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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 12, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDOE HERAIO Tlturidoy, November 12, 1970 John MiJui How big? The public meeting held to discuss sewage rates was a valuable exer- cise. only did it dispel the sus- picion that City Council had taken sides with industry against this citi- zens hut it opened up a very urgent question for discussion. it is regrettable that the mayor was bound by the previously an- nounced rules of procedure for the meeting. In the amicable atmosphere that prevailed, some participation from the gathered citizens other than those who presented briefs could have added much. Dr. Paul Lewis, spokesman for Pol- lution Control Southern Alberta, raised the question of how big the city could become in view of the ob- viously limited capability of the Old- man River to carry effluence. He wanted lo know if much more indus- try and what kind was antici- pated for the city. Mayor Andy Anderson made a re- sponse that" must have disturbed many of those present at Hie meeting. He implied that considerable devel- opment was in the offing. But no probing of this statement was pos- sible so that it remains a sort of vague threat. What must have run through the minds of those present were thoughts of whether schemes to increase the flow of the river would be the an- swer to the problem created by the siting of more industry in Lcthbridge. If the city is going to be permitted- or encouraged to continue grow- ing, perhaps the installation of sec- ondary sewage treatment facilities is either not the right or sufficient ar- rangement. This issue in Lethbridge forces the people here to begin to think very seriously about the population prob- lem which may have seemed very remote until now. Beginning today on the editorial page is a series of ar- ticles by John Mika reporting on a Parliamentary committee in Ottawa which is considering how big a popu- lation Canada can accommodate. A very striking thing noted is the tre- mendous strain people put_ on their environment in affluent nations com- pared to the undeveloped ones, which indicates that mere density compari- son is meaningless. Lethbridge is a relatively small city as cities go. But it has an effluent production equivalent to that of a city five times as large. This is not because its citizens live m ore than in other places but because of the nature of some of the industries located here. The matter of growth'of industry in Lethbridge, then, is one of crucial importance. At least the nature of the industries proposing to locate here is concern. And that informa- tion so germane to the was not revealed. More meetings of the sort held on Monday may be necessary. Middle east cool-down? The renewed ceasefire in the Mid- dle East is a tenuous arrangement, giving both sides time to think a lit- tle longer, perhaps to cool down a little more, and to engage in further military political jockeying. Israel has agreed to maintain the ceasefire as long as Egypt does, but this time there is no assurance that the mili- tary buildup on both sides of the Suez canal will discontinue. Israel remains adamant. She will have nothing to do with formal peace talks until the Egyptians remove the missiles she has moved up in viola- tion of the ceasefire agreement. Is- rael feels no need any longer to maintain the status quo in regard to military hardware. She is now in pos- session of more sophisticated elec- tronic equipment than before, is more fully confident of U.S. integrity and assistance, and generally is in a stronger position both militarily and politically than she was before the ceasefire agreement. As the Wash- ington Post puts it editorially, "Israel has found Cairo's cheating more val- uable than Cairo's observance of the standstill would have been." The plain fact is that the buildup of military hardware on both sides the ceasefire line has made the re- sult of a resumption of hostilities more dangerous to each side. Egypt and Israel would have a great deal more to lose than they would have had a few months ago. Both sides must realize this, and to both sides tills knowledge must surely act as a deterrent. In other words Egypt and Israel are growing increasingly reluc- tant themselves to commence belli- gerent action at least this is the hope. And the longer the ceasefire lasts, the greater the chance of a breakthrough which could eventual- ly bring both sides to the the peace talks. Break for pensioners? A break is in the offing for pen- sioners, the Commons was told re- cently. Mr. Pat Mahoney, Liberal member from Calgary, said the gov- ernment intends to bring in legisla- tion to ease the tax burden on pen- sioners. Until the legislation is passed and some benefit is felt from it most pensioners will likely remain skepti- cal. Tney have been passed over so often that such skepticism is justi- fied. The government cannot plead ig- norance of the plight of the pension- ers. Mr. Stanley Knowles, NDP mem- ber from Winnipeg, has repeatedly drawn attention to the sorry state in which many pensioners are forced to live. His requests for action have gone largely unheeded until this promise of legislation given by Mr. Mahoney. People on fixed incomes are being hit hard fay inflation and in this cate- gory the pensioners suffer most at least those who are dependant solely on the government pension. The piti- ful increase in that pension some time ago was a mockery. It is to be hoped that this matter of doing something to ease the fi- nancial situation of pensioners will be given priority by the government. There are nine others blacks in Congress; there are 10 other women. I was the first to overcome both handicaps at once. Of the two handi- caps, being black is much less of a drawback than being female. Shirley Chisholm, D-N.Y., first Hack woman elected to Con- gress, writing in McCall's t h at women have not even reached the level of "tokenism" that blacks have. Who is responsible? ..By Edna Tillolson, Ficchvood School.. msibility as ible or THHE dictionary defines responsibili "that for which one is answerafc- accountable." Also, responsible means "in- ways of living and becoming a responsible What duty does the school have to our children? Schools can teach children rcany volving trust, duty, or obligation." I won- der how many people have thought about the responsibility for the lives of our chil- dren? To whom do we pass the duty or trust that we as parents, educators, and community members owe U> our youth? First, what responsibility do parents have for these children they have brought into the world? To feed and clothe them is only a small part of their obligation. We hear so much today of the new "freedom" that children experience both at home and at school. What is this freedom? Freedom to do as they please without thought to others? Freedom to become adults with no guidance or love from their parenis? Free- dom from discipline so they cannot attain any self-discipline? H we allow chil- dren Ibis kind of freedom, we arc failing miserably our roles as. a parent. We cannot expect oiu- children to "do as I say but not as I do." This double standard dees not work, as any honest parent will admit. We cannot onlo some- one else. I'm-nts iiin.-l try to improve the Idealistic, you say? Of course it is ar.d {lint's just what we need in this mixcd-up world the courage of our ;nvl the concern to put them into practise: person if this is earned on in the home and community. Ideas of sharing, right and wrong, ami fair play can be taught at school but here again, if the double stan- dard exists, the efforts are futile. Also, "more parents who feel alienated from the school should learn to understand and sup- port it. Children must feel a sense of team- work between parents and teachers. If parents speak against the school, Shis at- titude is carried to the child, thus destroy- ing his feeling of loyally and trust. Teach- ers, also, must realize that what they ex- pect of Hie student they must practise themselves. Teachers must accept fully the responsibility that is entrusted to them in ths forming of ideas. Last but not least, what can we expect of our children? We can expect only what "we" have taught them. By word or deed our children will reflect the ideas and al- titudes that have been passed to them. If we do not earn their respect we will-not receive it. If do not care enough about them we cannot expect their loyalty in re- turn. We, the members of this community, are (ho mirror.s fbrotigii which our children will look to their future. Thi.s is our ''re.spon- Threat of overpopulation in Canada First of a Series Is Canada over- populated already? It may sound like a laugh- able question but a growing number of govermcut and uni- versity scientists and econom- ists think Hie answer may be no joke. And politicans are beginning to sit up and take notice of their urgings that the very least the question needs right away is some serious study. But surely, with 3.5 million square miles of countryside, a population of 21 million is only a drop in the bucket compared with the teeming masses of In- dia and China, isn't it? No it isn't, say most popula- tion experts. They argue such comparisons aui as misleading as thinking you can gal five basketballs into a bucket built for 20 golfballs. New York, for instance, has a lower popula- tion density but much more congestion than a general ago. The fundamental difference they suggest is that North Americans who use more of everything and waste more have an impact on the environ- ment up to 50 times greater than people in underdeveloped countries. And the further north you go from the equator, the less stable is the ecosystem mid therefore the less able en- vironment is to withstand tho multiplying impact of modem man. Thus, while the old Maithu- s'um view of unrestricted popu- lation growth outstripping food production resources may still haunt the agrarian societies, the new spectre of unrestricted consumption growth outstrip- ping waste disposal capacities is beginning to stalk the tech- "let's Worry About It, Like, Tomorrow1" nological nations. On this basis relative im- pact on the environment and not just mere numbers Canada's population already: "Is the equivalent of at least 100 million people in In- dia, by the most conservative calculation; "Or when you consider the high raw resource extraction for export, may be as high as the equivalent of almost 1 billion people, about the same as the population of China, according to the most pessimistic calculations." Those claims mark the range of anxiety felt by Zoology Prof. R. C. Plovmght, of the Univer- sity of Toronto, who recently urged a Commons committee studying pollution problems to recommend evaluation of an "optimum population" target lor Canada through, research and public debate. "There exists a widely-held belief (hat though the world as a whole faces a very serious threat from population growth, Canada somehow is isolated from this he ob- served in an interview. "This is a very dangerous miscon- ception." Prof, Plowright personally believes Canada already is overpopulated as evidenced by the attrition of wilderness area and diminishing wild life spe- cies. He admits that optimum population figures depend on subjective criteria "because it depends on what quality of life you want." He points to the objective irony of the "recent discovery that the average lifespan has begun declining ir southern California, apparently because of smog and other, pollution." Pro! Plowright believes that Canada is racing toward the same fate and it can only be averted if a national concensus decides quickly what our opti- mum population should be to achieve the desired "quality of life" so that immigration and family sizes could be adjusted. To underline the urgency he feels, he told the committee that even if the nation under- took a complete population sta- bilization program next year cutting off immigration and reducing family sizo to an av- erage of 2.2 children Can- ada's population would con- tinue rising for 75 years. That's because there are so many young in the country today who would add to the total number of parents as they grew and married. Without such a pro- gram, current growth rates are expected to double the, popula- tion to 42 million by tlie end of this century and boost it to approach 100 million within 75 years. Prof. Plowright maintains only setting a target and then working to achieve it rationally will enable Canadians to avoid the undesirable form of popula- tion control by which govern- ment some day would dictate compulsory limits on family size to avoid an imminent ca- tastrophe. The committeo was about equally divided between MP's who believed his reasoning was sound and liis warning apt and those who obviously thought them inept and far-fetched mouthings of a young aca- demic. But, within a couple of days, they were reading reports of the same message coming from an unexpected source Prtoce Philip in Buckingham Palace. Warnings that the quality of human life and very survival of wildlife were at stake, the duke strongly urged policies be undertaken to stabilize popula- tion by curbing the birthrate to the 2.2-per-family average. In his own inimitable fashion, the royal father of four pointed out little sacrifice would be en- tailed since most couples "haven't gone out of their way to get (a third child) and the fourth is usually unintention- al." However, neither campus nor palace thinkers are alone on this subject. No less than the Science Council of Canada and President Nixon's new National Goals Research S.aff attached to the White House have desig- nated an immediate search for optimum population targets as priority needs on this conti- nent. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Dave Humphreys British government's foray into Mid-East fray T ONDON: Whatever you think of Sir Alec Douglas- Home's policies, you have to ac- knowledge his skill in playing thsm to the utmost controver- sial effect. London is becoming accustomed to the scene of pol- iticians flying in too consult Sir Alec and Prime Minister Ed- ward Heath over the foreign secretary's new policies. The latest in the line has been Israeli Prime Minister G o 1 d a Meir, who arrived from Ottawa for a longstanding official visit, with her government still smart- ing over a speech Sir Alec made just three days earlier. This speech placed the new govern- ment's Middle East policy on the front burner beside the South African arms question, which continues to simmer nics- ly. In this case it is not so much what Sir Alec said although that is important enough to the Israelis but what he did not say and when he didn't say it. Sir Alec is getting a reputa- Letter to the editor tion for putting his foot in it. He lost no time after the elec- tion in bringing forward the arms question, arousing the ire of the black Africans and their supporters in this country. Now he has done the same sort oC thing with the Middle East ques- tion, The difference is in the con- tent. The essence of the arms issue, what he actually said about selling arms to the South Affricans, was what upset so many people. On the Middle East, he pro- posed two principles for a peace settlement, the over-rid- ing aim of British policy. One was that Israeli armed forces must withdraw from territories occupied during the i.967 Six- Day War. The other was that the state of belligerency must he ended "and the'right of ev- ery state to live in peace within secure and recognized boun- daries free from threats or acts of force, must be recognized." In other words, he built a pol- icy around the United Nations Security Council resolution which called for these condi- tions and which Israel belated- ly agreed to accept this sum- mer as a means of getting the peace talks going. These tails have foundered on Israel's char- ges that Egypt has continually violated the ceasefire agree- ment, set August 7 for an ini- tial period of three months. In the Israeli view Sir Alec one- sidedly put the responsibilities on them, ignoring the violations (which he did not mention) and playing dovn the onus on the Arabs to accept a settlement and peaceful co-existence. Sir Alec did not say that Is- rael must withdraw from the occupied territories m advance of peace negotiations. Israel contends that "peace" and "withdrawal" must come in that i- r d e r or simultaneously, not withdrawal then peace. He said nothing to justify some of tha outrage from Tel Aviv about an "anti Israel" speech and worse. Although the government Canada's political grain marketing system Politicians speak with forked tongues. From one side of their mouth they say they look ahead with delight to the day "when government can be much less involved in agriculture; out of the other side they spout the urgency for more repressive marketing board legislation to givs themselves complete con- trol over every segment of ill's industry. And now, in the best tradi- tion of our political grain mar- keting system, they would have us send not only our thinking lo Ottawa to be done for us, but also our profits fif we mako any) to be properly kept for us. Governments dearly love funds, and their most likely solution to any problem is to set up a scheme whereby everyone, re- gardless of managerial capabil- ity, brains, efficiency, effort or investment, pays in; than the of- ficials decide when and how much (ft pay oul. We've bad a scheme like this fcrr years under the PFAA and it has become such an abomin- ation that people aware of workings have refused to an- swer tiie inspectors' questions. Pay cuts were discontinued some yf.irs ago. but (ho rake- c.ff is Mill being taken, A lot of us would like to know what is being done with the money, AH too often, when bad times come, the fund wilt have been badly invested, dipped into for essential political needs, eaten up by bureaucratic administra- tion costs, or simply frittered away Then of course govern- ment can heroically come to the rescue, and with plenty of fan- fare and publicity, toss in a few millions. The net result will be more resentment toward farm- ers by oilier taxpayers. We are also going lo have a lot of advice on what crops to grow, and ten million dollars a year worth of government market forecasts which up to now wouldn't have teen worth ten cents and never will be so long as they are tempered by the expediency of political gain. Last spring'Mr. Olson had a projected wheat carryover of eleven hundred million bushels, and manage in c n t decisions were taken on that, basis. We harvested something over three hundred million bushels, t h a t makes fourteen, be sold four hundred million bushels and he now has six hundred million. If he could fill granaries the way he empties them he never need- ed to take up politics, much less take his famous liltl- walk for thirty fiv.e thousand dollars a year. What is being done and what k going to to done about the people forced out of business by all these meandcrings of social- istic pin-pose? How does one sell his grain when he quits farm- ing? People their health fails, leases expire, land ch a n g e s hands, but there is at present jio provision for any of these mere realities in our marketing system. When announced last spring, it was quite apparent "that Hie regulations had been drafted by someone without any conception of the most elementary prob- lems of marketing. Very little improvement can be seen as yet, but a system which provid- ed for any reasonable contin- gency was abandoned. It should be noted however that the new scheme will allow losses on the initial grain prices lo be recovered by the govern- ment in subsequent years. This is the most cleverly conceived aspect of the whole package. When (binfis aren't too good osJ the farm front and an election is in the offing, we will havfi good initial prices. Then next year the books wilt be balanced. It's a lot tidier and simpler than the old final payment cut, and just as effective-, it's the rea- son we have a political wheat market. L. K. WALKER. Milk River. itself was more restrained it nevertheless led the condemna- tion. To understand that, it is nec- essary to go back to the speech of I'nme Minister Heath at the Conservative party conference in Blackpool. He said Britain now had an opportunity to "put its relations with the Arab world on a new and more real- istic basis." In the light of that cryptic comment every line of every subsequent speech is un- derstandably being scrutinized by Tei Aviv for the signs of change. Sir Alec did refer lo Britain's interests as a trading nation "with many of our resources vulnerable." It may be that the Israelis are reading "oil" for "resources" and drawing the same conclusion as Labor MP Dr. Maurice Miller of Glasgow. He commented: "Britain needs oil more than she needs Jaffa oranges, and it looks as if this kind of thinking will dominate the cabinet." Here again, there would be some justification for unease simply because there has been a lot of talk by the new govern- ment about revising foreign pol- icy in line with national inter- ests, without anything more spe- cific than stability and peace in the Middle East. Sir Alec has been most vul- nerable to criticism of his tim- ing. There is no apparent rea- son why he had to make this particular speech three days be- fore Mrs. Meir arrived and Uiree days after Mr. Gromyko left. Some obsevers see the timing as a diplomatic affront to Mrs. Meir. (Why could it not have followed her visit and a thorough discussion, apart from a stubborn determination by the government to proclaim the Bri- tish national interest policies re- gardless of the diplomatic cour- tesies which is hardly Sir Alec's The charge by one Tel Aviv newspaper of an Anglo-Soviet "dirty deal" on the Middle East does not stand up. Sir Alec's concern over Soviet penetration and taflucnos in the area Is al- most an obsession and he the last person to sell Israel short at Moscow's gain. The change in actual Middle East policy as yet outlined is slight. There is simply a new government in London that is determined to be more forceful internationally in Britain's in- terests than the last. Under- standably, that gives rise to tire jiHers in other capitals unter- tain of the impact of new pol- icies. (Herald London Bureau) Looking backward THROUGH TIIE HERALD 1920 Great Britian im- pressively honored her war he- iocs by according a field mar- shal's funeral to an unknown British warrior, who was buried in Westminster Abbey. tn.'lo The Norwegian gov- ernment has formally recog- nized the Canadian title to the Arctic islands commonly known as the Sverdrup group, comprising Axel Halberg, Ellcf Hingnes, Amund Ringncs and King Christian. 191D _ vilhjaimur Stcfans- son, famed Arctic explorer, fa- vors a U.S.-Alaska highway starting from the mid-continent near Chicago, across the mid- lands of Canada's north. J950 Tibet was reliably re- ported to havt appealed to the United Nations for aid and in- tervention against the invading Chinese Communists. I960 The board of Ihe Lelh- briclge Municipal Hospital Dis- trict has offered "as much ground as we feel sure can be safely spared" on the hospital grounds as a site for the new 100-bed Lethbridge Auxiliary Hospital. The Lethkid0e Herald 504 71h St. S., Letbbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published M05-10M, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall RcglsSrallon No. GQ12 Member of The Csnadlan Press and She Canadian bally Newspaper publishers' Association and Ihe Audit Bureau of CJrculalloni CL60 MOWERS, EdHor and Publisher THOMAS M, ADAMS, Genera! Manager JOE WILUAM HAY Managing Edilor Associate Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;