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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 14, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHORIDGE HERAID Saturday, November H, V Joint Mikn The generals wont talk The two United States generals, one of whom was head of the U.S. mili- tary mission in Turkey, an Ameri- can major, and a Turkish colonel at- tached to NATO command have now all been released but they're not talking, except to Pentagon officials sent from Washington to inlerv i c w them. What they've got lo say is no doubt classified top secret, and it may remain that way for a very long time. Rumors have been flying about in- timating that the plane was deliber- ately lured off course, but the Rus- sians have denied this. The Soviets have been guilty of using radio com- pass signals for this purpose before 1058 when two U.S. planes stray- ed into Soviet Armenia, and one of. them was shot down. The Turkish government has been placed in a very awkward position, whether by Soviet design or by hap- penstance it is impossible lo say. (It appears that the Lithuanians who hi- jacked the Aeroflot plane, and the students who a light plane to Turkey in October, had nothing to do with the case of the generals. They are considered to be separate cases with which the Turkish government intends to deal. But they've added a few decision making Turkish leftists and the Soviet press have been making political hay from the "affair of the U.S. generals." Now a leftist paper in Beirut, Lebanon, has announced, with magnificent cer- tainly, that the generals were on a mission related to building nuclear bases on the Soviet frontier. Turkey's adherence to NATO is a cornerstone of its foreign policy, but the Turkish government in recent years has been on better terms with the Soviets and it wants to stay that way. Its relations with the U.S. arm- ed 'forces stationed there as elements of NATO have been strained for some time, and Turkish leftist elements have caused trouble with military personnel. Anti U.S. demonstrations have prevented the U.S. Sixth Fleet from visiting Turkish ports. A group of American archaeologists who want- ed to seek the remains of Noah's Ark on Mount Ararat were not given per- mission to come. The Soviets accus- ed Hie group of being undercover agents for the CIA. The root causes for this anti Americanism are first, the resentment of having foreign troops on Turkish soil, and second the American failure to support the Turkish cause in the quarrel over Cyprus. "it's wheels within wheels, the old story of the smaller nation trying to keep on a friendly footing with one huge neighbor and being forced to accept the presence p! another great power, at the same time dealing with rising nationalism and subversion of its own. Morality and politics Recently, in Britain, one hundred Anglican bishops, led by the Arch- bis hop of Canterbury, wrote to Prime Minister Edward Heath pro- testing the .proposed sale of arms to South Africa. An editorial in The Sunday Telegraph reproved them saying, "It is one thing for bishops to pronounce upon questions of mor- ality. It is another thing entirely for them to engage in the cut-and-thrust of a continuing political debate." The implication that political deci- sions are generally reached without consideration of the m o r a 1 i t y in- volved is something that most politi- cians would want to deny. They might admit that the moral way _ is not easily in some in- stances and even less easily fol- lowed in most cases but they would not like it to be thought that it was not considered. That clergymen are not as qualified to engage in political debate as _ are politicians or journalists is a peculiar idea. They may no longer be among the most knowledgeable people in society but they are not likely lo be less informed than many of the elected 'representatives who are charged with the responsibility of making decisions. And they do have a concern about morality that ought at least to be a factor in de- bate on the issues of the day. Ever since the days when the prophet Amos was reproved by a lackey of Israel's king in eighth- century Bethel there have been those who would like to keep uncomfort- able moral questions from being in- truded upon the consciousness of the rulers and leaders of nations. And ever since the golden age of proph- ecy, religious leaders have been un- easy over keeping silent about condi- tions in the world. It is difficult to ignore the contempt which Amos, Micah and Isaiah had for those who would shut themselves up in the church. The Judaeo Christian tradition, which has so profoundly influenced Western society, does not encourage a purely personal approach to reli- gion. Where such an emphasis exists it is an evidence of the influence of philosophical individualism import- ed from elsewhere. The Jewish and Chrisian religions are uniquely so- cial and require an active concern for the world. It is not some kind of aberration, then, to have the bishops speak out on the Issue of sale of arms to South Africa. A decision to sell arms is fraught with moral implications for the people of Africa and for Britain and for the whole world. Weekend Meditation You should be a saint "I'M no the woman said almost boastfully. There is nothing the con- temporary man. so quickly disowns as He thinks a claim to sainthood would mean a pretension to piety and that would brand him as a hypocrite. He'd rather be called a sinner. Yet Leon Bloy said "Life's only sadness is sot to be a saint." Now why would any man say a thing like that? To understand let us go back to the Bible where it is used over and over again. St. Paul uses the word in every one of his letters. He writes to the Romans, "called to be saints." He says the same thing to those quarreling, sacrilegious Corinthians. He writes "to the saints who are in Ephesus." He writes to Philippi "to all the saints." He addresses his letter to Colossae "to the saints and faithful brethren." Sim- ilarly his other letters and the book Revelation use the word to describe Christians, as synonymous with Christian. But this concept of sainthood (as identi- cal with religious man) is not peculiar to the New Testament. The Greek word is "hagios" and the Hebrew word is "kadosh." Both mean "holy" or "separat- ed." Thus the tithe was holy, the seventh day was holy, the central place in the temple was "the holy place." The Jewish people were holy. Peter catches up this whole concept in his first letter. He says, "You arc a chosen generation'1 (God had made a covenant with "a royal priesthood" (they had an intimate associa- tion with holy nation" (dedicat- ed to God's purpose, observing the law of God, different in life and "a pecub'ar people" (nonconformists, living in contrast with their wicked "that you sliould show forth the praises of him who has r.illod you out of darkness into his marvellous light." So stark is Ihis sep- aration that Poter addresses hi.s readers as "strangers and sojourners." This wholo concept of separation anti distinction runs through the Old Testament from Leviticus to the prophet-s. Undoubtedly it i.s one stmng mason fur the persecution of Iho Jews; people always hate who the courage to be different. Such people rebuke their lives. Yet saints are the salt of the earth and the salvation of society. The Jews had a tradition that in every generation thera are 38 saints hidden from public view. Ordinary people, they are yet spiritual giants who save society. Is that not what Christians were meant to be, "the salt o! the Their only greatness is their superior dedication. Thus M. Vianney came to the evil town of Ars to be parish priest. He was reviled and slandered. But through brutal treatment he won through until the evil places in Ars closed up and no foul language was heard on its streets. A resi- dent told a visitor. "We are no better than other people, but there are some things you cannot do when there is a saint about." Baron von Huge! said that a saint had four characteristics. Saints were loyal to the faith, were heroic in times of trial, gave evidence of a supernatural power in their lives, and were radiant through strain and stress. It has also been pointed out that saints had an affectionate relationship to the world, especially to nature, the birds and animals. To be a saint means to share in the divine life and to demonstrate that life. So a saint is known, not by his arguments (few professors have been but by his life. A saint also be- longs lo a group, he is rarely if ever a saint in isolation, hence the phrase "com- munion of saints." Saints arc never known by their condemnations, hut by their praise of others, for they see virtue in the vilest men whom others despise. But te refuses lo live by the world's ways and the world's standards. He is an ordinary man with an extraordinary dedication. In this world where evil and good are flattened out, where morals are gray and men have lost the sense of the holy and worshipful, where a sense of apathy. doin, liieufiingtesssncss, a n d alienation grips men, the honcsly and commitment of sainU are sorely needed. PRAYER: Have mo, 0 God, from the divided soul. -Make nu: wholehearted pas- -siomilr, and cnlirciy dedicated. K. S. M. Federal ministries study population Last of a Series In the next few months Canaca will take a variety of short and long strides towards slowing its human growth rale and shap- ing the population's distribu- tion. The most noticeable changes will tome from federal policies introduced at this session particularly by the immigra- tion, health and welfare, and urban affairs ministries but provincial and local govern- ments as well as private groups will make .their contributions too. The process really began with last year's breaking of the contraceptives logjam in the Criminal Code amend m e n t making it legal to sell birth con- trol devices and disseminate information on their use. After a yeavs agonizing wiih a cabinet split, tre federal gov- ernment took the next logical step less than a month ago with the announcement it would set up a million an- nual program to help provin- cial and private agencies which have begun providing volun- tary family planning assistance (Alberta so far is the pace- maker) and a similiar amount would be donated to interna- tional agencies. In the coming year (his new policy should begin exerting an effect on the national fertility rate, already in slow decline from a record 3.9 children per adult female in 1957 to an esti- mated last year which, however, was still enough to give Canada a natural increase of in 1969 or more than double the net immigration gain. Canada's population has grown by 3 million immigrants since the Second World War and Uiis area too will sec some major changes in the coming year with the Throne Speech's promise of a while paper this session te rewrite immigration policy. The last major change was made lour years ago when the discriminatory quota system was replaced by the present point system under which edu- cation, health, linguistics and other criteria determine ad- mission instead of origin. This was one factor in sub- stantially stepping up immi- gration in recent years to a near annual rate and has made a perceptible change in pattern with Asiatic and Carribbean immigrants, many of them highly trained special- ists, rising from 8 per cent to almost one quarter of all newcomers. Last year, there was a dip to immigrants, almost 10 per cent from the U.S., while emigration declined slightly as well to Ironically, Canada's switch to a racially non discrimina- tory immigration policy has been criticized recently on the grounds that it was draining the short supply of well trained manpower f r o m developing countries while only making it liarder for Canadian graduates to find jobs. The other criticism aimed at immigration is that more than three quarters of the arrivals wind up in Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver where conges- lion problems are greatest. Both Manpower and Immi- gration Minister Otto Lang and the Environme n t a 1 Affairs Minister designate Jack Davis say they doubt very much that the lime has yet come for Can- ada to stabilize population at current levels. "I think protection of the en- vironment is of critical import- ance and has not had enough attention but I doubt that fam- ily planning is going to avoid Mr. Lang said. Mr. Daws said the theory of "The fact you're completely happy with your job, your wife, the White Paper and the Throne Soeech indicates an extreme reluctance to face Throne Speech indicates Russia discovers the weekend By Dev Murarka MOSCOW How to spend far not only reveal the desires many places the transport sys- JU Increased leisure lime and of the people tat also some of tern is not geared to work-shifts what new facilities will be reeded are questions which are being asked with greater in- sistence in the Soviet Union. The problem worries the house- wives, and it worries the plan- ners. The five-day working week has been around in the Soviet Union for a few years, but the social system has still not ad- justed itself to it. The public complains that facilities for lei- sure are neither adequate nor appropriate. In this situation sociologists are having a field day. There are surveys galore to find out what the people actually want, what they are doing with their leisure at present, and what can be done to improve leisure facilities. The answers found so Letter to the editor Pat on hack An article appeared in your newspaper titled "Exams before Christmas asked by school trus- tees." It seems thai ader the Lcthbridge School Board set up this relatively new system other centres in Alberta wish to fol- low. I think that our sch n o I board members should receive a pat on the back, for a job well done and encouragement to go on and pioneer new educational advancements. (Miss) E. 1I1NG. Lclhbradgc. So They Say Tlv; most powerful four let- ter word in Uie history of man President Richard Nixon, We live in an age when it is not enough to tic a nationalist; it is the plain truth that we most be internationalists 1-ord the inherent shortcomings of the Soviet distribution system as far as services and con- sumers are concerned. Paradoxically, the five-day week has meant more work for the housewife who has to spend more lime shopping since many shops are also closed during the weekend. One of the most frequent demands is for extended shopping hours. Sines almost all Soviet wom- en go to work, it is not con- venient for them to do then- shopping in working hours. Be- sides, shopping takes up a lot of time here, particularly in the big cities, due lo queues and shortage of goods. Some of the suraey results show that the five-day working week is not so much increas- ing the leisure time of workers as changing their household routine. Most people, instead of doing Uieir domestic chores during week days, now prefer to leave them until the week- end. This again affects women much more than men, since women spend about 15 to 20 hours extra on domestic work during leisure lime than men do. As one survey puts it: "It is known, for instance, thai one of the most serious problems of our society is the need lo ease women's domestic work and to establish on this basis I heir genuine equality with men in respect of social and every- day benefits of life." T h c also indicate that those forms of leisure ac- livily which were previously popular only during holidays have increased because of the five-day week. People go oui more oflen on picnics, Irip.. to the country- side and on visits to friends and relatives. Yd, by and large, leisure hnbils are still passive and one survey showed that only li> per cent of those polled .spent I heir weekends regularly out of town. One of the most widespread complaints was that Iransporl, facilities wart not adequate. Jn and so people lose time wait- ing for buses and trams. There is also a shortage of vehicles to take people out of towns and back during weekends and holi- days. Short a g e of accommodation is also a problem. There is very little provision made for week- end visitors to resorts, sports centres and other places of sim- ilar interest. There is a need, according to experts, for a spe- cialized network of shops and public catering establishments, one-day holiday homes, motels, boarding houses, etc. particu- larly those capable of accom- modating families. The surveys have also re- vealed an mteresUng shift in reading habits. Traditionally, the Russians have been vora- cious readers. They still are, but it would appear that both increased leisure time and tele- vision are beginning to affect this. All tin's goes to show that a great many changes designed for the convenience of con- sumers arc needed before the Soviet people can enjoy their weekend like other people. Moreover, many of these changes can be brought about only by a conscious and sus- tained effort on the part of the Stale, since they require large investment. In capitalist coun- tries, landlords build hotels and houses to accommodate tour- ists and holiday-makers. Here only the State can build aad provide catering services. Most workers prefer, accord- ing to the polls, a longer work- ing day and the free weekend. The weekend has come lo stay. What is uncertain is the true character of the Soviet week- end. This will emerge only af- ter a few years, when efforts to cater for Ihe greater leisure time begin to bear fruit" At present it does not seem to nave a specific character of its own. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD 1020 Germany will not make a formal application for admission to the League of Na- tions, but would not ignore an invitation to become a mem- ber. Snow and colder weather have served to compli- cate the unemployment in the city. The delay of confirmation from Edmonton as to the amount, of relief the govern- ment will give is making it dif- ficult for local authorities to make promises as to amounts to be provided. IBM The ministry of sup- ply appealed to Londoners lo turn in shell splinters they find on the streets. An official at the ministry said enough metal can he salvaged from a Irayful of splinters to make n new shell. Ifl.ifl The Ixxluc Hotel was ripped apart by a mysterious and ten persons lost their lives in the oil-boom town of MM Riot squads were call- ed out to quell an early morn- ing brawl at the Hungarian Hall, located next to the main fire- hall on 2nd Ave. S. on the fringe of the business district. Five men were injured and it took city police. RCMP and firemen 20 minutes to restore order. an absolute relationship be- tween numbers and environ- mental damage both through res o u r c o consumption and waste production has yet to be proven. Mr. Davis said when his pro- posed National Environmental Council is set up it undoubtedly will look at the population's impact on environment "but not as the first priority it'll be somewhere down the road, maybe third or fourth prior- ity." He said the proliferation of man made poisons such as DDT and discharge of indust- rial effluents is the first prob- lem that must be brought under control in Canada fol- lowed by curbs on the skyroc- keting rate of energy consump- tion "twice as rapid as popula- tion gowth rate. Ways should be found to re- cycle resources as well as pol- lutants but ho was not anxious about predictions of increasing consumption creating resource scarcities because, he contend- ed, the historical evidence was that technology creates re- source abundance by giving ac- cess to previously uneconomic deposits. The National Goals Research Staff attached to the White House last July stressed that regardless of optimum popula- tion views, it is imperative for the U.S. to quickly decide whether or not we will adopt a deliberate strategy to encour- age internal migration to ne- gate the forecasts of ever- growing urban congestion in a few megalopoli. The U.S. experience with megalopolis is regarded here as directly Iranslalable to Ca- nadian future experience so much the same urgent deci- sion making preparation is underway in Robert Andras' urban affairs ministry. In the next 30 years as Can- ada's population doubles gen- erally, secondary metropolitan areas such as Winnipeg, Cal- gary, Edmonton and Victoria will double in .size but the three main centres will treble so that Toronto has 6.5 million'people, Montreal 6.2 million and Van- couver 2.5 million "if things are left to continue ss they are." The U.S. mixture of possible strategies might well work in Canada, the researchers say, with policies aimed at encour- aging the development of "new communities" in the highly- publicized Mid Canada Corri- dor or "Green North" (and Liberal back benchers are pressing for establishment of a second trans Canada highway linking Prince George Ed- monton Saskatoo t Winnipeg as part of the plan.) The other half of the strategy would be encouraging trebling the population of the secondary metropolitan areas so that tha Big Three only double by the end of the century. Howe v e r, research may prove that by ameliorating the worst problems of congestion with better design, the megalo- polis should be encouraged to grow at present or even faster rates. "We're thinking about all of these said Dr. N. H. Lithwick, federal urban affairs consultant. He discounted Prof. Plow- right's argument of North American overpopulation "be- cause so far it is only surmise and is not backed up any bard facts" but added that any na- tional concensus on what the optimum population of Canada should be "would have a mas- sive influence on our work and recommendations. Mr. Andras summed It up during the Throne speech de- bate: "A new ethic In Canada in- sists upon two chief things: "First, that the traditional decision makers of power must move over a little so that choice devolves upon Uie great- est numbers of people "Second, that the bases of choice have changed with the growing material wealth, com- plexity and concentration of our society economic growth for growth's sake, to put it crudely, must increas- ingly be tempered by consid- erations that put growth at the service of the social comfort and stimulalion of Canadians. "These are nol quite yet tru- isms with everyone but they form Ihe goals of this govern- ment and, I believe, of other governments in Canada." The Uthbndfje Herald 504 7th St. S.t Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRTDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published IflOo -1954, by Hon. W. A, BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 001! Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper 1 Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulslions CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS li- ADAMS, General Manager JOC- 0AU.A WILLIAM MAY Managing' Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKKR Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD THE SOUTH" ;