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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 13, 1909, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE FOUR LETMBRIDGE DAILY HERALD SATURDAY, NOVEMBER, Sir Wilfrid Laurier's Great Speech! HER DEATH WAS HOURLY EXPECTED (Continued from Page Three.) oeeded to put, ccution. after from tin- Union. The outgoing pros-, committal Went, Jaar.'S Buchanan, was an hon- est man, but a weak character. He was surrounded by traitors, who took advantage of the la going gowrnnient would rend the Union, and after the, not curry; i: was defeated oven by 'election had takeu place they pro-1 some of the best thinkers among tlie their threat into ex- li-a-Ji-rs of Republican party, bo- State seceded! CM uso it was frit that Johiwoii had no mistake1, but was exor- v-i-iu? ih'" very powers invested in him by tlie American constitution; acting according to liLs own davs of the out-! liirht, uu-i, therefore, if blame there, facilitate. the was, the blamo was with the system. conspiracy of the slave power. The] In this respect, I think, we British presidentelect, Abraham Lincoln, was subjects can claim that our mon- absolutely powerlvss to interfere; hejarchial constitution is more practi- was impotent .spectator of 'this work j than tlie Republican coiistitu- of. destruction, and could not as much j tion of the Uniu-d States. (Applause.) as lift a finger to prevent it. I can-JTlu-re is 'however, one particular in not but that at that time the which I think tlu> American consti- statesmen rv.jrrettc-d that' tut ion .is superior to our own. I they had not the system of minister-' should not say our own constitution, iai -uoh bi'cau.5" in our Canadian constitution the Britisi: constitution, under! liave tlie best of both the British which Abraham Une.Mn would havejand American; but there is a particu- been placed in hi three weeks.! hr to which the American consti- Aiul how much bloc-l and treasure! tution, in my humble judgment, is would have been saved had Abraham j superior to the British; the American, Lincoln b-'en more promptly placed j constitution is a federative union, j !.i the to which the f' Win-reas the constitution of the Unit- j. Enterprise, Ont., Oct. 1st, 1908. "For seven years I suffered with what phyticiaus called a "Water Tumor." I could neither sit, stand, nor lie down. Hypodermics of morphia had to be given me to ease the pain. Kingdom is n legislative union. No Federative Principle understand bv federative union the peopk- luui called him. Tiit-TV4' i.- another and still more striking rx-': tn be found ir> the pi'riou cotij-tructiot: which thi-: war. I The Reconstruction issue policy of Gciigress nnci tn'- tral government embracing and leg- icy of the president on the problem j islating for the whole, on questions of reconstruction were at total var-j which affect the whole. Perhaps at j iance. It is no part of my present .the first glance someone may think! union of state entities, each one endowed with a legislative power to deal with local questions, and a cen- purpose t-o consider who was in the that a constitution in which there is right or who was in the wrong, but [a division of legislation has not the under tlie British system the policy j element of strength in the more com- oi Congress would have easily prevail- j pact legislative union. To this I ed. The first vote of want of say that the of the (knee the House of Representatives world' gor-s to show, rather, that a would have nt once compelled a {federative union is the most potent My cure seemed hopeless, and mj friends hourly expected my death. I was so bad that I wanted to die, and it was during one of these very bad spells that a family friend brought a box of "Fnut-a-tives" to the house. After much persuation I commenced to take them, but I was. so bad that it was only when I had taken nearly two boies that I commenced to escperience relief. I kept np the treatment, however, and after taking five boxes I was cured, and when I appealed on the street my friends said. 'The dead has come to and this seemed literally true, because I certainly was at death's door." (Signed) MRS- JAMES FENWICK. "Fruit-a-tires" are sold by all detlexa mtfoca for or trial box, 250, or Beat post-paid on receipt of price Iff Limited, Ottawa. change of Ministry and forced the policy which Congress had in mind. But, under tlie system which then existed, the President was in office for four years. He was absolutely free iroai control, he could baffle will Congress, and Congress was absolutely powerless. Again J am led to believe Congress at instrument of government to unite communities which have been here- tofore divided either by ethnical dif- geographical distances or historic developments; and I would gO iS-nuiGT, allu tiiSt tuS tcucrS-trvc system is a counterpoise to the dan- ger of over-centralization in. a not per- the leaders of ffectly homogeneous cormnunity spread Stephens and than once regretted that the fathers had not adopted the British system, which would have, made it so easy for Con- gress to carry out that policy. British Constitution More Practical As it is, discord almost akin to civil war resulted from the difference between Congress and the President. over large territory. The Americans I and it was only through the efforts of the best minds of that day that they at last adopted tlie union. Tlie American republic is today so unit- ed, so strong, so 50 legit- imately its glorious- past and 'of its colossal future that it is almost a matter of surprise that there should have been so much difficulty at the outset to unite it. Such, was the case, however, and it is not diffi- adopted a federative union, and in cult to comprehend, if we remember in_r this I believe built b- ttcr than th.-y because ;ts -nag more a matter of necessity than of cm-ice. It is'a matter of history that the war of the revolution tnere in the emancipated col nics, a disinclination to-unite in lei a single strong- government. They preferred At last Congress resorted to the ex-! to keep up among themselves the treme process -of impeachment'against Johnson. The impeachment could ties which, had been' hastily patched up at the commencement of the war, the conditions which, prevailed at the .time of war of the revolution. The thirteen colonies which separated in 1776 from Great Britain were, not iden- tical except in origin and in alleg- iance. Each., one had been granted a separate charter, and each had a separate organization. There was be- tween .them very little communica- tion and hardly any commerce. What little commerce there was was simply- t t III I III I M M-'f t T T t i -r 1 4- no If You Buy Your lumber and Building Hatepial from The Citizens' Lumber Go, A Big Stock of and Cedar Plaster Paris, and ji Wood Fibre jus ceiveeL re- We are here to serve you with a full stock. Baroness Road Ph'one the ready exchange of rough commod- ities over the borders of contiguous Great Britain forgot her own history, and attempted to tax those colonies against their will, against their consent, and in so doing struck a spark which at once produced a conflagration. Englishmen of the New World Tilt- attempt produced upon these Englishmen of the new world the same result which similar attempts har always caused upon Englishmen of the old world; it developed a spirit of unconquerable resistance. These nica at once found out that they were of tlm same blood, the same kith and kin, and they organized to repel the coming danger; but as soon as that danger had been repelled each state wanted to revert to its independ- ence and its separate existence. It was, as i repeat, die best efforts of the best men of that day which at last resulted in the introduction of the union. The men to whom Amer- i leans are indebted for the carrying t out of the union as it exists today are George Washington, Alexander Ham- ilton, John Marshall, Da-niel Webster and Abraham Lincoln. The United States has been fortunate perhaps be- yond any other nation in producing j at the right moment the right man to deal with the problem of the day. George Washington was pre-eminently such a man. 'He had been a success- ful leader of his country'in the strug- gle for independence, and undoubted- ly it was through his authority tha the convention of states was at las held which framed the constitution It was the dignity and the equipois- of his character, his sound judgment his high conception of public duty his lofty impulses and his pure dis interestedness which carried Ms coun trynien into a course as to'which the} had many misgivings. Another man who for my part I look upon as one of the great men of the was M'Clary's Saves a Lot of Fuel Sask-Alu Steel Range is built to be very, very easy on fuel as well is a perfect baker and cooker. To describe in detail the various schemes which save fuel would be too long a story for this space, so we ask you to allow the McClary agent to tell you how the following features save Wide Fire Duplex Lined and Anti-Rust Coated Flues Top and Bottom of Oven with Asbestos Heat Retainer at Back oi Oven. Alexander Hamilton. (Applause.) The Genius of Hamilton Alexander Hamilton was not a son the young republic by birth, but by adoption'; he had been bbrri in the British West Indies, in-the small-is- land of Nevis, from a Scotch father and a French .Huguenot mother. When he was. ..still- a very young child he was sent to.New York to complete what-little education he had received; that was just-at the beginning of-the and he adopted its prin- ciples, as own with entihusiasm, and v although he was a rriere- boy, years1 of he served with credit during; the tflhole war. As a child- he had been almost omenon as a man he was almost .-a-.-. phenomenon for his strong, and .varied abilities; during his too short career he was in -turn a .soldier, a--publicist; a. lawyer, and a writer of eminence: He "was one of he.: tlhree delegates'' .sent by the' State f- New York to" the for framing the union, but received no assistance whatever' (from His-; col- -who were against the union nd abandoned their posts. He ,was. eft'by'himself'to represent the State >f New York; he -proved..himself' far n advance of any other one in his bold conceptions of government. If iis voice (had prevailed, the American union would have been made federat- ve, as it was made, but with a far stronger central government. But Jhe truth of the. matter is. that his -iews did hot prevail entirely; with he true instinct of statesmanship, hough disappointed, when the con- nitution had been signed he threw himself into the by pen and by word he and de- ended it, and to this day his writ- ugs and desen-edly: so, accepted by his 'fellow-countrymen as the law and the gospel! In the work of the convention of the State of" New York, own state, valuable as had been risk services in, the other convention, lis sen-ices were still more valuable. The State of New York at that time was led by a man, George Clinton, an able man, a shrewd man, a clever manager of political affairs, who was absolutely and entirely, and vithout compromise, to the union, and who succeeded in the convention, vhich was called by the state in elect- ng out of the sixty-five representa- ives which composed It, forty-six who., like himself, were pledged against the union. Hamilton went o the convention with these figures before him, and he wrote to a friend: Two-thirds of the convention four-sevenths of the people are against us." That was not a cheering begin- ning, but in those words there is not "he impression of failing courage, but rather the exulting spirit of a strong man, armed in the justice of a great and events showed he was LETHBRIDGE AGENTS -Agnew Co. live out of town write ue." side. I remember'in the i remotely connected; with the question old time, in the time of Sir John Mac- dohald, that .the. member' who then! of British politics; but we are all cause, right. A Unique Spectacle The work and the labors of the con- vention commenced; Hamilton was on his feet day after day to explain the constitution, article by articles, and to try and- convince to com- ,municaie his own enthusiasm to his fellow members, and then took pkce sight which is very .seldom seen' in elective assemblies. The leader of the forces on the .other side, the anti- union man, Melancihon. Smith, a man also of great ability and force clared he had been convinced by the arguments of Hamilton, and that he Tvould vote for the union. Madam President, I have been 'in parliament for a- long time riow; I -have- seen many a debate where I had thought -argument had perpetrated and carried conviction, but I did not see conviction expressed by other represented the county- of Ottawa, a most genial; affable Alonzo Wright, was one day upbraided by a friend for having voted' a certain way, who said to him: "You know'-it is' wrong." Mr. Wright replied: "Why certainly it was''wrong: I know it. My conscience' is my own, but my vote is-my party's." You seldom see" a mail admitting that he has been argu- to Alexander Hamilton, is due" the of having- performed this miracle. AmtriciV Greatest Jurist The" next" man m, chronolo- gically, is John Marshall, president of the supreme court'.of- the United States from 1801. to who was, without" doubt, one of tlfie' greatest jurisis of all and' oi all; couri- He seemed' to have :had a pe-. for" uhraveilirig. the problems must arise un- der a federative coh-stitution Between he central government and'the local He laid down" the land- marks which have' impressed' the' Am- erican constitution so deep in the learts of the American people, but j or., this, final conclusion the chief j credit is due to Daniel Webster, who j vas one of the most powerful orators i ho ever lived in any country. Goldwin Smitlh', a good judge, thus criticizes: him: I "As ;tn orator of reason he had no j superior, if he has an equal in the I language. His style has >een compared to the of a! rip-hammer, which his sentences re-; sembled in measured force, but not in j monotony.. The majesty of intellect j on hi-5 beetling brow, and he had j the looks and port of Jove. He was j and felt himself a king." It was the eloquence of Daniel Web- j ster which, after all, brought in the j American people "the first sense of; heir greatness; he was the first to I proclaim that the union was supreme, and that it was "flie supreme goal. All honor to the great name of Daniel Webster. Lincoln's Supreme Service The next man is Abraham Lincoln, far different man, who for wise, prudent, prescient statesmanship I do; not think has an equal. _It was his tatesmanship that brought the coun- j ry successfully tnrough the civil; and from that day the macy of the union has not been ques- j tioned, and the American nation has; become what it is today. Mr. Glad-j stone, in an article published many j years ago, speaking of the American j British subjects, we 'have all the in- terests of the empire at heart, and we can look across tlie water and seek for 'possible remedies to these momentous problems which come within the range-net, where there .might possible not. of actual politics, but in the high-realm of speculative thought. There is one thing which always strikes me in the position tod-ay of the parliament of Great Britain. It is understood that it' is congested, loaded and overloaded with petty interests, and trifling ques- tions. You may have one day. in-that august most august the ever discussion up- on the fate of. empire, or tfce-destinies of .nations, or the. highest concerns of peace or the following day a debate -upon, -a road ditch in Wales, a loch in "the Hi'gfhlands of Scotland. or a piece of bog in Ireland. The greatest possible problems that ever engaged the anxious attention of leg- islators and. the most petty, -trifling, interests alternately engage, the at- tention of -the same men. There is something in' this, it seems to .me. not consistent with tihe sphere of Ac- tion which ought to be reserved to, an imperial parliament such.1 as the British, parliament. I would no.t go' further in, this direction at present, but perhaps some time or otfoef some federative system, dividing legisla- tion, with regard to England, Scotland Ireland and Wales may be de-vised for the United Kingdom. The Written Constitution Ladies and" gentleiueh, you- will ask me: "Ii'there not a great advantage'- which -the'Americans ua-iri the fact- tShat theirs' is a1 written antf the British" an unwritten institution? (Continued on Page OF CANADA Capttil oi tot Grata Drafts with Bills of attached negotiated at any of the 113 Unibtf Bank Branches ii Western Caiada. Notes discounted or taken for collection. Money transmitted by Bank" Money Order, Draft or Telegraph or Cable Transfer. Now is the time to open a Savings Account. Interest ii paid the highest current rate, and money may be withdrawn at any time. .00 opens" an account. Main Office cor. Round Redpath Sts Sub-Office Westminster Rd., N. Ward J. R. ANDERSON Manager. THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE OFFICE. TORONTO WALKER, Fresidemt Paid-up Capital, Reserve Fund, constitution, wrote these "The TRAVELLERS' CHEQUES The new Travellers' Cheques recently issued by this Bank are a most conreaient way in which to cany money when travelling-. They are'issued in denominations of and and the exact amount payable in Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Great Britain, Holland, Italy, Norway, Russia, Sweden and Switzerland is stated on the face of each cheque, while in other countries they are payable at current rates. The cheoues and all information regarding1 them may be obtained at every office of the CG.K. American constitution is, so far as I _ can see, the most wmderfaTwork ever j struck off at a given rime by the brain i and purpose of man." In some respects, m many respects perhaps I should say, almost in every respect, this high encomium, passed by so high an authority is not ex- aggerated. Tlie American constitu- tion has been an instrument of free-j dom, of law and of order, and I doubt if it would have been possible to carry on this immense machinery, till is immense mass of men etxending all over the continent, by any other system than by federative sys-j tern. The wonder, to-me has always j been that Mr. Gladstone had not found" in the federative principle the remedy which he sought lor the evil .which has undoubtedly for j several the Irish THEMOLSONSBANK Established 1855 Capital (Paid Up) Reserve Fund HEAD MONTREAL 68 BRANCHES IN CANADA U.S. Exchange Bought' and Sold at Lowest Rates _ of All Kinds Carried upon Favorable Terms V1NGS DEPARTMENT to the solution of. which he devoted, j t Deposits of and upwards received. Interest allowed from iV A vi.1? Vic A, f'Jo'fck r> "t e f the declining years of his life. An Overloaded Parliament God forbid that I should enter qn j this occasion or any other occasion, j on anything which might be ever so' date of deposit at highest rates Lethbridge Branch, Redpath St. L D. JOHNSON, Manager ;