Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 11, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
12 TH( irHIRIDCE HERALD Solurtloy, November 11, 1972 Here are the FACTS The letlibndge Herald "CHINOOK" Published Every Two Weeks Reaches more rural and farm households than any other similar publication! AND IT CONTAINS A PLEASANT BALANCE OF INTERESTING READING FOR EVERY HERAtD SUBSCRIBER, PLUS INFORMATIVE ADVERTISING MESSAGES. Place your advertising message where it will be sure to reach the greatest number of and urban households! Contact a Herald Sales Representative now to place your advertisement in the Nov. 28th Chinook Phone 328-4411. Ad copy deadline is Wed., Nov. 22nd. TOTAL RURAL AND LETHBRIDGE CITY CIRCULATION FOR THIS ISSUE WILL BE CRIME DEBATE AMorney-General Merv Leitcli lells ihe Alberta legislature ha rejeds a report's conclusion fhaf the province's system of punishment for crime is backwards. Pure research faces danger By JEFF CARRUTHERS Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA Is there a "serious danger that pure re- search will be extinguished in Canada" The answer to this question Is "yes" if one reads the com ments of an NRG advisory committee on biology in seven-page document described as an assessment of the rcconv mcndalions of tlio second vol- ume of the Lamontagne Senate science policy committee anc tabled at the 251st meeting ol the National Research Council of Oanada here. That report, prepared and ap- proved by the NRC advisory committee on biology which normally deals with the grant- ing of NRC funds to biologists across Canada, claims that if a number of present trends con- tinue, then such a danger of pure research being ex- terminated docs exist. The "trends" include the "in- creasing pressure from various PARKSIDE COIN-OP LAUNDRY DRY CLEAN 2634 SOUTH PARKSIDE DRIVE 12 INGLIS WASHERS PIUS 2MB. WASHER CHINOOK COPIES! QUALITY DRY CLEANING BY THE LOAD PHONE 3270811 sectors of the community Ura have the effect of decreasin our national effort in lunda mental scientific research; frequently misplaced concern for "social relevance: increased demands on facult members in universities by stu dents and administrate duties, eroding the time whic can be spent on basic research and "Senate committees an other groups rccommendin that basic research within go crnment be curtailed." Carefully qualified as the pre- diction of "doom" for basic re- search in Canada, it sounds 1m pressive and a little bit scary. The experts tell us basic re- search is needed for doin more applied science and fo expanding technology, which i turn is needed to create mor jobs and stimulate the econ omy. And- yet, are things reall- lhat bad, even mlh all tin A group of five scicnci writers, representing mos newspapers in Canada, were jiven the report containing th. warning about pure restvrch yesterday courtesy of the NRC They were also allowed to in erview Dr. Mary Spencer liochemistry professor at the [Tniyersity of Alberta and chairman of the NRC advisory committee on biology; and Dr lobert Haynes, chairman of he biology department at York University and chairman of the sub-committee which produced he report. Almost as soon as the Im- promptu news conference be- gan. Dr. Haynes began to hack- down from his warnings about "extinction" of basic research in Canada. U.S, economy groivth seen TORONTO (UP) The United States economy is on Ui leading of a pr-rinrl of sus- tained growth, similar to the experience of the early 1960s, a U.S. economist said here. Benjamin Friedman of Har- vard University, economic ad- viser to Morgan Stanley snd Co. of New York, said he expects real growth of five per cent or hotter In 1073 and close to four per cent in 1974. "With some luck, we'll settle on this four per cent for some period of time." be lolrl Ihn To- ronto Association of niiM'nols EconomLsls. Asked what effect Hie nl the Vietnam war would have on I ho U.S. economy, Dr. Fried- man said it would hnvc no no- ticeable overall impact, hut cer- tain Industries might fcol it directly. Whilo It Is loo parly for n de- finitive Judgment on iho success of wiigc nml price controls in Ihc Unilcd lie predicted Ihcy ulUiniilcly will provo lo have- been successful. Privacy of taxpayer's return not guaranteed By I. H. ASPEH For those taxpayers who won- der just how confidential their tax returns are kept, the most recent group of published deci- sions from the new federal tax court contains an instructive judgment on the subject. The court's ruling in Huron Steel Fabricators (London) Ltd. versus the minister of national revenue wilt be praised by some and damned by as many, because the two schools ol thought on the subject of privacy of tax returns are quite divided. It is an area of tax law which is becoming more promi- nent. The dispute In this case arose out of a tax assessment by the minister of national revenue against Huron Steel. Huron had claimed a deduction for certain payments it had made to an- other company called Pelon Holdings Ltd. The payments were listed as being consulting fees. The revenue department had disallowed the deductions on the ground that there were no serv- ices rendered to Huron by Fe- lon, to justify the payments. That dispute went before the :ax appeal board, where the board upheld the government's position. Tlic taxpayer, Huron Steel, appealed to the federal court. During the pre-trial proceed- ngs, a revenue official was questioned under oath by Hu- lawyer. He was asked on what basis was the revenue de- partment saying that the pay- ments by Huron to Felon were artificial and that no services lad been performed by Pelon :or the money. He testified that he had con- cluded that one of the former shareholders of Huron, who had been bought the sole shareholder of Pelon and that tax record indicated :liat no services had been per- :ormed to justify the payments. When asked where he had ob- tained that information, he re- ilied that it was based on the ax return filed by Pelon. Hu- ron's lawyer then asked him to produce Pelon's tax return so that ho could examine It. The revenue official refused. Huron then appealed to the fed- eral court fo- an order requir- ing the tax department to pro- duce Pelon's tax return. The ease came before Mr. Justice Daryl Heald, the former Saskatchewan attorney-general who recently joined the federal court. Under the federal court act, a minister of the Crown can cer- tify that any document on which Jie is relying to prove his case is of such a nature that it is in the best public Interest that it not be made public. When that occurs, the judge had two options. He can agree with the minis- ter and uphold the refusal to produce it, or he can examine the document in question and determine whether in fact the public interest really will be best served by its being kept private or made available in the court proceedings. The judge has the discretion to at- tach conditions and resLictions on the extent to which a govern- ment document is to be made public. For example, he can o'der that the parties be allowed to see the document, but make r.o copies. He could also permit the document to be used in the trial but not permanently filed In the court records. Justice Heald agreed to ex- amine Pelon's tax return. The revenue department argued that it should not bo turned over to Huron Steel because Pe- lon was not a party to the case and it would be improper for one taxpayer to have access to :he return of another taxpayer. The principle is certainly sound. On the other hand, the Huron Steel counsel argued that while Jie protection of the privacy of .axpayers1 returns was cer- ;ainly an essential principle, It s equally important that where the government uses the infor- mation contained in one tax- payer's return to assess tax against another taxpayer, that nformalion must be made available to allow the taxpayer fair opportunity to defend himself against the assessment. Justice Heald agreed. He em- phasized that the tax law starts on the premise that when the Crown assesses tax, the tax- payer must pay. The onus is on him to prove the Crown is wrong. If he doesn't have ac- cess to the same information the revenue officials have, his hands are tied and he is pow- erless to defend himself. The nub of the decision is a return to the prlncinle that there are times when the rights of one individual must come be- fore the rights of the public generally. And while this Is a commendale view, it still poses further problems. The present system depends upon the gov- ernment maintaining taxpayers' returns in strict confidence. There is really a simple solu- tion to prevent a of this kind of conflict of rights. The Income Tax Act could be amended to preclude the tax authorities from basing their assessment claims solely on material contained in other tax returns. There would not then arise any situation where the Crown is forced to disclose the returns of people who are not parties to dispute. It is conceiveable that this might cause a minor revenue loss, but it is well worth it, if the basic justice of the system is improved. Montana truckers get boost HELENA, Mont. (AP) The Montana Public Service Com- mission has granted 10 par cent higher rates for shipments made within Montana by trucks operated by Burlington North- ern's Highway freight subsidi- aries. The subsidiaries BN Tram- port and BN Motor Lines had proposed a 30 per cent boost. They contended they lost million in the last two yearn. The commission suspended the increases until a hearing held In mid-September. The only exception to the 10 per cent Increase is the mini- mum rate on milk. A commis- sion spokesman said the rates will he effective Tuesday or Wednesday of next week. FINDS PLANETS VICTORIA (CP) A Univer- sity of British Columbia team of scientists believes there is a solar system of Jupiter-sized planets in earth's neighborhood Five planets are believed to be circling Barnard's Star, said Ol- iver Jenson, a post-doctorate fellow in tho astronomy and geophysics department at th8 University of B.C. 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