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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 11, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HE8AID Wednesday, November 11, 1970- Carl The General departs The manner of his death ill befits his vision of himself, the savior ot his people, the soldier who defied his own government and created a re- sistance army to keep the Krcncli idea alive during the dark days of humiliation and defeat. His inililary and political life were always direct- ed towards this one goal France, a kind of mystical historical idea, rather than "a group of human be- ings. He held himself above the peo- ple, a king statesman, never a pa- ternalistic figure lo whom they turn- ed with affection and trust. Arrogant, vain, emotionally cold he was all these tilings, yet his courage, his audaciousness, his conviction of the invincibility of the French spirit car- ried him to the pinnacle of power in France. He defied Winston Churchill and General Eisenhower, incurred the thorough dislike of President Roose- velt, and yet somehow won a kind of grudging admiration for his single- ness of purpose, from all of them. They were well aware that his pur- pose was not simply to defeat the Germans, but to make sure that France would emerge from the Sec- ond World War as a victor, in the end to ably defy the Allied powers who had taken the brunt of conflict. H was the post war encroachment of Great Britain and the United States on the national interest of France that de Gaulle feared, and which led him to veto Britain's entry into the Common Market, to take France out of NATO and to remove NATO headquarters from French soil. Willy nilly the General was forced to watch the disintegration of the French Empire first Indochina and then Algeria went their separate way bitter loss, and some might say, a loss that could have been, if not avoided, made less palatable if de Gaulle had understood the root causes of their discontent. It was this lack of rapport with the common man, that led to his de- feat in the end, and to his silent, austere retirement. History will have to assess his leg- acy to France and the world. But it can be said that in spite of his faults, and his failures, he was a leader who served his own vision of France, with unswerving loyalty. Even Winston Churchill, who never professed' great admiration for him, admitted "that even when he was behaving worst, he seemed to express the personality of France a great nation, with ail its pride, authority and ambition." Ownership not crucial Sale of Ryerson Press to an Amer- ican firm continues to be a matter for vigorous debate. Many people seem to fear that textbooks used in Canadian schools will become so Am- erican that there will be a loss of identity. The notion that an American au- thor cannot write about Canada in a way acceptable to Canadians is ab- surd. An American could quite con- ceivably write a better book about Canada than a Canadian. What books will be used in Cana- dian schools is the business of the various departments of education in the country. They have the respon- sibility of screening what is studied by Canadian young people. If they do not think Americans can suitable texts they can ask to have the work of Canadians published. No publisher is going to be too sticky about that when it comes to getting contracts for relatively low risk textbook business. While the textbook issue is thus largely a red herring, there is rea- son to be concerned about popular book publishing. Canadian authors stand about as much chance of be- ing published as Canadian perform- ers have of getting on TV prime time when In open competition with the Americans. Loss of another Cana- dian independent publisher is a blow to Canadian authors. There is some validity to the argu- ment of a member of the Emer- gency Committee of Canadian Pub- lishers that what is needed to en- sure a Canadian voice in print a body similar to the Canadian Radio- Television Commission. If it is right to have Canadian content regulations in the broadcasting industry it is hard to see why it is not also right to have them for the publishing indus- try. Ownership is surely not the crucial concern. A company operating in Can. ada can be expected to conform to the laws of the land. All that is need- ed is the establishment of regula- tions, if it is deemed necessary and desirable to have them, for the en- couragement and protection of Cana- dian talent. Excoriating the United Church for trying to extract itself from the oper- ation of a business and a losing one at that is unjustified. Dr. Frank B r i s b i n, secretary of the church's communications division, is quite correct in saying the church should not be made the scapegoat for the indifference or inaction of others. Possibility of sale to an Amer- ican firm has existed throughout the year the church has been trying to unburden itself of the business. Peace Day By Jim Wilson TJEMEMBRANCS DAY, is a time to remember those who died to the two world wars and in other wars. It started out as "Armistice fol- lowing the First World War, and was re- vised to "Remembrance Day" Mowing the second. Perhaps it's time we continued this excellent progression of terms and re-named it "Peace which I am sure would sit better with the soldiers and civil- ians who died at war, if they could be asked. I doubt there is anyone, of any age, who Is not in some way grateful to those who died to wars but gratitude demanded on some particular day usually gives it a somewhat less-meaningful expression. We tend rather often, it seems, to draw out the personal grief and tragedy of a few people on Remembrance Day, opening submerged wounds of sorrow while we honor, through the widow or the child, the war dead. It is done with the best of in- tentions, but it seems to me that Nov. 11 should be somewhat less personal, less vicarious than that, so it becomes a col- lective ceremony. There is another factor too: in 30 years- or so there will be very few people still living who can say they lost a relative in either world war an ancestor, yes. But not a flesh and blood, visually remembered relative. Today's youth seems not interested in Remembrance Day, and often spooks out rather strongly against the services but it is not ingratitude that is at the root their lack of interest: it is distance from any envotional involvement with what the services arc ail about. And it IS difficult to feel any emotion about the wartime dead if you didn'l live through war, even if it can be truthfully said that Canadians' freedom today is based on the outcome of wars. The concept of "remembering" relates directly to having something concrete to remember, and in few years Remem- brance Day as it is conducted now will become pretty meaningless to almost everyone in terms of any real personal and emotional involvement. When that day comes, as it most cer- tainly must in the fulness of time, the welkieserved criticisms made today against moves to make Remembrance Day part of just another long weekend will no longer tave any strength so it will be- come another quite meaningless long week- end, if it survives at all. Better to change it .now to something a bit different, which would still involve total commitment to war dead, but would also give it a Mure feeling that could survive the lack of personal connection. I think a change to "Peace Day" preferably worldwide would have far more future potential and support, and as a memorial would have even more pur- pose. This would not mean dropping some mo- ments of mourning the fcad, nor would it mean decreasing any of the current sig- nificance of annual memorial services. But it would give everyone the oppor- tunity to "do his own thing" which in some way would involve peace in the fu- ture, which many can feel more involve- ment with than tragic death in the past. Perhaps changing the cenotaph names to "peace memorials" in the name of the men who, after all, died in the cause of peace and not war, rather than continuing to call them "war memorials" would be a first step. A saved remnant By Dong Walker SEEMS to be tiie wont of girls, Judi has scrapbooks in which she pre- serves mementoes of all sorts of occasions. They are wondrous things, full of pro- grams, pictures, post cards and the like. At our noon meal one day, Judi regaled us with a moment by moment recita] of her morning at work in The Heralii's library. One of the significant happenings had been a visit from Mr. Mowers who helped himself to a candy and handed Judi the wrapper. "Are vou going in put that in your scrap- uskctl Keith. Soviet-American relations baffling WASHINGTON If we for- bid the Soviet Union lo have a submarine base or some other military base in Cuba, how do we maintain a military very question in an adamant base in Turkey? Something not so funny hap- Before the answer is written pened on your way to last we may see yet another period week's elections, and it involves of tension between the world s the Soviet Union posing that two great military powers. The current problem, ob- icurcd somewhat by American and provocative way. For our freedom they died Photo by Walter Kerber campaign rhetoric, began on Oct. 21 when a small plane car- rying two American generals and a major and a Turkish colonel blundered across the Turkish border and was forced to land in Leninakan, Armenia, in the Soviet Union. Since the U-8 was unarmed and bore no elec- tronic spying equipment, one might have assumed that the mere formality of a U.S. apol- ogy would have brought the er- rant airmen home speedily, a gesture that would have been in keeping with efforts on several other fronts to warm up Soviet- American relations. But not so. The Soviets have reacted with such sarcasm and old-style cold war rhetoric that you would think this small craft was engaged in intelli- gence operations even more ex- plosive than the Francis Gary Powers U-2 flight ot a decade ago. The Soviet newspaper Pravda says both the 0-2 and U-8 flights were "directed against the state interests and security of the Soviet Union." A Radio Moscow broadcast into Yugoslavia even contends that the flight belies the U.S. claim that it wants to switch from a "policy of confrontation to the era of negotiation." "The considerable intensifica- tion of the activities of the U.S. Air Force and Navy in areas in the immediate vicinity of the southern borders of the Soviet Union, as well as the incident involving 'the U-8, is not at all in keeping with these state- adds the Russian broadcast. Some analysts think tin's is just Soviet bluster designed to set the stage for a swap of the U.S. generals and the other two passengers for the two Lithuan- ian dissidents who recently hi- jacked a Soviet airliner and forced it to land In Turkey after killing a hostess and wounding the pilot and co-pilot. Such a deal may well turn out to be 'enough for the Krem- lin. But a close look at the vol- ume and content of Russian rhetoric about the U-8 incursion suggests that an old rock to the Russian craw is what resllv bothers vSoviet officials. When John F. Kennedy forced Nikita Khrushchev to pull So- viet missiles out ot Cuba in every Russian leader was aware that the U.S. had Jupiter missiles in Turkey, targeted on the Soviet Union. These missiles were obsolete and Kennedy had long intended to pull them out still, they were there on the Soviet under- belly at a time when we were telling the Russians we would tolerate no missiles 80 miles otf our shores. The Russians knuckled under to what they surely assumed was superior nuclear firepower and determination. Could it be that the Russians now feel strong enough militar- ily and resolute enough in the Kremlin's leadership to try to force Uncle Sam out of Turkey? We have no missiles in Tur- key now, unless it is a deep secret. But there art U.S. at- tack bombers capable of deliv- ering nuclear bombs to targets in Russia Irom what is techni- cally a NATO base in Incirclik, Turkey. There are still about U.S. military men and an equal number of dependents in Tur- key, a decline of about GIs in two years. Russia clearly would like to intimidate Turkey into getting rid of all U.S. military men and weapons. That such intimi- dation is part of the clamor over the U-8 episode is evident in the fact that the Soviet note to Turkey was much harsher than the note to the United States. Moscow radio has broadcast in Turkish to Turkey what com- mentator Lidiya Suyetina called a "serious warning" about the "gravity" of "U.S. warplanes based on Turkish territory" flying along the Turkish-Soviet border "for reconnaissance and provocative purposes." Another Moscow radio broad- cast called Turkey an "accom- plice in the United States' ag- gressive actions." Some see this as the Soviets' deliberately painting t h e m- selves into a corner where they can contend that national honor requires them to get something -or someone in return for the three Americans and the Turkish colonel. Some Krernlinjlogists note that the U-2 incident caused the break-up of a summit meeting between Khrushchev and Presi- dent Eisenhower. But the U-8 affair hasn't even wiped out a smile at the just-reconvened strategic arms limitation talks (SALT) in Helsinki. Some "experts" figure much of the heated Russian rhetoric is just propaganda. The most telling clue as to what the Russiarns really are up to will be when we get the generals learn what wo have to shell out in the way of a political ransom. {Field Enterprises Ine.) Letters to the editor Once destroyed the wilderness cannot be remade Health Minister James Hen- derson seems to have read into statement that "conservation- vatlonisl in the role of a fool. isls want all industry shut I consider this most unfair, the past summer's Public {fc 4m Ue since i have tape recordings MtVWScTZ STarea" the confer- of ..I hearing, proceedings Don't bring in radical agitators I do not like the War Meas- ures Act or its substitute. And I like it still less when it is not applied ;s it should be. That it did accomplish a good deal, I do like. But I am afraid. It is more than I care to trust any man with. One. of the most disquieting things is allowing the import- ing of radical speakers who can only be deported if they say anything in favor of armed protest tactics they have then already said it, and ap- pear to be martyrs and so gain support of gullible softies. No person should be allowed to voice such sentiments or any paper print them. If the War Measures Act works only in Quebec and only in FLQ af- fairs, we are merely setting ourselves up to be the most colossal fools outside of the Vietnam bunglers. You simply can't fight anybody and deli- berately tie both hands behind your back. There is bound to be a tremendous outcry to take care of these evils in the rest of Canada and the restric- tions imposed by popular sup- port for an indefinite, and pos- sibly permanent, period. Yet all the time it could have been used effectively and discarded. It is not as if we had respon- sible bodies in all respects and this must apply to some uni- versity elements. There is a growing feeling of hostility to- ward universities, mostly due to exasperation and frustration in that the public has no voice whatever in the universities it pays for. We elect nobody and in a time of crisis find them not responsible and lacking in judgment; doing their best'to see how far they can evade the laws rather than how .well they can uphold them. It is time In clean house and restore univer- sities and other educational in- stitutions to the place of honor they should hold without ques- tion. Refraining from bringing in radical agitators, often crim- inals, would be an excellent be- ginning. It is not what you are able to do that makes a man- it is refraining from doing something when it is not in the best interests of the commu- nity. J A. SPENCER. Magrath. The divided school year study I feel 1 must respond to Jim Wilson's story entitled "Con- tinued Study of the Divided Year Likely." (October When referring to the study conducted by the Centre for Educational Research and Ser- vices at the University, Mr. Wil- son stated that the study involved only public ac- 'Crazy Capers' "I'm all for fast efficient service but this ig ridica- ceptancc of the experiment's concept." I am not sure what Mr. Wilson means when he uses the words "experiments con- cept." A cursory examination of the details of the fifty-two tables contained in the study, each dealing with one or more concepts, would indicate that the singular form of the word "concept" is improper. It is true than an in-depth analysis of the achievement patterns was not carried out. however, data was collected that may indicate that student achievement is no wcrsc in tile Divided School Year than in tho full year system. There are many innovations considered in this study that would bo possible within the Di- vided School Year. There is also an examination of the rolo cf the teacher and administrat- or in the introduction and de- velopment of these innovations. I would not' like lo .suggest that this is all1 inclusive or that there are not things that might have been improved. However, ths point that Mr, AVilson made was not only in- correct but gave the impression that the study was much small- er and inconsequential than it actually was. VERN DRAVLAND, Coordinator, Centre for Educational Research and Services, U. of L. Lethbridge. Editors Nolc: Mr. Wilson's news story an account ol' what took place at the public .school hoard meeting, not what lie himself thought of (lie report in question. Tim Herald hns carried several lengthy slorics in past issues explaining Hie study in detail c r h a p s Dr. Dr.ivland's quarrel should be with tlie school board, and not will) The Herald. So They Say From Hollywood, as well as Peking, we have learned that power comes down the barrel of a gun. Hcv. Don Cupitt, Dean of Emmanuel Col 1 e g c, Cambridge. and copies of briefs presented. Such a suggestion was never made by anyone! Everyone realizes that removing all in- dustry from public tads would be impractical, undesirable and impossible. What has been suggested Is that consideration of the wilderness resource be given before the obligation to other resources in certain key areas where the wilderness rsseuree has outstanding potential! This is not unreasonable. After all, wilderness is a re- source which, if properly man- aged, can retain its value in- definitely. I submit (hat con- sideration of wilderness values only after other resources re- duces the wilderness value by creating "left-over" wilderness for designation as Protected from what? This sec- ondary consideration is the pri- mary step in improper man- agement of renewable re- sources, for which this prov- ince is becoming infamous to Looking THROUGH THE HERALD H20 The vacant lot in the rear of the Royal Bank, 7th St. and 3rd Avc., is being worked and prepared for a lawn next spring. 1930 Whisked through the city and eastward lo the pro- vincial jail, W. C. Solloway and Harvey Mills, former million- aire stock brokers, were ad- mitted to tiie "big house" re- cently. Solloway is serving a four-month term and Mills a one-month sentence for embez- zlement. I Did Construction of a million service flying school at Clareshoim is to be formally opened and go into operation on its rcsldenls and visitors from all over (he world. I assure you, people are dis- turbed. I have received calls from far and wide with re- marks like, "What wilderness? There are roads and seismic lines absolutely EVERY- WHERE Our generation will not be thanked for preserving second- rate wilderness. It is the first- rate wilderness upon which the conservationist is concen- trating. The urgency is because there is practically NONE of the first-rate type left. The most important facet ol the wilderness resource is that it cannot be manufactured. It is not possible to make more wilderness; only less. There- fore, consideration ninst be given to those unique spots of high value, before they are gone forever. FLOYD STROMSTEDT, President, Alberta Wilderness Association. Calgary. backward before August 1 next year. 1850 Lethbridge taxicabs will soon be equipped with me- ters, city council decided by passing an amendment to the city licensing bylaw. Will) me- ters in force, cab fares will ba 50 cents for the first Itt miles. For each addlional mile over this the rate will be 10 cents. I960 Five senior citizens homes, built by the government of Alberta under five-year multi-million dollar province-wide program of anti- recession were opened in south- ern Alberta. The homes are in Lethbridge, Fort M a c 1 c o d, Cardslon, Pincher Creek and Bow Island. Tlie Letltkidge Herald m 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETIIBRFDGE HERALD CO, LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1005 -1954, by Hon. W, A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and She Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Asseelatlen asd !he Audit Bureau of Circulations CtHO W. MGWSRS, Editor anci Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Gears', Manager JOSZ SALtA WILLIAM HAY Managing EdHsr Editor ROY F, MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Kdiioria) page" Editor HERAtP SERVES THE SQUTH" ;