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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 13, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 LETHBRIDGE HERALD-Wediwday, November 13, 1974 Thank-you Ottawa Ottawa's decision to review nuclear safeguards is welcome news. And it is reassuring to know that the sale of a :JANDU reactor to South Korea will be subject to the new policy, as will presumably be the case for all future sales abroad. The report that it may be weeks before the cabinet makes a decision on the new Dolicy is not so welcome. All those who "nave been worrying about this country's apparent lack of an adequate policy regarding reactor sales can now join all those who are still waiting for a national energy policy to emerge. These matters .seem to take longer than they should con- sidering their critical timeliness. It is difficult, of course, to insulate national policy from international con- siderations. And the international nuclear scene has been a disturbingly ausy one. India set off more than an atomic explosion this year. It also ex- ploded some complacent attitudes about use and control of nuclear energy. The non-proliferation treaty, which lasn't stopped proliferation, is going to oe reviewed next spring to see how its Drovisions can be tightened and how nations not covered can be persuaded to join. The International Atomic Energy Agency is re-thinking its inspection re- quirements. At the same time, India has agreed to assist Argentina in nuclear technology and is probably doing the same for Brazil. And Chile says it has the technology to produce a bomb. Chile and Argentina have not ratified the 1967 Treaty of Tlatelolco which made Central and South America a nuclear-free zone and Brazil has not ratified the protocols which give it force. Nuclear technology can either save the world or destroy it, depending on man's collective ability to use it peacefully, productively and safely. The important word here is "collective." The de facto policy on the international scene today is the one inherent in the attitude "if we don't sell them a reactor, someone else will" or "they have a bomb, why shouldn't we." Until international machinery is work- ed out, it's time individual nations followed their higher instincts instead of acting according to the lowest common moral denominator. The U.S. has now tied its proposed sale of reactors to Israel and Egypt to international inspec- tion of all nuclear facilities in both countries. Canada has an even better op- portunity to set an example because it is not also involved in a nuclear arms race which diminishes the effect of U.S. ac- tions in the peaceful use of atomic energy. If the cabinet decision is to accept the ultimate safeguard of not selling the reactors abroad, so be it. It may be an economic sacrifice, but it's surely one Canadians can applaud. A small suggestion Before the city election fades entirely into the past, some thought should be given to the makeup of the ballot for city council. The Municipal Election Act says that ballots shall be marked with an X and this legal requirement was included in the instructions to the tabulators of the voters. However, there was no indication an the ballot itself that this was the re- quired mark, nor was there any indica- ;ion of where the mark should be placed. This puts the voter at a disadvantage. Experience may dictate what kind of mark to make and common sense may where it should be placed, but flections should be run as precisely and objectively as possible and procedural matters should not be left to common sense or experience, which are very sub- jective matters. It is true that posters indicating the rdnd of mark expected were supposed to ae on display at every poll, but this is not enough, and at least one voter does not recall seeing them. There is no reason why the ballot should not carry the nota- tion that an X is required and no reason why boxes should not be imprinted to carry that X. This would make it quite clear to the voter precisely what was ex- pected of him and he would be assured that if he followed these instructions his vote would be properly counted. A number of spoiled ballots may have resulted from this lack of information in the recent city election. It is even possible that some time a candidate may feel he is entitled to legal redress where the law requires an X mark and the tabulators are so instructed and the ballot gives no indica- tion of this. Wherever possible, the ele- ment of doubt should be eliminated from the voting procedure and in this case the remedy is quite simple. THECASSEROLE Senator F. M. Blois of Nova Scotia, who was appointed to the Senate in 1959. dis- covered recently that anyone entering the Parliament Buildings must have a pass. He's icen going in and out for 15 years without one. Now that's security. The government has agreed to modify stum page charges because of the distressed state of the lumber industry, which is in dif- ficulty because of rising expenses and insuf- ficient income. It's not necessary to be in the lumber business to qualify for consideration on that basis. The "spokesbunny" for a group of striking Playboy bunnies in London told reporters. "We have no job security. They like to have .lew faces in the club as soon as a girl gets a few lines in her face, she's automatically- racked." So somebody does look at their aces. Collectors spent over at an auction of knick-knacks that once belonged to Her- -mann Goering. Aldolf Hitler's right-hand man. The state of that owned the items, arranged the auction because "We've got no use for this rubbish now." ERIC NICOL The weaker vessel Is the Bible a sexist book? Rumbles to the effect that it is are being leard fn.-m some of the militants of women's iberation. Having routed the school reader :hat casts lutic boys in aggressive, leadership and little girls in passive, doll-nursing the sex that is biblically described as the weaker vessel" is ready to take on The iood Book It is not difficult to make a case against the as being male chauvinist Nowhere herein is God ambiguous gender. He creates to humanize the Garden of Eden, adding woman a side order of spare rib more or DS an afterthought "an help meet The man who today refers to his wife as a meet, Genesis though he is. is iot gome to help himself to anything but a hirk lip One man's meet is another man's -xnson. thanks to the evolution of womankind rom the Hebraic status of chattel to that of of slate Most uf ihf Bible's best-known women Kve. Salome. Delilah were not very nice to :now Delilah did nothing to enhance harber- ni.1 as a 'r-jfjr if Salome danced her wav 'h'.- hearts of millions it was as a sex ob- with a twisted notion "f proper wages Kve w.-js just plain silly, picking an apple with .j worm in it The most successful woman of Scripture n virgin As such and as a mother Mary was hardlv the great protaitonisl for women's iteration It thai iShi-rky. M 1) ith'iT fiood is and her on "olhsion '-ourse with the i of 'hf Janies Version Bif is as a teaching irstnj- or 11 merit there the fur is going to fly. unless the church reassesses Jezebel, as a career woman. This is a confrontation of heroic, even apocalyptic, proportion. The present posture of the women's liberation movement, in contention with cultural forces that smack of male supremacy, is to give no quarter and ex- pect none. Already restive in the pews, how much longer will women abide the citing of a commandment that lumps thy neighbor's wife with his ass. as out of bounds to the covetous'' The understandable reluctance of the church to ordain women as its ministers has been challenged in the United States. Once she commands the high ground of the pulpit, woman can direct a withering fire against some of the mos? hallowed strong points of man as master. That Muslim men are in for an even ruder shock than their Christian brothers, when their women move against the feminine im- ago enshrined in the Koran, should not defer a vigorous effort by our theologians to modifv the biblical status of women The time would appear to be ripe for a sum- mit conference between Billy Jean King and the archbishop of Canterbury the primate having the first service. Both sides, after all. have a good deal to lose if conflict comes to the crunch of closing down Bible school summer camps. For the working mother it is almost better for her f-hild in learn that a wife has little potential beyond 3 pillar of salt, than to have the kid hanging around ine house all summer And OUT men of the cloth do have a hit of bargaining clout no son of heaven has been assigned mire fiercely masculine attributes than Satan In the spirit of sexual equality, girls, will vou take a piece of the action'' 'How was your trip... Solution to sugar prices By Richard Gwyn, Toronto Star commentator Consumer and Corporate Affairs Minister Andre Ouellet is. most of the time, a relaxed equable fellow. A lock of hair always escapes to fall across his forehead; his suits somehow look as though mid- way between pressings. When Ouellet gets angry, though, he gets very angry. Two months ago Ouellet's outrage over the egg scandal boiled over into the famous press release criticizing his colleague. Agriculture Minister Eugene Whelan. Ouellet today is enraged about sugar. "We're on a merry-go-round that has to stop. Ten years ago we prosecuted them (the sugar refining companies) for price fixing and restraint of trade. They paid their fines and now they are well, all I can say is that we are prosecuting them again." Ouellet's solution is a national sugar purchasing board. He's drafting a memorandum on the board that will go to cabinet within the month. At present the refineries buy their own sugar, mostly from Australia and South Africa. Ouellet's board would buy the sugar instead, "government-to-government, and sell it to the refineries. We would know the prices the refineries pay. and so the prices at which they should sell. It's the only way to bring sense into this business." Ouellet's idea is bold. It might just work. But its chances for success are no better than 50-50. The reason is that Ouellet is trying to bring sense into a senseless world. As even' housewife knows, sugar has soared from 13 cents a pound a year ago to close to 70 cents today. Each Canadian, adult and child, eats or drinks their way through 100 pounds of sugar a year. For a family of four that would add over to their yearly food bill (we consume two-thirds of our sugar in- directly, in soft drinks, jams, jellies, cake and the The price, obviously, isn't right. No one, though, knows how it got there. World output in 1974 is forecast at 83 million metric tons, a little higher than the '73 crop and just ahead of world demand. You can choose between two explanations, or add both of them together. The collapse a year ago of the international sugar agreement, which sets prices and world import and export quotas, has set off a wave of speculation. The Arabs reportedly have used petro-dollars to buy up sugar reserves. Poland and the Philippines, both impor- tant suppliers, have reneged on contracts. Some is one cited in the have deliberately cut back pro- duction. The second explanation is price-fixing. The reputation of the sugar companies makes that of the oil companies seem scrub-cheeked. In 1972 a Eu- ropean Common Market anti- trust inquiry described the business methods of 22 Euro- pean sugar companies, led by Tate and Lyle of London, as "a textbook case of how a cartel and lobby operate." Canada's eastern sugar (owned by Tate and Lyle) Atlantic and St. found guilty of breach of the com- bines law in 1963 and fined each. The three com- panies now are back before the court in Montreal in a case which, and this is one cause of Oueliet's anger, will spin out for a year or more as evidence is collected in England. India and South Africa. Mid-way between the two anti-combines trials, a 1971 Tariff Board inquiry found that "the price of refined sugar in Canada does not appear to be related to domestic forces of supply and demand one company is the price leader and the others follow." In defence of the industry, Redpath President Neil Shaw states: "High prices do us no good: our profits are down this year." And he adds. "The prices we have to pay, and therefore at which we have to sell, are quite ridiculous. Con- sumers should stop buying sugar. I mean that, it's the only way to bring prices down." Amid this two facts are more or less clear. Whelan should let his eggs simmer for a while and make up his mind about sugar. Two years ago he promised a national sugar policy; he has yet to send his proposals to cabinet. In the meantime Canada produces only 10 per cent of our own needs, mostly from Alberta and Manitoba sugar beets. Secondly, Ouellet's purchas- ing board deserves a try. Combines issues aside, which are for the courts to decide, the board would enable Canada to search out new suppliers, in Cuba and Brazil. As important, the public would know that the prices paid for sugar, however high, were at least as low as possible. The immediate choices all rest with the consumer. Sugar is the easiest of all foods to boycott. It has little nutritional value, and less sugar means also less fat and fewer cavities. Even the ex- perts prescribe this remedy. "A boycott." said Redpath's Shaw, "would be the best thing that could happen." Letters Accepts majority vote It is not rny wish to continue the debate on the smoking ban during meetings of council. I respect the council's decision and also those who supported the resolution. I do feel that personal rights have been violated, but, as always, am prepared to accept the ma- jority vote, which is the democratic process. However, I feel the caustic remarks in the editorial (Democratic in The Herald, Nov. 7, regarding my service on council must be refuted not on a personal basis, but in deference to the 5.186 residents who did not feel they were backing a loser on council, when they voted for me at the recent election. Of course. I have lost some issues and expect to lose more. I also have won impor- tant issues and will also, I hope, win more in the future. I feel it is my duty, privilege and responsibility to speak out on issues placed before coun- cil, whether important or trivial. The alderman who does nothing can neither win nor lose. I promised the peo- ple of Lethbridge that I would serve them to the best of my ability and that is my inten- tion. In my opinion the editorial served no useful purpose. WILLIAM L. KERGAN Lethbridge Ammonia plant report Is Alberta Ammonia Ltd., which submitted the report of the study to the Alberta en- vironment department regarding the proposed Ray- mond plant, Herald, Nov. Or is there a self interest in supplying questionable data slanted in favor of the company? It would appear reasonable that the 68 billion cu. ft. of natural gas, the 3.5 billion gallons of water, and the 114 million kilowatt hours of electricity to be used per year at full capacity should, and could, be utilized much more profitably for the good of the people of the Raymond area and all of Southern Alberta than for the production of fer- tilizer to benefit agriculture south of the border. Have Pipe Line Technol- ogists Ltd. of Calgary any monetary interest in the million plant being built? Let us all take a perceptive look at what has happened in similar circumstances. The Redwater fertilizer plant is just 40 miles from Edmonton. What has actually happened? The area 10 miles from Redwater (Opal) was choke cherry country. This was a good producing crop area. This was an area with good quality water wells. Now 10 to 15 years later: the crops do not yield as well; the choke cherry trees are dying; the living soil organisms are dead so that there is no way the soil fertility can be restored; the vegetable gardens are disap- pointing in the quality and size produced; the well water has a putrifying taste: the chickens, ducks, geese cannot produce eggs that will hatch into healthy offspring. Pipe Line Technologists say that the company's (Alberta Ammonia I proposed ammonia plant will have no significant impact on the environment of the Raymond area. What proof can they bring forth? I, for one, must question the validity of this report. If I were in the position of having to make a decision I woulc want to be doubly sure about what could happen and I would not act in haste with the little knowledge that is obtainable. I would want a long term study made for the region and area surrounding Raymond. After all it is not only Ray- mond that will be affected. I would want the study to show the advantages and disadvan- tages of having such a plant and how it will affect quality of life for our children and future generations. So we will ship fertilizer south of the Canadian American border. Crops there will flourish, hopefully and this too is questionable. Our area in 10 to 15 years will be unable to grow natural grass or cover. The lack of vegeta- tion will surely result in ero- sion and eventually a dust bowl Then. I guess, we'll import our beef and horses and sheep and milk from the good old U.S. It would be a tragedy if the provincial government accepted this report with all its uncertainties, its faulty reasoning, its neglect of using present knowledge, and all the other pertinent ramifications. And let us remember that an ounce (NOW) of prevention will be worth a pound of cure (10-15 years from And let us remember that haste breeds delay and sometimes DISASTER. E. S. VASELENAK Lethbridge Editor's Note: The neutrali- ty and accuracy of the report mentioned should indeed be verified. So they should be also, in the references to Redwater's present and Raymond's future, as stated above. Swimming important My apology to Ms. Van Buchanan (letter, Nov. 8) and to all swimming instructors and mothers of swimming students. I should not have listed swimming lessons as a frill. Matter of fact. 1 should not have listed any specific frills at all as we all have different ideas of what constitutes a frill. Physical activity, such as swimming, is equally as important as good diet in leading a balanced life. I should like to state further, in reply to the same letter that the Lethbridge Milk Foundation promotes good nutrition as do all the Associated Milk Foundations of Canada. The local Milk Foundation distributes in Lethbridge and district schools and clinics, free educational materials which include posters, brochures, booklets, reference books for libraries, films and filmstrips. Most of these materials refer to milk only, as dairy products are included in the Canada i Food Guide. Paid advertising in The Herald is a further attempt to educate the reading public about the need for a balanced diet. MRS. BETH JOHNSON Nutritionist. L.M.F. Letters are welcome and will be published providing: identification is included (name and address are required even when the letter is to appear over a they are sensible and not libelous; they are of manageable length or can be shortened (normally letters should not ex- ceed 300 they are decipherable (it great- ly helps if letters are typed, double spaced with writers do not submit letters too frequently. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St S. Lethbndge. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD Ptopneiois and P Second CI8SS Mail Registration No 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R DOR AM General Manager "Thank goodness. B.C.'s attorney-general will be pleased it isn't that racist South African wine." ROY f MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH BARNETT Business Manage' "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;