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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 13, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 40 LfciHBRIuub November 13, 1974 Different playground equipment A boy hangs onto a large hand at a different kind of playground in Ber- lin. The hand and other constructions are used theatre props and sets which some Berlin artists thought were too expen- sive to throw away So they had them carried to a children's playground much to the delight of the boys and girls. The most elegant of all. If s almost a shame to reduce its price to for the next 4 days Every season, something extra-special comes from the Tip Top tailor's benches. Something with that added touch that makes it a notch above the others. So it is with this classic three- piece suit. It brought a glow of pride to our head tailor. And it made our presi- dent smile with satisfaction. The one shown here is navy with chalk-white stripes. It bears our Leishman label. Tjp Top Charcc Account. TIP TOP Throughout its fine, all-wool worsted cloth, are style touches to please the most particular dresser. Stitched lapels. A slight flare to the trouser legs. A neat, trim fit to the jacket. And there's a bold centre-vent in back. It comes in shades of blue or grey. Chalk-striped, pin-striped, un-striped or plaid. Its price? Normally For the next four days, That's not much to pay for the finest suit we make. Medical scientists on way to solving rejection LONDON (Reuter) The Second World War may be about to produce a belated but highly significant medical spin-off. At an English hospital where burned Spitfire pilots were once patched up to fly again, scientists believe they are near discovering a way of making the body accept not only foreign skin grafts, but transplanted limbs and or- gans as well. In terms that the pilots would well understand, it amounts to pointing the body's away from potentially friendly targets. At present, the heart trans- plant era has een interrupted and other forms of transplants are only partially successful because the body's immunity system uses antibodies to at- tack and reject donated tissue. Drugs called imrnuno-sup- pressants dampen this re- sponse but have some severe side-effects, the main one be- ing that they also weaken defences against infection. Now the highly complex im- munity system is beginning to yield some of its secrets. "A thoroughly unscientific but probably accurate assess- ment is to compare the pre- sent situation of the trans- plantation biologist with that of a crossword-puzzle expert who has solved rather more than 50 per cent of his said surgeon Robin Beare, one of the men involved in the latest work. "Scientific understanding of the tissue rejection process is increasing at such a rate that it seems unlikely that the problem will not be fully solved, at least for clinical purposes, within 10 years." This would open the way for frozen banks to be set up for the storage of arms, legs and other limbs and organs taken from the newly deceased. These could then be trans- planted to the living, provided they were suitably matched. Advanced work on such implanta- tion well as on tis- sue-matching, is being per- formed at the Mclndoe Me- morial Research Unit at Queen Victoria Hospital, East Grinstead, south of London. The unit is named after the late Archie Mclndoe, a new Zealand-born plastic surgeon who won fame for his work at a special wartime burns unit set up at East Grinstead Sir Archibald, as he became, died in 1960. aged 59 problem It was a natural step for the specialists there to move from the straight treatment of burns into the study of why foreign skin grafts will not "take." The rejection mechanism is a very complicated inter-ac- tion of cells and lym- said Prof Richard Batchelor, director of the research unit. It might be possible to interfere with the rejection mechanism and cause it to malfunction Specifically, the answer seems to lie in something called, rather confusmgly, "antibody-antibodies.'' Batchelor explained that the immune response reaches a peak production rate of anti- bodies sometime after the transplant and is eventually switched off, apparently through production of an- tibody-antibodies. To exploit this, it seems feasible to stimulate antibody production by introducing some foreign tissue into the body. Later, when the anti- body antibodies take over a moment that can be deter- mined by blood tests the ac- tual transplant would be per- formed. Batchelor and his col- leagues believe that under these circumstances, the transplant would not be rec- ognized as alien and would thus be permanently ac- cepted. An important additional procedure is to ensure that as far as possible, donor and recipient are tissue-matched In the case of skin, this problem has already been solved at East Grinstead A bank of different types of skin, frozen alive in liquid ni- trogen, is kept as a sort of reference library for use by transplantation biologists around the world The large variety of human tissue groups makes the chances of an identical match astronomically improbable, said a trustee of the research unit "Nevertheless, it is now known that a relatively small number of tissue factors are responsible for triggering the most powerful and immediate rejection of grafts. "By concentrating on these more potent factors, it is pos- sible to cross-match a donor and recipient exactly as for a blood transfusion. Although the match may not be perfect, the tissue-typing technique which has been involved at this unit greatly increases the chances of success Fortune in glass bottles rests at bottom of lakes By PETER LESMAK Orillia Packet and Times GRAVENHURST. Ont. (CPi There's a fortune in glass bottles lying at the bot- tom of many Muskoka lakes. The dark, muddy lake bot- toms are virtually "paved in glass." said Dave Alexander, who has recovered 4.000 or 5.- 000 bottles in the last three summers. Mr Alexander, who operates an antique store in Gravenhurst. found the old soft-drink bottles while skin- diving in the lake shallows near bridges and old exclusive cottage areas Some of them are worth S40 or more, he said A nearby cottager finds enough bottles to hold a large auction every year and col- lected a top price of for one of them. Mr. Alexander said. The old pop bottles are made of thick, green-tinged glass and most bear the names of the bottling com- panies where they were made. Some of the companies, like Dugald Brown of Gravenhurst and William Taylor of Owen Sound, are still operating. The profitability of the bottles occurred to Mr. Alex- ander when he started skin- divmg m Lake Muskoka three years ago "I figured if I kept at it. it would soon pay for my diving equipment And it did." I'ntii a few years ago. there were no municipal garbage dumps in the area and cotta- gers, boaters and motorists threw their refuse into the lakes Most of the bottles are emp- ty but Mr Alexander said he found nearly 100 full wine and beer bottles near a public park. The wine was still drinkable, although Mr. Alex- ander estimated it had been underwater for 50 or 60 years, but the beer was skunky and unfit to drink. He said vacationers used to suspend their wine and beer on ropes under water to keep them cool Many of the ropes broke and the bottom was like an underwater wine cellar. "The wine had some sedi- ment in it but once we strain- ed it. it tasted good Dirigibles on way back? Saving money never looked so good (I) Centre Village Mall Phone 328-8255 WASHINGTON (APi Ligbter-than-air craft may be on the way back, more than 37 years after the fiery deslruc- tion of the dirigible Hmdcnbcrg seemed to doom 1bc concept forever United States Navy engineers are studying possi- ble applications of hghter- than-air vehicles, particularly with nuclear engines, for anti- submarine warfare and heavy cargo lifts Kngmeers say the dirigible was abandoned because it was vulnerable to storms But now dingilcs can be equipped with radar so thev would be able to steer away from rough weather These engineers are giving Ircc rein to their imagination. and am eventual product michl look considerably different from (he traditional cigar-shaped dirigible In interviews, they talk about hybrid forms, some with wings, some using helicopter technology There are a number of senior navy of- ficials who still look on the dirigible with skepticism Vice-Admiral W J Moran director of Navy research and development, has suggested thai liehtcr-than-aircraft will be too slow to track today's high speed submarines However, pro-dirigible ele- ments m the navy have strong support J Gordon Vacth, a lop official of the national oceanic and atmospheric ad- ministration, challenged Moran's view and implied the admiral was thinking of dirigibles as they were decades ago "What we are talking about here is an airship of the 1970s and 1980s, capable of speed twice thai possible in the Sec- ond World War." Vaeth told the Senate space committee last summer ;