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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 13, 1909, Lethbridge, Alberta THE LETHBRIDGE DAILY HERALD, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 13, PAGE NINE v Week of November 15th Gladstone SlSterS The New Eureka Orchestra The Famous Louise and Hazel R. H. STRANG Musical Director WASHER BROS. Absolutely the Best Vaudeville Program Ever Offered the Public i IDL.j UJU. The Family Theatre of the Harmony Singing, Fancy Dancing, Featuring their Own Acrobatic Dance Steam Heated, and Wired Throughout in Conduit. Four Commodious Exits. Your Pleasure and Gonifdrt Our Motto THE BOXING MIDGETS The Funniest Act in Vaudeville, To see them is to Laugh Vincent Casey Stage Manager Proprietor Manager CP Roy Wilson Electrician (jf eat Speech; (Continued trim Four.) part'I must oiiy- that I do not a.ttadE very great importance either to one form or the other. Whetfher it or or an un- written one, all it is tine will of the must prevail; and ;tih.e Americans have a written Britain and the United States, under institution's; truth arid' justice1 may be''.'for, some time and not inserted, they would not pollute .such r a' noble instrument with su-dE words as. "slavery" or but it' was slavery which they' meant un- der tnc word They expected that in of -time pub- lic opinion would move, and tfhey abolitionists, but" lie stood the inflic-[ tion of slavery; he was biding his time; two months later, when he tion and' did not? move until he thought the time.. 'Had obine. I may, perhaps, upon this; point, road you a letter which he addressed -to Hor- ace Greeley, passionate, pet- ulant, narrow man, who were right in -that opinion..' Public'-called for the immediate enfranchise- opinion did move, but it moved in I ent of the slaves even impeded, but in the end it will different in the northern-! prevail. Under those free institutions j the triumph of truth and justice is generally of slow it is not as sudden as the conversion of Saul on the road from Jerusalem to Da- grew fierce' against the curse and the of such an institution.. In the south, oh the contrary, the impression grew firm in favor of slavery from.- the sup- mascus. But I claim that nnder these j position that African labor was i a ne- free institutions principles have beenjcessity of the climatic of evolved from to time' which, j the 5Guth) irL.a semi-tropical country, though at first resisted, have at last] go ,cllTrent9 wenfc on and been accepted as emanations ffomiand passion growing fiercer truth eternal. I might give you an-j and and {or fifty yeaxs the other illustration of- what I assert j best men of gtates that in the long run under free in- j centrated all their efforts in devising stitutioris truth and justice, however j comproillise after compromise, to keep thwarted, will at last triumph in the nmnericai balance between the constitution-, their history shows that it is without changing a word that constitution, so vary the spirit of it as to effectively amend it. That is the -case in regard to the elec- tion of Presidents. By -an enactment of the constitution as it was orig- inally framed, and supplemented by the twelfth amendment, the Presi- dent is elected by wnat is called the -Electoral' College. Well, you would suppose it was'the intention of the constitution; that these electors, se- lected for that very purpose, great' and eminent men, should proceed to election of a Prtrsident, Nothing" 1 -of the kindl .They have that task jtssaigned to them, but they are not free they simply -cord the wtt nf the people expressed at- the polls. familiar with the manner in which, a Presidential election which is carried -on in these modern days. We had such an'election' not very long ago, _____ _ _____ and heard "the people in the southermost States of for Taft or for Bryan. On election fhe Union, was legal. Six of tine or-Un 1S5G, but so strong was the public "Dear have just read yours of the 19th, addressed to myself through the New York Tribune. If there be in it statements or as- sumptions of fact which I may know to be erroneous, I do 'not, now, and here, argue against them. If there be-' perceptible in it an impatient and thought the moment had -come, he issued his proclamation. It was '.simp- .ly a war measure, noifc. applicable all over the union, but only ,in the insurgent states. But as tiirie pro- gressed public opinion at last com- menced to move, and moved rapidly. At first the northern people, who were averse to slavery, out of the respect they had for .their fellow-countrymen, in the south, had refused ito interfere with, but when they found itheir coun- try invaded and the union jeopar- dized they were prepared to go to the bottom and deal with slavery, and Ab- raham the keenestj judge the manner in. which slavery in the j United States has been dealt with. How Slctverv Fell es and slave states. In 1854- a i new party was organized, the -Republi- i can party, chiefly and only, I might dictatorial tone, I waive it in deference that of the fluctuations of to an old friend, whose heart I have I p.ubbc oP'mon, -5aw tne .4ime was ripe. He advised the Republican con- vention which, met in 1864 to adopt a plank in favor of the total aboli- tion of slavery. His advice was ac- cepted, the plank adopted, and in November following the principle was ratified by the people, and in the Today, Jooking at the past, one j say. to deal with slavery. Their pro- could haifdly conceive that slavery j gram was a very moderate one; it! thoi'VbT would "norive always supposed to be right. As to the poli'cy I seem to be pursuing, as you say, I have not meant to leave anyone in doubt. I would save the union. I would save it the shortest way under the constitution. The'! sooner the national authority can be restored the nearer the union will the union as it was.' If there be in the city of Montreal, the existence i as it was 'Called, but to preven is to save the union and is not either They put a candidate in .the 6eld without freeing any and if I could free it by freeing sonic ;md leaving j others aloiK: I would also do that. day -we were all looking, to see who was elected: was it" Taft or was it' Bryan r The modern method of selec- -tion is this: A convention of -each of two parties, the Republican Om- itrinal State.-) of the American Union feeling that this moderate program j were slave owners. George Washing- j-was defeated. They put .another can-j ton. one of the greatest men of -his-j didate in the field in I860, and then j tory, and a man of unblemished they won, but simply because it was! character, was a slave owner. Jeffer-, in a fight; Abraham. What I do about slavery and the col- i ored race would I do tO SJi because ve the I believe it I shall by negotiations. Both parties depre- cated wa-r, but one of them would make war rather than let thii nation survive, and the other would accept war rather than let it perish. And the wnr came. "One-eighth- of the irhole popula- tion were colored slaves, not distri- buted generally over the but localized in the southern part of it. These slaves constituted a peculiar and powerful interest. All knew that this interest was, somehow, the of the war. To strengthen, perpetuate -and extend this interest was the object, for which the insur- gents would rend the union, even by war; while the government claimed no right to .do more than to restrict the territorial enlargement of it. Neither party .expected for tilie war the magnitude or the duration which is has already maintained. Neither anticipated that iihe -cause of the con- flict might cease with, or even before following March, 1865, the curse and the .conflict, itself would' Each the shame of slavery was forever looked for an easier triumph and a blotted out from the fair name of i result, less fundamental and astound- j ing. Both read the same Bible and j pray to the same God, and each in- the American people. Lincoln's Mature Judgment .Now, ladies and l vokes His aid against ths other. It. rentlemen, it may may seem strange that .any men be interesting if I give you the judg- j should dare to ask a just their bread the other men's ment which was passed by Lincoln sistance in wringing himself upon slavery, its origin, its :.from'the sweat of t vention or ..tflie Democratic Oonven- j SOU) Wi10 Tyrote the Declaration of In- j Lin-coin., -tion selects Taft or Bryan; but the and who penned the not elcctors do not vote for Taft or Bryan, they vote for Mr. ,So-and-So and Mr. So-and-So, men whom they do not know and have never seen, have been carefully selected by the machine. The original constitution, as contemplated by the fathers, has been completely set aside, and in- stead of having an election by the Electoral College, we have in reality an, election by the popular vote, so that there is not much amerenoe tho American constitution met whether the constitution is written or not, it can "Be arranged tactily. Justice Wins in the End COU- ciusion is to be drawn from these comparisons? I "will answer that ques- tion by saying that, barring the fact the American Union is a federa- Union there is no possible doubt ciep sentence that all men are equal, was the Republican candidate, j majority of the popular vote, but simply of the Electoral Col-! a slave owner, and many of the fath- j Abraham Lincoln is one of the j course, and the responsibly of the faces; but let us judge not, tjhat American people for the same. I will, may riot be judged. The prayers of therefore, if you will permit me, read both could not be of you the second inaugural address of j neither has been answered folly. The Abraham Lincoln, delivered by him Almighty has His own purposes. 'Woe a fVf of March. _1865, a few unto tlie Vorld because of offences, doing hurts the, cause, and for it must needs be that offences lnc it is one of the most, extra- j come; but woe to that by whom ordinary papers that was ever writ- j offence If we shall sup- t._-n ut any time. I think you will that American slavery is one of agree that in it then- is a tone which j tllftse offences And seen with his own j cause, it shows that in a democracy tioils been .constantly called pass away. Yet, if God willsxthat out- slavery .from the constitution something of the cruelty, shame i such as ours American as well as forth on point and ph.ise of the ,-t continue until all the wealtih piled union could not have taken place; and degradation of slavery, and it British public opinion has always iojffrcat -contest which still absorbs the by the bondsman's two hundred and the Southern States would not have said that he remarked to a friend j be scanned ana measured, and that j attention and engrosses the energies j fifty of unrequited toil shall be then: "If ever I have an opportunity it is possible while respecting it, to of nation, little that is new could sunkt rtIKj until-every drop of blood come into it. So the fathers closed 1 their eyes upon the question" of slav- l sna11 hit slavery hard." He was ery. They expected, however, that public opinion would move and British consti-' would ext-in.'Tuish. it and. t.ution 15 far superior to the Ameri- can. But the lines of difference are not very material -after all, because the cardinal principle.is that the will of people is the supreme ar- biter in one as in the other. It does not that the public opinion is always right, it is very often- in the wrong, but tihe course of his- tory has shown us that both in Great their hopes on the article in the con- stitution declares: "The mi- gration or importation of such per- sons as any of the States now exist- ing shall think proper to admit shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and'eight." The Inevitable Conflict The word "slavery" or was elected president of the United States lead it. Mark the way in which Abraham Lin-coin at that time places presented. The progress of our arms, on which all chiefly de- pends, is as well known, to the public 'a-s to roys'ftlf, and it is, I trust, reasors- hit .slavery hard, but he could not do i stroy slavery, but that it is a conflict and encouraging to he was installed in office, and you tho question bfforc the- country. He might thought ho could have j says it is not a conflict to .save or cic- i: because public opinion would not! for the union, and upon that ground turcd. charity for all, with, firmness in the permit him to do it. The civil war j appealed to the nation, and his ap-. no prediction in regard to it is von-1 "With malico toward none, with broke out: it was to go on for four peal was responded to, but had long years; tht: northern states were (asked the nation to fight to abolish invaded by the southern armies, and slavery his appeal would have re- even thtfn Alxraham Lincoln could mained unheeded. But at the very not carry out his own instinct. He time that Lincoln was penning that had to .submit to contumely and to letter he had in his desk a proclama- insuits and to taunts from ardent j tioii already prepared for thft aboli- all. With high hope for the future drawn from the lash shall be paid by another drawn with the sword, as was said three thousand, years, ago, so still i! must be said, 'the judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.' "On the occasion corresponding to I right, as God. gives jus to! see" the this -four years ago all thoughts were anxiously directed to an impending r-ivil war. All dreaded it-ail sought to axvrt without, right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in; to bind up Mie na- tion's wounds; to care for him. who have borne the battlo, and for dissolve the union and divide widow, and for his orphan, to dOv in Uie in which the American republic em- erged -from the civil war. Not a drop of blood was shed by the civil power, not a man was put upon trial for his participation in the rebellion; malice there was none; charity there was for all. The result is'.that today, not- withstanding the terrible -cleavage caused by the civil war whidh raged for four most, stupendous trouble that ever tore the ibosom of any at the present time all traces of the conflict have dis- appeared and Qie nation is united as it never was before. A Yet Greater Triumph This, ladies and gentlemen, is a great and- glorious triumph, but I think tihat we, British subjects, can lay claim to and can show a still more phenomenal triumph. It is only ten years ago this month that on -the. veldt of South Africa, Dotch and Briton met in mortal combat. It was: not, as in the American civil war, a conflict of men of the same kith and kin in which thf: of recon- ciliation was made more easy on ac- count of the same blood flowing in the veins of the combatants, and where: liands w-ftrp. cornpellod to join by ine thousand.memories of a com- mon history. No, -on the veldt of South Africa tJhe conflict was between men of alien races, embittered by the' stinging recollection of recent hu- miliation inflicted on each otlfcr. But such was the faith of those who be- lieve in the British constitution that', if I may be permitted to speak of myself, during a debate which took place' in the House when the war was raging, I ventured to make this pre- diction, speaking of the Dutch pop- ulation: (Concluded on Page Eleven.) ;