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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 11, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta loturdoy, Novtmb.r 11, lt7I THE LITHMIDCI HERALD TJoofc revieivs Gripping narrative of the first rank "The Manllcore" by Rob- ertHHi Davies (MacMIUan of Canada, 280 David had been working up lo a crise de nerfs ever since the death of his father, the multi- millionaire Boy Staunton. Boy was found at the wheel of his car, which had been driven off a pier in the dock area. He was dead, of course, but why did he die with a stone the size of a hen's egg in his mouth? A brilliant and wealthy cri- minal lawyer, about 40 years of age, David has to deal with the grisly aftermath of his fath- er's death, which Includes a biz- arre pre-burial episode involv- ing Boy's second wife, the sharp tongued, ambitious, Caroline. This scene unnerves him com- pletely and sets the tone for the next happening when David mates a humiliating public spec- tacle of himself. It takes place in the Hoyal Alexandra Theatre in Toronto, where he has taken a seat in the gallery, to watch for a sec- ond time, the performance of a magician who has been draw- Ing capacity crowds. One of the acts shows a "large head that looked like brass, but was made of some almost transparent material, (which) seemed to float In the middle of the stags the head gavu what purport- ed to be advice lo people in the audience." David regards the whole thing as a stupid kind of charlatanism Intended for the simple minded or the mere- ly gullible. He is totally unprepared for what comes next. Unable to con- trol hjnself, he jumps to his feet and yells his question at the head. he cries, "killed Boy Then he stumbles up the steep steps of the gallery, rushes home and without consulting anyone, buys a ticket to Zurich. It is in Zurich that the main body of the novel is staged, for Zurich was the home of the great analytic psychologist Carl Jung. It is by the Jungian method that David decides to be freaied. His analyst is a woman, a Dr. Johanna von Hal- ler. (At this point, it would per- haps enlarge the understanding of the reader who knows noth- ing of psychology to consult the outline carried in any ordinary encyclopedia which tells a little about the Jungian approach, about Its emphasis on the four primary functions of the mind thinking, feeling, sensation Religious charlatan "Open Heart" by Fred- crick Beuchner (Adirnciim, S7.83. 276 pages, distributed by McClelland and Stewart .BEUCHNER'S book Lion Country, pub- lished in 1971 received some very favorable reviews and was predecessor of Open Heart. I have a feeling that I might have appreciated the sequel more if I'd read Lion Country first. However, both novels are written to stand alone and once I got mto Open Heart and got the flavor a bit, I enjoyed it al- though I'm not sure I grasped whatever subtle meanings the author may have intended lo get across. Heightened existence "Jonathan Livingston pill" by Richard Bach (Mac- mlllan, 93 Reviewers generally were slow lo take note of this charm- Ing and challenging little book we have been slower than most. Just in case anyone has yet to hear about It, now that it has had a phenomenal sale and been at the lop of best- seller lists, a word of encour- agement to read it Is added here. Using his own knowledge of aeronautics, Richard Bach tells a story of a seagull whose pas- sion was flying. The rejection of a merely materialistic scrab- bling for a living in favor of. finding a heightened existence set Jonathan Livingston Sea- gull apart. It eventually trans- ported him to the company of the select who found meaning beyond eating. Then going be- yond finding personal satisfac- tion he sought others lo inspire. The metaphysical overtones to such a story are unmistak- able and are likely to be pala- table lo almost everyone be- cause of the absence of any- thing definitely doctrinaire. A generous supply of photo- graphs of seagulls, by Russell Munson, adds considerably to the jpell this book casts over the reader. D. W. Institutional product "A Book About Billic" by Billle Miller and David Hcl- wiR, (Obcnm Press, IBS p.. Billie is hardly an anti-hero; he is just a loser. He is a thief, but of small sums; in the illi- cit drug trade, but at the end of the line, as a small-time pedlar. He couldn't make a go of pimping because he couldn't manage more than one girl. As an enforcer, he needed some- one with him lo provide Ihe muscle. Then why bother to write shout him. What he doesn't say and perhaps doesn't need to is that Billie is tot- ally a product of our institu- tions, turned off at home and fit school, just another 'case' Bt Children's Aid, then the dismal, inexorable progression from detention home to reform school (the Ontario euphemism is Training School) to provincial jail to federal penitentiary. This isn't a nice book, but no book about Billie could be nice. But nice or not, it should be read by anyone who still believes that our elaborate and expensive system of correction- al inslitutions is expending much lime or effort on re- habililalion. J. F. Personality obscured and intuition. It's not necessary of course, but it might just en- large one's understanding. In suggesting this, I do not wish to intimate that The Manticore Is in any way obscure or diffi- cult reading. You can appre- ciate it more if you've never heard of Jung.) David Is encouraged to ans- wer the doctor's brief questions, which he does at first with reluctance and some hos- tility. But as time goes on, he freely recalls episodes of his childhood and adolescence, which are in fact, the story of his life, up to the present point. The dialogue between the doc- tor and her patient is totally ab- sorbing and always convincing. Even the dream interpretations are exciting. It all adds up to a novel ex- traordinary in concept, brilliant In execution. Mr. Davies is a scholar of the first rank, but his is the land of scholarship that never intrudes or predominates. He is, The story Is basically that of Leo Bebb, a bit of a religious charlatan wifli a doctorate from a "mill" for conferring bogus theological degrees. The story Is told by Antonio Parr who Is married to Bebb's adopted daughter Sharon and tells some of the complications of their life together and among the off- beat relatives. Frederick Beuchner Is an or- dained minister of the Presby- terian Church and recently bad an excellent piece in Reader's Digest (September 1972) "The Book Almost Nobody Reads" telling how lo effectively read the Bible. E. W. "Nasser: A Political Bio- graphy" by Itohrrl Stephens Longman Canada Lid.) Robert Stephens, foreign edi- tor of the London Observer, handles this political biography with kid gloves and that typi- cally British sense of justice and fair play. Not even Nns- scr's worst enemies could lake exception to Stephen's careful analysis of evcnls. Tlint, in- evitably, mnkos the Egyptian leader's volatile, unpredictable and colorful character almost disappear in the long pages of Middle East history. Rased on, I understand, no years' sludy of (he Arab world, Stephens has gone deeply and comprehensively into political development in Egypt in pnrtl- ciilnr nnd the other Arab coun- tries In general. While ho can only swiping guesses at the motivation behind contra- dictions In both Nasser's chnr- nrtcr nnd ndlons, Stephens can and docs rclnle truthfully ami painstakingly historical events ranging from 1018 In 1D70. The liistory of the Middle East has and always will have a particular fascination f o r most people for a great variety of reasons and interests, rang- ing from love for the Bible to political involvement or from economic involvement to oil drilling. To nl) these people I thoroughly recommend this book. I found it well worth read- ing to fill lire many unexpected gaps in my knowledge on mod- ern liistory of the Middle East. However, if you expect to find the excitement of rending about one of Ihc most controversial, Hie influential of Arab lenders of our century, a nuin wlwse slnry would do Justice lo Hie most provoking fiction, you may be In for a disappointment. In this political biography tin hero's character appears mere- ly a grey shadow woven mto the fine threads of political In- trigue and cvenls which seem to obscure a personality few, If any, Westerners could compre- hend. E, B. by Elwood Ferguson Diverging stories of mad trapper "The Mad Trapper of Rat by Dick North. (Mac- Mlllan Co. of Canada Ltd., 144 pages, "Rat River Trapper." by Thomas P. Kcltcy. (Paper Jacks. 141 pages. It's Ironic that two books deal- Ing with Albert Jolmson, "the mad should he pub- lished at the same time es- pecially when you consider Johnson's story started in 1931. Of the two books, it would seem that the one by Dick North was the more deeply researched of the pair, with many personal interviews and references list- ed. North's book also contains photographs, including two ac- tual shots of the final shoot-out taken from the air, and a map of the area. Keliey's book is written more along the lines of a slightly fictionalized version of the actual events. His facts don't jibe with North's and in some instances they vary great- ly According to North, for in- stance, Jolmson shot three men, killing one. According lo Kelley. Johnson shot five men, killing two. I choose to believe North's accounl. Kelley says pilot "Wop" May had bombs aboard his plane to drop on Johnson from the air: North makes no mention of The first man wounded Is Ihe same in bolli books, be- ing a mountie named King: hut Kelley says the man's name was Bunco Kinp while Norlh lists him as Alfred "Buns" Kinp. Little differences pop im. not Important by themselves, but on the over-all picture one must lean towards North as he sup- plies pages of references to back him up. North said Johnson had five pieces of gold dental work on his body: Kcllcy s.iid seven. North says a particular trip look 20 hours; Kelley snys in. A door to a cabin is four feet according lo Norlh; three foot according lo Kcllcy. Kcilcy MJS there was B linncl iii I lie. cabin; North slates Iho rahm was built around n pil. Kelley ROCS on at groat lengths Johnson's past, IcnriinR the render lo believe Ihnt there was no doubt Hint Albert John- son was rcnlly Albert Johnson. North spends a prcnt deal of lime explaining that no ono knew Johnson's In fad Norlh delves deeply into a com- parison of Johnson wllh another mysterious, surly, even rcrin individual named Arthur Nel- son. Photos, which you can compare for yourself in North's book, lean toward the possibil- ity that Johnson really was Arthur Nelson, or visa versa. North was very emphatic about the fact that during the entire chase Johnson never spoke a single word to his pur- suers; Kelley has him holler- ing at his enemies on at least two occasions. Kelley spends some time talking about an In- dian girl who befriended John- son while North never men- tions her at all. Kelley refers a number of times lo coughing seizures and the spilling up of blood by Johnson, again North's book has no mention of tills. The two agree on the length of Hie chase, 48 days; the amount of money on the body, S2.410; and the over-all myster- ionsncss of the man. The most outstanding differ- ence between the books is in Ihc final death struggle. Kelley describes Johnson hidden be- hind a rock on the river bank wliile North's book Identifies Johnson, by a photo from May's plane, as the figure trapped in the centre of the frozen river, pinned down by fire from three sides. One has to go along with Njrth's account here. The Albert Johnson story Is a gripping, eerie tale. It seems that nothing is as mysterious and exciting as the truth. The question is which book deals with the truth. North's book is the best. The mysterious web woven in its pages and the wolf-man-like dealh photos of Jolmson send chills up and down your spine. It is only my opinion, but I feel North has written a his- tory with a critical eye lo the facls, while Kelley seems to take the story and add to it for the sake of interesting reading. Buy both these books and compare them for yourself. But if you can only afford one. my advice would be to purchase The Mad Trapper of Rat River by Dick North. GARRY ALLISON Tragic Queen Mary "T h c While Qnccn" by 1'rcilcric Fallcm (Doubleday, 322 author has done an ex- cellent job of recounting the tragic slovy or one of his- lovy's most tragic Mary. Queen ot Scots. From Mary's ascension to the throne of Scotland while in her teens to her banishment to the Tower of London while in her twenties, hers is a story of trouble and tragedy. Her first husband died when she was sixteen. Her second husband fell into homosexual relations, even t u a 11 y plotted against her and was ultimately murdered by Mnry's lover, Ihe Earl of Bothwrll. The miii'dor led In Mary's downfall from an already pre- carious perch on Ihc Ihronc of a troubled land. Bolhwcll, the only mnn she ever truly loved was exiled to Denmark nnd Mary was Imprisoned in Lon- don by Quocn Elizabeth, who ninny claim held the Ihronc w h 1 c h rlghlly belonged (o Wary. Fulton's book is a novel, not a biography, and ns such, somo of Urn Information it contains Is not historically correct but this see.ns lo add lo, rather than delract from, his work. It was the author's first book and, unfortunalely, his last. He died in a car crash at the age of Iwcnly-fivc. RON CALDWELL Books in brief "Notice: This is an Indian Reserve" edited by Kent (iooderman, photography by 1'rederik Stevenson. (Griffin House. 81 pages. Stevenson's phot ographs, whilo not anywhere noar fha class of, say a Holoff ncny, show clearly l.hp Kirren exist- ence Ihe Indian lins on his res- ervation. His piclurcs show an over-all drab, shabby, colorless existence, including ciirtainlcss windows, cardboard insiilalion and mattresses and blankets strewn haphazardly on bare wooden planks. The Icxl, mosl of il blank verse, ranges from excellent lo blah! G. A. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORLEY in fact, a very human writer and often a very funny one too. The Manticore in all its im- plications and innuendoes, its symbolism and mystery, is a gripping narrative, a tour de force of the first rank. I was hypnotized and even now I can- not dismiss it from my con- sciousness. The final walJop, which occurs at the very end. is a marvel of the serious dra- matist's art. Bravo, Mr. Dav- ies! JANE HUCKVALE 7s Mams in in retreat? In the Canadian federal election It is surprising that Marxism played no part worth mentioning, especially when so many of the conditions were present giving Marxism a good opportunity the in- crease of agnosticism and atheism, break i down of the family, sexual immorality, high unemployment, and strong class dis- tinctions. In Britain the Communist party is leading the fight against the Industrial Relations Act and is bringing about the anarchy and violence in the utter irrespon- sibility of union militancy. For the first time in history the Trade Union Congress executive is spearheaded by a strong group of left-wingers. The future of Brit- ain is full of peril, but not from the danger of turning Communist. Before Marx died the retreat from his philosophy was such that he would state that he was no Marxist! Since then the heresies of revisionism in Marxism-Lenin- ism-Stalinism have stood the Marxist dog- mas on their head. Despite their claim to doctrinal purity, the Chinese have changed communism until it is much more Maoism than Marxism, a revolution of the people, particularly the peasants, and not the pro- letariat. No intelligent person could maintain or- thodox Marxian faith today. The naturalist philosophy of Marx, which was twisted by Engels into dialectic materialism and in Russia to a sell-generated evolutionary monism, has neither scientific nor intellect- ual integrity. While a historian might ad- mit that class struggle is at the heart of history, no historian could claim class struggle as the totally determining factor. In view of the pervasive bureaucracy and policing of Russian and China who could belive the doctrine of Marx that the state would wither away? Could anyone be so naive as to beb'eva that in the Utopian economic environment of communism men would cease to be liars and thieves, and would live together in idylic harmony? The number of "forced laborers" in the Soviet has had numerous estimates rang- ing from 3.5 million to 13.5 million, but there is agreement that forced labor if slavery. So much so that a committee of the United Nations in 1951-53 investigated it as such, returning a report that it was a built-in component of the Soviet system and that without "the work of the prison- ers" the economy could not survive. To appease the natural aversion to the word "slavery" euphemisms such as correc- tive re-education, punishment of enemies of the people, and isolation of socially dan- gerous elements, are used. Kulaks, Men- sheviks, Ukrainians, Latvians, Lithuanians, and all minority groups, were pressed into the slavery machine. It was the Russian solution to unemployment, as it was Hit- ler's and Mussolini's. Also unhindered by moral or humanitarian considerations, China followed the Russian example. In Russia and China people are conditioned to believe anything, however preposterous, to submit to anything, however cruel, to blind the eyes and close the ears to any- thing, however damnable, in order to es- tablish the most bloody and monstrous tyrannies of human history. Unions as known on this conlient do not exist in Russia, since individuals are not permitted to belong lo a social or other organization distinct from the state. Com- munism like fascism is part of a retreat from freedom which hopefully is now end- ing as man regains humanity. APERTURE WILLIAM CALDERWOOD The Ku Klux Klan in Alberta Professor William Caldcrwood came to Hie University of Lclhbridge IB iciociale liistory professor this yetr He obtained Ms BA and MA degreci from tbe Uni- versity of Saskatchewan, Rcgina us. He wrote his MA thesis on the rise and fall of the Ku Klux Klan In Saskat- chewan. At present, Prof. Calderwood is completing his doctorate degree; his the- sis deals with 16th century English his- tory, In particular the Puritan en. In the last few months Albertans have been confronted with news that tbe Ku Klux Klan intends to organize in Alberta. For old-time residents of Alberta, recent news items of Klan activity in Alberta are nothing new. If they lived in the province in 1929, they might remember this head- line: Vermilion greets Lieut. Gov. Egbert with K.K.K. cross. Actually, Ku Klux Han organizers from British Columbia entered in 1925 or 1927 and began recruiting members at ten dollars per head. Within a short time, one thousand members were reported in the order, with locals at Calgary, Milo, Vulcan, Red Deer, Taber, Rosebud, Ed- monton and many other smaller centres. The order seemed to be making good pro- gress until the organizers disappeared with Klan funds in the fall of 1927. Two years later, in the fall of 1929, the Klan was revived by organizers from Saskatchewan. "Reports are current that the Ku Klux Klan will organize southern Alberta this winter." reported UK Edmon- ton Journal on October 22, 1929, "their op- erations centering in Lethbridge." The report suggested that Klan activities in. this area constituted "one phase of a prov- ince-wide campaign of organization direct- ed by envoys of the invisible The Klan received additional publicity when M. M. Burr of Calgary, Grande Scribe for Alterta, announced that Edmonton would be the headquarters of a Klan District and two branches of the order were al- ready active in the cily. In November. Klan organizer R. C. Sncl- grove of Saskatchewan began campaigning in Alberta. Although denying that he was campaigning under the auspices of the Klan, Snelgrovc eulogized the order and his speeches were identical to those he used as a Klan organizer in Saskalchewan. Within six months, of Snclgrovc's entrance into the province, the Alberta Klun called n provincial convention for March 2. 1920, in Calgary, at which officers would be elected and a course of action planned for the coming election. Wilh regard to publicity. 1930 was an eventful year for the Klan in Allwrla: in March it was blamed erroneously for UK ab- duction and tarring ami feathering of Lacombe blacksmith the case remained in prominence throughout Ihc year until its termination on December 10t.h: and in .lunc, the order announced its active par- ticipation in the federal election campaign hy Issuing questionnaires to nil Ihc Alberta candidates. In at loast one constituency, the fiery cross was burned (o celebrate the victory of a candidate supported by the Klan. That year, another Saskatchewan, organ- izer entered Alberta and gave his strength to the Han cause. J. J. Maloney began campaigning in Alberta at the request of a Grand Master of the Orange Lodge, open- ing in the Vermilion district and reaching some twenty points. He later "invaded" the Hanna district and, in the fall of 1930, Calgary. During his stay in Calgary, he edited and published the Liberator which claimed a circulation of By De- cember, 1930, eleven locals of the Klan had been established in central and north- ern Alberta. Edmonton, was the centre of Maloney'i greatest success. Arriving in September 1931, he claimed that by Christmas he had addressed 100.000 people and by January 1933, On September 7, 1932, Malon- ey-and twenty others applied for and re- ceived a charter from the provincial reg- istrar of joint stock companies for "The Invisible Empire Knights and Ladies of the Ku Klux Klan, Realm of Alberta." In so doing, Alberta became the only prov- ince in Canada to issue a charter to the Klansmen. The Klan's charier of incorporation In Alberta continued to exist until March 15, 1932, when it was repealed. Although order seems to have been dormant for the twelve years following 1940. it was ac- tive throughout the 1930s. In August, 1932, a fifty-foot cross and four smaller crosses were burned on the Exhibition Grounds at Edmonton; in 1933, Maloney was arrested, tried, convicted of theft and "was given two months in jail and little or nothing was heard of him afterwards." In April, 1933, the Klan was involved In a court case against J. Gordon Savage, pres- ident of the Edmonton Home and Properly Owners' Association for attempting to in- terfere with justice: and in August, 1937, a Ku Klux Klan picnic on Ihc island at Ed- monlon Beach featured games, music, the burning of a fiery cross, and was attended by two hundred and fifty people. Now, 35 years later, the KKK is resur- rected in Alberta, still spouting prejudice, patriotism and platitudes. The Klan "wants to promote Protestantism, protect the the most recent Imperial Wizard of lire Confederate Klans of Albcr- la slated a few months ago. Another avowed aim is to help make Canada strong by opposing drug use, abortion and commun- ism." With such worthy objectives, one won- ders why the Imperial Wizard (in Ihe same had to explain that hn R-aj not allowed lo reveal UK identity of other members: "You understand. Some people in business m a y be discriminated ngainst because of Ihcir nssocialion and tlwy can keep that secret lie neg- lected lo add: "just so long as they pay their J25 annual membership tec." The new Alberta Klan is really Ihc old one, in Its old gnrb, pcrpclrating its old rolp. exploiting old ;