tide had turned and he was too Methodist to be able to escape from his pulpit moralist's hab- its. As the vote drew nearer and "he knew in his that he couldn't make it, what did he do? Like a preacher without converts, he held them over the pit, warning them of the terrors of a Nixon hell, try- ing to scare them into a left- wing heaven. Our Liberal government's de- cline wasn't all atmospheric reaction by a long chalk, but a great deal of it was, and the government, wherever it got its advice about what the peo- ple were thinking, got very bad information. Was that the fault of the prime minister's regional desks and the unknown people who inform him about what is going on in the regions? Who knows? But one member of the cabinet looked to me to be quite shocked when, in a hotel room in this city quite a time before the election, a roomful of well- disposed people explained to him what was going on in the minds of people out here, and very little of it favored the government. It may Ire that there was in the mind of the government or the prime minister's office, or some of the non elected smart alecks around him a strong disposi- tion not to believe. If there was as much concern about unemployment as some people are now telling the gov- ernment, the NDP would have got Ed Schroycr's 35 seats in the West. The concern was far more with the number of peo- ple on unemployment benefit who don't need to be and the number of people on welfare who ought not to be and the milking of unemployment and welfare funds as a way of life: in other words the creation of welfare and non-work minded- ness as a byproduct of govern- ment policy. The name associ- ated with this is Bryce Mack- asey. What people wonder now is what Sylvia Ostry will find when she gets ready at Statis- tics Canada the new system for measuring unemployment fig- ures. Will she find that those who are now forced to pay un- employment insurance when they don't need it (in order to put more money in the extrava- gant fund) are getting their money back one way or the other? Put it another way: How many professional people's chil- dren arc drawing welfare? How many professional men's wives are drawing unemployment in- surance? Tiie number is going to surprise the government. Gerard Pelletier was right: An overtaxed middle class kicked back not only because of direct taxation but because of the in- creasing number of indirect taxes. But oddly enough a great many "working" men voted NDP they tell me for the same reason: anger at the non- work ethic foslercd by this government. There was a great deal of social distrust o[ the govern- ment. The attorney general of Manitoba may call those who are against the federal govern- ment's prison policy Archie Bunkers, but it's odd that so many of the convicts who are reported missing on passes have very bad records: sex crimes, crimes of violence and so on. I can find no disagree- ment with lliis policy where it is applied to, say, first offend- ers. I can find only left-trendies who agree with it when applied to hardened criminals. And there was a deep public convic- tion that some of the social pol- icies of the government were merely trendy without sub- The Democratic anquish By Kenneth Harris, London Observer commentator WASHINGTON Long be- fore the day of the presidential election, leaders of the Demo- cratic party establishment were laying privately: "Wheth- er McGovern wins or not, we lose." It may even be that the long-term elders of the Demo- cratic party were always hop- ing secretly that Republican Richard Nixon was going to win. Why 7 Because the Democrat- ic party in the post-Second World War period, while en- listing, mobilizing, and exploit- ing the extremists, the minor-. itite, the underprivileged, the radicals, the racist reformers and the racist reactionaries, the dissenters and the discontented along the whole length of the non-revolutionay political spectrum, nevertheless contin- ued to be the party of the cen- tre. It has been a party sup- ported by plenty of middle-class folk and an impressive num- ber of millionaires, and by the trade unions. It has taken many 'Crazy Capers' people in: it has never to the anger of its many different kinds of doctrinaires driven anybody out. It was on that basis a muddled, muddling, often maddening but consistent- ly power-capturing coalition that the Democratic party in the last 40 years put such pres- idents into the While House as Roosevelt, Truman, Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson. But even before the mandar- ins bosses, pundits and pay- masters of the Democratic party finally made up their minds about whether the Demo- cratic presidential candidate, George McGovern, had an earthly chance of beating Nix- on on November 7, 1972, they seemed to have made up their minds that McGovern had broken the image of the Demo- cratic party into fragments. The image which he projected so different from what its elite planners, thinkers, hank- ers and activists had been ac- customed to. McGovern associated himself with, and founded his image on the naive, the simple, the cn- Ihusiasls, the amateurs and the eccentrics in contemporary American political society. Tito serious long-term Democratic party hierarchs, manngcrs and backers, know that these lesser brethren arc not worth the pol- itical concessions you have lo make them. Even if you get thorn free, you are in the red: television pictures of McGov- crn backslapping with blacks, hippies nnd way-outs, denounc- ing the rich, the compromisers and the complacent, anltiRonizo Ihe indlspensnblo centre of tho party, which roughly speaking, is not too unhnnnv about tliing.i the way they are. That is the way the big think- ers, the big spenders in the Democratic parly read it, whether they are trade union leaders, middle-class profes- sionals, experienced leaders of racial organizations, or just good-natured millionaires. It is not so much that they personal- ly disapprove of what McGov- em says and does, or what company he seems to keep: it is that they know that the im- age won't do for the Democra- tic party they know, under- stand, and until McGovern got the presidential nomination a few months ago indisput- ably controlled. Win or lose on this image, whatever happened to McGovern, Ihe traditional Democratic party had already died a death. As the Democratic parly went into the election, there- fore, the prospect envisaged by its establishment was exquisite- ly excruciating. If McGovern won the parly was in the hands of an eccentric of whom it might be said that lie stands for everything the traditional parly not slant! for so what kind of n wilderness would they, the hierarchy, find Ihem- selves in? If McGovern lost: would he by Ihcn have so damaged the party image Hint even if he were replaced with a moro orthodox candidate next lime Teddy Kennedy that I here would not be enough lima to bring (ho party back to ef- fective polilicnl life. And tiie nnguish of the osUili- llshment is Hint tho rcsull of this year's election can icll them nothing about how U> solve Uicir nrnhlejn. stance in knowledge or re- search. This applies also to Health Minister Munro and his former flirtations with drug "reform" legislation. What people felt was quite simple and Mr. Munro best illustrates it: Dial in many areas this government was will- ing to act on any number of un- Iried theories on the advice of publicly unaccountable and mysterious people somewhere in some back room. This is what I mean by "atmospheric reaction" against the govern- ment. To men entrusted with grave responsibilities the RCMP name and insignia may be a small thing to bother about in a changing society. To a great many people in the West it was symbolic. It contributed far more emotionally to this at- mospheric hostility than did the bilingual issue, which affected very few people. The mood was profound distrust. It was this atmosphere of dis- trust that in effect defeated the Liberals, and some unhappy Liberals are right what is reeded is a storm within the Liberal party. In a changing so- ciety it is not merely bad pol- icy to create distrust by tink- ering with certain traditions that have emotional meaning and to flirt with scary social change; it is politically stupid, and in many areas this govern- ment appeared to be so geared Letters To The Editor to the mouthy reconstruction of our whole society that they were unable lo understand that societies are made up of people who do not spend their time in a vacuum brooding in the ab- stract over social and political theory and who change rather more slowly than theorists are able lo understand or admit. The "grandfather" clause now to be applied to the civil service bilingual policy could have been applied long ago if the government had been less theoretical and more aware of what people are like and what concerns them most their habits and their security. I don't think deathbed repentance during the life of this present session will help the govern- ment much. Repentance is oflen more irritating than sin. But repentance is the only thing they can try unless they want lo create a landslide for Ihe Tories, and one 'of the ways in which that will be done is to allow Mr. Lewis to gov- ern the country from the oppo- sition benches which is what he clearly believes he is going to do. There is only one road for the government to take if it wants to meet the wishes of the people the road to the right. It is the road the people are tak- ing. It is always wise for gov- ernments to take the tame road. Open letter to Peigans November 15 is our day for electing the chief and council- lors to represent our reserve. I was wondering if the people of the reserve realize the impor- tance of voting for honest and capable representation for these offices. How can a person who can't even be a responsible and work- ing individual take an office and decide on the fate of the people? Why not get some fresh blood in the council cham- bers and see if they can accom- plish something that will bene- fit the people as a whole and not just a choice few? Vote for representatives that are at least optimistic about our future and are willing to do their utmost to improve econo- mic and social conditions on the reserve. It is your privilege to vole; and it's up to you, the people, to exercise this privi- lege. So, on Nov.' 15, choose wisely, as these people will govern our reserve for the next two-year term. A 20th CENTURY INDIAN Brocket High cost of living We had an election a week ago and since then everyone has been trying to figure out why the Liberal government lost so many scats. I would like 10 give my opinion. I think it is highly ridiculous lo blame 11 on an "English backlash" against Quebec. It may even he dangerous to sny so, I know of no one who rcscnls tho French or the province of Que- bec. I know of many parenls who arc happy to sec their children learning the French language in school. I voted NDP simply because it seemed lo lw most aware of the high cost of living, especial- ly food. 1 felt physically sick when going- through a checkout counlcr at the local supermar- ket. One night I dreamed i had a toothache, but my hus- band told me I couldn't afford lo go sec n dentist because HIE pi ice of hutler was up to fl.OS per pound. I didn'l think the dream very funny when 1 realized thai condilion could become rcalily. II would be interesting if i( could be learned why individ- uals vole Hie way they do. May- be the NDP doesn't have enough power to take office, so people decided lo give Mr. Slan- ficld n chance. Any government Ihat succeeds in reversing this upward trend of Ihe cost oi loot) will have my support. ONE VOTER Lcllibridpc. The Lethbridcjc Herald SW 7lh St. S., Lclhbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD TO. LTD., Proprietors and Published I9M, by lion. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clasi Mall Rcglslrailon No. 0017 Member of Tin and Ihr- Canadian Dally Newipiotr and Ihe Audit Bureau of CIrtulalloni CLEO w. MOWERS, Editor and PuBlllMT H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Edllor Asioelaig Edllor ROY F MILES DOUGLAl K. Adverllilng Manager Idllonal Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"