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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 12, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, November 12, Fines and restitution Some very sensible suggestions are contained in the latest working papers published by the Law Reform Commis- sion of Canada. The commission, which has been in ex- istence for three years and which nas already produced working papers on the family court, on strict liability, on sentencing and on discovery, has accepted the principle that in matters of restitution and compensation the victim of a crime should be given priority con- sideration. It argues that wherever possible the offender should be ordered to make restitution to the victim and that this should take priority over payment to the state, i.e., a fine. In questioning the value of im- prisonment, it asks, "If your color TV set were stolen, would you rather have it back or 'lock the bum The commission feels that fines can be as effective a deterrent to crime as imprisonment, which it thinks should be used only in exceptional cases. Fines, it argues, are especially useful in crimes against society rather than against in- dividuals. Dangerous driving is given as an example. It recommends that judges be allowed the discretion of imposing a fine in all cases; at present two thirds of Criminal Code offences cannot be punished by fines alone. The commission has a further, in- novative suggestion. Since fines are a punishment and since all members of society should be treated equally, it suggested that day-fines be instituted. Under this system the offender is not fined a dollar amount but is fined a por- tion of his income. This, as well as the other recommendations, would seem to provide a more effective approach to justice. However, these recommendations represent only the current thinking of the commission, which instituted a policy of publishing working papers in order to draw public comments and to learn public thinking in regard to law reform before making its final report to the minister of justice. It has apparently been difficult to arouse any degree of public interest although several approaches have been tried. A project involving several disciplines was set up at the University of Toronto to explore methods of making law more un- derstandable and available to the public. A university workshop was also carried out for high school teachers interested in teaching law, arising from the com- mission's conviction that public interest and involvement in law and law reform must really begin in school. Schools are in constant danger of drowning in a sea of suggestions as to what to teach. Nevertheless, this topic does seem to be one in which students might just be interested. Suggestion for Remembrance Day While Remembrance Day is still fresh in memory a suggestion is hereby made to those planning next year's services at the Civic Centre and the Cenotaph. They should arrange with the transit system to have buses running so that citizens dependent on that form of transportation can get to the services. This year and probably in other years as well the buses were on holi- day schedule, which means they did not commence service until noon. Numbers of people, not cognizant of the holiday schedule, were to be seen at bus stops all over the city, most of them likely ex- pecting to get to the services. Some of the people at the bus stops may also have been going to work. Remembrance Day. for various reasons, is not a holiday for everyone. Some con- sideration is in order for the workers as well as those wanting to share in the civic services. THE CASSEROLE When asked by Joe Clark, MP for Rocky Mountain, what method had been used to determine the unemployment rate in his riding. Manpower Minister Robert Andras replied, in part, "Since these economic regions are generally speaking aggregations of electoral as well as CMC districts and if we assume that spatial distribution of unemploy- ment and labor force has not changed much since 1971. it is possible to put together the currency of the labor force data with the re- quired disaggregation to the constituency level given in the census." Anyone who can figure that out is asked to communicate with Mr. Clark. Olympic officials in Ottawa were surprised recently to learn that one set of their coins has become an instant collector's item probably worth between and SI.000 each. There are up to 9.000 coins in which the backside of a series I coin 119731 has been ac- cidentally sandwiched with the front of a series II (1974) coin. Considering that three million Olympic coins are being minted that makes a rarity factor of better than one in 300. It's a good time for the serious art collector to be much more selective about his buying. A column in the Financial Times mentions that because of the stock market uncertainty a great deal of money normally deposited there is now going into art and antiques, thereby driving up price? The V.S. Commerce Secretary has come up with a new word for the word recession. In the summer, he said the U.S. economy was in a mere "spasm." now it is in a "sideways waffle." As the Financial Times of Canada notes, the language of economics has moved from the medical to the vaguely edible. The president of Lobiaws Groceterias Co. Ltd.. has called for a Royal Commission to investigate food products marketing boards, and enquire into speculating in food com- modities. When a major food chain asks for an investigation of factors that affect food prices, the government would do well to pay attention. ART BUCHWALD Liebchen is tired WASHINGTON As one watches Henry Kissinger wing around from one country another, you can't help but have a spot of .sympathy for Nancy Kissinger. She looks like .such a good soldier, but obviously the strain of traveling with Henry must be a great one 1 would like to take you fv'.ei suite Cairo. "My God. Henry. In. "I know. dear. It mus: be wearing trsf.- you. Why don't vou go vis.' "ne "I've already seen the Pyramids. Henry "Well, why don't you go to Aswan and see the daml1 You could be back for dinner "I don't want to see a dam. I saw three in India." "How about going up to hear its a great sightseeing town." "Why can't I just stay in my hotel room and climb to the top of Masada." "I don't want to visit any caves and I don't want to ciimb 3 mountain by the Dead Sea." 'Well, you can't visit the religious places in .Jerusalem You did that two weeks ago. Maybe I could swing it for you to run over to the Sea of Galilee I hear tnev have some Roman there." Sadat I have an up- "Because. Nancy, the peop-e vou >o visit all their monuments How would it look to Sadat if you dicin wan; see the Sphinx' "Henry, ran't you understand my feet iurt I've walked Taki Vugoslavia. smilinc all the- M are sore "Look, we've only 12 more -.-o- visit. Then we Ti e'> r. e am vour color slides to F.O' keff--'r have a nice. "Henry. I just >-r.i -uo you ran visit T -.vsh 1 f-o'ild eo with Yes she s "here .Of She was just 'r.! sr. niost rases, these by people ii.: a t i o n A prime example of this lark of :s 'r.f- i'nanf'rc rnjr Tiiex immense he >t .n shou''T have hec-n ior their ideas and opinions before ihe financ-ial transactions were finalised. be1 they '-ast their votes. OL.T W-. ;j croup of people who in 2 better b'.-iween the people get ar fdur-ation At present. Pfigan Reserve arr studenls wh'- Khartoum to Europe, gunmen ha.y killed innocents in the name of Palestine. Many of these agents belonged to organizations secretly co- ordinated by the PLO. The very last attempt (which was frustrated) sought to slay Hussein at the recent summit. The PLO now summons Arab lands "to prepare themselves militarily and economically" for another conflict with Israel. Arafat forecasts war within six months. And the Soviet Union, privately furious that Kissinger managed to euchre it out of Egypt, has fought back by arming Syria to the teeth. Now it is equipping the PLO with new weapons and technical training. Israel has reacted by stating publicly it wouldn't accept creation of a Palestinian state on the Jordan River's West Bank and would never negotiate with "terrorists." Arab guerrilla groups on Arafat's left have also denounced him although he seems to have won the gestance stake race. The tide is running Arafat's iand Russia's) way and relatively moderate Arab leaders may soon start beating tactical retreats. i'.self has every reason 'far !ha'. if it withdraws to until .-..f.ic this ;naximalist> to de- u-aiKl extinction of the Jewish state. Therefore, come what may, Israel will almost surely fight rather than accept what it drrms a probably mortal dis- ahiliiy Moan-while, from Damascus to Jerusalem and 'he Hed Sea. jets again n :iri'aj-ks ruinr.le. Can K r.-.j-ijure up a to their use'1 the "cons' -rva tier-oriented" policies of. say. which next year will cut oil imports by 10 per cent, or the U.S. which has imposed a 55 m.p.h. speed limit, we practice "consumption oriented" policies To combat inflation, but at the cost of encouraging consumption. Canadian oil prices are held at a barrel compared to a world average of about Next June the federal-provincial agreed oil price will be increased, probably to a barrel. supplies have been slower, anci more difficult, to develop than expected. Short- ages of manpower and of materials, and spiralling costs, have pushed back the opening of the giant Syncrude tar sands plant to 1977-78. Other plants (Shell Explorer Ltd. has just withdrawn from its group) are likely to come on stream up to four years apart instead of the hoped-for two-year gap. Eastern off- shore discoveries have been sparse. In '.he north the news, finally, is better: Imperial Oil now claims it has found eco- nomic-sized pools in the shallow Beaufort Sea and has joined a consortium which hopes to build a Mackenzie Valley pipeline by mid-'80s. company spending on exploration is down sharply, to a probable billion this year compared to a planned billion. In Alberta, few deep most likely to s'trike large, new been dug. The cause is the federal-provincial dispute over oil taxes. Alberta and Saskatchewan first pre- empted the field with higher royalties. Ottawa, in last May's budget, responded by disallowing company royalty payments as expenses eligible for income tax calculation. The tax duplication means that, in Saskatchewan, oil companies ioseSl cents for each barrel of oil they produced. "We have to be concerned about our ability to generate fresh supplies in time." says Macdonald. Macdonald this month will ask Cabinet for authority to cut back exports to the U.S., along the lines of the Energy Board report. Since this oil is Canada's last "cheap" oil i output from Arctic and the sardc t available, will is prepared to eliminate exports entirely, "subject to an adjustment period." (Some U.S. Midwest refineries depend entirely on Canadian oil.) Other measures in hand: a government advertising cam- paign Ihis winter to promote oil conservation Mthough no actual ions are planr.fd. pipeline agreement, on which negotiations began a fortnight ago. to guarantee security of each country's oil and gas through the other's territory: a request to Cabinet for assistance to enable Inter- Provincial Pipeline to build, though not until mid-76, a new 250.000-barrel-a-day line to Montreal to increase Canada's security in the event of a se- cond Arab oil blockade. The key derision, though, rests not with Macdonald but with P'inarwv Minister Turner, and equally, with Premiers Lougheeci of Alberta and Blakeney nf .Saskatchewan. Between them they have to settle the tax dispute, in or immediately after the November 18 budget "Our credibility is low. there's no point preti-rriine i! isn't, or thai 'hr- rif this s .John ".ina- Tying -IK' is in It's hard to defend the oil companies these days as to de- fend child-slaughter The truth, though, i? that the com- federal provincial now Absurd Kither vie -.vestern have Jim', has come for a v.b'.ic and rornplete rhango in thf tribal council and ad- ministration Elections arc r-oniine. up in a few weeks, and our hope is to create a sincere and desire for the The Uthbridge Herald S LETHBWDGE HERALD CO LTD PiDD'telor? and Second Clan CLEO MOWERS t 1'-" DON H PILLING Editor CX5UGLAS K WALKER Psge Edtlor .-'hi THEi) l'f-1 "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH ;